Connecticut State Senate
|Connecticut State Senate|
|2013 session start:||January 9, 2013|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Donald Williams, (D)|
|Majority Leader:||Martin Looney, (D)|
|Minority leader:||John McKinney, (R)|
| Democratic Party (22) |
Republican Party (14)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art III, Section 1, Connecticut Constitution|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (36 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (36 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Legislature controls with optional Commission appointed by Legislature|
Article III of the Connecticut Constitution establishes when the Connecticut State Legislature, which the Senate is a part of, is to be in session. Section 2 of Article III states that, in odd-numbered years, the Legislature shall convene its regular session on the Wednesday after the first Monday in January. Section 2 requires regular sessions in odd-numbered years to adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in June.
The Constitution does not establish when the Legislature is supposed to meet in even-numbered years, so these dates are established by law. In even-numbered years, the Legislature convenes on the Wednesday following the first Monday in February, pending the decision of the Legislature, and it must adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in May.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through June 5.
Following the Newton shootings, gun control is expected to take center stage. Other major issues include a $1.2 billion budget deficit, genetically modified foods and alcohol pricing.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate was in session from February 8 to May 9.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the Senate was in session from February 3rd to May 5th.
- See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2012
Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate were held in Connecticut on November 6, 2012. A total of 36 seats were up for election. The signature filing deadline was February 6, 2012 at 12 p.m. and the primary date was February 7, 2012.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Connecticut State Senate|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 13||Dante Bartolomeo||0.7%||39,589||Len Suzio|
|District 7||John A. Kissel||1.2%||43,856||Karen Jamoc|
|District 31||Jason Welch||2.2%||40,139||Dave Roche|
|District 19||Catherine A. Osten||3.1%||38,561||Christopher Coutu|
|District 24||Michael McLachlan||3.4%||35,842||Jason W. Bartlett|
|District 16||Joe Markley||4.4%||43,016||Corky Mazurek|
|District 33||Art Linares||5.4%||49,483||James Crawford|
|District 12||Edward Meyer||6.5%||48,624||Cindy Cartier|
|District 30||Clark J. Chapin||9.8%||43,186||William O. Riiska|
|District 4||Steve Cassano||13%||44,114||Cheri Ann Pelletier|
|District 34||Len Fasano||16.1%||41,960||Steve Fontana|
- See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2010
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 8 for candidates of either the Republican or Democratic parties and August 4 for independents. The primary election day was August 10, 2010.
In 2010, the total campaign contributions raised in senate elections was $5,157,062. The top 10 overall contributors were: 
|2010 Donors, Connecticut State Senate|
|Senate Democrats Victory PAC||$42,651|
|Democrats for New Leadership||$38,520|
|Working Families Party||$14,853|
|Democratic Senate Majority PAC of Connecticut||$14,150|
|Senate Republican Campaign Cmte of Connecticut||$11,412|
|Frantz, L Scott||$6,500|
|Senate Republican Majority Cmte of Connecticut||$5,195|
Article III, Section 3 of the Connecticut Constitution states: The senate shall consist of not less than thirty and not more than fifty members, each of whom shall be an elector residing in the senatorial district from which he is elected. Each senatorial district shall be contiguous as to territory and shall elect no more than one senator.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat. The Governor must call for an election no later than 10 days after the vacancy happened. All special elections must be held no later than 46 days after a Governor's declaration. If the vacancy happened with less than 125 days left before the general election, the special election must be held on the same day as the general election. No election can be called by the Governor if the vacancy happened with less than 49 days before the general election.
- See also: Redistricting in Connecticut
The General Assembly is responsible for redistricting. The legislature appoints a bipartisan committee to draw new maps, which are then presented to both chambers for a 2/3 majority vote. Should the legislature fail to meet its deadline, a nine-member commission is appointed to assume the task. Should the commission miss its own deadline, the task then falls on the Connecticut Supreme Court.
Connecticut's population grew 4.9% from 2000 to 2010. The Assembly failed to adopt a plan in time, and the commission that took over the process barely passed one in time itself, finishing a House map with two days to go, and a Senate map leaving just hours to spare.
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
|Current Leadership, Connecticut State Senate|
|President Pro Tempore||Donald Williams, Jr.||Democratic|
|State Senate Majority Leader||Martin Looney||Democratic|
|State Senate Minority Leader||John McKinney||Republican|
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Connecticut legislature are paid $28,000 per year. They receive no per diem.
When sworn in
Connecticut legislators assume office the Wednesday following the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election.
- See also: General Assembly Committees
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Connecticut State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the last 17 years of the study, the Connecticut senate was dominated by the Democratic party, with the final three years being Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ Length of terms of Connecticut State Senators
- ↑ Session Scheduling Rules website and Connecticut Constitution, Article III, Section 2
- ↑ South Windsor Patch, "Aman Previews Upcoming Legislative Session for South Windsor Council," January 10, 2013
- ↑ StateScape, State Legislative Snapshot, accessed June 30, 2011
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Connecticut Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Connecticut General Assembly "Connecticut General Statutes"(Referenced Statute 9-215(a), Connecticut General Statutes)
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
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