Idaho House of Representatives
|Idaho House of Representatives|
|2013 session start:||January 14, 2013|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||Lawerence Denney, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Mike Moyle, (R)|
|Minority leader:||John Rusche, (D)|
| Democratic Party (13) |
Republican Party (57)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art III, Idaho Constitution|
|Salary:||$16,116/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (70 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (70 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Idaho Redistricting Commission|
Legislative compensation is established by a citizens' committee, subject to rejection by the full Legislature. Legislators receive $16,116 per year, plus expenses for housing and travel during the session, and a constituent service allowance of $2,200. The President Pro Tem and Speaker receive an additional $4,000 per year. The Idaho Legislature convenes each January on the Monday on or closest to January 9th. Extraordinary sessions of the Legislature may be called only by the Governor by proclamation and legislators may then act only upon those subjects specified in the proclamation.
As of June 2013, Idaho is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.
Article III of the Idaho Constitution establishes when the Idaho State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 8 of Article III states that the Legislature will convene its regular session on the second Monday in January of each year. Section 8 also allows that starting date of the legislative session to be changed by law. However, in 2010, the Legislature convened on the second Monday in January as provided by the Constitution. Section 8 also states that the Governor of Idaho can convene special sessions of the Legislature at any time.
The Idaho Legislature normally convenes at the Idaho State Capitol in downtown Boise.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the legislature was in session from January 7 through April 4.
Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included the creation of a state-controlled health exchange, school reform, business tax breaks and ethics rules.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in session from January 9 through March 29.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House was in session from January 10 through April 7. 
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the House was in session from January 11th to March 29th.
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Idaho was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Idaho House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 5A, General Election||Cindy Agidius||0.6%||20,043||Paulette E. Jordan|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 26A, General Election||Steve Miller||1.8%||16,764||John C. Remington|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 6B, General Election||John Rusche||4.5%||18,236||Daniel Santiago|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 29A, General Election||Carolyn Meline||4.6%||17,464||Dave Bowen|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 15B, General Election||Mark Patterson||6.3%||18,099||Steve Berch|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 5B, General Election||Shirley Gene Ringo||7.2%||20,032||Kenneth B. De Vries|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 10A, General Election||Brandon Hixon||8%||12,362||Travis Manning|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 6A, General Election||Thyra K. Stevenson||8.4%||18,108||[[Pete Gertonson|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 16B, General Election||Hy Kloc||8.4%||18,931||Graham Paterson|
|Idaho House of Representatives, District 29B, General Election||Elaine Smith||8.5%||17,458||Craig Cooper|
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 19, 2010, and the primary election day was May 25, 2010.
The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:
|Idaho House of Representatives|
|Party||As of November 1, 2010||After the 2010 Election|
In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in house campaigns was $2,164,092. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Idaho House of Representatives|
|Idaho Farm Bureau||$58,350|
|Idaho Education Association||$42,000|
|Idaho Association of Realtors||$38,250|
|Winning for Idaho||$33,450|
|Idaho Power Co||$33,000|
|Coeur D Alene Tribe||$29,250|
|Professional Fire Fighters of Idaho||$23,550|
|JR Simplot Co||$23,150|
Article III, Section 6 of the Idaho Constitution states: No person shall be a senator or representative who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States, and an elector of this state, nor anyone who has not been for one year next preceding his election an elector of the county or district whence he may be chosen.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
The Governor is responsible for filling all vacancies in the House of Representatives.
The political party committee that last held the vacant seat has 15 days after the vacancy to submit a list of three recommended candidates to the Governor. The Governor makes the selection based on the recommendations.
If any party committee fails to submit a list of recommended candidates after the 15 day deadline, the Governor has 5 days to appoint a person from the political party that last held the seat. The person appointed to the seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term.
The Idaho Commission on Reapportionment is responsible for redistricting. The commission has 90 days to finalize a plan; if unable, the Idaho Supreme Court takes over.
Idaho received its local census data on March 20, 2011. The five cities with the highest populations were Boise, 205,671; Nampa, 81,557; Meridian, 75,092; Idaho Falls, 56,813; and Pocatello, 54,255. Boise grew by 10.7 percent since the 2000 Census. Nampa grew by 57.2 percent, Meridian grew by 115.0 percent, Idaho Falls grew by 12.0 percent, and Pocatello grew by 5.4 percent.
In the 2011 redistricting process, the commission missed its September 6 deadline to draw new state legislative maps. A new commission was formed, and first met on October 11, 2011; on October 14, they agreed to the final plan, which had 11 county splits and placed many incumbents into the same districts.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Idaho legislature are paid $16,116/year. Additionally, legislators receive $122/day per diem for members living outside Boise. Members living inside Boise receive $49/day. Additionally, all members are eligible for $25/day for travel (vouchered), which is set by the Compensation Commision.
When sworn in
Idaho legislators assume office after the first day of December following the general election.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of June 2013|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. 
|Current Leadership, Idaho House of Representatives|
|State Speaker of the House||Scott Bedke||Republican|
|State House Majority Leader||Mike Moyle||Republican|
|State House Assistant Majority Leader||Brent Crane||Republican|
|State House Majority Caucus Leader||John Vander Woude||Republican|
|State House Minority Leader||John Rusche||Democratic|
|State House Assistant Minority Leader||Grant Burgoyne||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Leader||Donna Pence||Democratic|
Idaho House of Representatives has 14 standing committees:
- Agricultural Affairs
- Commerce and Human Resources
- Environment, Energy and Technology
- Health and Welfare
- Judiciary, Rules and Administration
- Local Government
- Resources and Conservation
- Revenue and Taxation
- State Affairs
- Transportation and Defense
- Ways and Means
Partisan balance 1992-2013
Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Idaho State House of Representatives. The Idaho State House of Representatives is one of 9 state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Idaho spent the last 19 years under Republican trifectas.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Official website of the Idaho House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Idaho House of Representatives
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ "Idaho House of Representatives" Idaho Citizen Legislature, March 10, 2009
- ↑ Idaho Statesman, "Otter facing battles within GOP as Legislature convenes," January 7, 2013
- ↑ Idaho Legislature 2011 Session Dates
- ↑ Sunlight Foundation Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information, accessed June 16, 2013
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Idaho House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Idaho Legislature "Idaho Statutes"(Referenced Statute 59-904A)
- ↑ U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Idaho's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 20, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- ↑ Idaho House Leaders
State of Idaho
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