|Supreme Court of the United States|
|Title:||Former Chief Justice|
|Appointed by:||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by:||Frederick Vinson|
|Succeeded by:||Warren Burger|
|Born:||March 19, 1891|
|Hometown:||Los Angeles, CA|
|Deceased:||July 9, 1974|
|Undergraduate:||UC Berkeley, 1912|
|Law School:||UCBerkeley Law, 1914|
|Military service:||U.S. Army, 1917-1918|
Earl Warren (1891-1974) is the fourteenth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated as Chief Justice by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on September 30, 1953. Warren assumed senior status on June 23, 1969, and his service ended with his death on July 9, 1974. At the time of appointment, he was the Governor of California.
Warren was one of five nominations President Eisenhower made to the Supreme Court.
Early life and education
Warren served as a First Lieutenant in the United States Army from 1917 to 1918.
- 1942-1953: Governor of California
- 1948: Republican candidate for Vice President of the United States
- Ran with Presidential candidate Thomas Dewey and was defeated by Harry Truman, receiving 35.6 percent of the vote.
- 1938-1942: Attorney General of California
- 1925-1938: District Attorney, Alameda County
- 1923-1925: Chief deputy district attorney, Alameda County
- 1920-1923: Deputy district attorney, Alameda County
- 1919-1920: Deputy city attorney, City of Oakland
- 1919: Clerk, Assembly Judiciary Committee, California Legislature
- 1914-1917: Attorney, private practice
Supreme Court of the United States
Warren received a recess appointment to the Supreme Court from Dwight D. Eisenhower on October 2, 1953, to fill the vacancy left by Frederick Vinson. He was nominated on January 11, 1954, confirmed by the Senate on March 1, 1954, and received his commission on March 20, 1954. Warren assumed senior status on June 23, 1969, and his service ended with his death on July 9, 1974. He was succeeded to the post of Chief Justice by Warren Burger.
|Author: Earl Warren
Vote Count: 9-0
Majority Justices: Black, Reed, Frankfurter, Douglas, Jackson, Burton, Clark, Minton
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)In a continuation of the trial heard by The Vinson Court, the conflict of whether or not "separate but equal" was constitutional was finally decided. When Oliver Brown, an African American, tried to enroll his daughter into a white school in Kansas, he was denied. His case was eventually brought before the Supreme Court with other cases of similar issue. Warren's Court unanimously decided that it was unconstitutional to provide separate facilities for educating African Americans.
|Author: Earl Warren
Vote Count: 8-1
Majority Justices: Black, Douglas, Clark, Brennan, Stewart, White, Goldberg
Dissenting Justice: Harlan
Equal representation for all citizens (1964)The Alabama Constitution allotted for at least one representative and as many senatorial districts as there were senators. In 1961, Sims and other voters challenged this setup. The Court ruled in favor of Sims because the Equal Protection Clause stated citizens were entitled to "no less than substantially equal state legislative representation for all citizens...." Furthermore, states should attempt to establish districts of nearly equal population.
- Justice Warren's Biography from the Federal Judicial Center
- The Supreme Court Historical Society, "The Warren Court, 1953-1969"
- The Supreme Court Historical Society, "Earl Warren"
|Former chief justices||White|
|Former associate justices||
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