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Governor of New Mexico

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New Mexico Governor of New Mexico
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2012 FY Budget:  $3,362,400
Term limits:  Two consecutive terms
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  New Mexico Constitution, Article V, Section 4
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Susana Martinez headshot.jpg
Name:  Susana Martinez
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  2011
Compensation:  $110,000
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other New Mexico Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorCommissioner of Public LandsSecretary of EducationAgriculture SecretaryInsurance SuperintendentSecretary of Energy, Minerals and Natural ResourcesSecretary of Workforce SolutionsPublic Regulation CommissionPublic Education Commission
The Governor of the State of New Mexico is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in New Mexico. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two consecutive terms.

As of March 2015, New Mexico is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: New Mexico State Legislature, New Mexico House of Representatives, New Mexico State Senate

Current officer

The 31st and current governor is Susana Martinez, a Republican elected in 2010.[1]


The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Under Article V, Section 4:

The supreme executive power of the state shall be vested in the governor...


Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
Breaking news

Under Article V, Section 3, a candidate for the governorship must be:

  • at least 30 years old
  • a citizen of the United States
  • a resident of New Mexico continuously for five years on the day of the election


New Mexico state government organizational chart

New Mexico elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not presidential election years. For New Mexico, 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first day in the January following an election.

In the event of a tie vote, the legislature shall convene and case ballots to choose among the two top vote getters.



See also: New Mexico gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014
Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSusana Martinez/John A. Sanchez Incumbent 57.2% 293,443
     Democrat Gary King/Debra Haaland 42.8% 219,362
Total Votes 512,805
Election Results via New Mexico Secretary of State.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

New Mexico governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.

New Mexico Constitution, Article V, Section 1

[The Governor] shall, after having served two terms in a state office, be ineligible to hold that state office until one full term has intervened.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of New Mexico State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of New Mexico Partisanship.PNG


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Section 7.

If a Governor-elect dies, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as the Governor. However, if a Governor-elect fails to qualify, or, for some reason, no one has been elected by Inauguration Day, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as Acting Governor only until a Governor does qualify.

The Constitution also allows the legislature to set the procedure for a special election if a Governor-elect cannot qualify.

Any temporary or permanent vacancy during a term is filed by the Lieutenant Governor, who has the full powers, duties, and emoluments of the Governor. If the Lieutenant Governor's office is also vacant, the line of succession is the Secretary of State, the President Pro Tem of the Senate, and then the Speaker of the House.


New Mexico

As governor he/she has the duty to see see that the New Mexico Constitution and the laws of the state are faithfully executed. The governor has the power to appoint and supervise the directors of each executive department. The governor has the responsibility to carry out the duties of commander-in-chief of the militia forces of the state. (§ 4)

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Nominating and, with Senate consent, appointing all offices not otherwise provided for by law, including appointing vacancies in all offices except members of the legislature and the Lieutenant Governor (§ 5)
  • Removing any appointees for any reason, unless specifically precluded by law (§ 5)
  • Granting pardons and reprieves, except in cases of treason and impeachment (§ 6)
  • Taking an annual report, given under oath, from the head of each executive department, concerning the spending of public money. If that report is the only made made in a year, it must be given no later than 30 days prior to start of the legislature's regular session (§ 9)
  • Issuing and signing all commissions granted in the name of the state of New Mexico
  • Submitting all cabinet heads and cabinet levels appointees for confirmation or reconfirmation by the Senate at the beginning of each gubernatorial term (§ 15)


Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of New Mexico has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: New Mexico state budget and finances

New Mexico operates on an annual budget cycle, with each fiscal year beginning in July. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[2][3]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held in September and December.
  4. The governor submits his or her budget proposal to the New Mexico State Legislature on the first day of the legislative session.
  5. The legislature adopts a budget in February or March. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.

New Mexico is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[3]

The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In turn, the legislature is also constitutionally required to pass a balanced budget.[3]

Governor's office budget

The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2012 was $3,362,400.[4]


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

The salaries of state executive officers are established by the New Mexico State Legislature as mandated in the state constitution. Article V, Section 12 of the New Mexico Constitution established initial salaries for constitutional officers with the state legislature able to adjust these salaries starting in 1922, which was 10 years after the state's admission to the United States. This constitutional provision states the following:[5]

Text of Section 12:

Compensation of Executive Officers

The annual compensation to be paid to the officers mentioned in Section One of this article shall be as follows: governor, five thousand dollars [($5,000)]; secretary of state, three thousand dollars [($3,000)]; state auditor, three thousand dollars [($3,000)]; state treasurer, three thousand dollars [($3,000)]; attorney general, four thousand dollars [($4,000)]; superintendent of public instruction, three thousand dollars [$3,000)]; and commissioner of public lands, three thousand dollars [($3,000)]; which compensation shall be paid to the respective officers in equal quarterly payments.

The lieutenant governor shall receive ten dollars [($10.00)] per diem while acting as presiding officer of the senate, and mileage at the same rate as a state senator.

The compensation herein fixed shall be full payment for all services rendered by said officers and they shall receive no other fees or compensation whatsoever.

The compensation of any of said officers may be increased or decreased by law after the expiration of ten years from the date of the admission of New Mexico as a state.[6]


In 2014, the governor received a salary of $110,000, according to the Council of State Governments.[7]


In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $110,000.[8]


In 2010, the governor was paid $110,000 a year, the 34th highest gubernatorial salary in America.


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New Mexico
Partisan breakdown of the New Mexico governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in New Mexico there were Democratic governors in office for 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for 11 years, including the last three.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New Mexico, the New Mexico State Senate and the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of New Mexico state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New Mexico state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Mexico experienced two Democratic trifectas during the years of the study, from 1992-1994 and from 2003-2010. The state finished in the bottom-10 during every year of the study. Its worst ranking, finishing 50th, occurred from 1999-2000, during a divided government. Its best ranking, finishing 41st, occurred in 2008, during a Democratic trifecta.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the New Mexico government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Historical officeholders

There have been 31 Governors of New Mexico since 1912. Of the 31 officeholders, 12 were Republican and 19 were Democrat.[9]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "New + Mexico + Governor

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Governor of New Mexico News Feed

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Contact information

Office of the Governor
490 Old Santa Fe Trail
Room 400
Santa Fe, NM 87501

See also

External links

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