Counties in Hawaii
Four of Hawaii's five counties, (Hawaii, Honolulu, Kauai and Maui), enjoy somewhat greater governing powers than many counties on the U.S. mainland. Counties in Hawaii are the only legally constituted government bodies below that of the state. No formal level of government exists below that of the county in Hawaii.
Kalawao is recognized in state law as a separate county, but is under the sole jurisdiction and control of the state health department, owing to the county's history as a treatment colony for individuals suffering from Hansen's disease.
Types of local government
There are four local governments in Hawaii. Of these, all four have charters. The only city in Hawaii is Honolulu which is consolidated with the county of Honolulu. The other counties are Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai.
In addition, there are 17 special districts.
Initiative process availability
An initiative process is available in all four counties for citizens to propose ordinances and charter amendments (including the consolidated city-county of Honolulu). The process requirements are set by the county's respective charter.
Evaluation of county websites
- See also: Evaluation of Hawaii county websites
As of 2012:
- 3 of the 5 counties post their county budgets online.
- 4 counties include information on their websites about public government meetings.
- 3 include information about the county's elected officials.
- 2 include information about the county's administrative officials.
- 4 counties give information about permits and zoning in the county.
- 2 of the counties put information on their websites about audits that the county government has had performed.
- 2 counties give information about contracts with county vendors.
- 0 counties disclose whether they belong to any government sector lobbying associations.
- 0 counties provide information on how to request public records using the Hawaii Information Practices Act.
- 1 county website provide some information about county taxes.
List of counties
|Kalawao County||None (administered by Hawaii Dept. of Health)|
- [http://portal.ehawaii.gov/government/county-governments/ Hawaii.gov, Official Website of the Aloha State, "County governments," accessed September 10, 2013
- Hawaii Revised Statutes, "§326-34 County of Kalawao; governance," accessed September 10, 2013
- U.S. Census Bureau, Governments--Individual State Descriptions, "Hawaii," pg. 111
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
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