Governor of Maryland
|Office website:||Official Link|
|Term limits:||2 consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Maryland Constitution, Article II, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 21, 2015|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Maryland Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Comptroller • Treasurer • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Secretary of Labor • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 Role in state budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Gubernatorial residence
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 History
- 13 Recent news
- 14 Contact information
- 15 See also
- 16 External links
- 17 References
As of May 2015, Maryland is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article II, Section I:
The executive power of the State shall be vested in a Governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for the governor's chair must be:
- must be at least 30 years old
- a resident and registered voter in Maryland for the five years preceding the election
Maryland elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Maryland, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the third Wednesday in the January following an election.
In the event of a tie, the state Senate and House of Delegates shall meet and cast ballots to choose the governor and the lieutenant governor.
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, 2014|
|Republican||Larry Hogan/Boyd Rutherford||51.2%||884,400|
|Democratic||Anthony Brown/Ken Ulman||47.4%||818,890|
|Libertarian||Shawn Quinn/Lorenzo Gaztanaga||1.5%||25,382|
|Election Results via Maryland State Board of Elections.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Maryland governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|a person who has served two consecutive popular elective terms of office as Governor shall be ineligible to succeed himself as Governor for the term immediately following the second of said two consecutive popular elective terms.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article II, Sections 6 and 7.
Regarding the governor-elect, if that individual dies or resigns, the lieutenant governor shall become the governor for the full term. If the governor-elect fails to take office for any other reason, the lieutenant governor shall take over with the title of 'Acting Governor' only until the vacancy is permanently filled.
When the governor is temporarily unable to discharge the office, whether or not he is able to communicate that in writing to the lieutenant governor, the latter shall become the acting governor. Before resuming his duties, the governor must inform the lieutenant governor in writing of the fact.
At any time, by a three-fifths vote, the General Assembly may declare the governor, or the lieutenant governor, mentally or physically unfit to hold the office. For purposes of taking such a vote, a member of the Assembly may call both chambers into a joint session. If such a resolution concerning the governor's fitness for office is adopted, it shall be delivered to a Maryland Court of Appeals, which shall, in turn, make a decision. The same process applies to a governor-elect or a lieutenant governor-elect.
If the governor's seat becomes otherwise vacant, the lieutenant governor shall assume the office and complete the term. After him, the President of the Senate is next to succeed. He shall, as acting governor, retain the title of 'Senate President', but the Senate shall nominate another member to execute the actual tasks of that office.
Under circumstances when the governor-elect fails to take office, the Maryland Court of Appeals has exclusive jurisdiction is settling disputes and issues that arise from that situation.
With respect to Article III, Section 26 of the Constitution, the legislature may remove and impeach the governor or the lieutenant governor.
Because of the extent of her constitutional powers, the governor of Maryland has been ranked among the most powerful governors in the United States.
The governor is the commander-in-chief of all Maryland's naval and militia forces, though he may not take direct command without the consent of the legislature.
With the consent of the Senate, the governor nominates and appoints all civil and military officers whose manner of appointment is not otherwise provided in law. However, under §10 and 10A, "lame duck" governors lose that privilege. Specifically, a governor who has lost a primary or a general election in a re-election bid in the span between the election he lost and the inauguration loses his appointment prerogatives. The same applies to a term-limited governor in the span between Election Day and Inauguration Day. The only exceptions is for emergencies, which require the governor to file a statement of emergency with the Maryland Secretary of State; such appointments may be revoked by the succeeding governor.
At his pleasure, the governor may remove any appointee for incompetence or misconduct. Rare among governors, Maryland's chief executive may also suspend any military officer and may, further, initiate a court martial. (§ 15)
At least twice each year, the governor must, under oath, examine the treasurer and the Comptroller of Maryland, and review the state's books. (§ 18) Under § 19, the governor also gives a periodic address to the legislature on the condition of the state and makes recommendations.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Convening extraordinary session of the legislature, or the Senate alone, as well as moving the location of the legislature's meeting under special circumstances (§ 16)
- Vetoing all bills from the legislature, including appropriations bills, subject to a legislative override (§ 17)
- Granting pardons and reprieves, saves in cases in impeachment, and forfeiting fines, provided he follows a certain protocol for notifying lawmakers and citizens of such action (§ 20)
- Reorganizing the Executive Branch, including establishing and abolishing entire departments, offices, and agencies (§ 24)
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Maryland has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Maryland state budget and finances
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in June of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in late August.
- Agency hearings are held from October through November.
- Public hearings are held from January through March.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature on the third Wednesday in January.
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in April. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
The salaries of the governor and lieutenant governor are decided upon by the Governor’s Salary Commission, a seven-member commission created by a 1976 amendment in Section 21A of the Maryland Constitution. The commission includes three members appointed by the President of the Senate, and three members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Delegates. Appointees serve a four-year term.
The commission may not recommend, and the legislature may not amend, the salary to be lower than that most recently received by the incumbent governor. Whatever the outcome, the decided-upon salary takes effect with the beginning of the next gubernatorial term. If either the commission or the Assembly fails to take action, the same salary already in place applies.
| (c) Within 10 days after the commencement of the regular session of the General Assembly in 1978, and within 10 days after the commencement of the regular session of the General Assembly each fourth year thereafter, the commission shall make a written recommendation to the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and other members of the General Assembly as to the salary of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor.
(e) The commission may not recommend salaries lower than that received by the incumbent Governor at the time the recommendation is made.
In 2010, the governor was paid $150,000 a year, the 11th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
Pursuant to Section 20, Maryland is one of the few states where the state's Constitution actually requires that the sitting governor reside at the official residence.
There have been 67 Governor of Maryland since 1777. Of the 67 officeholders, 10 were Republican and 33 were Democrat.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1777-Present|
|1||Thomas Johnson||1777 - 1779||Federalist|
|2||Thomas Sim Lee||1779 - 1782||Federalist|
|3||William Paca||1782 - 1785||Anti-Federalist|
|4||William Smallwood||1785 - 1788||Unknown|
|5||John Eager Howard||1788 - 1791||Federalist|
|6||George Plater||1791 - 1792||Federalist|
|8||Thomas Sim Lee||1792 - 1794||Federalist|
|9||John Hoskins Stone||1794 - 1797||Federalist|
|10||John Henry||1797 - 1798||Democratic|
|11||Benjamin Ogle||1798 - 1801||Federalist|
|12||John Francis Mercer||1801 - 1803||Democratic-Republican|
|13||Robert Bowie||1803 - 1806||Democratic-Republican|
|14||Robert Wright||1806 - 1809||Democratic|
|15||Edward Lloyd||1809 - 1811||Democratic-Republican|
|16||Robert Bowie||1811 - 1812||Democratic-Republican|
|17||Levin Winder||1812 - 1816||Federalist|
|18||Charles Carnan Ridgely||1816 - 1819||Federalist|
|20||Samuel Sprigg||1819 - 1822||Democratic, Whig|
|21||Samuel Stevens||1822 - 1826||Democratic|
|22||Joseph Kent||1826 - 1829||Republican|
|23||Daniel Martin||1829 - 1830||Whig|
|24||Thomas King Carroll||1830 - 1831||Democratic|
|26||George Howard||1831 - 1833||Whig|
|27||James Thomas||1833 - 1836||Whig|
|28||Thomas Ward Veazey||1836 - 1839||Whig|
|29||William Grason||1839 - 1842||Federalist; anti-Jackson Democrat by 1828|
|30||Francis Thomas||1842 - 1845||Democratic; Unionist; Republican|
|31||Thomas George Pratt||1845 - 1848||Whig; Democratic|
|32||Phillip Francis Thomas||1848 - 1851||Democratic|
|33||Enoch Louis Lowe||1851 - 1854||Democratic|
|34||Thomas Watkins Ligon||1854 - 1858||Democratic|
|35||Thomas Holliday Hicks||1858 - 1862||Know-Nothing Party|
|36||Augustus Williamson Bradford||1862 - 1866||Whig; Unionist; Democratic|
|37||Thomas Swann||1866 - 1869||American; Unionist; Republican|
|38||Oden Bowie||1869 - 1872||Democratic|
|39||William Pinkney Whyte||1872 - 1874||Democratic|
|40||James Black Groome||1874 - 1876||Democratic|
|41||John Lee Carroll||1876 - 1880||Democratic|
|42||William Thomas Hamilton||1880 - 1884||Democratic|
|43||Robert Milligan McLane||1884 - 1885||Democratic|
|44||Henry Lloyd||1885 - 1888||Democratic|
|45||Elihu Emory Jackson||1888 - 1892||Democratic|
|46||Frank Brown||1892 - 1896||Democratic|
|47||Lloyd Lowndes||1896 - 1900||Republican|
|48||John Walter Smith||1900 - 1904||Democratic|
|49||Edwin Warfield||1904 - 1908||Democratic|
|50||Austin Lane Crothers||1908 - 1912||Democratic|
|51||Phillips Lee Goldsborough||1912 - 1916||Republican|
|52||Emerson Columbus Harrington||1916 - 1920||Democratic|
|53||Albert Cabell Ritchie||1920 - 1935||Democratic|
|54||Harry Whinna Nice||1935 - 1939||Republican|
|55||Herbert Romulus O'Conor||1939 - 1947||Democratic|
|56||William Preston Lane||1947 - 1951||Democratic|
|57||Theodore Roosevelt McKeldin||1951 - 1959||Republican|
|58||J. Millard Tawes||1959 - 1967||Democratic|
|59||Spiro Theodore Agnew||1967 - 1969||Republican|
|60||Marvin Mandel||1969 - 1979||Democratic|
|61||Blair Lee||1977 - 1979||Democratic|
|62||Harry Roe Hughes||1979 - 1987||Democratic|
|63||William Donald Schaefer||1987 - 1995||Democratic|
|64||Parris N. Glendening||1995 - 2003||Democratic|
|65||Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr.||2003 - 2007||Republican|
|66||Martin O'Malley||2007 - 2015||Democratic|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992 to 2013, in Maryland there were Democratic governors in office for 18 years while there were Republican governors in office for four years, including the last seven. Maryland is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Maryland was under Democratic trifectas for the last seven years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maryland state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Maryland experienced two long periods of Democratic trifectas, between 1992 and 2002 and again between 2007 and 2013. The state cracked the top-10 in the SQLI ranking in three separate years (2002, 2006, and 2008), twice under a Democratic trifecta and once under divided government. Maryland ranked lowest on the SQLI ranking in two separate years (1992 and 1995), in which the state placed 25th under a Democratic trifecta. Maryland has never had a Republican trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 16.35
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 10.75
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100 State Circle
Annapolis, Maryland 21401-1925
- Office of the Maryland Governor, " Biography," accessed June 15, 2013
- Baltimore Sun, "'Just' a small businessman, Hogan bringing a new style to State House," January 20, 2015
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Report of the Governor’s Salary Commission, "Governor’s Salary Commission," January, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 25, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Maryland: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of Maryland
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Comptroller | Treasurer | Superintendent of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Natural Resources | Secretary of Labor, Licensing and Regulation | Chairman of Public Service Commission |