Governor of South Carolina
|South Carolina Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012-2013 FY Budget:||$1,910,705|
|Term limits:||Two consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||South Carolina Constitution, Article IV, Section I|
|Assumed office:||January 12, 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other South Carolina Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Comptroller • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Adjutant General • Inspector General • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
Under Article IV, Section I:
The supreme executive authority of this State shall be vested in a Chief Magistrate, who shall be styled "The Governor of the State of South Carolina."
| 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010 |
Lists of candidates
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for the governor must be:
- at least 30 years old
- a citizen of the United States
- a resident of South Carolina for at least five years
- believe in the existence of the "Supreme Being"
Additionally, the Governor may not hold office or a commission under any other power, excepting that of a militia.
South Carolina elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For South Carolina, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Wednesday following the second Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 12, 2011 and January 14, 2015 are inaugural days.
If there is a tie, a joint session of the legislature shall cast ballots to choose the governor from the two highest vote getters.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
South Carolina governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No person shall be elected Governor for more than two successive terms.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
If a Governor-elect dies or declines to take office, the Lieutenant Governor-elect shall take office as the Governor and serve the full term. If the Governor-elect is temporarily unable to take the oath, the Lieutenant Governor-elect takes office as Acting Governor only until the Governor-elect is able to take the oath.
If both the Governor-elect and the Lieutenant Governor-elect are both unable to take office, the gubernatorial powers devolve through the line of succession, subject to the dual-office holding provision of the Constitution.
The Lieutenant Governor is Acting Governor and has the powers to act in an emergency in the event of the temporary absence or disability of the Governor. The Governor declares her temporary or permanent disability to discharge the office in writing to the President Pro Tem of the Senate and the Speaker of the House. In the case of a temporary disability, she also declares her ability to resume the office in the same manner.
If a majority of the officers serving as Attorney General, the Secretary of State, the Comptroller General and the State Treasurer transmit, in writing, a declaration to the Senate President Pro Tem and the Speaker of the House, that the Governor is unfit the serve, the Lieutenant Governor shall immediately become the Acting Governor.
The Governor then may declare his declaration to the General Assembly that no such inability exists and will resume the office unless a majority of the members of the Assembly transmit their written declaration to the contrary to the President Pro Tem and the Senate. In that case, the Assembly has 21 days, excluding Sundays, to convene and vote on the issue, requiring a two-thirds vote to remove the Governor.
The Lieutenant Governor also becomes the Acting Governor in the event of the death, resignation, or removal of the Governor, and act as Governor during an impeachment until a judgment is rendered in the impeachment trial.
Under the South Carolina Constitution, the Governor is also the head of government, serving as the chief executive of the South Carolina executive branch. The governor is the ex officio Commander-in-Chief of the state National Guard when not called into federal use and of the state's unorganized militia (§ 13).
The governor's responsibilities include making yearly "State of the State" addresses to the South Carolina General Assembly, submitting an executive state budget and ensuring that state laws are enforced (§ 15).
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Commuting death sentences to life imprisonment (§ 14); all other clemency matters are regulated by statute
- Requiring written reports from the officers of any agency or institute in the executive branch on any aspect of their duties (§ 17)
- Periodically addressing the General Assembly on the state of the state and making recommendations concerning legislation (§ 18)
- Convening special session of the legislation and, when the legislature is five days without a quorum, adjourning them (§ 19)
- Residing at the official Governor's Residence, the South Carolina Executive Mansion, except in cases of epidemic, natural disaster, or war (§ 20)
- Vetoing bills and joint resolutions, subject to a two-thirds legislative override (§ 21)
The budget for the Governor's Office (Executive Control of State only) in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $1,910,705.
- See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries
As of 2010, the Governor of South Carolina is paid $106,078 a year, the 38th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in South Carolina there were Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last 11. South Carolina is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. South Carolina was under Republican trifectas for the final 11 years of the study.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
Office of the Governor
P.O. Box 12267
Columbia, SC 29211
- South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley
- Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
- Lieutenant Governor James Ken Ard
- South Carolina Attorney General
- South Carolina Secretary of State
- South Carolina gubernatorial election, 2010
State of South Carolina
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