Houston Independent School District, Texas
|Houston Independent |
|Number of schools:||279|
|Website:||School Home Page|
|Board of Education|
|Board president:||Anna Eastman|
- 1 About the district
- 2 Superintendent
- 3 School board
- 4 Budget
- 5 Schools in Houston ISD
- 6 Academic performance
- 7 History
- 8 Public employee salaries
- 9 Contact information
- 10 Website evaluation
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
About the districtHouston, Texas, which is also a seat of Harris County, Texas. According to the 2010 US Census, Houston is home to 2,099,451 residents. Alief encompasses 36.6 square miles near the southeastern Texas border.
In terms of graduation rate, average household income and poverty rate, Houston underperformed in these areas. The graduation rate was 74.4% compared to 80.4% statewide. The average household income was $44,124 compared to $50,920 in the entire state. Houston had a poverty rate of 21.5%, while the poverty rate for Texas was 17.0%.
|Racial Demographics, 2010|
|Race||Houston city (%)||Texas (%)|
|Hispanic or Latino||43.8||37.6|
|Black or African American||23.7||11.8|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||0.7||0.7|
|Two or More Races||3.3||2.7|
Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin, not a race. Therefore, the Census allows citizens to report both their race and that they are from a "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin simultaneously. As a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table will exceed 100 percent. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one or two tenths off from being exactly 100 percent.
Superintendent Terry Grier joined the district in 2009, following stints with the San Diego Unified School District, California and the Guilford County Schools, North Carolina. Since his appointment, the Board of Education has extended his contract through June 2016. Grier is widely recognized for his leadership in turning around failing schools.
According to records received through the Texas Public Information Act, Houston ISD had one of the top ten highest paid school superintendents in the state. Abelardo Saavedra received $314,554 in base pay for the 2007/08 year.
The Houston Independent School District is overseen by a nine-member board elected by district to four-year staggered terms.
|Alief ISD Board of Trustees|
|Member||Role||Position #||Term Ends|
|Anna Eastman||President||District 1||2017|
|Juliet Stipeche||First Vice President||District 8||2015|
|Manuel Rodriguez, Jr.||Second Vice President||District 3||2015|
|Rhonda Skillern-Jones||Secretary||District 2||2015|
|Michael L. Lunceford||Assistant Secretary||District 5||2017|
|Paula Harris||Trustee||District 4||2015|
|Wanda Adams||Trustee||District 9||2017|
|Greg Meyers||Trustee||District 6||2017|
|Harvin C. Moore||Trustee||District 7||2017|
School board elections
Five seats were up for election on the Houston Independent School District board on November 5, 2013. Districts 1, 5, 6, 7 and 9 were held by Board President Anna Eastman, Assistant Secretary Michael L. Lunceford, Greg Meyers, Harvin C. Moore and Lawrence Marshall, respectively.
Trustee Larry Marshall has to answer questions about business conflicts of interest after it was revealed he accepted consulting work with a district contractor, Community Education Partners (CEP) who'll earn $13.7 million this year to run an alternative school for HISD. Marshall stated that he acted within school district policies during his time as a consultant and did not vote on any business concerning CEP. It was not until 2004 when the new conflict of interest policy was drafted, and Marshall quit his consultant job when it was enacted. During his consultant work Marshall earned $72,000.
Marshall and Mike Lunceford received $3,000 in donations from Randle Richardson, the founder and current owner of Community Educational Partners, and Phil Baggett, a chief executive at CEP, a vendor for the district whose contract was renewed during the same months the donations were given.
Trustee Paula Harris’ campaign finance report listed a $500 contribution from the Bracewell and Giuliani PAC Committee and a $500 donation from Thompson and Horton LLP, both law firms that represent the district.
Harvin Moore has expressed concern about the TEA current rating system during board meetings, and has also voiced his concerns in his blog saying:
|“||Each year, state standards boards have announced that they are lowering their ‘cut scores’ (number of questions a child must answer correctly to pass) for various noble reasons, usually because ‘the test questions are harder this year, so the same level of proficiency is reflected by a smaller number of correct answers.||”|
Gifts from district vendors
Texas Watchdog revealed that school officials have been accepting gifts from vendors. The gifts offered and/or accepted included: a birthday party at a seafood and steak restaurant, Houston Rockets playoff tickets, checks totaling $30,000, a personal loan, trips on a private yacht and expenses-paid travel to conferences in Las Vegas.
HISD’s policies dating back to 2004 forbid gifts worth more than $50, and the practices cost the school $850,000 in federal sanctions, but yielded no criminal charges. The US Department of Justice considered accepting the gifts violated competitive-bidding rules and cut off federal funding through the E-rate technology program.
Frank Trifilio, head of the now-defunct Analytical Computer Services, has said his company was wrongly accused in the scandal. Trifilio believes the school district confused his company with subcontractors Acclaim Professional Services, owned by Larry Lehmann, and Micro Systems Enterprises, where Frankie Wong was president. Wong recently prison for his role in a bribery scandal involving the Dallas Independent School District.
As a result of the scandal, the school district is considering a conflict-of-interest policy which would bar any gifts of more than token value, a signature confirming compliance with this policy and a "code of silence" for an employees associated with bidding companies.
In December of 2010, the school began receiving funds from the E-rate program again, in the sum of $1.3 million.
Houston Independent School District publishes its annual budget on its website.
|Expenditures by Category|
|School Year||Staff Expenses||Student Services||Operational Expenses||Debt Service||Other||Budget Total|
|Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget|
Paula Harris, president of the Houston school district trustees e-mailed, Stephen Pottinger, the district's then-procurement director about a business run by one of her best friends, records show -- five months before the school board voted to approve $8 million in contracts including the friend's company.
Longtime Houston Independent School District trustee Larry Marshall met earlier this year with Dr. Kenneth D. Wells, HISD Superintendent Terry Grier and the school district's chief financial officer "about engaging Dr. Wells' company for health consulting and possible savings," according to e-mails and other documents released by the school district this morning. Marshall accepted an all-expenses-paid trip to Costa Rica last year to learn about "medical tourism," which set the stage for the doctor to land a no-bid consulting gig with the school district worth up to $640,000.
HISD recently cut ties with e-Rate after learning the company was once partly owned by William “Bill” Edwards, HISD's HISD’s assistant superintendent for technology who was forced to resign in 2005.
Schools in Houston ISD
Houston Independent School District operates 279 schools listed below in alphabetical order.
|Houston ISD schools|
|Advanced Virtual Academy|
|Attucks Middle School|
|Austin High School|
|Barbara Jordan High School|
|Baylor College of Medicine Academy|
|Bellaire High School|
|Bellfort Early Childhood Center|
|Black Middle School|
|Briarmeadow Charter School|
|Burbank Middle School|
|Carnegie Vanguard High School|
|Community Education Partners Southeast|
|Challenge High School|
|Chavez High School|
|CLC Middle School|
|Clifton Middle School|
|Cullen Middle School|
|Davis High School|
|De Chaumes Elementary|
|De Zavala Elementary|
|Deady Middle School|
|DeBakey High School for Health Professions|
|Dowling Middle School|
|Early College High School East|
|Eastwood Academy High School|
|Early Childhood Intervention|
|Edison Middle School|
|Eleanor Tinsley Elementary|
|Empowerment College Prep High School|
|Energized for Excellence Early Childhood Center|
|Energized for Excellence Elementary|
|Energized for Excellence Middle School|
|Energized for STEM Academy|
|Energized Science Tech High School|
|Energized Science Tech Middle School|
|Energy Institute High School|
|E-Stem Academy Central|
|Farias Early Childhood Center|
|Felix Cook Elementary|
|Fleming Middle School|
|Fondren Middle School|
|Fonville Middle School|
|Fonwood Early Childhood Center|
|Forest Brook Middle School|
|Furr High School|
|Gabriela Minstral Center|
|Garden Oaks Elementary|
|Garden Villas Elementary|
|Grady Middle School|
|Gregory-Lincoln Middle School|
|Halpin Early Childhood Center|
|Hamilton Middle School|
|Harper Alternative School|
|Harris R P Elementary|
|Hartman Middle School|
|HCC Life Skills|
|Henry Middle School|
|High School Ahead Academy|
|Highland Heights Elementary|
|Hilliard Early Childhood Center|
|Hogg Middle School|
|Holland Middle School|
|Hope Academy Charter|
|Houston Academy International|
|The High School for Performing and Visual Arts|
|Inspired for Excellence West|
|JP Henderson Elementary|
|J R Harris Elementary|
|Jackson Middle School|
|Jenard M Gross Elementary|
|Juvenile Justice Alternative Education Program|
|Johnston Middle School|
|Jones High School|
|K Smith Elementary|
|Kandy Stripe Academy|
|Kashmere Gardens Elementary|
|Kashmere High School|
|Key Middle School|
|Lamar High School|
|Lanier Middle School|
|Las Americas Middle School|
|High School for Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice|
|Lee High School|
|Liberty High School|
|M L King Early Childhood Center|
|Madison High School|
|Mandarin Chinese School|
|Mark Twain Elementary|
|Marshall Middle School|
|Martinez C Elementary|
|McReynolds Middle School|
|Milby High School|
|Mount Carmel Academy|
|N Q Henderson Elementary|
|Neff Early Learning Center|
|Ninfa Laurenzo Early Childhood Center|
|North Forest High School|
|North Houston Early College High School|
|Oak Forest Elementary|
|Ortiz Middle School|
|Park Place Elementary|
|Pershing Middle School|
|Pin Oak Middle School|
|Piney Point Elementary|
|Port Houston Elementary|
|Project Chrysalis Middle School|
|Ray Daily Elementary|
|Reach Charter School|
|Reagan High School|
|Reagan K-8 Education Center|
|Revere Middle School|
|Rice Middle School|
|River Oaks Elementary|
|Roderick R Paige Elementary|
|Ryan Middle School|
|Sam Houston School of Math and Science|
|Scarborough High School|
|School at St. George Place|
|Shadydale Early Childhood Center|
|Sharpstown High School|
|Sharpstown International School|
|South Early College High School|
|Sterling High School|
|Stevenson Middle School|
|Sugar Grove Academy|
|T H Rogers Middle School|
|Texas Connection Academy|
|Thomas Middle School|
|Thurgood Marshall Early Childhood Center|
|TSU Charter Lab School|
|Valley West Elementary|
|Walnut Bend Elementary|
|Waltrip High School|
|Washington BT High School|
|Welch Middle School|
|West Briar Middle School|
|West University Elementary|
|Westbury High School|
|Westside High School|
|Wheatley High School|
|Williams Middle School|
|Windsor Village Elementary|
|Worthing High School|
|Yates High School|
|Young Men's College Prep|
|Young Women's College Prep|
HISD's performance in the late 1990s and 2000s was dubbed the "Houston Miracle" by the media. A 2003 state audit of HISD's performance caused more controversy. One of the district's most publicized accomplishments during the Paige era was a dramatic reduction in dropout rates. When 16 secondary schools, including Sharpstown High School, were audited, it was found that most of the students who left school from those schools in 2000-2001 should have been counted as dropouts, but were not. It was found that the administrators at Sharpstown deliberately changed the dropout rate at the school. The Sharpstown controversy resulted in a recommendation to label the entire HISD as "unacceptable." Former Sharpstown Assistant Principal Robert Kimball, found by an external investigator to have been involved in the false reporting, asserts that HISD coerced administrators at many schools to lie on dropout rates. HISD asserts that the fraud is only contained to Sharpstown, and that the false statistics at other schools were caused by confusion related to the state's system of tracking students who leave school. An article in The New York Times disputed the accuracy and usage of survey figures from Yates High School and Sharpstown High School indicating that close to 100% of the students intended to attend universities.
In 2010, the school agreed to spend $275,000 reviewing its magnet schools performance. The review found that the $17 million program for magnet school has some serious problems. Among them were:
- Lack of funding
- No standard magnet guidelines or requirements
- No definition of a “successful” magnet school
- Inconsistent quality of magnet programs
The school district has forwarded an investigation which indicated testing improprieties and missing assets from Key Middle School onto the Harris County District Attorney’s office. Kashmere High Assistant Principal Dolores Westmoreland and former Key Middle Principal Mable Caleb retired shortly after the allegations were made.
The school district has secured $23 million in funds for the Apollo 20 program, which would reach out to help 20 troubled schools, but recently raised the amount of funds needed to $29.5 to cover central office costs. Funds for the program thus far are from:
- $28 million three-year Title 1 Priority Schools Grant from the Texas Education Agency awarded Aug. 12 to six Apollo 20 schools. That is $9.3 million annually.
- $100,000 private donation from Bank of America on Aug. 27.
- $100,000 private donation from Wells Fargo Bank on Sept. 22.
- $950,000 from the Brown Foundation.
An HISD teacher specialist for Project GRAD moonlighted as executive director of Project GRAD, which has a $1.86 million contract with the Houston district. Project GRAD, is a program that attempts to prevent low-income children from dropping out of school. As an employee for the district Ann Stiles earned $67,318 in 2010 plus benefits. As director of Project GRAD, Stiles earned $120,201 in 2008, bringing her total earnings to $187,000 annually. Stiles has since submitted a letter of resignation.
Another HISD employee, a former accounting coordinator, Lydia M. Kinchen, was sentenced to 8 years in prison in 2010 after stealing $100,000 from the school district.
Also, a former Yates High School Principal, Ronald Mumphery, is under investigation for sexaul misconduct. The cases date back to the 1980's and range from allegations of staff members exchanging sexual favors for preferential treatment and overtime pay to Mumphery sexually assualting a 17-year-old cheerleader and student back in 1984. Mumphery earned $109,000 last year and was recently accused of "professional misconduct" before retiring a few days later. Mumphery denies all accusations against him and was later cleared due to insufficient evidence against him.
Assistant Principal Robert Kimball was never implicated by an outside investigator as being involved in the falsification of records. He was the whistleblower who exposed the false report of dropouts. Just do a search of Robert Kimball and Houston Schools. He sued the District for retaliation and the District settled with him and paid him $90,000. He was not terminated or has any record of a reprimand.
In 2005, HISD enrolled evacuees from the areas affected by Hurricane Katrina who were residing in Houston. The Houston Astrodome, the shelter used for hurricane evacuees, is located within the HISD boundaries.
Many Katrina evacuees stayed for the long term within the Houston ISD boundaries. Walnut Bend Elementary School's enrollment increased from around 600 to around 800 with the addition of 184 evacuees; Walnut Bend, out of all of the Houston-area elementary schools, took the most Katrina victims. Nearby Paul Revere Middle School, located in the Westchase district, gained 137 Katrina victims. Revere, out of all of the Houston-area middle schools, has taken in the most Katrina victims.
Houston ISD's "West Region," which includes Walnut Bend and Revere, had about 1/5th of Houston ISD's schools but contained more than half of the 5,500 evacuees in Houston schools.
At the start of the 2006-2007 school year, around 2,900 Hurricane Katrina evacuees were still enrolled in Houston ISD schools. Around 700 of them were held back due to poor academic performance. 41% of evacuee 10th graders and 52% of evacuee juniors were held back.
According to the October 2006 "For Your Information" newsletter, the eleven HISD schools which took the largest number of evacuees were:
- Elementary schools: Bonham, Foerster, McNamara, Walnut Bend Elementary School
- Middle schools: Fondren, Revere, Sharpstown Middle School
- High schools: Lee High School, Sharpstown High School, Westbury High School, Westside High School
A University of Houston study concluded that the presence of Katrina evacuees did not impact the test score grades of native Houstonian students.
Declining enrollment figures in the 2000s
The preliminary fall enrollment for the 2006-2007 school year (203,163) had 7,000 fewer students than the 2005-2006 student enrollment (210,202), resulting in a more than 3% loss; the 2006-2007 enrollment was a 2.5% decrease from the fall 2004-2005 enrollment (208,454). From the preliminary 2006-2007 student count, the West and Central regions lost the most students, with a combined 4,400 student loss. The enrollment reported for the year in February 2007 was 202,936.
In 2007 the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Communications Commission, and the United States Department of Justice began an investigation probing relationships between certain technology vendors and HISD. The vendors worked under the auspices of E-Rate, a federal program that offers cut-rate technology to schools and libraries.
Vendors offered gifts such as checks totaling $30,000, boating trips, Houston Rockets playoff tickets and a birthday party to employees in HISD's technology department, and in some cases employees accepted the gifts, a 2008 memo from an outside lawyer for HISD to Justice Department officials said. Micro Systems Enterprises, Analytical Computer Services, and Hewlett-Packard offered gifts ranging from the cash to trinkets including fanny packs.
Free breakfast programs
In the 2000s HISD established "Breakfast in the Classroom." The program was replaced with a free breakfast program based in cafeterias. The Houston Press published a story about accounting irregularities regarding a program; the State of Texas announced it would investigate the program. On February 4, 2005, Abelardo Saavedra announced that the program was suspended. By 2006 HISD resumed its free breakfast programs.
Public employee salaries
- Main article: Houston Independent School District employee salaries
|Transparency grading process|
This was last evaluated of Feb. 28, 2013.
- Elected Officials
- Email addresses are posted for elected officials.
- Contact information for administration officials is posted in department pages.
- Most recent financial audit is posted.
- Audits are archived to 2007.
- Current bids are posted.
- District academic achievement is posted, including district report card and dropout rate.
- Local tax rates, including levy information, are posted.
- Background Checks
- Elected Officials
- Telephone numbers and addresses for elected officials is not posted.
- Awarded bids are not posted.
- Labor contracts are not posted.
- Public Records
- Information on how to file a public records request is not posted, or is very difficult to find.
- Houston Independent School District, "General Information," accessed September 4, 2013
- Quick Facts Accessed August 19, 2013]
- United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
- "Houston Chronicle," Grier trailed by both acrimony and accolades, Aug. 30, 2009
- Terry B. Grier, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools Accessed September 5, 2013
- 2007-2008 Texas Superintendent Salaries
- Board of Education Accessed September 5, 2013
- Texas Watchdog, Video: HISD Trustee Larry Marshall defends prior consulting gig with Community Education Partners, an HISD vendor, July 23, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD alternative school provider Community Education Partners releases 2001-03 contract documents with Trustee Larry Marshall, Aug. 25, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD trustees accept $3,000 in campaign donations from vendor CEP during debate on CEP’s contract renewal, Aug. 10, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Gift-giving culture flourished at HISD; vendors lavished cash, dinners and tickets on employees, July 20, 2010
- Houston Chronicle, Memo details costly perks and gifts for HISD employees, July 26, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Owner of company implicated in HISD E-Rate ethics probe denies giving gifts to employees, Aug. 13, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD weighs bans on gifts, communication with vendors prior to contract awards, Sept. 14, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Five years after scandal prompted funding freeze, E-Rate money returns to Houston ISD, Dec. 7, 2010
- Houston Independent School District, "Budget Summary," accessed November 26, 2013
- Texas Watchdog, HISD procurement chief discussed trustees president Paula Harris' pal's firm in business: E-mail, Aug. 4, 2011
- Texas Watchdog, Houston schools trustee Larry Marshall set stage for doc's $600,000 no-bid contract with HISD, Aug. 2, 2011
- Texas Watchdog, Houston ISD cuts ties with local tech firm connected to figure from e-Rate vendor scandal, Feb. 8, 2011
- School Search Accessed September 6, 2013
- "CBS News, The 'Texas Miracle', Feb. 11, 2009,
- "Houston Chronicle, Sharpstown had breakdown
- The New York Times, For Houston Schools, College Claims Exceed Reality, Aug. 28, 2003.
- Texas Watchdog, HISD magnet programs to undergo performance reviews, Sept. 24, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Review of HISD's magnet schools states the obvious: Problems with funding, standards in Houston's public schools, Nov. 1, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD forwarded Key Middle School investigation to DA, Sept. 10, 2010
- no Texas Watchdog, Who's following up on the Key Middle School investigation report?, April 1, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD's Apollo 20 program needs to raise just $6M more -- but cost is up $9M, Oct. 7, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD employee double-dips with contractor to earn $187K a year; Grier: ‘Probably an ethical issue’, Aug. 11, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Project GRAD program --- where HISD administrator moonlights as executive director --- gets funding boost from HISD, Aug. 13, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, HISD takes hard stance in case of employee theft, but no legal remedy pursued against E-Rate employees, Sept. 10, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Former Yates High Principal Ronald Mumphery accused of sexual harassment, HISD records show, Nov. 5, 2010
- Texas Watchdog, Former principal of Houston ISD's Yates High, Ronald Mumphery, will not face criminal charges: HISD, Jan 10, 2010
- Louisiana students distributed unevenly, Houston Chronicle Oct. 17, 2005
- UH study finds no Katrina effect on grades, Houston Chronicle, Sep. 12, 2009
- Houston Chronicle, HISD enrollment down by 7,000 for fall semester, Nov. 17, 2006
- [http://www.houstonisd.org/HISDConnectDS/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=62c6757761efc010VgnVCM10000052147fa6RCRD&vgnextchannel=2e2b2f796138c010VgnVCM10000052147fa6RCRD HISD Connect, 2006–2007 Demographics, Feb. 2007]
- Texas Watchdog, Gift-giving culture flourished at HISD; vendors lavished cash, dinners and tickets on employees, Jul. 20, 2010
- KHOU-TV, HISD under federal investigation
- Houston Press, Eating It Up, Nov. 4, 2004.
- Houston Press, On Second Thought, Feb. 10, 2005
- Houston Independent School District, New Free Breakfast Program Is Big Attraction for HISD Students, Nov. 14, 2006
- School Board Contact
- Checkbook Register
- [http://www.houstonisd.org/Page/33000 Academics}
- Employee background checks
- Volunteer Background Check