Chris Collins

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Chris Collins
Chris Collins.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 27
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBrian Higgins (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$2.53 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$2,288,712
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Erie County executive
2007-2011
Education
Bachelor'sNorth Carolina State University
Master'sUniversity of Alabama (Birmingham)
Personal
Date of birthMay 20, 1950
Place of birthSchenectady, New York
ProfessionSmall Business Owner
Net worth(2012) $59,104,518.50
ReligionCatholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Chris Collins (b. May 20, 1950, in Schenectady, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 27th Congressional District. Collins was first elected to the House in 2012 and is currently serving his second consecutive term.

Collins won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014 to represent the 27th Congressional District of New York.[1] He ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2] He defeated Jim O'Donnell (D) in the general election.

Prior to being elected to the House, Collins started multiple small businesses including Bloch Industries, Easom Automation, Innate Immunitherapeutics, Mead Supply, Oxygen Generating Systems Intl., Schlyer Machine, Volland Electric and ZeptoMetrix Corporation.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Collins is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Collins' academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 2013-Present: U.S. Representative from New York's 27th Congressional District
  • 2007-2011: Erie County, New York, executive
  • 1975: Graduated from the University of Alabama, Birmingham, with an M.B.A.
  • 1972: Graduated from North Carolina State University with a B.S.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Collins serves on the following committees:[5]

2013-2014

Collins served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Collins's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Yea3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, voted against the resolution. Collins voted with 225 other Republicans to approve the bill.[9][10][11]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Collins voted with 222 other Republican representatives to approve the bill.[12][13]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[14] For more information pertaining to Collins's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[15]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Collins voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[16]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Collins voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[16]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Collins voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[16]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Collins voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[16]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Collins voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Collins voted against HR 2775.[21]

Collins said in a statement, “The American people sent us to Washington to do a job. If we cannot live up to that obligation, we should not be taking a paycheck, a paycheck that is funded by the taxes paid by our fellow hardworking Americans. If the federal government is shut down Members of Congress should not get paid, and we should not be held to a different standard when it comes to Obamacare, either.”[22]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Collins voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[23] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[24]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Collins voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[25] The vote largely followed party lines.[26]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Collins voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[27]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Collins voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[28]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[29] Collins joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[30][31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Chris Collins's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Collins is a Moderate Conservative.[32] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Elections

2014

See also: New York's 27th Congressional District elections, 2014

Collins ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 27th District. Collins ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. Collins defeated Jim O'Donnell (D) in the general election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 27 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChris Collins Incumbent 67.2% 144,675
     Democratic Jim O'Donnell 27.4% 58,911
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 5.4% 11,561
Total Votes 215,147
Source: New York State Board of Elections

2012

See also: New York's 27th Congressional District elections, 2012

Collins won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing New York's 27th District.[33] He defeated David Bellavia in the June 26, 2012, Republican primary and then defeated incumbent Kathy Hochul (D) and Megan Lavin (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34][35]

U.S. House, New York District 27 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChris Collins 48.9% 161,220
     Democratic Kathy Hochul Incumbent 47.4% 156,219
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 3.7% 12,329
Total Votes 329,768
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 27 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngChris Collins 59.2% 10,886
David Bellavia 40.8% 7,491
Total Votes 18,377

The Republican primary was a contest between Bellavia, an Iraq War veteran and Tea Party activist, and Collins, a former county legislator.[36] Bellavia sought to win as a more conservative candidate than Collins. He pointed out that the former Erie County Executive praised incoming federal stimulus funding when he was in office.[37] Collins, however, did receive the Conservative Party endorsement. State Party Chairman Michael Long commented: "He had a proven record.... Collins would be more competitive against the congresswoman."[38]

According to the Buffalo News, Bellavia was the underdog and rarely recognized by Collins.[39] Bellavia, who wrote a book and subsequently sold the movie rights about his experiences in Iraq, said that in taking on Collins, he took on the "Erie County (political) machine."[39]

Both candidates were largely self-funded, with Collins self-funding $250,000 and Bellavia $45,000. Reports also showed that Collins raised another $5,750, and Bellavia raised $50,000 in addition to his own contribution.[40]

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Collins attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Collins is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Collins raised a total of $2,288,712 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[41]

Chris Collins's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $961,191
2012 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $1,327,521
Grand Total Raised $2,288,712


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Collins won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Collins' campaign committee raised a total of $961,191 and spent $366,415.[42] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[43]

Cost per vote

Collins spent $2.53 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 27, 2014 - Chris Collins Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $961,191
Total Spent $366,415
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Chris Collins's campaign committee
Delaware North Companies$37,287
Tuesday Group PAC$15,000
East Resources$10,400
New Era Cap Co$10,400
Air Line Pilots Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Food & Beverage$54,987
Health Professionals$46,000
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing$41,999
Oil & Gas$38,200
Leadership PACs$31,500

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Collins’ reports.[44]

2012

Collins won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Collins' campaign committee raised a total of $1,327,521 and spent $1,312,830.[54]

Cost per vote

Collins spent $8.15 per vote received in 2012.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Collins' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $22,263,037 and $95,946,000. That averages to $59,104,518.50, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Collins ranked as the 10th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2011 and 2012, Collins' calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Chris Collins Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$61,600,461
2012$59,104,518.50
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-4%
Average annual growth:-4%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Collins received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry.

From 1997-2014, 13.63 percent of Collins' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Chris Collins Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,363,388
Total Spent $2,536,497
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$148,533
Health Professionals$86,340
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing$77,897
Oil & Gas$75,050
Real Estate$70,600
% total in top industry4.42%
% total in top two industries6.98%
% total in top five industries13.63%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Collins was a "centrist Republican follower" as of August 2014.[61] This was the same rating Collins received in November 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Collins most often votes with:

Collins least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Collins missed 24 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 2.1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[61]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Collins ranked 138th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[63]

Voting with party

Collins voted with the Republican Party 96.1 of the time, which ranked 27th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[64]

2013

Collins voted with the Republican Party 94.1 of the time, which ranked 112th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Collins is married with three children.

Recent news

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See also

External links

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References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. Chris Collins campaign website, "About Collins," accessed June 21, 2013
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "COLLINS, Chris, (1950 - )," accessed February 12, 2015
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  9. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  10. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  11. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  13. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Project Vote Smart, "National Security," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2642 - Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed October 14, 2013
  24. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  25. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  32. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  33. New York Board of Elections, "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," accessed June 11, 2012
  34. AP/CSPAN, "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  35. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  36. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named red
  37. The Batavian, "Bellavia knocks Collins for seeking funds from Obama's stimulus package," June 20, 2012
  38. US News, "In New York 27th, a Fierce GOP Congressional Primary Rages," May 30, 2012
  39. 39.0 39.1 Buffalo News, "Battle-tested underdog David Bellavia is on a mission," June 19, 2012
  40. Buffalo News, "Bellavia, Collins, largely self-financed," June 16, 2012
  41. Open Secrets, "Fundraising for Chris Collins," March 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Chris Collins 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 9, 2015
  43. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 9, 2015
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins April Quarterly," accessed April 28, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Collins Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  54. Open Secrets, "Chris Collins 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Chris Collins (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Chris Collins," accessed September 26, 2014
  61. 61.0 61.1 GovTrack, "Chris Collins," accessed August 12, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Chris Collins," accessed August 12, 2014
  63. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Brian Higgins
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 27
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'