Governor of Alabama
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$1,522,187|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113|
|Name:||Robert J. Bentley|
|Assumed office:||January 17, 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Alabama Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
Before becoming governor, Bentley served in the Alabama House of Representatives and as a founding partner and president of Alabama Dermatological Associates. He also served as a captain in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War from 1969 to 1971. Bentley earned a B.S. in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Alabama and an M.D. from the Medical College of Alabama. His wife, Dianne Bentley, is the First Lady of Alabama.
The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled "The Governor of the State of Alabama.
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|2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.
The governor and lieutenant governor shall each be at least thirty years of age when elected, and shall have been citizens of the United States ten years and resident citizens of this state at least seven years next before the date of their election.
Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). Section 116 sets the governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.|
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Alabama governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|[The Governor] shall be eligible to succeed himself in office, but no person shall be eligible to succeed himself for more than one additional term.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
In the event that the elected governor is unable to complete his term, the Lieutenant Governor of Alabama succeeds him. The lieutenant governor also becomes acting governor at any time when the elected governor is unable to discharge the office for 20 consecutive days. Because Alabama elects her governor and lieutenant governor on separate tickets, it is theoretically possible for the governorship of the state to change parties without an election occurring.
Any two other constitutional officers, excluding the individual who would succeed the governor, may also file a affidavit with the state Supreme Court declaring that the sitting governor is of unsound mind, in which case the determines whether the governor is mentally competent to exercise his office.
The governor is responsible for upholding the Alabama Constitution and executing state law. The governor also is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (the Alabama Army National Guard and Alabama Air National Guard, which are part of the National Guard of the United States, and the Alabama State Defense Force, which is the State Defense Forces). As commander-in-chief the governor may call out the state's military forces preserve the public peace when it is not in active service of the United States.
At least once every legislative session, the governor is required to deliver an address to the state legislature, referred to as the "State of the State Address," regarding the condition and operation of the state government and to suggest new legislation.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- seeing that all laws of the state are faithfully executed.
- overseeing other state executive officers and agencies.
- convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature.
- presenting a budget for the state to the legislature.
- remitting fines and forfeitures and granting reprieves, paroles, commutations of sentence and pardons
- exercising a veto over bills
The governor's office includes a number of individual divisions:
- Executive Office
- Chief of Staff
- Constituent Services
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $1,522,187.
The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the Alabama legislature. In 2012, the Governor of Alabama's salary was $120,936. Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.|
600 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36130
Phone: (334) 242-7100
Fax: (334) 353-0004
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, Alabama had Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Alabama was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Governor of Alabama Robert J. Bentley
- Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
- Lieutenant Governor Kay Ivey
- Alabama Attorney General
- Alabama Secretary of State
State of Alabama
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