G.K. Butterfield

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G.K. Butterfield
G.K. Butterfield.jpg
U.S. House, North Carolina, District 1
Incumbent
In office
July 20, 2004-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 11
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorFrank Ballance (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$4.56 in 2014
First electedJuly 20, 2004
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$4,184,209
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
North Carolina Special Superior Court Judge
2002-2004
Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court
2001-2002
North Carolina Resident Superior Court Judge
1988-2001
Education
Bachelor'sNorth Carolina Central University
J.D.North Carolina Central University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1968-1970
Personal
Date of birthApril 27, 1947
Place of birthWilson, North Carolina
ProfessionAttorney, Judge
Net worth(2012) $1,811,507.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
George Kenneth "G.K." Butterfield (b. April 27, 1947, in Wilson, NC) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing North Carolina's 1st Congressional District.

Butterfield was first elected to the House in 2004 and is currently serving his sixth consecutive term.[1]

Butterfield won re-election to the U.S. House in the 2014 general election. He defeated Republican candidate Arthur Rich.[2] Butterfield won the nomination in the Democratic primary election on May 6, 2014.[3]

Prior to being elected to the House, Butterfield served as a judge for the Superior Court of North Carolina, as well as the Supreme Court of North Carolina.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Butterfield is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Butterfield was born in Wilson, North Carolina. He served in the United States Army from 1968 to 1970. He earned a B.A. from North Carolina Central University in 1971 and a J.D. from North Carolina Central University in 1974.[4]

After earning his degrees, Butterfield worked as an attorney in private practice and later as a judge. He served as North Carolina Resident Superior Court Judge from 1988 to 2001, as Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 2001 to 2002 and as North Carolina Special Superior Court Judge from 2002 to 2004.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Butterfield's academic, professional and political career:[5]

  • 2004-Present: U.S Representative from North Carolina's 1st Congressional District
  • 2002-2004: North Carolina Special Superior Court judge
  • 2001-2002: Justice of the North Carolina State Supreme Court
  • 1989-2001: North Carolina Resident Superior Court judge
  • 1968-1970: U.S. Army
  • 1974: Graduated from North Carolina Central University School of Law with a J.D.
  • 1971: Graduated from North Carolina Central University with a B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Butterfield serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Butterfield served on the following committees:[7]

2011-2012

Butterfield served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Butterfield's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Butterfield, voted against the resolution.[11][12][13]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Butterfield voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[14][15]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[16] For more information pertaining to Butterfield's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[17]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[18]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[19]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Butterfield voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[20]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[21] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[22] Butterfield voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[23]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[24] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Butterfield voted for HR 2775.[25]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[26]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[27] The vote largely followed party lines.[28]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[29]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Butterfield voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Butterfield voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

G.K. Butterfield's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Butterfield is a Hard-Core Liberal.[32] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Earmarks

A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[33] According to the report, Butterfield helped obtain $817,500 over the span of a few years toward revitalizing buildings in Wilson, N.C. The lawmaker owned 19 properties within three-quarters of a mile of the project.[34]

Elections

2014

See also: North Carolina's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Butterfield won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Republican candidate Arthur Rich in the general election.[2] He won the nomination in the Democratic primary election on May 6, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, North Carolina District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngG.K. Butterfield Incumbent 73.4% 154,333
     Republican Arthur Rich 26.6% 55,990
Total Votes 210,323
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections
U.S. House, North Carolina District 1 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngG.K. Butterfield Incumbent 81.1% 60,847
Dan Whittacre 18.9% 14,147
Total Votes 74,994
Source: Results via the North Carolina State Board of Elections

2012

See also: North Carolina's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Butterfield won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing North Carolina's 1st District. Butterfield defeated challenger Dan Whittacre in the Democratic primary on May 8, 2012.[35] He went on to defeat Pete DiLauro (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

On March 30, 2012, the 1st District was included in a list released by the National Journal of the top 10 most contorted congressional districts, as a result of redistricting.[36]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in North Carolina in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[37] North Carolina was rated eighth on the list.[37][38]

U.S. House, North Carolina District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngG.K. Butterfield Incumbent 75.3% 254,644
     Republican Pete DiLauro 22.9% 77,288
     Libertarian Darryl Holloman 1.8% 6,134
Total Votes 338,066
Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, North Carolina District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngG. K. Butterfield Incumbent 81.1% 89,531
Dan Whittacre 18.9% 20,822
Total Votes 110,353

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Butterfield attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Butterfield is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Butterfield raised a total of $4,184,209 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[43]

G.K. Butterfield's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 2) Won $852,624
2012 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 1) Won $901,274
2010 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 1) Won $828,117
2008 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 1) Won $792,329
2006 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 1) Won $387,424
2004 U.S. House (North Carolina, District 1) Won $422,441
Grand Total Raised $4,184,209


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Butterfield won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Butterfield's campaign committee raised a total of $852,624 and spent $703,902.[44] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[45]

Cost per vote

Butterfield spent $4.56 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, North Carolina District 1, 2014 - G.K. Butterfield Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $852,624
Total Spent $703,902
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $16,588
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $17,822
Top contributors to G.K. Butterfield's campaign committee
Comcast Corp$13,000
Merck & Co$12,200
CenturyLink$10,000
Cox Enterprises$10,000
CSX Corp$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$82,450
Health Professionals$66,216
TV/Movies/Music$65,254
Lawyers/Law Firms$38,436
Electric Utilities$34,250

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Butterfield’s reports.[46]

2012

Butterfield won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Butterfield's campaign committee raised a total of $901,274 and spent $836,322.[56]

Cost per vote

Butterfield spent $3.29 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Butterfield was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a fourth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $828,117 and spent $794,383.[57]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Butterfield's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-20,967 and $3,340,988. That averages to $1,660,010, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Butterfield ranked as the 165th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2004 and 2012, Butterfield's calculated net worth[59] increased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

G.K. Butterfield Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$1,243,008
2012$1,660,010
Growth from 2004 to 2012:34%
Average annual growth:4%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Butterfield received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2003-2014, 25.97 percent of Butterfield's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
G.K. Butterfield Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,931,098
Total Spent $3,508,704
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$275,748
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$211,935
Health Professionals$199,955
Electric Utilities$186,750
TV/Movies/Music$146,504
% total in top industry7.01%
% total in top two industries12.41%
% total in top five industries25.97%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Butterfield was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of August 2014.[64]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Butterfield most often votes with:

Butterfield least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Butterfield missed 387 of 7,611 roll call votes from July 2004 to August 2014. This amounts to 5.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[64]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Butterfield paid his congressional staff a total of $987,948 in 2011. Overall, North Carolina ranked seventh in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Butterfield ranked 133rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[67]

2012

Butterfield ranked 121st in the liberal rankings in 2012.[68]

2011

Butterfield ranked 130th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[69]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Butterfield voted with the Democratic Party 92.8 percent of the time, which ranked 114th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[70]

2013

Butterfield voted with the Democratic Party 93.7 percent of the time, which ranked 62nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[71]

Personal

Butterfield is the father of two adult daughters.[72]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term G.K. + Butterfield + North Carolina + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

G.K. Butterfield News Feed

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See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link
Track-at-political-tracker-com.png


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, North Carolina," accessed November 7, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Politico, "North Carolina House Election Results by District," accessed November 6, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "2014 primary results," accessed May 6, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "BUTTERFIELD, George Kenneth, Jr. (G.K.), (1947 - )," accessed December 29, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "BUTTERFIELD, George Kenneth, Jr. (G.K.), (1947 - )," accessed February 11, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressman G.K. Butterfield, 1st District of North Carolina, "Committees," accessed December 29, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  11. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  14. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  15. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  16. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  17. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  23. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  31. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  32. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  33. Washington Post, "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," accessed February 6, 2012
  34. Washington Post, "Mapping the earmarks," accessed February 6, 2012
  35. North Carolina State Board of Elections, "Primary Election Results," accessed May 9, 2012
  36. National Journal, "Modern Gerrymanders: 10 Most Contorted Congressional Districts—MAPS," accessed March 31, 2012
  37. 37.0 37.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  38. North Carolina State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results," accessed July 16, 2012
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Clerk.house.gov, "2006 vote records," accessed April 16, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "G.K. Butterfield," accessed April 16, 2015
  44. Open Secrets, "G.K. Butterfield 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 10, 2015
  45. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 10, 2015
  46. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield April Quarterly," accessed May 5, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "G.K. Butterfield Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "G.K. Butterfield 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "G.K. Butterfield 2010 Election Data," accessed December 29, 2011
  58. OpenSecrets.org, "G.K. Butterfield (D-NC), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. G. K. Butterfield," accessed September 26, 2014
  64. 64.0 64.1 GovTrack, "G.K. Butterfield," accessed August 12, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "G.K. Butterfield," accessed August 12, 2014
  66. LegiStorm, "G.K. Butterfield," accessed September 25, 2012
  67. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014
  68. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  69. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  72. Congressman G.K. Butterfield, 1st District of North Carolina, "Biography," accessed December 29, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Ballance
U.S. House of Representatives - North Carolina District 1
2004–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
North Carolina Special Superior Court Judge
2002-2004
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court
2001-2002
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
North Carolina Resident Superior Court Judge
1988-2001
Succeeded by
'