Henry Waxman

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Henry Waxman
Henry Waxman.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 33
Incumbent
In office
1975-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 39
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJohn H. Rousselot (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$15.50 in 2012
First elected1974
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$6,622,701
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Assembly
1969-1974
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of California, Los Angeles
J.D.University of California, Los Angeles
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 12, 1939
Place of birthLos Angeles, California
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$1,199,010
ReligionJewish
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Henry Waxman (b. September 12, 1939, in Los Angeles, California) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 33rd Congressional District. Waxman was first elected to the House in 1974.

Waxman most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 33rd District.[1] He defeated Bill Bloomfield (Ind) in the general election on November 6, 2012. He was displaced from the 30th District by redistricting.[2]

Waxman began his political career in the California State Assembly, where he served from 1969 to 1974.

Waxman is not seeking re-election in 2014. He cited frustrations with the lack of productivity in Congress. He said, "It’s been frustrating because of the extremism of Tea Party Republicans. Nothing seems to be happening."[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Waxman is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Waxman was born in Los Angeles, California. He earned his B.A. and J.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1961 and 1964, respectively.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Waxman's academic, professional and political career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Waxman serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Waxman served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Waxman's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Voted "No" Waxman voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Waxman voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Waxman voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "No" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Waxman voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Waxman joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Waxman voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Waxman voted for HR 2775.[22]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Waxman voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[23]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Waxman voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Waxman voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Waxman voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Waxman voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Henry Waxman's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Waxman is a Hard-Core Liberal. Waxman received a score of 83 percent on personal issues and 18 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.
On The Issues Vote Quiz
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Neutral
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated in 2014.[29]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[30][31] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Waxman was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[30][31]

Campaign themes

2012

Waxman's campaign website listed the following issues:[32]

  • Jobs & The Economy
Excerpt: "Congressman Waxman believes the top priority for this Congress should be putting America back to work. When President Obama was sworn into office, our country was facing the greatest economic crisis since the Great Depression."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "In one of the most powerful, industrialized countries in the world, no one should have to choose between taking their child to a doctor and paying the rent. Congressman Henry A. Waxman has spent decades crafting and debating policy that advances equality and opportunity - a legislative journey that has been interrupted and delayed far too many times at the expense of the health and well-being of the American public."
  • Medicare & Medicaid
Excerpt: "Congressman Waxman strongly opposes efforts by the Republican majority in the House to end Medicare as we know it and to cut Medicaid. The GOP budget plan inflicts terrible harm on Americans from all walks of life – while protecting the wealthiest taxpayers in America, both individuals and corporations. "
  • Environment
Excerpt: "Protecting the environment has been a top priority for Congressman Waxman throughout his congressional career. He has fought tirelessly to address global climate change, create new jobs in American clean energy and reduce our nation’s dependency on foreign oil."
  • Consumer Protection
Excerpt: "Congressman Henry A. Waxman has been fighting for years to protect the rights of America's consumers, promoting a thriving commercial environment while protecting the vulnerable and advocating for protections from corrupt and deceptive business practices."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 33rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Waxman is not seeking re-election in 2014. He cited frustrations with the lack of productivity in Congress. He said, "It’s been frustrating because of the extremism of Tea Party Republicans. Nothing seems to be happening."[3]

2012

See also: California's 33rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Waxman won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 33rd District as a Democrat.[1] He was displaced from the 30th District by redistricting. He and Bill Bloomfield (Ind) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Zein Obagi (D), Tim Pape (D), Bruce Margolin (D), Christopher David (R), Steve Collett (L) and David William Steinman (G). Waxman went on to defeat Bloomfield in the general election on November 6, 2012.[33][34]

U.S. House, California District 33 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHenry Waxman Incumbent 54% 171,860
     Independent Bill Bloomfield 46% 146,660
Total Votes 318,520
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 33 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngHenry Waxman (D) Incumbent 45.3% 51,235
Green check mark transparent.pngBill Bloomfield (NPP) 24.6% 27,850
Christopher David (R) 15.3% 17,264
Bruce Margolin (D) 4.4% 5,020
Steve Collett (L) 4.3% 4,916
David William Steinman (G) 3.5% 3,940
Zein Obagi (D) 1.8% 1,988
Tim Pape (D) 0.7% 847
Total Votes 113,060

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Waxman is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Waxman raised a total of $6,622,701 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[54]

Henry Waxman's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 33) Won $1,894,271
2010 US House (California, District 30) Won $1,538,103
2008 US House (California, District 30) Won $990,870
2006 US House (California, District 30) Won $648,175
2004 US House (California, District 30) Won $564,007
2002 US House (California, District 30) Won $469,632
2000 US House (California, District 29) Won $517,643
Grand Total Raised $6,622,701

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Waxman's reports.[55]

Henry Waxman (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[56]April 15, 2013$220,611.74$52,962.22$(94,151.07)$179,422.89
July Quarterly[57]July 15, 2013$180,422.89$167,748.15$(75,427.23)$272,743.81
October Quarterly[58]October 11, 2013$272,743.81$252,799.48$(60,503.26)$465,040.03
Running totals
$473,509.85$(230,081.56)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Waxman's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Waxman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Waxman's campaign committee raised a total of $1,894,271 and spent $2,663,178.[59] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[60]

Cost per vote

Waxman spent $15.50 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Waxman's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Waxman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Waxman's campaign committee raised a total of $1,538,103 and spent $1,440,465.[61]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, California District 30, 2010 - Henry Waxman Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,538,103
Total Spent $1,440,465
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $364,125
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $244,713
Top contributors to Henry Waxman's campaign committee
News Corp$32,900
LHC Group$19,200
National Assn for Home Care$14,800
Arnold & Porter$13,550
Akin, Gump et al$13,250
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$168,350
TV/Movies/Music$149,150
Hospitals/Nursing Homes$117,800
Health Services/HMOs$112,350
Lawyers/Law Firms$85,350

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Waxman's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $667,021 and $1,731,000. That averages to $1,199,010, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Waxman ranked as the 187th most wealthy representative in 2012.[62] Between 2004 and 2012, Waxman's calculated net worth[63] increased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[64]

Henry Waxman Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$1,148,594
2012$1,199,010
Growth from 2004 to 2012:4%
Average annual growth:1%[65]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[66]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Waxman is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 2013.[67]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[68]

Waxman most often votes with:

Waxman least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Waxman missed 2,087 of 22,884 roll call votes from January 1975 to March 2013. This amounts to 9.1%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[69]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Waxman paid his congressional staff a total of $1,226,333 in 2011. He ranked 5th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 6th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[70]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waxman ranked 26th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[71]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waxman ranked 39th in the liberal rankings.[72]

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Waxman has voted with the Democratic Party 97.5% of the time, which ranked 14th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[73]

Personal

Waxman and his wife, Janet, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Henry + Waxman + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Henry Waxman News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN, "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed December 1, 2012
  2. "House veteran Waxman will run in new district that includes South Bay," dailybreeze.com, August 27, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 The New York Times, "Henry Waxman, 20-Term Democrat, Leaving House," January 30, 2014
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Henry Arnold Waxman," accessed November 12, 2011
  5. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  6. Representative Henry A. Waxman, 30th District of California, "Committee Assignments," accessed August 1, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Henry Waxman Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  30. 30.0 30.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  32. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  33. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  34. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012
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  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1980," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1976," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1974," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Henry Waxman," accessed March 22, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Henry Waxman Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Henry Waxman April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Henry Waxman July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Henry Waxman October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "Henry Waxman 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  61. Open Secrets, "Henry Waxman 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 12, 2011
  62. OpenSecrets, "Henry A. Waxman (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  64. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  65. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  66. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  67. GovTrack, "Henry Waxman," accessed June 7 2013
  68. OpenCongress, "Henry Waxman," accessed July 31, 2013
  69. GovTrack, "Henry Waxman," accessed April 2, 2013
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  71. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  72. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  73. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
John H. Rousselot
U.S. House of Representatives - California
1975-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
California State Assembly
1969-1974
Succeeded by
'