Florida Juvenile Courts, Amendment 1 (1950)

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The Florida Juvenile Courts Amendment, also known as Amendment 1, was a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment in Florida which was approved on November 7, 1950.

This amendment modified Article V of the Florida Constitution to establish juvenile courts.[1][2]

Election results

Florida Amendment 1 (1950)
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Yes 116,313 79.20%
No30,54020.80%

Official results via: Biennial Report of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida (1951-1950) (p.344-47)

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:

No. 1

To amend Article V of the State Constitution by adding thereto an additional section empowering the Legislature to create, establish and define the jurisdiction and powers of juvenile courts and of the officers thereof, to vest in such courts exclusive original jurisdiction of all criminal cases involving accused minors under any age specified by the Legislature, including the right to define offenses as acts of delinquency instead of crime, to provide for the qualification, election or selection and appointment, compensations and terms of office of judges, probation officers and other officers and employees of said courts, all in such manner, for such time and according to such methods as the Legislature may prescribe and determine without being limited therein by certain existing provisions in the Declaration of Rights or other sections of the State Constitution.[1][3]

Constitutional changes

The text of the amendment read:

Section 48. The legislature shall have power to create and establish Juvenile Courts in such county or counties or districts within the State as it may deem proper, and to define the jurisdiction and powers of such courts and the officers thereof, and to vest in such courts exclusive original jurisdiction of all or any criminal cases where minors under any age specified by the Legislature from time to time are accused, including the right to define any or all offenses committed by any such persons as acts of delinquency instead of crimes; to provide for the qualification, election or selection and appointment of judges, probation officers, and such other officers and employees of such courts as the Legislature may determine, and to fix their compensation and term of office; all in such manner, for such time, and according to such methods as the Legislature may prescribe and determine, without being limited therein by the provisions in this Constitution as to trial by jury in Sections 3 and 11 of the Declaration of Rights, as to use of the terms "prosecuting attorney" and "information" in Section 10 of the Declaration of Rights, as to election or appointment of officers in Section 27 of Article III, as to jurisdiction of criminal cases in Sections 11, 17, 22 and 25 of Article V, as to original jurisdiction of the interests of minors in Section 11 of Article V, and as to style of process and prosecuting in the name of the State in Section 37 of Article V, or other existing conflicting provisions of this Constitution.[2]

See also

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Sarasota Herald-Tribune, "Sample Ballot," November 6, 1950
  2. 2.0 2.1 Florida Constitutional Revision Commission, "Amendments, Election of 11-7-50,"
  3. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.