Initiative states in order of first appearance of an initiative on the ballot

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This table shows the states with the initiative process in chronological order to which the right of initiative was established. The chart does not include all ballot measures. It only contains those that achieved ballot access using the citizens' initiative process.

State Year right of initiative
was established
# of initiatives Average # of initiatives per year
Oregon
1904
318 (through 2000) -
Oklahoma
1908
85
-
South Dakota
1908
48 (through 2000) -
Missouri
1910
68 (through 2000) -
Maine
1911
38 (through 2000) -
Arkansas
1912
113 (through 2000) -
Arizona
1912
150 (through 2000) -
California
1912
323
-
Colorado
1912
178 (through 2000) -
Montana
1912
65 (through 2000) -
Ohio
1913
65 (through 2000) -
Michigan
1914
60 (through 2000) -
Nebraska
1914
40 (through 2000) -
Washington
1914
136 (through 2000) -
Nevada
1918
39 (through 2000) -
North Dakota
1918
166 (through 2000) -
Massachusetts
1920
60 (through 2000) -
Idaho
1938
25 (through 2000) -
Utah
1952
18 (through 2000) -
Alaska
1960
31 (through 2000) -
Florida
1976
16 (through 2000) -
Illinois
1980
1
-
Wyoming
1968
7
-
Mississippi
1995
2 (through 2000) -

Information source: John Matsusaka, Initiative & Referendum Institute

See also

External resources