SLP Badge Transparent.png
Read the
State Legislative Tracker
New edition available now!




Eliot Engel

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eliot Engel
Eliot Engel.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 16
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1989-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 25
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJose E. Serrano (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$6.59 in 2012
First electedNovember 8, 1988
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,036,180
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
New York State Assembly - District 81
1977-1989
Education
Bachelor'sHunter-Lehman College, City University of New York
Master'sHerbert H. Lehman College, City University of New York
J.D.New York Law School
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 18, 1947
Place of birthNew York, New York
ProfessionJunior High School Teacher
Net worth$56,502
ReligionJudaism
Websites
Office website
Eliot Engel (b. February, 1947, in New York, NY) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 16th Congressional District. Engel was first elected to the House in 1989 and is currently serving his twelfth consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012. Before redistricting in 2012, Engel had previously served the 17th District.

Engel is a 2014 Democratic and Working Families Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 16th Congressional District of New York.[1] Engel ran unopposed for both nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Prior to his congressional career, Engel served as a member of the New York State Assembly from 1977 to 1989.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Engel is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Engel was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.A. from Hunter-Lehman College, City University of New York in 1969, an M.A. from Herbert H. Lehman College, City University of New York in 1973 and a J.D. from New York Law School in 1987.[3]

Career

Prior to public service, Engel was a teacher and guidance counselor in the New York City public school system.[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Engel serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Engel served on the following committees:[6]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Health
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
  • Foreign Affairs Committee
    • Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere (Ranking Member)
    • Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia
    • Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Engel's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Voted "No" Engel voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Engel voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Engel voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Engel voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "No" Engel voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[11] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[12]

King Amendment

Engel signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[13] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[14]. King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Engel voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Engel voted for HR 2775.[19]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Engel voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[20] The vote largely followed party lines.[21]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" Engel has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Engel voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Engel voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Eliot Engel's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Engel is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Engel received a score of 68 percent on social issues and six percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 16th Congressional District elections, 2014

Engel is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 16th District. Engel ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: New York's 16th Congressional District elections, 2012

Engel won re-election in 2012, but due to New York's redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 16th District.[27] Engel defeated Aniello Grimaldi in the June 26 Democratic primary and then defeated Joseph McLaughlin (R) and Joseph Diaferia (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[28][29]

U.S. House, New York District 16 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEliot Engel Incumbent 66.4% 179,561
     Republican Joseph McLaughlin 20% 53,935
     Green Joseph Diaferia 1.1% 2,974
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 12.5% 33,850
Total Votes 270,320
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 16 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngEliot Engel Incumbent 90.9% 12,524
Aniello Grimaldi 9.1% 1,261
Total Votes 13,785

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Engel is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Engel raised a total of $7,036,180 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[42]

Eliot Engel's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 16) Won $1,062,605
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $981,834
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $1,000,776
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $862,882
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $976,712
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $1,053,537
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 17) Won $1,097,834
Grand Total Raised $7,036,180

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Engel’s reports.[43]

Eliot Engel (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2013$51,286.29$95,100.00$(64,509.94)$81,876.35
July Quarterly[45]October 17, 2013$81,876.35$224,360.00$(108,645.60)$197,590.75
October Quarterly[46]October 15, 2013$197,590.75$84,900.00$(93,034.90)$189,455.85
Year-End Quarterly[47]December 31, 2013$189,455$183,110$(75,956)$244,609
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2014$244,609.29$184,195.00$(92,435.86)$336,368.43
Running totals
$771,665$(434,582.3)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Engel's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Engel won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Engel's campaign committee raised a total of $1,062,606 and spent $1,182,937.[49]

Cost per vote

Engel spent $6.59 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Engel's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Engel was re-elected to the U.S. House for a twelfth term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $981,834 and spent $1,063,388.[50]
U.S. House, New York District 17, 2010 - Eliot Engel Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $981,834
Total Spent $1,063,388
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $132,785
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $132,770
Top contributors to Eliot Engel's campaign committee
Verizon Communications$24,800
Monroe College$19,500
St George's University$15,600
National Action Cmte$12,500
Passion Growers$10,100
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$114,400
Real Estate$87,990
Pro-Israel$64,250
Lawyers/Law Firms$56,350
Education$45,850

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Engel's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-166,994 and $279,998. That averages to $56,502, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Engel ranked as the 391st most wealthy representative in 2012.[51] Between 2004 and 2012, Engel's calculated net worth[52] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[53]

Eliot Engel Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$53,481
2012$56,502.00
Growth from 2004 to 2012:6%
Average annual growth:1%[54]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[55]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Engel is a "moderate Democratic leader," as of June 20, 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Engel most often votes with:

Engel least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Engel missed 1,171 of 15,369 roll call votes from Jan 1989 to Apr 2013, which is 7.6% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Engel paid his congressional staff a total of $1,017,034 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[59]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Engel ranked 125th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[60]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Engel ranked 93rd in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[61]

Voting with party

June 2013

Eliot Engel voted with the Democratic Party 96.2 percent of the time, which ranked 15th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[62]

Personal

A lifelong resident of the Bronx, Engel is married to Pat Engel. They have three children.[63]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Eliot + Engel + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Eliot Engel News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Eliot Engel


References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 16, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "ENGEL, Eliot Lance, (1947 - )"
  4. U.S. Representative Eliot L. Engel, Proudly Serving the Bronx, Rockland & Westchester, "Biography"
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. U.S. Representative Eliot L. Engel, Proudly Serving the Bronx, Rockland & Westchester, "Biography"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Engel's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Vote Smart, "Engel on agriculture," accessed October 8, 2013
  12. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  13. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 23, 2013
  14. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Engel's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 8, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Engel's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 8, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Engel on agriculture," accessed October 8, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Eliot Engel Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. Pelham Patch, "U.S. Rep. Engel Announces Re-Election Bid," March 22, 2012
  28. AP/CSPAN "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  29. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York"
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Eliot Engel" March 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel April Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Eliot Engel April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  49. Open Secrets, "Eliot Engel 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Eliot L. Engel 2010 Election Data," accessed December 21, 2011
  51. OpenSecrets.org,"Eliot Engel (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  53. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  55. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  56. GovTrack, "Engel" accessed June 20, 2013
  57. OpenCongress, "Eliot Engel," accessed August 6, 2013
  58. GovTrack, "Eliot Engel" accessed April 2013
  59. LegiStorm, "Eliot Engel," accessed October 1, 2012
  60. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  61. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  63. U.S. Representative Eliot L. Engel, Proudly Serving the Bronx, Rockland & Westchester, "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
José E. Serrano
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 16
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Jerrold Nadler
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 17
1993–2013
Succeeded by
Nita Lowey
Preceded by
Mario Biaggi
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 19
1989-1993
Succeeded by
Hamilton Fish IV
Preceded by
Alan Hochberg
New York Assembly - District 81
1977-1989
Succeeded by
Stephen Kaufman