City of Richmond Advisory Measure on the Definition of a Corporation, Measure P (November 2012)
Measure P instructed (on an advisory basis) the member of the U.S. House of Representatives who represents the voters of the City of Richmond to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to "provide that corporations are not entitled to the Constitutional rights of real people, and that there should be limits on all spending in political campaigns, including ballot measures and 'independent' expenditures?" Members of the California State Legislature would also be instructed to vote to ratify that U.S. constitutional amendment, should they ever be in a position to vote on it.
As of August 2012, 11 towns and counties in the United States have passed local ballot measures similar to the proposed measure. 20 other similar measures are in progress in other local municipalities.
- Final official results from the Contra Costa County elections office.
Text of measure
The question on the ballot:
|Measure P: "Should Richmond’s congressional representatives be instructed to propose, and Richmond’s state legislators instructed to ratify, an amendment to the United States Constitution to provide that corporations are not entitled to the Constitutional rights of real people, and that there should be limits on all spending in political campaigns, including ballot measures and "independent" expenditures?|
- Mendocino County Definition of a Corporation, Measure F (November 2012)
- Local ballot measures defining a corporation