Governor of Minnesota
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013-2014 FY Budget:||$3,353,000|
|Length of term:||Four years|
|Authority:||Minnesota Constitution, Article V, Section I the Executive Department|
|Assumed office:||January 3, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Minnesota Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Commissioner of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Commerce Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Utilities Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of March 2015, Minnesota is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article V, Section I:
The executive department consists of a governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
- be at least 25 years old
- be a U.S. citizen
- have been a Minnesota resident for one year before the election
Minnesota elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For Minnesota, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the January following an election.
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota, 2014|
|Democratic||Mark Dayton/Tina Smith Incumbent||50.1%||989,113|
|Republican||Jeff Johnson/Bill Kuisle||44.5%||879,257|
|Independence||Hannah Nicollet/Tim Gieseke||2.9%||56,900|
|Grassroots Party||Chris Wright/David Daniels||1.6%||31,259|
|Libertarian||Chris Holbrook/Chris Dock||0.9%||18,082|
|Election Results via Minnesota Secretary of State.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Minnesota governors do not face any term limits.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Section 5.
At any time that the governor is unable to discharge the office, the Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota succeeds to the office. In the event of a vacancy in the lieutenant governorship, the least elected presiding officer of the Senate, which is to say, the Senate President Pro Tem shall succeed to that office.
The Constitutionally prescribed duties and powers of the governor are quite lean compared to some other states. Minnesota's governor is the commander-in-chief of the state's militia and naval forces and is charged with upholding and seeing to the faithful execution of all laws.
Along with the Attorney General of Minnesota and the Chief Justice of Minnesota Supreme Court, the governor sits on the Board of Pardons. However, the power of pardon does not extend to cases of impeachment. (§ 7)
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Requesting written opinions from any executive officer on any matter relating to that officer's duties
- Making appointments, with the advice and consent of the Senate, when the offices of the Secretary of State, Attorney General, Auditor, and other state and district offices not otherwise provided for by law become vacant
- Appointing Commissioners
- Appointing notaries public
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Minnesota has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Minnesota state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in May and June of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in October.
- Agency hearings are held from September through December.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature on the fourth Tuesday in January (this deadline is extended to the third Tuesday in February for a newly elected governor).
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in May. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins on July 1 of odd-numbered years.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The Office of Governor and Lieutenant Governor's budget for fiscal year 2013-2014 is $3,353,000.
Salaries for the governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, and secretary of state are mandated in the Minnesota Constitution and established by the state legislature. The legislature created a 16-member compensation council, appointed every other January, to put forth compensation recommendations for constitutional officers by April 15th of the designated year.
...The duties and salaries of the executive officers shall be prescribed by law.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $120,303.
In 2010, the governor was paid $120,303 a year, the 29th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Minnesota there were Democratic governors in office for the last three years while there were Republican governors in office for 15 years. For the final year of the study Minnesota was under a Democratic trifecta.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82 percent) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27 percent) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Minnesota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Minnesota has been under divided government for the entirety of the study (1992-2012) until the state elected a Democratic trifecta in 2012. Minnesota also ranked in the top-5 of the SQLI ranking for the entirety of the study, reaching its lowest ranking (5th) in four separate years. The state hit the top spot twice, in 2011 and 2012, under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 3.14
There have been 40 Governors of Minnesota since 1858. Of the 40 officeholders, 26 were Republican, six were Democrat, three were Farmer-Labor, four were Democratic-Farmer-Labor and one was Minnesota Independence Party.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1858-Present|
|1||Henry Hastings Sibley||1858 - 1860||Democratic|
|2||Alexander Ramsey||1860 - 1863||Republican|
|3||Henry Adoniram Swift||1863 - 1864||Republican|
|4||Stephen Miller||1864 - 1866||Republican|
|5||William Rainey Marshall||1866 - 1870||Republican|
|6||Horace Austin||1870 - 1874||Republican|
|7||Cushman Kellogg Davis||1874 - 1876||Republican|
|8||John Sargent Pillsbury||1876 - 1882||Republican|
|9||Lucius Frederick Hubbard||1882 - 1887||Republican|
|10||Andrew Ryan McGill||1887 - 1889||Republican|
|11||William Rush Merriam||1889 - 1893||Republican|
|12||Knute Nelson||1893 - 1895||Republican|
|13||David Marston Clough||1895 - 1899||Republican|
|14||John Lind||1899 - 1901||Democratic|
|15||Samuel Rinnah Van Sant||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|16||John Albert Johnson||1905 - 1909||Democratic|
|17||Adolph Olson Eberhart||1909 - 1915||Republican|
|18||Winfield Scott Hammond||1915 - 1915||Democratic|
|19||Joseph Alfred Arner Burnquist||1915 - 1921||Republican|
|20||Jacob Aall Ottesen Preus||1921 - 1925||Republican|
|21||Theodore Christianson||1925 - 1931||Republican|
|22||Hjalmar Petersen||1937 - 1936||Farmer-Labor|
|23||Floyd Bjornstjerne Olson||1931 - 1936||Farmer-Labor|
|24||Elmer Austin Benson||1937 - 1939||Farmer-Labor|
|25||Harold Edward Stassen||1939 - 1943||Republican|
|26||Edward John Thye||1943 - 1947||Republican|
|27||Luther Wallace Youngdahl||1947 - 1951||Republican|
|28||Clyde Elmer Anderson||1951 - 1955||Republican|
|29||Orville Lothrop Freeman||1955 - 1961||Democratic-Farmer-Labor|
|30||Elmer Lee Anderson||1961 - 1963||Republican|
|31||Karl Fritjof Rolvaag||1963 - 1967||Democratic-Farmer-Labor|
|32||Harold LeVander||1967 - 1971||Republican|
|33||Wendell Richard Anderson||1971 - 1976||Democratic|
|34||Rudolph George Perpich||1976 - 1979||Democratic-Farmer-Labor|
|35||Albert Harold Quie||1979 - 1983||Republican|
|36||Rudolph George Perpich||1983 - 1991||Democratic-Farmer-Labor|
|37||Arne Helge Carlson||1991 - 1999||Republican|
|38||Jesse Ventura||1999 - 2003||/Minnesota Independence Party|
|39||Tim Pawlenty||2003 - 2011||Republican|
|40||Mark Dayton||2011 -||Democratic|
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Office of the Governor
130 State Capitol
75 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.
St. Paul, MN 55155
- Minnesota Office of Governor, "Dayton Biography" accessed December 20, 2012
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- The Office of the Revisor of Statutes, "Chapter 142--S.F.No. 1589," Section 3," accessed June28, 2013
- House Research, “State Elected Officials Compensation,” accessed February 24, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 2, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Minnesota: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of Minnesota
St. Paul (capital)
Minnesota State Constitution | House of Representatives | Senate | County Attorney | House Research Department | Legislative Reference Library | Senate Counsel Research and Fiscal Analysis | Legislative Auditor |
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