Jeff Flake

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Jeff Flake
Jeff Flake.jpg
U.S. Senate, Arizona
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 2
PredecessorJon Kyl (R)
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$13,044,861
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Arizona
Bachelor'sBrigham Young University
Master'sBrigham Young University
Date of birthDecember 31, 1962
Place of birthSnowflake, Arizona
ProfessionPublic Affairs Director
Net worth(2012) $83,001
ReligionThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)
Office website
Campaign website
Jeffrey Lane "Jeff" Flake (b. December 31, 1962, in Snowflake, AZ) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate representing Arizona. Flake was first elected to the Senate in 2012. He previously served in the U.S. House from 2001 to 2013.

Flake won election to the U.S. Senate, representing Arizona, on November 6, 2012.[1] Flake defeated Wil Cardon, Bryan Hackbarth and Clair Van Steenwyk in the Republican primary on August 28, 2012.[2] He then overtook Richard Carmona (D), Sheila Bilyeu (L) and Ian Gilyeat (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Flake is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Flake was born in Snowflake, Arizona. He earned a B.A. and an M.A. from Brigham Young University in 1986 and 1987, respectively.[4]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Flake's academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Flake serves on the following committees:[6]


Flake served on the following Senate committees:[7]

  • Energy and Natural Resources Committee
    • Subcommittee on Water and Power
    • Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, and Mining
    • Subcommittee on Energy
  • Foreign Relations Committee
    • The Subcommittee on African Affairs Ranking member
    • The Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • The Subcommittee on European Affairs
    • The Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection, and Peace Corps
  • Judiciary Committee
    • Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology and the Law Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action
    • Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security
    • Bankruptcy and the Courts subcommittee
    • Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights subcommittee
  • United States Senate Committee on Aging (Special)

U.S. House


Flake served on the following committees:[8]

  • Appropriations Committee
    • Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies[9]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[10] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Flake's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

Committee vote on Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Yea3.png On September 4, 2013, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria.[12] It was approved by a 10-7 vote.[13][12] The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State John Kerry and Director of National Intelligence James Clapper.[13]

Of the nine Democratic members and eight Republican members that made up the committee, seven Democrats and three Republicans voted in favor, while five Republicans and two Democrats opposed the authorization.[13] A single "present" vote was cast by Ed Markey (D). Flake was one of the three Republicans who approved the authorization.[14]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Flake voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[15]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[16][17][18]

Flake was one of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[19][20]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[21][22]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[23]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[24] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[25] Flake voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[26][27] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[27] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[28] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts.

Flake voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[26][27]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[29] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Flake voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[30]

Neutral/Abstain Flake missed the votes on the continuing appropriations resolution on September 27, 2013. He was home attending the wedding of his son. He tweeted, "Not supporting cloture on CR. Rate of spending exceeds budget cap in BCA and little chance for any real opportunity to cut spending." The continuing resolution passed the Senate, after having the Obamacare defunding language removed, with a vote of 54 - 44.[31]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Flake voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[32]


Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Flake voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[33]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Flake voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[34]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Flake voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[35]


On The Issues Vote Match

Jeff Flake's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Flake is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Flake received a score of 34 percent on social issues and 98 percent on economic issues.[36]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[37]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[36] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National Security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Senator Tom Cotton wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement". The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by 47 Republican members of the Senate. Flake was one of the seven Republican members of the Senate who did not sign the letter.[38]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[39] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[40]

Gay bill veto

Both Flake and fellow U.S. Senator John McCain urged Governor Jan Brewer to veto a bill that would allow businesses to deny service to gay customers. The bill passed the State Senate on February 20, 2014.[41]

Gang of Eight

Flake is a member of the group of senators deemed the "Gang of Eight." This term is used to reference eight of the most influential Senators on immigration reform and includes four senators from each party.[42] The group calls for comprehensive and bipartisan immigration legislation that includes their "four basic pillars":

  • 1. A “tough but fair path to citizenship . . . .contingent upon securing our borders and tracking whether legal immigrants have left the country as required”;
  • 2. Reform our legal immigration system with a greater eye toward our economic needs;
  • 3. Workplace verification; and
  • 4. Setting up a system for admitting future workers (although the term “guest worker” is not used).[43]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Jeff Flake endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [44]

"Rival Survival"

Flake agreed to appear on a Discovery Channel reality television show called "Rival Survival," in which two congressmen from different political parties must survive together on an uninhabited island. Discovery explained that the U.S. Senators were, "disconnected from the world on an uninhabited island surrounded by shark infested waters that mirror the seemingly treacherous terrain of the U.S. Congress."[45]

The idea for the show was originally pitched by Flake and Sen. Martin Heinrich (D) from New Mexico. They explained in a joint statement, "We recognize how difficult it can be to cut through the partisanship. So we decided to do something completely out of the ordinary and frankly a little extreme to show the world and our colleagues that even if you have serious differences, if you want to survive you have to work together."[46]

Campaign themes


Flake's campaign website listed the following issues:[47]

  • Border Security
Excerpt: "One of the primary functions of the federal government is to provide national security, which includes border security. With a southern border so porous, and increasingly dangerous, the federal government continues to fail in this most basic function"
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Our healthcare system is badly in need of reform, but Obamacare is not the answer. We need a healthcare system that relies on choice and competition to improve quality and control cost."
  • Government Spending
Excerpt: "With the national debt over $14 trillion and this year's budget deficit estimated to be $1.65 trillion, we absolutely must get serious about cutting government spending. To put those numbers into perspective, each taxpayer in America is responsible for nearly $130,000 in U.S. debt. We must act now to get our fiscal house in order."
  • Government Reform
Excerpt: "For years I've been railing against the egregious practice of earmarking in Congress. I led the fight against earmarks when it was a lonely battle, and after 10 years it's great to see the new leaders in Washington have gotten the message. Both the House and Senate have instituted moratoriums on earmarks this Congress."
  • Education
Excerpt: "I've long been an advocate for school choice, parental control, and states' rights when it comes to education. Arizona parents and teachers do not need federal bureaucrats telling them how to educate their students. Before I was elected to Congress, I advocated for school choice in Arizona and was involved in efforts to establish Arizona's landmark charter school law."



See also: United States Senate elections in Arizona, 2012

Flake ran successfully in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Arizona. Flake defeated Wil Cardon, Bryan Hackbarth and Clair Van Steenwyk in the Republican primary on August 28, 2012. He defeated Richard Carmona (D), Marc Victor (L) and Ian Gilyeat (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[48][49]

U.S. Senate, Arizona General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Flake 49.2% 1,104,457
     Democratic Richard Carmona 46.2% 1,036,542
     Libertarian Marc Victor 4.6% 102,109
     Independent Steven Watts (Write-in) 0% 290
     Independent Don Manspeaker (Write-in) 0% 24
Total Votes 2,243,422
Source: Arizona Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Jeff Flake vs. Richard Carmona
Poll Jeff Flake Richard CarmonaOtherUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports (September 26, 2012)
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Flake attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Flake is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Flake raised a total of $13,044,861 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[56]

Jeff Flake's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Arizona) Won $9,026,106
2010 U.S. House (Arizona, District 6) Won $538,758
2008 U.S. House (Arizona, District 6) Won $1,289,321
2006 U.S. House (Arizona, District 6) Won $543,620
2004 U.S. House (Arizona, District 6) Won $644,789
2002 U.S. House (Arizona, District 6) Won $373,429
2000 U.S. House (Arizona, District 1) Won $628,838
Grand Total Raised $13,044,861

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Flake won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Flake's campaign committee raised a total of $9,026,106 and spent $9,556,220.[57] This is less than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.[58]

Cost per vote

Flake spent $8.65 per vote received in 2012.

Out-of-state donations

According to an Open Secrets report, Flake ranked among the top ten senate candidates receiving out-of-state donations during the 2012 election cycle. He received $3,105,010, or 52.3%, of his donations from outside of Arizona.[59]


Flake won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Flake's campaign committee raised a total of $538,758 and spent $774,232.[60]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Flake's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-198,997 and $364,999. That averages to $83,001, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Flake ranked as the 96th most wealthy senator in 2012.[61] Between 2004 and 2012, Flake's calculated net worth[62] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[63]

Jeff Flake Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-16%
Average annual growth:-2%[64]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[65]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Flake received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Republican/Conservative industry.

From 1999-2014, 29.29 percent of Flake's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[66]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Jeff Flake Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $13,368,955
Total Spent $13,275,070
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$689,001
Securities & Investment$480,329
Leadership PACs$381,876
% total in top industry10.63%
% total in top two industries17.69%
% total in top five industries29.29%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Flake was a "moderate Republican follower" as of July 2014.[67]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[68]

Flake most often votes with:

Flake least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Flake missed 22 of 519 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[69]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Flake paid his congressional staff a total of $987,119 in 2011. He ranked 182nd on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 244th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Arizona ranked 47th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[70]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Flake ranked 37th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[71]


Flake ranked 90th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House in 2012.[72]


Flake ranked 91st in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House in 2011.[73]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Flake voted with the Republican Party 82.9 percent of the time, which ranked 36th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[74]


Flake voted with the Republican Party 91.2 percent of the time, which ranked 16th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[75]


Flake and his wife, Cheryl, have five children.[76]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jeff + Flake + Arizona + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jeff Flake News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
Jeff Flake


  1. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Arizona," November 7, 2012
  2. Open Secrets, "Arizona Senate Race, 2012 Cycle," accessed December 28, 2011
  3. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Arizona," November 7, 2012
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "FLAKE, Jeff, (1962 - )," accessed October 30, 2011
  5. Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "Jeff Flake," accessed October 30, 2011
  6. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress," accessed February 17, 2015
  7. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  8. Jeff Flake, Congressman, Arizona's Sixth District, "Biography," accessed October 30, 2011
  9. The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations, Chairman Hal Rogers, "Transportation Subcommittee Members," accessed October 30, 2011
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 USA Today, "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Politico, "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013
  14. Politico, "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  16. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  17. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  18. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  19. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  20. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  21. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  22. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  23. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  24., "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  25. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  28. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  29. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  30., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  31. The Washington Post, "Flake to miss spending vote on Friday," September 26, 2013
  32. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  35. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 On The Issues, "Jeff Flake Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  37. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  38. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
  39. Fox News, "Firestorm erupts over GOP letter challenging Obama's power to approve Iran nuclear deal," March 10, 2015
  40. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
  41. Politico, "John McCain, Jeff Flake want Arizona gay bill veto," February 24, 2014
  42. ABC News, "Who Are the Gang Of 8 in Senate Immigration Debate?" accessed May 7, 2013
  43. Washington Post, "Gang of Eight immigration plan: Reality-based legislating" accessed May 7, 2013
  44. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed November 23, 2011
  45. CNN Money, "Discovery Channel strands rival senators on island," accessed September 11, 2014
  46. ABC News, "Republican and Democratic Senators Stranded Together on Deserted Island," accessed September 11, 2014
  47. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed July 30, 2012
  48. Associate Press, "Primary results," November 7, 2012
  49. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Arizona," November 7, 2012
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  55. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Jeff Flake," accessed March 25, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Jeff Flake 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  58. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "More than 60 Lawmakers Relied Mostly on Out-of-State Money," May 7, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Jeff Flake 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 30, 2011
  61. OpenSecrets, "Jeff Flake (R-Ariz), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  62. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  63. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  64. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  65. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  66., "Sen. Jeff Flake," accessed September 18, 2014
  67. GovTrack, "Jeff Flake," accessed July 17, 2014
  68. OpenCongress, "Jeff Flake," accessed July 14, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Jeff Flake," accessed July 17, 2014
  70. LegiStorm, "Jeff Flake," accessed August 6, 2012
  71. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  72. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  73. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  74. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  76. National Journal, "Arizona, Senate," November 7, 2012
Political offices
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
U.S. Senate - Arizona
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Matt Salmon
U.S. House of Representatives - Arizona, District 6
Succeeded by
David Schweikert