Governor of Arizona

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Arizona Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2012 FY Budget:  $6,788,600
Term limits:  2
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Arizona Constitution, Article V, Section 1
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Doug Ducey.jpg
Name:  Doug Ducey
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 5, 2015
Compensation:  $95,000
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other Arizona Executive Offices
GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerSuperintendent of Public InstructionAuditorAgriculture DirectorInsurance DirectorLands CommissionerLabor DirectorCorporation CommissionState Mine Inspector
The Governor of Arizona is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch and the highest state office in Arizona. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two consecutive terms. The same individual may not be elected governor again until one complete gubernatorial term has passed.

As of April 2015, Arizona is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Arizona State Legislature, Arizona House of Representatives, Arizona State Senate

Current officer

The 23rd and current Governor of Arizona is Doug Ducey (R). Ducey was elected to the position in 2014, and was sworn in January 5, 2015. He succeeded Gov. Jan Brewer (R), who was ineligible to for re-election in 2014 because of term limits.


The Constitution of Arizona establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive.

Arizona Constitution, Article V, Section 1:

The executive department shall consist of the governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction...


Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
Breaking news

Under Article V, Section 2, the governor must be at least 25 years old, a qualified voter in Arizona, and have been both an American citizen for 10 years and a resident of Arizona for a minimum of five years on election day.

Arizona Constitution, Article V, Section 2:

No person shall be eligible to any of the offices mentioned in section 1 of this article except a person of the age of not less than twenty-five years, who shall have been for ten years next preceding his election a citizen of the United States, and for five years next preceding his election a citizen of Arizona.


Arizona state government organizational chart
See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of governors

Per Article 5, Section 1 (Version 2) of the state constitution, Arizona elects governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026). The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in January following the election.

Originally, Article 5, Section 1 of the Arizona Constitution called for the legislature to decide the election in the case of a tie vote. The procedure was changed with the passage of Proposition 107 in 1992, which calls for a second election following a tie. If no candidate receives a plurality of the votes in the second election, the state legislature chooses between the two candidates.

Arizona Constitution, Article 5, Section 1 (Version 2)

A. The executive department shall consist of the governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction, each of whom shall hold office for a term of four years beginning on the first Monday of January, 1971 next after the regular general election in 1970.

B. The person having a majority of the votes cast for the office voted for shall be elected. If no person receives a majority of the votes cast for the office, a second election shall be held as prescribed by law between the persons receiving the highest and second highest number of votes cast for the office. The person receiving the highest number of votes at the second election for the office is elected, but if the two persons have an equal number of votes for the office, the two houses of the legislature at its next regular session shall elect forthwith, by joint ballot, one of such persons for said office.


See also: Arizona Gubernatorial election, 2014
Governor of Arizona, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDoug Ducey 53.4% 805,062
     Democratic Fred DuVal 41.6% 626,921
     Libertarian Barry J. Hess 3.8% 57,337
     Americans Elect J.L. Mealer 1% 15,432
     Nonpartisan Write-ins 0.1% 1,664
Total Votes 1,506,416
Election Results via Arizona Secretary of State.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Arizona governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.

Arizona Constitution, Article 5 Section 1 Version 2

No member of the executive department shall hold that office for more than two consecutive terms. This limitation on the number of terms of consecutive service shall apply to terms of office beginning on or after January 1, 1993. No member of the executive department after serving the maximum number of terms, which shall include any part of a term served, may serve in the same office until out of office for no less than one full term.

Full history

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Arizona State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Arizona Partisanship.PNG


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article 5, Section 6 of the state constitution.

As Arizona is one of the six U.S. states with no lieutenant governor, the vacancy rules for the governor's office are somewhat more complex than other states. In the event that the governor is unable to discharge the office for any reason, the Arizona Secretary of State succeeds if two conditions are met; the Secretary of State must be serving as an elected officer and must meet the requirements to hold the governorship.

If either of those criteria do not hold, then the attorney general, the state treasurer and the state schools superintendent are, in descending order, the next in line to succeed the governor, subject to the same criteria as the Secretary of State.

Legally, taking the governor's oath of office is treated as an official resignation from the previous office held. Whenever the secretary of state or any other officer becomes the governor, he or she has the full powers and emoluments of the office and serves until the next election.

The same line of succession holds when disability or absence means the governor is temporarily unable to discharge the office.



The governor has a line-item veto on money appropriations, but otherwise the veto power and procedure is the same as for the President of the United States. However, he cannot veto emergency measures or bills that were voted for by the people in a referendum.

The governor is the commander of the state's National Guard except when it is placed under federal control.

He may call the legislature into extraordinary session and must appear before the legislature at least once during each session to deliver a "State of the State" address, commenting on Arizona's political and economic situation and laying out his policies for the coming year.

Other duties and privileges of the office, a number of which are enumerated in Article 5, Section 4 of the state constitution include:

  • ensuring all laws of Arizona are faithfully upheld
  • transacting all state business within the executive branch, including ordering reports and information from other executive officers
  • granting reprieves, commutation, and pardons, after convictions, for all offenses except treason and cases of impeachment
  • approving, or vetoing, all bills passed by the legislature
  • appointing someone to fill vacancies in all state offices where a manner for filling a vacancy is not already provided for by law
  • issuing, signing, and sealing all commissions granted by the state and delivering them to Secretary of State, who will attest to them


Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Arizona has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: Arizona state budget and finances

Arizona operates on a biennial budget cycle, with each biennium beginning in July. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[1][2]

  1. Budget instructions are sent to state agencies on June 1 of the year preceding the start of the new biennium
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor by September 1.
  3. Agency hearings are held in November and December.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
  5. From January through April, the legislature debates the budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.

Arizona is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[2]

The governor is required by law to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[2]

Governor's office budget

The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012 was $6,788,600.[3]


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

The salaries of the governor and other elected executives in Arizona are determined by the Arizona Commission on Salaries for Elective State Officers. This five-member committee is sanctioned by Article 5, Section 12 of the Arizona Constitution. Two members are appointed by the governor and one member each is appointed by the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House and the Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court.[4]

Commission members meet prior to June 1 of each even-numbered year to produce salary recommendations for the governor. The governor may accept, reject or modify recommendations prior to delivery to state legislators. The legislature has 90 days following the governor's transmission of the recommendations to reject or modify salary proposals. If no changes are made, the commission's recommendations take effect following the next election for applicable offices.[5][6]


In 2014, the governor's salary remained at $95,000, according to the Council of State Governments.[7]


In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $95,000, according to the Council of State Governments.[8]


In 2012, the governor was paid an estimated $95,000, according to the Council of State Governments.


In 2010, the governor received compensation in the amount of $95,000, the 44th highest gubernatorial salary in America.[9]

Historical officeholders

# Name Term Party
1 George W. Hunt February 14, 1912-January 1, 1917 Democratic
2 Thomas E. Campbell January 1, 1917-December 25, 1917 Republican
1 George W. Hunt December 25, 1917-January 6, 1919 Democratic
2 Thomas E. Campbell January 6, 1919-January 1, 1923 Republican
3 George W. Hunt January 1, 1923-January 7 1929 Democratic
4 John C. Phillips Januuary 7, 1929-January 5, 1931 Republican
5 George W. Hunt January 5, 1931-January 2, 1933 Democratic
6 Benjamin B. Moeur January 2, 1933-January 4, 1937 Democratic
7 Rawghlie C. Stanford January 4, 1937-January 2, 1939 Democratic
8 Robert T. Jones January 2, 1939-January 6, 1941 Democratic
9 Sidney P. Osborn January 6, 1941-May 25, 1948 Democratic
10 Dan Garvey May 25, 1948-January 1, 1951 Democratic
11 John H. Pyle January 1, 1951-January 3, 1955 Republican
12 Ernest W. McFarland January 3, 1955-January 5, 1959 Democratic
13 Paul Fannin January 5, 1959-January 4, 1965 Republican
14 Samuel P. Goddard, Jr. January 4, 1965-January 2, 1967 Democratic
15 Jack Williams January 2, 1967-January 6, 1975 Republican
16 Raul H. Castro January 6, 1975-October 20, 1977 Democratic
17 Wesley Bolin October 20, 1977-March 4, 1978 Democratic
18 Bruce Babbitt March 4, 1978-January 5, 1987 Democratic
19 Evan Mecham January 5, 1987-April 4, 1988 Republican
20 Rose Mofford April 4, 1988-March 6, 1991 Democratic
21 J. Fife Symington, III March 6, 1991-September 5, 1997 Republican
22 Jane Dee Hull September 5, 1997-January 6, 2003 Republican
23 Janet Napolitano January 6, 2003-January 21, 2009 Democratic
24 Jan Brewer January 21, 2009-January 5, 2015 Republican
25 Doug Ducey January 5, 2015-present Republican



Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arizona
Partisan breakdown of the Arizona governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Arizona was under Republican trifectas for the last five years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Arizona, the Arizona State Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Arizona state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arizona state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arizona had Republican trifectas between 1993 and 2001 and between 2009 and 2013, but no Democratic trifectas during the period of the study. Between these two trifectas, Arizona had divided government. In three separate years, Arizona ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking, two of which occurred under Republican trifectas (1996 and 1997) and the other during divided government (2002). Arizona’s highest SQLI ranking occurred in 2006 (16th), under divided government, while its lowest ranking (41st) occurred in 2002 under divided government.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 36.33
  • SQLI average with divided government: 27.22
Chart displaying the partisanship of Arizona government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Arizona Governor."

Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Governor of Arizona - Google News Feed

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Contact information

Governor of Arizona
1700 West Washington
Phoenix, Arizona 85007

Telephone: (602) 542-4331
Toll Free: 1-(800) 253-0883
Fax: (602) 542-1381

See also

External links

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