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Chart: Dates of 2010 amendments to state constitutions

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States have different deadlines in which state constitutions are changed after an amendment, or amendments, are enacted by voters in an election. The chart below displays how many proposed amendments each state had on its primary, special and general election ballot, how many passed and what date each state had designated as the deadline to make the changes to their constitutions. Although the chart does include amendments that were on special, primary and general election ballots, the dates included on the chart reflect the enactment dates of amendments on the November 2, 2010 ballot.

Dates of enactment

Legend


     No amendments to the state constitution      Latest date for amendment to take effect      2nd latest date for amendment to take effect      Amendments to take effect in 2011

State Number of proposed amendments Number of amendments passed Date of constitutional change
Alabama 5 0 n/a
Alaska 1 0 n/a
Arizona 8 4[1] Nov. 29, 2010
Arkansas 3 3 Dec. 3, 2010
California 8 6[2] Nov. 30, 2010
Colorado 7 1 Jan. 2011[3]
Florida 6 3 Jan. 1, 2011
Georgia 5 4 Jan. 1, 2011
Hawaii 2 2 pending
Idaho 4 4 Nov. 3, 2010[4]
Illinois 1 1 Dec. 3, 2010
Indiana 1 1 Nov. 15, 2010
Iowa 1 1 Nov. 29, 2010
Kansas 2 2 Nov. 29, 2010
Louisiana 12 10[5] Jan. 1, 2011, Apr 1, 2012[6]
Maine 0 0 n/a
Maryland 2 2 Dec. 2, 2010
Massachusetts 0 0 n/a
Michigan 1 1 Dec. 18, 2010
Missouri 3 3 Dec. 14, 2010
Montana 1 1 Nov. 23, 2010[7]
Nebraska 3 2[8] Dec. 12, 2010
Nevada 3 0 n/a
New Jersey 1 1 January 1, 2011[9]
New Mexico 5 3 Nov. 23, 2010
North Carolina 1 1 Nov. 23, 2010
North Dakota 1 1 June 30, 2011
Ohio 2 2 2010[10]
Oklahoma 10 8 Nov. 16, 2010
Oregon 6 6[11] Dec. 2, 2010
Rhode Island 1 0 n/a
South Carolina 4 4 Nov. 12, 2010
South Dakota 2 1 Nov. 8, 2010
Tennessee 1 1 Dec. 3, 2010[12]
Utah 4 4 Jan. 1, 2011
Vermont 1 1 Nov. 3, 2010
Virginia 3 3 Jan. 1, 2011
Washington 2 2 Dec. 2, 2010

Information sources

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The following was the method used to obtain the most accurate information as possible:

  • State constitutions were used to figure the exact date in which the constitution is change. If not specifically listed in the state document, then:
  • State statutes were used as references as to when results were canvassed and when they were officially certified by the state governor, therefore placing the measure into effect in the state constitution. To confirm this information:
  • State offices were contacted. When contacting some offices, the information that was given reflected the date when official election results were scheduled to be canvassed, therefore placing the amendment into effect.
  • Some amendments indicated the effective date in legislative bill texts.

See also

References

  1. Of the four approved constitutional amendments, Proposition 100 appeared on the May 18 election ballot and is in effect. The measure took effect on June 1, 2010.
  2. Two of the six approved constitutional amendments - Proposition 13 and Proposition 14 - appeared on the June 8 election ballot and are in effect.
  3. According to the Colorado Legislative Council Research Staff, "While there is not a date certain for Referendum Q [the lone amendment that passed] to take effect, it appears that the governor issued a proclamation on January 8, 2009, following the general election in 2008."
  4. According to the Idaho Secretary of State's office, the Idaho Constitution was in the ongoing process of being updated as of November 17, 2010
  5. Of the 10 approved constitutional amendments in 2010, two appeared (Amendment 1 and Amendment 2) on an October 2 ballot. Amendment 1 will be in effect on January 1, 2012.
  6. Amendment 2 becomes effective April 1, 2012
  7. Amendments are currently published, but certification of results will not be released until this date at the latest, according to the Montana Secretary of State's office.
  8. One of the approved amendments - Amendment 1 - appeared on an earlier ballot (May 11, 2010) and is in effect.
  9. [Confirmed with NJ Division of Legislative Services via phone on December 10, 2010]
  10. Two Ohio amendments were passed during the May 4, 2010 primary election, and are already in effect
  11. Two of the approved amendments - Measure 68 and Measure 69 - appeared on the May 18, 2010 ballot and are in effect.
  12. Results will be certified by this date. However, the constitutional amendment that passed is already in effect, according to the Article 11, Section 3 of the Tennessee Constitution and the Tennessee Department of State's office when contacted by Ballotpedia.