Hakeem Jeffries

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Hakeem Jeffries
HakeemJeffries.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 8
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJerrold Nadler (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$8.42 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$2,519,372
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
New York State Assembly District 57
2007 - 2013
Education
Bachelor'sState University of New York at Binghamton, 1992
Master'sGeorgetown University, 1994
J.D.New York University Law School, 1997
Personal
Date of birthAugust 4, 1970
Place of birthCrown Heights, NY
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth(2012) $256,556.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Hakeem Jeffries (b. August 4, 1970, in Crown Heights, NY) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 8th Congressional District. Jeffries was first elected to the House on November 6, 2012, and is currently serving his second consecutive term.

In 2014, Jeffries won re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 8th Congressional District of New York.[1] Jeffries ran uncontested for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2] He defeated Alan Bellone (Conservative) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Jeffries was previously a member of the New York State Assembly from 2007 to 2013.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Jeffries is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Jeffries earned a B.S. in political science from State University of New York at Binghamton, a master's in public policy from Georgetown University and a J.D. from New York University Law School.[4]

Jeffries' professional experience includes work as an administrator, clerk, associate and assistant general counsel.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Jeffries' academic, professional and political career:[5]

  • 2013-Present: U.S. Representative from New York's 8th Congressional District
  • 2007-2012: New York State Assembly
  • 1997-1998: Law clerk for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
  • 1997: Graduated from New York University with a J.D.
  • 1994: Graduated from Georgetown University with an M.P.P.
  • 1992: Graduated from Binghamton University with a B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Jeffries serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Jeffries served on the following committees:[7]

New York Assembly

2011-2012

In the 2011-2012 legislative session, Jeffries served on the following committees:

2009-2010

In the 2009-2010 legislative session, Jeffries served on the following committees:

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Jeffries's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Jeffries, voted against the resolution.[10][11][12]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Jeffries voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[13][14]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[15] For more information pertaining to Jeffries's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[16]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Jeffries voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[17]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Jeffries voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[17]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Jeffries voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[17]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Jeffries voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[18] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[17]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Jeffries voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[19] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[20]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[21] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[22] Jeffries voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Jeffries voted for HR 2775.[24]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Jeffries voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[25] The vote largely followed party lines.[26]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Jeffries has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[27]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Jeffries voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[28]

Previous congressional sessions

Legislation

Jefferies was an outspoken supporter of redistricting reform and in 2011 sponsored Assembly Bill 3432, which would have set up an independent redistricting commission. Currently the process falls to the legislature with the Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment (LATFOR) serving in an advisory capacity. The bill died in committee.[29]

During the redistricting process following the 2000 census, Jeffries was drawn out of his district in order to hurt his primary challenge to an incumbent, a story which was featured in the documentary Gerrymandering.[30]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Hakeem Jeffries's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Jeffries is a Libertarian-Leaning Progressive.[31] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Elections

2014

See also: New York's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

In 2014, Jeffries won re-election to the U.S. House to represent New York's 8th District. Jeffries ran uncontested for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. He defeated Alan Bellone (Conservative) in the general election.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHakeem Jeffries Incumbent 81.2% 77,255
     Conservative Alan Bellone 7% 6,673
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 11.8% 11,185
Total Votes 95,113
Source: New York State Board of Elections

2012

See also: New York's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

In 2012, Jeffries ran for the U.S. House of Representatives, for New York's 8th District. He faced Charles Barron in the June 26 Democratic primary.[32] He was unopposed in the Working Families Party primary. Jeffries faced Alan Bellone (R) and Colin Beavan (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012. Jeffries won election in November.[33]

Barron fought back from a fundraising disadvantage and gained an endorsement from the state's largest public employees union, as well as the nod from the retiring incumbent, Ed Towns. This worried many Democrats, as Barron was a controversial figure prone to outspoken comments.[34] A former Black Panther, Barron expressed a desire to "go up to the closest white person and... slap him," and said Israel was "the world's greatest terrorist."[35] These and other similar comments worried the Democratic establishment about Barron's potential to alienate people on the national scale.[34]

Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), among others, denounced Barron's "anti-Israel" stance.[36]

Jeffries, on the other hand, had widespread support from the other New York representatives in the U.S. House, along with greater campaign coffers.[34]

On the issues, the two candidates had some variance. Jeffries worked to legalize same-sex marriage at the state level, while Barron opposed gay marriage. Furthermore, In contrast to Barron's stated views on Israel, Jeffries visited Israel as part of a community relations group.[34]

Barron unabashedly stuck to his statements, even if they were viewed as alienating and controversial. Despite his abrasive remarks, however, he was admitted by many to be charming.[34] Jeffries took an opposite approach, seeking to unite a broad range of people. Rep. Yvette Clarke, among others, saw Jeffries as a rising star.[34]

The AFSCME local DC37, the state's largest public employee union, threw their weight behind Barron.[35] Jeffries gathered endorsements from smaller unions.[34]

U.S. House, New York District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHakeem Jeffries 77.9% 184,038
     Republican Alan Bellone 7.5% 17,650
     Green Colin Beavan 1% 2,441
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 13.6% 32,163
Total Votes 236,292
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 8 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngHakeem, Jeffries 71.9% 25,712
Charles Barron 28.1% 10,063
Total Votes 35,775

Endorsements

Jeffries was endorsed by the United Auto Workers, several SEIU locals, Assemblyman Vito Lopez and MoveOn.org, among others.[37]

2010

See also: New York State Assembly elections, 2010

Jeffries ran unopposed in the September 14 Democratic primary. He defeated Francis Voyticky (R) in the general election on November 2.[38] In addition to running on the Democratic ticket, he ran on the Working Families ticket.

New York State Assembly, District 57 2010
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Hakeem Jeffries (D) 25,899
Francis Voyticky (R) 652

2008

See also: New York State Assembly elections, 2008

On November 4, 2008, Jeffries won re-election to the New York State Assembly, District 57, defeating opponent Charles Brickous (R).

Jeffries raised $151,188 for his campaign while Brickous raised $0.[39]

New York State Assembly, District 57 2008
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Hakeem Jeffries (D) 39,992
Charles Brickous (R) 801

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Jeffries attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Jeffries is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Jeffries raised a total of $2,519,372 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[40]

Hakeem Jeffries's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (New York, District 8) Won $1,113,687
2012 U.S. House (New York, District 8) Won $1,405,685
Grand Total Raised $2,519,372


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Jeffries won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Jeffries' campaign committee raised a total of $1,113,687 and spent $650,169.[41] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[42]

Cost per vote

Jeffries spent $8.42 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 8, 2014 - Hakeem Jeffries Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,113,687
Total Spent $650,169
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Hakeem Jeffries's campaign committee
Paul, Weiss et al$26,050
National Amusements Inc$20,850
American Assn for Justice$10,000
Machinists/Aerospace Workers Union$10,000
National Cable & Telecommunications Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$147,850
TV/Movies/Music$80,300
Real Estate$49,409
Securities & Investment$44,900
Computers/Internet$43,540

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Jeffries’ reports.[43]

2012

Jeffries won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Jeffries' campaign committee raised a total of $1,405,685 and spent $1,361,037.[53]

Cost per vote

Jeffries spent $7.40 per vote received in 2012.


2010

In 2010, Jeffries received $173,002 in campaign donations. The top contributors are listed below.[54]

2008

In 2008, a year in which Jeffries was up for re-election, he collected $151,188 in donations.[55]

The major contributors were:

Donor Amount
New York state Trial Lawyers $3,800
1199 SEIU United Health care Workers East $3,800
G & L Consulting LLC $3,800
Prestige Strategic Communications LLC $3,500

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Jeffries' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $103,013 and $410,000. That averages to $256,556.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Jeffries ranked as the 185th most wealthy representative in 2012.[56] Between 2011 and 2012, Jeffries' calculated net worth[57] increased by an average of 15 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[58]

Hakeem Jeffries Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$222,341
2012$256,556
Growth from 2011 to 2012:15%
Average annual growth:15%[59]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[60]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Jeffries received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2011-2014, 35.94 percent of Jeffries' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[61]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Hakeem Jeffries Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,264,544
Total Spent $1,757,577
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$362,825
Securities & Investment$140,900
Real Estate$120,847
TV/Movies/Music$97,000
Pro-Israel$92,400
% total in top industry16.02%
% total in top two industries22.24%
% total in top five industries35.94%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Jeffries was a "moderate Democratic follower" as of August 2014.[62] Jeffries was rated as a "centrist Democratic follower" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[63]

Jeffries most often votes with:

Jeffries least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Jeffries missed 29 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[62]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Jeffries ranked 66th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[64]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Jeffries voted with the Democratic Party 95.4 percent of the time, which ranked 19th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[65]

2013

Jeffries voted with the Democratic Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 58th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[66]

Personal

Jeffries and his wife, Kennisandra, have two children.[4]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Hakeem + Jeffries + New York + Congress

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Hakeem Jeffries News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Politico, "2014 New York House Election Results," accessed November 7, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Project Vote Smart, "Biography of Rep. Jeffries," accessed December 23, 2014
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "JEFFRIES, Hakeem, (1970 - )," accessed February 12, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  10. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  11. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  14. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  16. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jeffries' Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 7, 2013
  18. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Jeffries on agriculture," accessed October 7, 2013
  20. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jeffries' Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 7, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Jeffries' Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 7, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "Jeffries on abortion," accessed October 7, 2013
  29. LegiScan, "New York Assembly Bill 3432," accessed August 5, 2014
  30. Capital, "Hakeem Jeffries on Cuomo's redistricting promise, and whether Brooklyn Heights belongs in the 10th," accessed October 26, 2011
  31. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  32. Politicker, "Hakeem Jeffries Would Like Ed Towns’ Endorsement," accessed April 16, 2012
  33. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.6 New York Times, "In Brooklyn, a Longtime Provocateur Surges in a Primary Race for Congress," accessed June 15, 2012
  35. 35.0 35.1 Fox News, "Democrats Nervous About Possible Towns' Sucessor," accessed June 15, 2012
  36. Politico, "Gillibrand rebukes Charles Barron," accessed June 15, 2012
  37. Hakeem Jeffries campaign website, "Campaign News," accessed June 18, 2012
  38. New York Times, "NY state legislative election results," accessed February 11, 2014
  39. Follow the Money, "2008 campaign contributions," accessed December 23, 2014
  40. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Hakeem Jeffries," accessed March 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Hakeem Jeffries 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 9, 2015
  42. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 9, 2015
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries Summary Report," accessed July 30, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries April Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Hakeem Jeffries Pre-General," accessed October 23, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Hakeem Jeffries 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  54. Follow the Money, "2010 contributions," accessed December 23, 2013
  55. Follow the Money, "2008 campaign contributions," accessed December 23, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "Tim Bishop (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  57. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  58. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  59. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  60. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  61. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Hakeem Jeffries," accessed September 26, 2014
  62. 62.0 62.1 GovTrack, "Hakeem Jeffries," accessed August 5, 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Hakeem Jeffries," accessed August 5, 2014
  64. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jerrold Nadler (D)
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 8
2013–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
-
New York Assembly District 57
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Walter T. Mosley III (D)