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Gregg Harper

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Gregg Harper
Gregg Harper.jpg
U.S. House, Mississippi, District 3
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 6
PartyRepublican
PredecessorChip Pickering (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$2.79 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$2,772,105
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Republican Party Chairman, Rankin County, Mississippi
2000-2007
Education
High schoolPearl High School
Bachelor'sMississippi College
J.D.University of Mississippi
Personal
Date of birthJune 1, 1956
Place of birthJackson, Mississippi
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth(2012) $70,501
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Gregory "Gregg" Harper (b. June 1, 1956, in Jackson, MS) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District. Harper was first elected to the House in 2008. He won re-election on November 4, 2014, after winning the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014. He defeated challengers Doug Magee (D), Barbara Dale Washer (RP) and Roger Gerrard (I) in the general election.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Harper is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Harper was born in 1956 in Jackson, Mississippi. After graduating from public high school in Pearl, Mississippi, in 1974, he went on to earn his B.S. from Mississippi College and his J.D. from the University of Mississippi Law School in 1978 and 1981, respectively. Prior to his political career, Harper worked as an attorney in private practice and served as the city prosecutor for both Brandon and Richland, Mississippi.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Harper's political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Harper served on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Harper served on the following House committees:[4]

    • Subcommittee on Elections Chairman
  • Ethics Committee
    • Joint Committee on Printing Chairman
    • Joint Committee on the Library Vice-Chairman[5]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[6] For more information pertaining to Harper's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Harper voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Harper voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[8]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Harper voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Harper voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[9] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Harper supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[10] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[11]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[12] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[13] Harper voted to support the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Harper voted for HR 2775.[15]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Harper supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[16] The vote largely followed party lines.[17]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Harper has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[18]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Harper supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[20] Harper joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[21][22]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Harper voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Gregg Harper's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Harper is a Populist-Leaning Conservative. Harper received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 67 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

Campaign themes

2012

  • Immigration

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper understands that it is illegal to be in the United States without proper documentation, and those who are here illegally should have to face consequences. Amnesty for illegal aliens is unacceptable."[26]

  • Defense

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper believes that one of the federal government’s core duties defined in the Constitution is to provide for the common defense. Peace through strength is obtained through a robust national defense policy."[27]

  • Economy and Jobs

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper supports giving small businesses tax relief and reining in the excessive federal agency regulations that may hamper job creation and economic growth."[28]

  • Education

Excerpt: "Like every federal government agency, Congressman Gregg Harper believes the Department of Education should be examined thoroughly for waste and inefficiencies."[29]

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "Instead of advancing a bill that focuses on access to care, protects the patient-doctor relationship and lowers health care premiums through increased competition and choice, the president signed a $1.7 trillion law that raids $764 billion from Medicare and raises taxes over $1 trillion."[30]

Elections

2014

See also: Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Harper ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014. He defeated Doug Magee (D), Barbara Dale Washer (Reform) and Roger Gerrard (I) in the general election held November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 68.9% 117,771
     Democratic Doug Magee 27.9% 47,744
     Reform Roger Gerrard 0.9% 1,541
     Independent Barbara Washer 2.3% 3,890
Total Votes 170,946
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State Official Results
U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 92.2% 85,674
Hardy Caraway 7.8% 7,258
Total Votes 92,932
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State - Official Republican primary results

2012

See also: Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Harper won re-election in 2012.[31] On March 13, Harper defeated his Republican primary opponent, Robert Allen. He defeated John Luke Pannell (Reform) in the November 2012 general election.[32][33]

U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 80% 234,717
     Reform John Luke Pannell 20% 58,605
Total Votes 293,322
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 91.8% 78,667
Robert Allen 8.2% 7,025
Total Votes 85,692

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Harper attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Harper is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Harper raised a total of $2,772,105 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[36]

Gregg Harper's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $916,615
2010 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $715,014
2008 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $1,140,476
Grand Total Raised $2,772,105


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Harper's reports.[37]

Gregg Harper (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2013$303,465.88$44,955.81$(79,180.98)$269,240.71
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2013$269,240.71$228,366.09$(63,784.39)$433,822.41
October Quarterly[40]October 15, 2013$433,922.41$161,500.10$(61,447.64)$533,974.87
Year-End Quarterly[41]December 31, 2013$533,974$107,145$(78,936)$562,182
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2014$562,182.89$129,520.00$(108,956.91)$582,745.98
July QuarterlyJuly 15, 2014$627,610$96,700$(63,713)$660,596
Running totals
$768,187$(456,018.92)

2012

Harper won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Harper's campaign committee raised a total of $916,616 and spent $654,281.[43]

Cost per vote

Harper spent $2.79 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Harper won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Harper's campaign committee raised a total of $715,014 and spent $688,959.[44]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Harper's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-213,997 and $354,999. That averages to $70,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Harper ranked as the 387th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45] Between 2007 and 2012, Harper's calculated net worth[46] decreased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[47]

Gregg Harper Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$138,998
2012$70,501.00
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-49%
Average annual growth:-10%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Harper received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry.

From 2007-2014, 30.57 percent of Harper's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[50]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Gregg Harper Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,628,928
Total Spent $2,966,228
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$338,150
Lawyers/Law Firms$244,250
Health Professionals$220,099
Real Estate$155,550
Retired$151,468
% total in top industry9.32%
% total in top two industries16.05%
% total in top five industries30.57%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Harper was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[51] This was the same rating Harper received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[52]

Harper most often votes with:

Harper least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Harper missed 54 of 4,358 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.2 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[51]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Harper paid his congressional staff a total of $1,095,779 in 2011. Overall, Mississippi ranked 41st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[53]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Harper was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Harper's staff was given an apparent $4,152.78 in bonus money.[54]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Harper ranked 197th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[55]

2012

Harper ranked 146th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[56]

2011

Harper ranked 101st in the conservative rankings in 2011.[57]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Harper voted with the Republican Party 92.6 percent of the time, which ranked 171st among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[58]

2013

Harper voted with the Republican Party 95.6 percent of the time, which ranked 138th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[59]

Personal

Harper lives in Pearl, Mississippi, with his wife of over 30 years, Sidney, and their two children.[60] Harper attends and serves as a deacon at Crossgates Baptist Church.[61]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Gregg + Harper + Mississippi + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Gregg Harper News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. Politico, "House Election Results," accessed November 17, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Gregg Harper," accessed December 3, 2011
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  4. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" accessed December 3, 2011
  5. Congressman Gregg Harper, Representing the Third District of Mississippi, "Committees and Caucuses"
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 27, 2013
  9. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "Harper on agriculture," accessed September 27, 2013
  11. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 27, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 27, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Harper on abortion," accessed September 27, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  21. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Gregg Harper Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Gregg Harper, "Immigration," accessed October 11, 2012
  27. Gregg Harper, "Defense," accessed October 11, 2012 (dead link)
  28. Gregg Harper, "Economy," accessed October 11, 2012 (dead link)
  29. Gregg Harper, "Education," accessed October 11, 2012
  30. Gregg Harper, "Healthcare," accessed October 11, 2012 (dead link)
  31. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Mississippi"
  32. WAPT 16, "Unofficial Mississippi Primary Results," accessed March 13, 2012
  33. Mississippi Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper," accessed May 16, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Harper 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  38. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  39. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  40. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  41. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  42. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  43. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed June 17, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 3, 2011
  45. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper (R-MS), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  46. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  47. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Gregg Harper," accessed September 23, 2014
  51. 51.0 51.1 GovTrack, "Gregg Harper," accessed July 29, 2014
  52. OpenCongress, "Gregg Harper," accessed July 29, 2014
  53. LegiStorm, "Gregg Harper," accessed October 8, 2012
  54. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  55. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  56. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  57. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  58. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  60. Official House Site, "Full Biography," accessed December 3, 2011 (dead link)
  61. Congressman Gregg Harper, Representing the Third District of Mississippi, "Biography," accessed October 14, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Chip Pickering
U.S. House of Representatives - Mississippi, District 3
2009–present
Succeeded by
'