Democratic National Committee
|Democratic National Committee|
|Chairman:||Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz|
- 1 About
- 2 History
- 3 Party values
- 4 Leadership
- 5 Democratic National Conventions
- 6 Subsidiaries of the DNC
- 6.1 Democratic Governors' Association
- 6.2 Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
- 6.3 Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
- 6.4 Association of State Democratic Chairs
- 6.5 Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee
- 6.6 National Lawyers Council
- 6.7 DNC Voting Rights Institute (VIR)
- 7 Petition blocking lawsuit
- 8 2014 elections
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 References
While the Democratic National Committee is responsible for overseeing the process of writing and promoting a platform every four years, the DNC's central focus is on campaign, fundraising, political activity and election strategy in support of Democratic Party candidates and not on public policy. The DNC was established at the 1848 Democratic National Convention.
Its main counterpart is the Republican National Committee.
The Democratic Party includes a diverse group of individuals who typically emphasize the need for a greater role of the federal government in promoting social, economic and political opportunities for all citizens. The party typically argues for more government control over economic matters and less government control over individual rights.
The Committee plans the Democratic Party’s presidential nominating convention and promotes the Democratic platform, the statement of core principals at the heart of the Democratic Party, and is governed by its Charter and Bylaws. The DNC has also grown into an organization that raises money, hires staff and coordinates strategy to support candidates for local, state and national office throughout the United States. Additionally, the DNC works with various constituencies to respond to the needs and views of Democrats across nation. Under the leadership of Debbie Wasserman Schultz, the DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party Committee and over 200 members elected by Democrats in all 50 states and the territories.
The symbol of the donkey for the Democratic Party is said to have stemmed from Andrew Jackson. His opposition called him a "jackass." Instead of taking it as an insult, he chose to adopt this as a symbol. This, in turn, became the symbol of the Democratic Party.
- See also: History of the Democratic Party
The Democratic National Committee (DNC) was created during the Democratic National Convention of 1848. For 162 years, it has been responsible for governing the Democratic Party and is the oldest continuing party committee in the United States.
For more than 200 years, our party has led the fight for civil rights, health care, Social Security, workers' rights, and women's rights. We are the party of Barack Obama, John F. Kennedy, FDR, and the countless everyday Americans who work each day to build a more perfect union...
We've reined in a financial system that was out of control and delivered the toughest consumer protections ever enacted.
We've reworked our student loan system to make higher education more affordable and won the fight for equal pay for women.
We passed the Recovery Act, which created or helped to save millions of jobs and made unprecedented investments in the major pillars of our country.
From America's beginnings to today, people have turned to Democrats to meet our country's most pressing challenges—and pave the way for a future that lifts up all Americans.
1920s: 19th Amendment: Woman’s Suffrage
Under the leadership of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson, the U.S. Constitution was amended to grant women the right to vote. On August 18, 1920, Tennessee's became the 36th state to ratify women's suffrage, and it became our nation's 19th amendment.
In the 1930s, Americans turned to Democrats and elected President Franklin Roosevelt to end the Great Depression. President Roosevelt offered Americans a New Deal that put people back to work, stabilized farm prices, and brought electricity to rural homes and communities.
Under President Roosevelt, Social Security established a promise that lasts to this day: growing old would never again mean growing poor.
1935: Social Security Act
One of the most enduring parts of FDR's New Deal, the Social Security Act provides assistance to retirees, the unemployed, widows, and orphans. By signing this act, FDR was the first president to advocate for federal assistance for the elderly. It was largely opposed by Republican legislators.
In 1944, FDR signed the G.I. Bill—a historic measure that provided unprecedented benefits for soldiers returning from World War II, including low-cost mortgages, loans to start a business, and tuition and living expenses for those seeking higher education. Harry Truman helped rebuild Europe after World War II with the Marshall Plan and oversaw the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. By integrating the military, President Truman helped to bring down barriers of race and gender and pave the way the way for civil rights advancements in the years that followed.
In the 1960s, Americans again turned to Democrats and elected President John Kennedy to tackle the challenges of a new era. President Kennedy dared Americans to put a man on the moon, created the Peace Corps, and negotiated a treaty banning atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons.
And after President Kennedy's assassination, Americans looked to President Lyndon Johnson, who offered a new vision of a Great Society and signed into law the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act.
1964: Civil Rights Act
This landmark piece of legislation outlawed major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women and prohibited racial segregation. Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, it ended unequal voting requirements and segregated schools, workplaces, and public facilities.
President Johnson's enactment of Medicare was a watershed moment in America's history that redefined our country's commitment to our seniors—offering a new promise that all Americans have the right to a healthy retirement.
In 1976, in the wake of the Watergate scandal, Americans elected Jimmy Carter to restore dignity to the White House. He created the Departments of Education and Energy and helped to forge a lasting peace between Israel and Egypt.
In 1992, after 12 years of Republican presidents, record budget deficits and high unemployment, Americans turned to Democrats once again and elected Bill Clinton to get America moving again. President Clinton balanced the budget, helped the economy add 23 million new jobs, and oversaw the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in history.
And in 2008, Americans turned to Democrats and elected President Obama to reverse our country's slide into the largest economic downturn since the Great Depression and undo eight years of policies that favored the few over the many.
Under President Obama's direction and congressional Democrats' leadership, we've reformed a health care system that was broken and extended health insurance to 32 million Americans.
2010: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
After decades of trying and despite unanimous opposition from Republicans, President Obama and Democrats passed comprehensive health reform into law in March 2010. The Affordable Care Act will hold insurance companies accountable, lower costs, expand coverage, and improve care for all Americans.
Democrats have a long and proud history of defending Civil Rights and expanding opportunity for all Americans. From the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in 2009 to including marriage equality in the party platform in 2012, Democrats have fought to end discrimination in all forms—including discrimination based on race, sex, ethnicity or national origin, language, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, or disability.
For too many though, this ideal is still far from a reality. That’s why in our fight to stand up for civil rights for all Americans, we are committed to protecting voting rights, enacting the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, ensuring marriage equality and equal federal rights for LGBT couples and achieving equal pay for equal work.
Democrats share with all parents the commitment to prepare our children to lead lives of happiness and success. That’s why we’re dedicated to ensuring the next generation has access to a first-rate education and the tools to drive our economy forward.
President Obama knows we can’t just drill our way to lower gas prices or a quick-fix solution to our energy needs. That’s why he and Democrats are focused on developing all of America’s natural resources—domestic oil, gas, wind, solar and biofuels—and encouraging fuel efficiency so that we can reduce our dependence on foreign oil over time.
From protecting endangered species to restoring our ecosystems and investing in clean-energy solutions, the Obama administration and Democrats are committed to working to address our biggest environmental challenges.
In March 2010, President Obama fulfilled a promise that Democrats have pursued for nearly a century: making health care available to all Americans. Despite unanimous opposition from Republicans, Democrats were finally able to pass comprehensive health reform into law.
America has a long and rich heritage of immigration. Democrats have always embraced our country's diversity, but we also recognize that we need to fix our broken immigration system.
Jobs and the Economy
President Obama inherited an economy in free fall, with huge deficits, skyrocketing health care costs, dwindling employment, and banking and housing markets on the brink of collapse. Working with the President, Democrats stabilized the financial system and helped to prevent a second Great Depression. An economy that was losing 700,000 jobs a month is now gaining jobs. We still have a long way to go, but we are now moving forward on the road to recovery.
As the threats facing our country have evolved over the years, so too has our ability to respond to them. Our national security personnel are the most dynamic and well-trained in the world, and we must never forget the solemn duty that they fulfill for our nation. Democrats are committed to ensuring that our troops have the training, equipment, and support that they need when they are deployed and the care that they and their families need and deserve when they return home.
For Democrats, changing politics in Washington means ensuring that government is open, transparent, and responsive to the needs of the people. President Obama has implemented the most sweeping ethics and transparency requirements in history, building on steps taken by Democrats to limit the influence of special interests and ensure that government is accountable to the people.
Science & Technology
America has a rich history of technological innovation and scientific ingenuity. But after years of declining tests scores in math and science and a Republican administration that often turned its back on science, the United States risks losing its scientific dominance. Democrats are committed to reversing this trend by investing in the technologies and jobs of the future while increasing support for more advanced research, labs, and classrooms.
In 1935, Democrats and President Franklin Roosevelt created Social Security. In 1965, Democrats and President Lyndon Johnson created Medicare. Ever since, Democrats have continually fought to defend these cornerstones of the American Dream in the face of attempts to dismantle or undermine both.
Democrats have a long and proud history of fighting for voting rights that continues to this day. And while we've made significant progress in securing the right to vote for all eligible Americans, many voters still face difficulties in the voting process, from registering to casting a ballot to having their votes counted. Those often disproportionately affected are communities of color, young people, the elderly, low-income individuals, and disabled voters, as well as military members and veterans. In many parts of the country, voters are underserved by a lack of polling places, outdated voting machines, and unnecessarily complicated laws.
|President of the United States||Barack Obama||Illinois|
|Vice President of the United States||Joe Biden||Delaware|
|Chairwoman of the DNC||Congresswoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz||Florida|
|Congressional Committee Chairman||Congressman Steve Israel||New York|
|Governors Association Chairman||Governor Peter Shumlin||Vermont|
|Senatorial Committee Chairman||Senator Michael Bennet||Colorado|
|State Legislative Campaign Committee Chairman||Mike Gronstal||Iowa|
|U.S. House Democratic Leader||Nancy Pelosi||California|
|U.S. Senate Majority Leader||Harry Reid||Nevada|
Chairpersons of the DNC
Below is a historical list of past and present chairpersons of the Democratic National Committee (DNC):
|Benjamin F. Hallett||1848–1852||Massachusetts|
|Robert Milligan McLane||1852–1856||Maryland|
|David Allen Smalley||1856–1860||Vermont|
|August Belmont||1860–1872||New York|
|Augustus Schell||1872–1876||New York|
|Abram Stevens Hewitt||1876–1877||New York|
|William H. Barnum||1877–1889||Connecticut|
|Calvin Stewart Brice||1889–1892||Ohio|
|William F. Harrity||1892–1896||Pennsylvania|
|James K. Jones||1896–1904||Arkansas|
|Norman E. Mack||1908–1912||New York|
|William F. McCombs||1912–1916||New York|
|Vance C. McCormick||1916–1919||Pennsylvania|
|Homer S. Cummings||1919–1920||Connecticut|
|Clem L. Shaver||1924–1928||West Virginia|
|John J. Raskob||1928–1932||New York|
|James A. Farley||1932–1940||New York|
|Edward J. Flynn||1940–1943||New York|
|Frank C. Walker||1943–1944||Pennsylvania|
|Robert E. Hannegan||1944–1947||Missouri|
|J. Howard McGrath||1947–1949||Rhode Island|
|William M. Boyle||1949–1951||Missouri|
|Frank E. McKinney||1951–1952||Indiana|
|Paul M. Butler||1955–1960||Indiana|
|Henry M. Jackson||1960–1961||Washington|
|John Moran Bailey||1961–1968||Connecticut|
|Lawrence F. O'Brien||1968–1969||Massachusetts|
|Fred R. Harris||1969–1970||Oklahoma|
|Lawrence F. O'Brien||1970–1972||Massachusetts|
|Robert S. Strauss||1972–1977||Texas|
|Kenneth M. Curtis||1977–1978||Maine|
|John C. White||1978–19812||Texas|
|Charles T. Manatt||1981–1985||California|
|Paul G. Kirk||1985–1989||Massachusetts|
|Ron Brown||1989–1993||New York|
|Christopher J. Dodd||1995–1997||Connecticut|
|Donald Fowler||1995–1997||South Carolina|
|Edward G. Rendell||1999–2001||Pennsylvania|
|Debbie Wasserman Schultz||2011–present||Florida|
Below is a historical list of past and present chairpersons of the Democratic National Committee:
|Hawaii||Hon. Dante Carpenter|
|Illinois||Hon. Michael Madigan|
|Kansas||Hon. Joan Wagnon|
|Missouri||Roy Temple Jim Larson|
|New Jersey||John Currie|
|New Hampshire||Hon. Raymond Buckley|
|New Mexico||Sam Bregman|
|New York||Keith Wright|
|North Carolina||Randy Voller|
|North Dakota||Greg Hodur|
|Ohio||Hon. Chris Redfern|
|Pennsylvania||Hon. Jim Burn|
|Rhode Island||Hon. Edwin Pacheco|
|South Carolina||Jamie Harrison|
|South Dakota||Deb Knecht|
|Texas||Hon. Gilberto Hinojosa|
|Vermont||Dorothy (Dottie) Deans|
|Virginia||Hon. Charniele Herring|
|Washington||Hon. Dwight Pelz|
|West Virginia||Larry Puccio|
Democratic National Conventions
Below is a list of Democratic National Conventions, for which the Democratic National Committee (DNC) was responsible:
|1832||Baltimore, Maryland||Andrew Jackson|
|1835||Baltimore, Maryland||Martin Van Buren|
|1840||Baltimore, Maryland||Martin Van Buren|
|1844||Baltimore, Maryland||James Polk|
|1848||Baltimore, Maryland||Lewis Cass|
|1852||Baltimore, Maryland||Franklin Pierce|
|1856||Cincinnati, Ohio||James Buchanan|
|April 1860||Charleston, South Carolina||None|
|June 1860||Baltimore, Maryland||Stephen Douglas|
|1864||Chicago, Illinois||George McClellan|
|1868||New York, New York||Horatio Seymour|
|1872||Baltimore, Maryland||Horace Greeley|
|1876||St. Louis, Missouri||Samuel Tilden|
|1880||Cincinnati, Ohio||Winfield Hancock|
|1884||Chicago, Illinois||Grover Cleveland|
|1888||St. Louis, Missouri||Grover Cleveland|
|1892||Chicago, Illinois||Grover Cleveland|
|1896||Chicago, Illinois||William Jennings Bryan|
|1900||Kansas City, Kansas||William Jennings Bryan|
|1904||St. Louis, Missouri||Alton Parker|
|1908||Denver, Colorado||William Jennings Bryan|
|1912||Baltimore, Maryland||Woodrow Wilson|
|1916||St. Louis, Missouri||Woodrow Wilson|
|1920||San Francisco, California||James Cox|
|1924||New York, New York||John Davis|
|1928||Houston, Texas||Alfred Smith|
|1932||Chicago, Illinois||Franklin Roosevelt|
|1936||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Franklin Roosevelt|
|1940||Chicago, Illinois||Franklin Roosevelt|
|1944||Chicago, Illinois||Franklin Roosevelt|
|1948||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Harry Truman|
|1952||Chicago, Illinois||Adlai Stevenson|
|1956||Chicago, Illinois||Adlai Stevenson|
|1960||Los Angeles, California||John Kennedy|
|1964||Atlantic City, New Jersey||Lyndon Johnson|
|1968||Chicago, Illinois||Hubert Humphrey|
|1972||Miami Beach, Florida||George McGovern|
|1976||New York, New York||Jimmy Carter|
|1980||New York, New York||Jimmy Carter|
|1984||San Francisco, California||Walter Mondale|
|1988||Atlanta, Georgia||Michael Dukakis|
|1992||New York, New York||Bill Clinton|
|1996||Chicago, Illinois||Bill Clinton|
|2000||Los Angeles, California||Al Gore|
|2004||Boston, Massachusetts||John Kerry|
|2008||Denver, Colorado||Barack Obama|
|2012||Charlotte, North Carolina||Barack Obama|
Subsidiaries of the DNC
Democratic Governors' Association
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The Democratic Governors’ Association was founded in 1983 to support the candidacy of Democratic governors throughout the nation. The DGA provides political and strategic assistance to gubernatorial campaigns. In addition, the DGA plays an integral role in developing positions on key state and federal issues that affect the states through the governors’ policy forum series.||”|
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The purpose of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee is to elect more Democrats to the United States Senate. From grassroots organizing to candidate recruitment to providing campaign funds for tight races, the DSCC is working hard all year, every year to increase the number of Democratic senators. They provide services such as designing and helping execute field operations, polling, creating radio and television commercials, fundraising, communications, and management consulting.||”|
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee serves as the official national Democratic campaign committee charged with recruiting, assisting, funding, and electing Democrats to the U.S. House of Representatives. They provide services that include designing and helping execute field operations, polling, creating radio and television commercials, fundraising, communications, and management consulting.||”|
Association of State Democratic Chairs
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The Association of State Democratic Chairs’ mission is to help build strong state parties in order to elect Democrats from the statehouse to the White House. To accomplish this goal, the ASDC focuses exclusively on the current and future needs of state democratic parties. It acts as a service organization dedicated to supporting and educating its members and state party executive directors and staff.||”|
Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee provides strategic services and financial assistance to Democratic leaders and candidates at the state legislative level. For nearly a decade, DLCC has been an integral part of the continued success Democrats have had winning at the state legislative level.||”|
National Lawyers Council
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The National Lawyers Council works to support President Obama's agenda, promote and protect the right to vote, and engage Democratic attorneys in a variety of ways. Sign up to receive information on relevant events, legislation, calls to action, and leadership opportunities throughout the year.||”|
DNC Voting Rights Institute (VIR)
The DNC Voting Rights Institute was established as an elections day operation to monitor voting irregularities and to report incidents of vote fraud and suppression.
Their mission is stated as:
|“||The Voting Rights Institute of the Democratic National Committee is a permanent organization created to monitor developments in election law, advocate to make voting more accessible, and provide guidance on voting rights and election administration issues. This work is integrally tied to our Party's platform, which commits to fully protecting and enforcing the fundamental right to vote.||”|
New York and Florida fraudulent registrations
In 2004, the DNC was in a massive voting fraud probe in New York State and Florida as the New York Daily News uncovered that over 46,000 people were illegally registered by DNC operatives mainly in New York City and Florida.
DNC vote buying caught on tape
During the 2004 election, Today's TMJ 4 (WTMJ-TV) of Milwaukee, WI, the local NBC affiliate, filmed Democratic campaign workers handing out small amounts of money and free food to residents at a home for the mentally ill in Kenosha after which the patients were shepherded into a separate room and given absentee ballots. One of the Democratic Party workers for the DNC fled when she saw the camera from WTMJ-TV.
Petition blocking lawsuit
On October 30, 2007, Ralph Nader filed a lawsuit in Superior Court in Washington, D.C. against the DNC, arguing that it had conspired with a variety of co-defendants, including America Coming Together, to bring "groundless and abusive litigation" against Nader's 2004 petition drives for ballot access in order to bankrupt Nader's campaign and force him off the ballot in 18 states.
In October 2013, the DNC raised over $7 million dollars. This surge in fundraising came on the heels of the government shutdown. Prior to October, the DNC was having one of its worst fundraising years in the party's history. At the end of October, the DNC had $4.25 million cash on hand and the organization reported $16 million in debt, down from a high of $21 million after the 2012 elections.
- Debbie Wasserman Schultz
- Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
- Democratic organizations
- Republican Party
- Republican National Committee
- Republican organizations
- Terms and definitions
- United States Congress elections, 2014
- Democratic National Committee
- Democratic Senate Caucus
- Democratic House Caucus
- DSCC: Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC)
- Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC)
- Democratic Governors Association
- Democratic Attorneys General Association
- National Federation of Democratic Women
- College Democrats of America
- Young Democrats of America
- Democrats Abroad
- Progressive Democrats of America
- C-SPAN, "History of the Democratic Party"
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- Democratic National Committee, "Our Party," accessed April 22, 2014
- Democrats.org, "Our History," accessed March 30, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
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- Democratic National Committee, "Our Leaders," accessed March 30, 2014
- DCCC.org, "Leadership," accessed March 30, 2014
- Democratic Governors Association, "About," accessed March 30, 2014
- DLCC.org, "Chair bio," accessed March 30, 2014
- Rulers.org, "Government departments and offices, etc," accessed March 30, 2014
- Democratic National Committee, "Who we are in your state," accessed March 30, 2014
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- Democrats.org, "PARTY ORGANIZATION," accessed December 4, 2013
- Democrats.org, "JOIN THE NATIONAL LAWYERS COUNCIL," accessed December 4, 2013
- Democrats.org, "DNC VIR", accessed December 4, 2013 (dead link)
- NewsMax, "Archives," accessed December 4, 2013
- Wall Street Journal, "Opinion Journal," accessed December 4, 2013
- Chron.com, "Nader claims Democrats sabotaged his 2004 campaign," accessed December 4, 2013
- Politico, "DNC raised $7 million in October," accessed December 10, 2013