|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII • XIV • Schedule|
- 1 Features
- 2 Preamble
- 3 Article I
- 4 Article II
- 5 Article III
- 6 Article IV
- 7 Article V
- 8 Article VI
- 9 Article VII
- 10 Article VIII
- 11 Article IX
- 12 Article X
- 13 Article XI
- 14 Article XII
- 15 Article XIII
- 16 Article XIV
- 17 Schedule
- 18 Amending the constitution
- 19 History
- 20 See also
- 21 External links
- 22 Additional reading
- 23 References
The 1970 Constitution of Illinois has a preamble, 14 articles and a schedule.
Article XIV requires that Illinois voters be asked at least every 20 years if they desire a constitutional convention. The last time that measure was put to a vote was in 2008. The ballot measure failed with 67 percent voting against the measure.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The preamble to the Illinois Constitution states:
Article I of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Bill of Rights" and contains similar provisions as the United States Bill of Rights, such as freedom of religion, speech and assembly and the right of due process double jeopardy.
Article II of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Powers of the State" and separates the state government into the executive, legislative and judicial branches.
Article III of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Suffrage and Elections" and describes voting qualifications and other election rules.
Article V of the Illinois Constitution is titled "the Executive" and outlines the rules governing the six state-elected offices, including: the Illinois Governor, the Illinois Lieutenant Governor, the Illinois Attorney General, the Illinois Secretary of State, the Illinois Comptroller and the Illinois Treasurer.
Article VI of the Illinois Constitution is titled "the Judiciary" and vests the power of the judiciary branch into three courts: the Supreme Court of Illinois, the Illinois Appellate Court, and the circuit or trial courts of Illinois.
Article VII of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Local Government" and outlines the governing structure and power of county, township and city governments.
Article VIII of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Finance" and provides for financial matters of state.
Article IX of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Revenue" and establishes the state's revenue power.
Article X of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Education" and establishes the state's public school system.
Article XI of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Environment" and outlines the state's duty to provide and maintain a healthful environment and grants each person the "right to a healthful environment."
Article XIII of the Illinois Constitution is titled "General Provisions" and establishes rules governing the running for public office, pension and retirement rights and public transportation.
Article XIV of the Illinois Constitution is titled "Constitutional Revision" and sets up procedures to amend the constitution.
The Transition Schedule of the Illinois Constitution consists of a preamble and ten sections, though some have been removed. It is also the conclusive section of the Illinois Constitution.
Amending the constitution
- Main article: Amending state constitutions
Article XIV lays out four different routes that can be taken in order to change the constitution over time.
- A constitutional convention can be held if 60 percent of the members of both houses of the Illinois General Assembly vote to place such a question on the ballot.
- Every 20 years, the question of whether to hold a convention is automatically referred to a statewide ballot.
- An legislatively-referred constitutional amendment can be proposed if 60 percent of the members of both houses of the Illinois General Assembly vote to put in on the ballot, with some constraints which include:
- The legislature can only propose to amend up to three articles of the constitution in any one election.
- The legislature is not allowed to propose any amendments when a constitutional convention has been called up through the time that an election is held on any proposed amendments or revisions that arise from that convention.
- An initiated constitutional amendment can be proposed but only under conditions which include:
- It can only apply to "structural and procedural subjects" contained in Article IV of the Illinois Constitution.
- Signatures equal to eight percent of the total vote cast for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election must be collected.
Whether the question at hand is about holding a constitutional convention, ratifying an amendment proposed by the Illinois General Assembly, or adopting an initiated constitutional amendment, these ballot questions are only considered successful if voters say "yes" by a supermajority vote of 60 percent of those voting on the question or a majority of those who cast a ballot for any office in that election.
The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. It established the state's bicameral legislative system and a provided for a governor and lieutenant governor to be elected every four years. Other members of the executive branch and members of the judiciary branch were appointed by the governor. At the time of the 1818 constitution's framing, slavery was legal in the Illinois territory, though the United States Ordinance of 1787 that said no new states may be established as slave states. The framers worked around this by outlawing slavery except for slave labor that already existed (especially in the salt mines) until 1825.
In 1862, a constitutional convention was held, but the changes known as the "Copperhead constitution" were not ratified by the voters. A constitutional convention was held in 1920, but in 1922 the changes were rejected by voters. The last time Illinois residents were asked if they desired to hold a constitutional convention was in 2008. The ballot measure failed with 67 percent voting against the measure.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- Illinois General Assembly, "Illinois Constitution"
- YouTube, "The Illinois Constitution"
- Illinois Courts Learning Center, "Lesson 2 - The Illinois Constitution"
- Tripod.com, "Illinois Constitution of 1818"
- Illinois State Bar Association, "Understanding the Illinois Constitution"
- Chicago Tribune, "Articles about the Illinois Constitution"
- Illinois General Assembly, "Illinois Constitution," accessed March 28, 2014
- Illinois State Board of Elections, "Statewide Question Totals: General Election 11/4/2008," accessed June 10, 2014
- Lusk, David W. (1884). Politics and Politicians: A Succinct History of the Politics of Illinois', Springfield, Illinois: H. W. Rokker, accessed March 28, 2014
- "Understanding the Illinois Constitution"," accessed May 16, 2014
- State of Illinois, "The Slavery Question in Illinois"," accessed May 16, 2014
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- Cyber Drive Illinois.com, "Illinois History timeline," accessed March 28, 2014
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