|Governor of California|
|1975 - 1983, 2011 - Present|
|January 5, 2015|
|Years in position (current service)||3|
|Years in position (previous service)||8|
|Predecessor||Arnold Schwarzenegger (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|First elected||November 2, 2010|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Term limits||2 terms (not including previous service as governor)|
|California Secretary of State|
|1971 - 1975|
|Mayor of Oakland|
|1999 - 2006|
|Attorney General of California|
|2007 - 2011|
|High school||St. Ignatius High School|
|Bachelor's||University of California-Berkeley (1961)|
|J.D.||Yale Law School (1964)|
|Birthday||April 7, 1938|
|Place of birth||San Francisco, California|
|Profession||Attorney, radio show host|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Political career
- 2.1 Governor of California (2011-present)
- 2.2 Attorney General of California (2007-2011)
- 2.3 Mayor of Oakland (1999-2007)
- 2.4 Chairman of the California Democratic Party (1989-1991)
- 2.5 Governor of California (1975-1983)
- 2.6 Unsuccessful Presidential campaigns
- 2.7 California Secretary of State (1971-1975)
- 2.8 Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees (1969-1971)
- 3 On The Issues Vote Match
- 4 Elections
- 5 Campaign donors
- 6 Personal
- 7 Recent news
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Brown is up for re-election in 2014 and he is seeking a fourth term as governor. He faced 14 challengers in the blanket primary on June 3 and received the highest number of votes, securing one of two available slots on the November 4 general election ballot. The other nomination went to Republican Neel Kashkari, who finished a distant 35 percentage points behind the incumbent. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.
Brown's political career began during the late 1960's, when he became active in both state and national politics through his efforts to organize migrant workers and anti-Vietnam War groups. In 1969, he beat out 123 candidates for a position on the then-newly created Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees. The next year, he was elected California Secretary of State. Brown served one term before becoming governor of the state in 1975. In 1982, while in his second term, Brown set a record when he approved 98 percent of the bills presented to him by the state legislature. Following the 2010-2012 legislative session, the Associated Press presented analysis showing Brown to have the highest rate of bill signing of any governor since he last held the office. Brown presides in concert with a Democratic majority in both chambers of the state legislature, a circumstance which translates to naturally lower veto rates and enabled him to uphold the record he himself set back in 1982.
Brown remained active on the political scene between his stints in the governor's office. He was chair of the California Democratic Party from 1989 to 1991, mayor of Oakland, CA, from 1998 to 2006 and then came back in 2007 for a single term as state attorney general. As attorney general, Brown brought suits against Standard Oil of California, International Telephone and Telegraph, Gulf Oil, and Mobil for violation of campaign-finance laws, often arguing in person before the California State Supreme Court and enforcing laws requiring members of the California State Legislature to disclose sources of campaign funds.
While Brown's name has become synonymous with California political leadership, he has thus far failed at each attempt to breakout on the national stage; In addition to Brown's myriad state and local victories, his electoral history includes three unsuccessful runs for President of the United States - in 1976, 1980 and 1991 - and one for U.S. Senate in 1982.
Outside of politics, Brown founded the Oakland School for the Arts and the Oakland Military Institute. He also worked as an attorney for the firm of Tuttle and Taylor.
Shortly after receiving his law degree, Brown worked as a law clerk for Justice Matthew Tobriner at the California State Supreme Court. He later went on to study briefly in both Mexico and Latin America. Brown returned to the United States and was admitted to the California State Bar, after having initially failed the bar exam. He joined the Los Angeles private practice law firm of Tuttle & Taylor.
Beginning in 1995, Brown hosted a daily call-in talk show on the local Pacifica Radio station, KPFA-FM, in Berkeley, California. Both the radio program and Brown's political action organization, based in Oakland, were called We the People. His programs, usually featuring invited guests, generally explored alternative views on a wide range of social and political issues, from education and health care to spirituality and the death penalty. He strongly critiqued both the Democratic and Republican parties, often referring to himself as a "recovering politician."
- St. Ignatius High School
- Attended Santa Clara University
- Attended Sacred Heart Novitiate (1958)
- B.A., Classics, University of California at Berkeley (1961)
- J.D., Yale Law School (1964)
Governor of California (2011-present)
Brown became the longest-serving governor in state history on October 15, 2013, which fell during his third non-consecutive term in the office.
Job creation ranking
In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journals looking at 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation record, Brown was ranked number 10. The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
As governor, Brown is responsible for appointing judges to California state courts. Nominees to the California Supreme Court and California Courts of Appeal must be confirmed by the California Commission on Judicial Appointments. Appointed appellate judges stand for retention in the gubernatorial election following appointment; judges of the Superior Courts run for the seat in the next general election. For an up-to-date list of all of Brown's appointees, see Judgepedia's page on his appointments.
The secretary of the California Senate reported that when Brown served his first two terms as governor (between 1975-1983), he approved bills at a rate of 96% on average, "and set a record in 1982 when he approved 98 percent of the bills that crossed his desk." While he did not break the record he set in 1982, after the fall 2012 surge of legislative activity subsided, The Associated Press published an analysis of Brown's signing and vetoing behavior during the 2010-2012 legislative session that showed him to have the highest rate of bill singing of any governor since he left office the first time. Records collected from the California State Library and the secretary of the California State Senate revealed that Brown vetoed 13 percent of the 1,866 bills the legislature put before him over the last two years. Before Brown returned to the governor's office, GOP Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed bills at a rate of 27%. Under Brown, California has a Democratic trifecta, meaning the governor and both chambers of the state legislature are controlled by the Democratic Party. This partisan alignment translates to a higher rate of bill approval in contrast with the experience of his Republican predecessor.
Adult education transfer
In his 2013-14 budget, Brown proposed granting California's community colleges sole responsibility for adult education, instead of leaving adult education to both K-12 schools and community colleges. The governor's budget summary for K-12 education explained that this change would improve upon the existing plan. Presently, school districts do not have specifically earmarked funds for adult education and so adult education funding has been significantly reduced in recent years due to budget cuts. According to the summary, "the proposal eliminates the current bifurcated system and places the community colleges in a position to improve coordination at the regional and statewide levels. Community colleges are better positioned than K‑12 schools to address the needs of adult learners because that is their core function." The community college system would be allocated $300 million in block grants for K-12 adult education and $15.7 million for the apprenticeship program. While commending the governor for addressing the need for restructuring K-12 adult education, the California Legislative Analyst's Office referred to possible alternatives to the governor's proposal in its previous reports. In December 2012, for example, the LAO recommended requiring school districts to separate the funding for adult education from their general funds. The California Council for Adult Education (CCAE) released talking points which said that "the shift of the responsibility of Adult Education to the Community Colleges is problematic" for many reasons, including that the 300 K-12 adult education centers are more accessible to and considered more "culturally proficient" by many Californians who use their services than community colleges would be.
Brown approved a number of changes regarding environmental agency policy during the fall of 2012. Among them was a bill to change the name of the Department of Fish and Game to the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Assembly Bill 2402 aimed to concentrate the department's efforts on ecosystem conservation through science-based policy. Other provisions included expanding the department's collection of fees beyond the money raised through hunting and fishing licenses and the department's law enforcement capabilities. The same week, Brown approved a state ban on "the centuries-old practice" of using hounds to hunt bears and other natural predators. The third change to earn Brown's signature that week, SB 1148 would allow the department, which was rechristened January 1, 2013, to raise money by contracting with nonprofit conservation groups "to manage state-owned lands and charge fees for using more of its properties." According to the state legislature's estimates, the money raised would offset the $300,000 it would cost the department to redo the department's website and computer systems, as well as help curtail the state's persistent financial crisis.
The June 2008 Survey and Scorecard report published by ACORN gave Brown an A letter grade. The report was published to shine the spotlight on state attorneys general "leading the fight to protect homeowners from joining the flood of Americans losing their homes to foreclosure," according to a statement from the organization. The grade distributed to the individual attorneys general "generally broke down along party lines," with the exception of Louisiana's Buddy Caldwell.
ACORN came under fire in September 2009 when conservative investigative journalists James O'Keefe and Hanna Giles posed as a pimp and a prostitute and secretly videotaped conversations with ACORN employees. Representatives in various offices across the country, including the San Diego branch office where Juan Carlos Vera worked, counseled the pair on how to set up a brothel for young girls, barely thirteen years of age, from El Salvador. When asked how such an operation should be reported to the IRS, several individuals supplied the needed information. Following the release of the tapes, Vera was fired. A month later, then-Attorney General Brown's office announced it was opening an inquest into both ACORN and the circumstances under which the political action group was videotaped. California Penal Code Section 632 prohibits the recording of 'confidential communications' without consent. At the time, California was one of twelve states that required notification of both parties prior to recording. In 1989, a California State appellate court ruled that "this statute applies to the use of hidden video cameras to record conversations as well." ACORN official David Lagstein, speaking to the East County Democrat club on October 15 about Brown's investigation, seemed to suggest the fix was in. He told supporters, "The attorney general is a political animal, but certainly every bit of the communication we have had with them has suggested that the fault will be found with the people that did the video and not the people with ACORN."
In the wake of the controversy, Brown reinforced his support for the embattled liberal organization: "[I]n this job I spend my time calling on that same network of community organizers that has been there right along…When I talk to people about community programs, I want to talk to the people from ACORN and Fair Share and Mass Advocacy -- all the community groups that I've known over a period of years," he said. Brown's relationship with ACORN went back to June 2001, when he, as mayor of Oakland, worked closely with the organization on an anti-predatory lending campaign called "Don't Borrow Trouble."
Nearly a week after Meg Whitman, the 2010 Republican gubernatorial nominee in California, was hit with allegations over her dismissal of a maid who was an illegal resident in the United States, Brown faced a scandal of his own involving the Latino community. According to allegations, a July 2000 political junket that Jerry Brown, who at the time was Mayor of Oakland, and his staff took to Cuba was in violation of America's sanctions against the Communist dictatorship. The purpose of the trip was to formalize Oakland's sister-city status with Santiago de Cuba. While Brown's trip had been a matter of public record for a decade, it drew fresh attention as a result of an article, published in The Daily Beast and the San Francisco Chronicle, detailing Brown's movements on the island and reporting snippets of conversation.
Later reports said Brown's entire trip was set up by a former CIA agent who became a double agent for Cuba before defecting to the island. Phillip Agee, a CIA expert on Latin America in the 1960s, divulged the names of hundred of American agents before fleeing the United States in the mid-1970s. MI6, Britain's intelligence agency, connected the assassinations of two of their agents in Poland to Agee's leaked info. After setting up in Havana, he reinvented himself as a travel agent, and supposedly came to count Brown as a client. Agee was candid about his ambitions for his "Cubalinda" travel agency: "Well, I would like to see people ignore the law, that is to the degree the law doesn't have any meaning anymore." Agee also admitted that he was instructing his American clients to make payments through European accounts to skirt regulations on U.S. travel to Cuba. Of Agee's services, Brown allegedly said, he's "a very good travel agent...got everything done...he’s quite a guy.”
Attorney General of California (2007-2011)
In early 2004, Brown expressed interest in running forAttorney General of California in the 2006 election. On May 18, 2004, he formally filed the necessary papers to begin his campaign for the nomination, including a sworn declaration with the statement "I meet the statutory and constitutional qualifications for this office (including, but not limited to, citizenship, residency, and party affiliation, if required)."
Brown had an active Democratic primary opponent, Los Angeles City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo. Delgadillo put most of his money into TV ads attacking Brown and spent $4.1 million on the primary campaign. Regardless, Brown easily defeated Delgadillo, 63% to 37%. In the general election, Brown defeated Republican State Senator Charles Poochigian 56.3% to 38.2%, which was the largest margin of victory in any statewide race except in the United States Senate in which Dianne Feinstein's opponent did not mount a strong challenge.
As the Attorney General of California, Brown brought suits against Standard Oil of California, International Telephone and Telegraph, Gulf Oil, and Mobil for violation of campaign-finance laws, often arguing in person before the California State Supreme Court, and enforcing laws requiring members of the California State Legislature to disclose sources of campaign funds. He played a significant role in the drafting and passage of Proposition 9 - The California Fair Political Practices Act, which established the California Fair Political Practices Commission (CFPPC). The mission of the CFPPC is to investigate alleged violations of the Political Reform Act, impose penalties when appropriate, and assist state and local agencies in developing and enforcing conflict-of-interest codes.
- See also: California Proposition 8 (2008)
Though the attorney general of a state normally argues in support of laws that have been passed by the electorate, Brown took the unusual, and extremely controversial, step of declining to defend Proposition 8, a voter-approved amendment to the state constitution that banned same-sex marriage. Filing his own legal challenge against the amendment, Brown came to the conclusion that Proposition 8 "deprives people of the right to marry, an aspect of liberty that the Supreme Court has concluded is guaranteed by the California Constitution."
In spite of this ruling, however, Brown continued to oppose defending the law, arguing in front of a federal court that the initiative "violates federal due process and equal protection guarantees" promised in the Fourteenth Amendment.
In an analysis of state attorneys general published in July 2010, Brown was named "The Nation's Worst Attorney General" by the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), a non-profit public policy organization dedicated to the principles of free enterprise and limited government. Basing their criteria on dubious dealings, fabricating law, usurping legislative power and predatory practices, the former California Attorney General, who at the time of the publication was a gubernatorial candidate, received a letter grade of F in all four categories. CEI accused Brown failed in his responsibility as state attorney general to defend all state laws against constitutional challenges "by picking and choosing which laws to defend, and even seeking to undermine those he disagreed with," such as Proposition 8.
In October 2009, Brown was accused of re-writing the ballot title for the California Continuous Coverage Auto Insurance Discount Act (2010) in a way that would be more advantageous to the interests Mercury Insurance, the initiative's main sponsor. The controversy arose after Brown received a $13,000 campaign contribution from Mercury Insurance.
Mayor of Oakland (1999-2007)
In early 1998, Brown announced that he was leaving the Democratic Party and changed his party registration to "Decline To State." He terminated his radio show that same year in order to run for Mayor of Oakland. He won the general election contest in June 1998 and seven months later was sworn into office. Within just a few short weeks, he drew the ire of the far left after he invited the United States Marine Corps to stage their war games, titled Urban Warrior, in the defunct Oakland Army Base and on the closed grounds of the Oak Knoll Naval Hospital after the National Park Service rejected the Marines' request to use Crissy Field in San Francisco. Also during his tenure he was able to get the approval of the electorate to convert Oakland's weak mayor political structure (the mayor as chairman of the city council and official greeter) to a strong mayor structure (the mayor as chief executive over the nonpolitical city manager and thus the various city departments and not a council member). This strong mayor structure in many ways is similar to that of the nearby city of San Francisco. Other efforts including acquiring millions of dollars in state and federal funding to open two charter schools that are now among the top-ranked in Oakland. Brown was re-elected with over 60 percent of the vote in 2002.
In 2003, Brown and fellow Democratic Mayor Jim Hahn of Los Angeles praised Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger for his decisive actions regarding the suppression of the reinstitution of portions the vehicle license fee (labeled by opponents as the car tax) and some restoration of state funding for city governments, implying that Gray Davis, who had been Governor Brown's Chief of Staff in the 1970s, had acted poorly in this regard.
Crime rate in Oakland
The murder rate in Oakland in the first two months of 2006 was triple what it was during the same time period the year before. Two years later, the CQ Press annual report ranked Oakland the fifth-highest crime rate among U.S. cities in 2007. These statistics have led critics to suggest that Brown had failed as mayor to make the city safer.
Chairman of the California Democratic Party (1989-1991)
After briefly studying abroad, Brown returned to California and successfully ran for the chairmanship of the state's Democratic Party in 1989, defeating the less experienced Steve Westly. Although he had greatly expanded the party's donor base and enlarged its coffers during his tenure, he was criticized for not spending enough money on television advertisements, which many within the state party contributed for close Democratic losses in 1990. Brown abruptly resigned from the chairmanship in early 1991 and announced he would seek the United States Senate seat left open following the retirement of Democratic Senator Alan Cranston. In spite of consistent polls numbers, he abandoned his senatorial campaign in favor of a third attempt at the presidency.
Governor of California (1975-1983)
Brown was sworn into office as Governor of California in 1975, succeeding outgoing Republican (and future President of the United States) Ronald Reagan. Strongly opposed to the Vietnam War, Brown rode into the governorship on a broad base of young liberal support. Upon election, he refused many of the privileges and trappings of the office, forgoing the grand governor's mansion, which he sold off in 1983, and instead rented a modest apartment. Instead of riding as a passenger in chauffeured limousines as previous governors had done, Brown drove himself to work in a compact sedan - a Plymouth Satellite from the state vehicle pool.
Throughout his tenure in office, Brown expressed a strong interest in environmental issues, which were to be highlighted in the state during the course of the decade. Brown's concern for the environment could seen in his appointments to state positions that directly affected it. His selections included J. Baldwin for the then-newly created California Office of Appropriate Technology, Sim Van der Ryn as State Architect, Stewart Brand as Special Advisor, and John Bryson, the CEO of Southern California Electric Company and a founding member of the Natural Resources Defense Council, chairman of the California State Water Board in 1976.
It was also in the course of his first governorship that he dissolved the fifteen member California Arts Commission and reorganized it into the California Arts Council (CAC), boosting its state funding by as much as 1,300 percent. This became a source of contention during the state's frequent budget crises at the turn of the century, beginning in 2001 when, under Governor Grey Davis, the CAC received $30 million from state coffers. Additionally, Brown, as governor, appointed the first black (Wiley Manuel), woman (Rose Bird) and Latino (Cruz Reynoso) to the California State Supreme Court.
Brown often proposed unorthodox ideas, including the establishment of a state space academy and the purchasing of a satellite that would be launched into orbit to provide emergency communications for the state—a proposal similar to one that would indeed be adopted by the state. In 1978, Chicago Tribune columnist Mike Royko nicknamed Brown "Governor Moonbeam" because of the latter idea. The nickname quickly became associated with his quirky politics, which were considered eccentric by some in California and the rest of the nation. In 1992, almost 15 years later, Royko would disavow the nickname, proclaiming Brown to be "just as serious" as any other politician. He also obtained the repeal of the depletion allowance for the state's oil industry thanks in large part to the decisive vote cast in the California State Senate by Republican Robert S. Stevens. Stevens was later rewarded with a major judicial appointment, which he had to rescind after he was accused of making salacious telephone calls as a state senator.
- See also: California Proposition 13 (1978)
Critics argued that Brown's administration during his first term was partially responsibile for the creation of the economic conditions that prompted state voters to heavily favor the passage of Proposition 13 in 1978. Specifically, he was said to have amassed a large surplus in state coffers instead of cutting taxes, leading to the state's infamous tax rebellion, the Jarvis Gann initiative (Proposition 13) which halted increases in property taxes for both homeowners and corporations that held onto their property. However, even with the passage of Proposition 13, "state spending increased by nearly 120 percent during the Brown years after" it became state law.
Unsuccessful Presidential campaigns
In the course of serving as Governor of California, Brown twice ran for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States. The first time was in 1976 when he entered the race very late in the primary season as the focus of the movement shifted to stop the nomination of former Governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter, who many within the Democratic Party felt was unelectable and lacked the record of success needed to garner popular appeal.
Brown touted his record of having supposedly curbed the state's spending and balanced its budget while expanding services in the area of welfare, employment, and consumer and environmental protection, Brown proclaimed his belief that there would soon be a voter backlash against expansive and costly government policies. "This is an era of limits, and we had all better get used to it," he declared. He won major victories in Maryland, Nevada and his home state of California in the early primary ballot contests. He also garnered the support of a majority of delegates from Louisiana, the only Southern state in the course of the primary campaign to favor either Carter or Governor of Alabama George Wallace. Although he missed the deadline in Oregon, which resulted in him campaigning as a write-in candidate, he finished a strong third behind both Carter and Senator Frank Church of Idaho. In spite of these successes, he was unable to stall Carter's momentum, and his rival was nominated on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention. Brown finished a distant third with roughly 300 delegate votes.
Brown ran for president a second time in 1980. Even with the high level of anticipation his candidacy amassed, particularly in light of his re-election victory in the state of California's gubernatorial contest by 1.3 million votes, the largest margin of victory for a candidate in the state's history, his presidential campaign failed to gain any traction. Many believed this was largely due to the more prominent candidacy of Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts and the prestige his family name brought to the campaign.
His promise to, in his words, "Protect the Earth, serve the people, and explore the universe," served as his slogan. The three main planks of his presidential campaign platform included a call for a constitutional convention to ratify the Balanced Budget Amendment, a promise to increase federal funds for the space program, and, in the wake of the 1979 Three Mile Island accident, opposition to nuclear power. Brown also made a number of unconventional proposals as well, such as calling for a sharp increase of federal funding for solar power research, endorsing the idea of mandatory non-military national service for the nation's youth, and promising to support a market-oriented system of universal health care.
Support for his campaign among average American Democrats quickly eroded as more and more members of the what conservative commentators called "fringe," such as Jane Fonda, Tom Hayden, and Jesse Jackson, among others, joined his cause. Following his disastrous showing in the New Hampshire primary, in which he able to receive ten percent of the vote, he was forced to announce that his candidacy hinged on a good showing in the Wisconsin primary. An ill-timed attempt at filming a live, special effects-filled, thirty-minute commercial, produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, was a disaster and ultimately doomed his candidacy. He walked away from the campaign having received just twelve percent of the vote in the Wisconsin primary. Despite having entered the race far earlier then his original attempt at the presidential office, his second effort resulted in him having spent $2 million while winning no primaries and receiving only one delegate at the Democratic National Convention.
Brown declared his candidacy for president on the steps of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After the announcement, many within both the mainstream news outlets and the Democratic Party itself dismissed his campaign as nothing short of an ego-trip with little, if any, chance of gaining legitimate support worthy of significance in the primary contest. Ignoring his critics, Brown, correctly gauging the anti-establishment viewpoint of many voters that year, joined Pat Buchanan and Ross Perot in running surprisingly successful alternative campaigns. Brown's ultra-grassroots campaign strategy included the promise he would only accept individual campaign contributions of $100 or less - the likes of which would not be seen within the Democratic Party until the early days of Governor of Vermont Howard Dean's ultimately unsuccessful presidential bid. He made a number of populist-based promises, such as calls for term limits for members of Congress, living wage laws and opposition to free-trade agreements such as NAFTA. Brown joined with economist and former Reagan adviser Arthur Laffer in drafting his tax proposal, which called for the replacement of the progressive income tax with a flat tax and a value added tax, both at a fixed rate of thirteen percent. Despite criticism from his opponents that his policy was regressive, it received the endorsement of major media outlets such as The New York Times, The New Republic, and Forbes.
Faced with a relatively shoe-string campaign budget, Brown bucked conventional advertising practices, choosing instead to use an unusual fundraising techniques, such as a toll-free telephone number that adorned all of his campaign material, and a mixture of alternative media that included cable and radio interviews being used in lieu of traditional television commercials in order to get his message out to voters.
In spite of poor showings in the Iowa caucus, in which he received a mere 1.6 percent of the vote, and the New Hampshire primary, which secured him only eight percent, Brown was soon able to manage narrow victories in Maine, Colorado, Nevada, Alaska, and Vermont. Nonetheless, he continued to be considered a long shot for much of the campaign. It was not until shortly after Super Tuesday, when the Democratic primary field had been narrowed to Brown, former Senator Paul Tsongas of Massachusetts, and frontrunner Governor Bill Clinton, that Brown began to emerge as a serious contender in the eyes of the mainstream media.
Senator Tsongas was forced out of the race on March 17 after Brown received a strong third-place showing in the Illinois primary and then defeated the senator for second place in the Michigan primary by a significant margin. Within one week, Brown had cemented his position as a major threat to Clinton's candidacy when he eked out a narrow win the bitterly-contested Connecticut primary. This, however, was short lived after Clinton pulled out victories in both Wisconsin and New York on April 7.
Although Brown continued to campaign in a number of other states, he won no further primary contests. Despite this, he had secured a sizable number of convention delegates. A big win in his home state of California he believed would deprive Clinton of sufficient support to guarantee the nomination, which would then result in a brokered convention. After nearly a month of intense campaigning and multiple debates between the two candidates, Clinton managed to defeat Brown in this final primary by a margin of 48-41 percent. At the Democratic National Convention, Brown received the votes of 596 delegates on the first ballot, more than any other candidate save for Clinton.
California Secretary of State (1971-1975)
Brown was elected California Secretary of State in November 1970. He was sworn into office the following January, for a four year term which concluded in January 1975. From that role, Brown segued immediately into the governorship.
Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees (1969-1971)
Throughout the late-1960s, Brown was active in both state and national politics, organizing migrant workers and anti-Vietnam War groups. In 1969, he ran for a position on the then-newly created Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees, which oversaw community colleges in the city. Brown went on to place first in the field of one-hundred twenty-four candidates. The next year, he successfully campaigned to be California Secretary of State.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Brown is a Centrist. Brown received a score of 57 percent on social issues and 46 percent on economic issues.Cite error: Invalid
refs with no content must have a name
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Opposes||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Favors||Keep God in the public sphere||Unknown|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Neutral||Human needs over animal rights||Strongly Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Opposes|
|Support & expand free trade||Favors||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Favors||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Neutral||Stay out of Iran||Unknown|
|Privatize Social Security||Unknown||Never legalize marijuana||Favors|
|Note: Information last updated: June 23, 2014.|
- See also: State executive official elections, 2014
Brown is running for re-election as Governor of California in 2014. He secured one of two possible nominations in the blanket primary on June 3, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.
|Governor of California, Blanket Primary, 2014|
|Democratic||Jerry Brown Incumbent||54.3%||2,354,769|
|Republican||Alma Marie Winston||1.1%||46,042|
|Peace and Freedom||Cindy L. Sheehan||1.2%||52,707|
|Nonpartisan||"Bo" Bogdan Ambrozewicz||0.3%||14,929|
|Nonpartisan||Janel Hyeshia Buycks||0.3%||12,136|
|Nonpartisan||Rakesh Kumar Christian||0.3%||11,142|
|Election Results California Secretary of State.|
|Governor of California|
|Poll||Jerry Brown* (D)||Tim Donnelly (R)||Neel Kashkari (R) (Not included in Poll 1 or 3)||Undecided||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
|Public Policy Institute of California|
November 12-19, 2013
|The Field Poll|
November 15-December 3, 2014
|Public Policy Institute of California|
January 14-21, 2014
|Public Policy Institute of California|
March 11-18, 2014
|The Field Poll|
March 18-April 5, 2014
|Public Policy Institute of California|
April 8-15, 2014
|Public Policy Institute of California|
May 8-16, 2014
May 16-19, 2014
|USC/LA Times Poll|
May 21-28, 2014
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to email@example.com|
Democratic incumbent Gov. Jerry Brown is seeking election to a fourth non-consecutive term in the office. Brown is the longest-serving governor in California history as of October 2013.
Including Brown, fifteen candidates filed for the June 3 top-two California Gubernatorial primary election. Among the small fraction of these candidates whose qualifications indicated they could match wits with someone as experienced as Brown, one, Laguna Hills Mayor Andrew Blount (R), withdrew from the race one month before the primary, citing health issues. Bount's exit left a total of fourteen hopefuls, none with any actual hope of unseating Brown in the general election. California Assemblyman Tim Donnelly (R) and former Treasury official official Neel Kashkari (R) both proved to be formidable campaigners, however the odds of an upset by Kashkari, who scored the second nomination in the primary after Brown, are extremely unlikely.
Throughout the primary campaign season, polls underscored projections of Brown's strong standing to win a record-breaking fourth term as California's chief executive in 2014. A Field Poll released in early April put Brown 40 percentage points ahead of what appeared to be his biggest competitor, Tim Donnelly. Brown drew 57% to Donnelly's 17%, with ex-candidate Blount at 3% and Kashkari at 2%. The final poll before the primary conducted for USC and the Los Angeles Times foreshadowed Donnelly's demise, pushing Kashkari into second place overall at 18%, with Donnelly at 13% and Brown holding tight at 50%. Around this time, the Cook Political Report released a new round of 2014 Governors Race Ratings California and rated California as "Solid Democratic."
- See also: California gubernatorial election, 2010
Although he filed official paperwork with the Secretary of State Office in late-September 2009 to start an exploratory committee, usually the first step in launching a formal campaign, Brown waited to make his entry into the state's 2010 gubernatorial contest official until March 2010. And in spite of the passage of California Proposition 140, which, among other things, imposes a lifelong ban against anyone seeking the same office once the limits have been reached, Brown's candidacy was not affected on the basis that the amendment does not apply to former governors who served prior to its passage in 1990.
In January 2010, Brown said that whoever is elected would face a challenging term in office: ""The state is profoundly screwed up, and anybody who thinks they got an idea, I would say, 'Give me a call, I'd like to listen to it.' Because I can tell you we're in for blood, sweat and tears over the next four years no matter who runs."
A Rasmussen poll published in mid-February 2010 showed that in a head-to-head matchup the California gubernatorial contest in November between Brown and presumptive Republican nominee, former eBay CEO Meg Whitman, would be a virtual dead heat with each candidate garnering forty-three percent. The survey, however, also points out that six percent of those interviewed selected other primary candidates and eight percent were undecided, leaving plenty of opportunity for either major party candidate to take the lead.
On Tuesday, March 2, 2010, Brown finally announced on his website that he was entering the 2010 California gubernatorial race. Over a month later, Rasmussen, whose survey two months earlier had shown a virtual dead heat between Whitman and Brown, released polling data that placed the then-attorney general with a six-point lead over likely Republican challenger. However, nine percent of those interviewed chose a different candidate other then Brown and Whitman while another nine percent remained undecided.
|2010 Race for Governor - Democratic Primary|
|Democratic Party||Jerry Brown||84.4%|
|Democratic Party||Richard William Aguirre||4.0%|
|Democratic Party||Charles "Chuck" Pineda, Jr.||4.0%|
|Democratic Party||Vibert Greene||2.3%|
|Democratic Party||Joe Symmon||2.3%|
|Democratic Party||Lowell Darling||1.6%|
|Democratic Party||Peter Schurman||1.4%|
|2010 Race for Governor - General Election|
|Democratic Party||Jerry Brown||53.4%|
|Republican Party||Meg Whitman||41.5%|
|American Independent Party||Chelene Nightengale||1.6%|
|Libertarian Party||Dale Ogden||1.5%|
|Green Party||Laura Wells||1.2%|
|Peace and Freedom Party||Carlos Alvarez||0.8%|
In the final weeks leading up to the State Attorney General election in 2006, Brown's eligibility as a candidate was questioned by his Republican challenger, Contra Costa County Republican Central Committee chairman and state GOP vice-chair candidate Tom Del Beccaro. Citing California Government Code §12503, which states that "no person shall be eligible to the office of Attorney General unless he shall have been admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the state for a period of at least five years immediately preceding his election or appointment to such office," Republican plaintiffs in the case argued that Brown did not meet these basic requirements. According to the plaintiffs, since passing the bar exam in June 1965, Brown neglected the bar's maintenance requirements and was rendered inactive until finally renewing his membership three years prior to entering the state attorney general contest. The case was eventually thrown out after the court acknowledged that although he was ineligible to practice law because of his voluntary 'inactive status' in the State Bar of California from January 1997 to May 2003, he was nevertheless still "admitted to practice."
|2006 Race for Attorney General - Democratic Primary|
|Democratic Party||Jerry Brown||63.3%|
|Democratic Party||Rocky Delgadillo||36.7%|
|2006 Race for Attorney General - General Election|
|Democratic Party||Jerry Brown||56.3%|
|Republican Party||Chuck Poochigian||38.2%|
|Green Party||Michael S. Wyman||2.3%|
|Libertarian Party||Kenneth A. Weissman||2.1%|
|Peace and Freedom Party||Jack Harrison||1.1%|
Comprehensive donor information for Brown is available dating back to 2006. Based on available campaign finance records, Brown raised a total of $60,322,312 during that time period. This information was last updated on July 8, 2013.
2006 and 2010
Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Jerry Brown's donors each year. Click [show] for more information.
|Jerry Brown's Campaign Contributions|
California Attorney General
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$177,983,519 (Rep.)|
$64,985 (Amer Ind.)
$200 (Peace and Freedom)
|Top 5 contributors||Brown for Attorney General 2010||$7,668,900||California Democratic Party||$62,721|
|California Democratic Party||$3,910,275||AT&T||$29,800|
|Food and Commercial Workers Region 8 States Council||$80,700||AFSCME||$22,200|
|AT&T||$75,700||District Council of Ironworkers||$22,200|
|California Hospital Association||$53,300||California State Council of Service Employees||$22,200|
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "Jerry + Brown + Governor + California"
- All stories may not be relevant to this individual due to the nature of the search engine.
- California Gubernatorial election, 2014
- Governor of California
- Lieutenant Governor of California
- Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom
- Social media:
- Executive actions:
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Collected news and commentary at San Francisco Bay Guardian
- Profile at MySpace
- Brown's Typepad Blog (last updated Oct. 2005)
- Jerry Brown Blog at Huffington Post (last updated Oct. 2009)
- The Sacramento Bee, "Gov. Jerry Brown to become the longest serving governor in California history," October 5, 2013
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Jerry Brown," accessed June 23, 2011
- California Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance:Statement of Intention," accessed November 27, 2012
- Mercury News, "Brown signs bills at higher rate than predecessors," October 2, 2012
- Office of California Governor Edmund G. Brown, Jr., "Jerry Brown Biography," accessed July 29, 2014
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Jerry Brown," accessed June 23, 2011
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Jerry Brown," accessed June 23, 2011
- Inside Oakland Politics, "Jerry Brown's Quirks," accessed July 29, 2014
- The Business Journals, "Governors and jobs: How governors rank for job creation in their states," June 27, 2013
- The Business Journals, "How state governors rank on their job-growth record," June 27, 2013
- California's Governor's Budget 2013-14 Proposed Budget Summary, "K thru 12 Education," p. 23, accessed March 11, 2013
- California Legislative Analyst's Office, "The 2013-14 Budget: Overview of the Governor’s Budget," February 22, 2013, p. 9
- California Legislative Analyst's Office, "Restructuring California’s Adult Education System," December 5, 2012, p. 24
- California Council for Adult Education, "Legislative Talking Points," accessed March 11, 2013
- Office of the Governor of California, "Press Releases: Governor Brown Issues Legislative Update," September 25, 2012
- The Daily Democrat, "New name's a game changer for state agency," October 3, 2012
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
Cite error: Invalid
- ACORN "Attorneys General Take Action: Real Leadership in Fighting Foreclosures" June 2008
- Majority in Mississippi, "Jim Hood Received An “A” From ACORN In 2008" 17 Sept. 2009
- Citizen Media Law Project - California Recording Law
- Big Government, "Exclusive: Audio From ACORN Claims Jerry Brown Will Whitewash Investigation," November 10, 2009
- Maggie's Notebook, "Jerry Brown ACORN: Jerry Brown David Lagstein ACORN Organizer: AG Jerry Brown Find Fault with Videographers?," November 10, 2009
- The American Spectator, "ACORN's Moonbeam," November 19, 2009
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Jerry Brown Dines With Castro" 29 July, 2000
- The Daily Beast, "Jerry Brown's Castro Trouble" 5 Oct. 2010
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Jerry Brown Broke the Law on Visit with Fidel" 5 Oct. 2010
- Washington Post, "Philip Agee, 72; Agent Who Turned Against CIA" 10 Jan. 2008
- The Guardian, "The spy who stayed out in the cold" 10 Jan. 2007
- CNN "Former CIA agent attempts to draw U.S. tourists to Cuba over Internet" 25 June, 2000
- CA Secretary of State: Vote 2006 - Primary Election Results
- CA Secretary of State: Vote 2006 - General Election Results
- Los Angeles Times, "AG Jerry Brown, Proposition 8 defender. now seeks ban on same same-sex marriage ban" 19 Dec. 2008
- Time Magazine, "Jerry Brown Reverses Course on Gay Marriage" 23 Dec. 2008
- Los Angeles Times, "Jerry Brown again says Proposition 8 should be struck down" June 13, 2009
- Competitive Enterprise Institute, "Issue Analysis: The Nation’s Top Ten Worst State Attorneys General" 12 July, 2010
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Jerry Brown accused of caving in to donor" 29 Oct. 2009
- ABC7 (KGO-TV) "Oakland's Murder Rate Is Soaring" 11 July, 2006
- Free Republic, "Survey: Oakland has fifth-highest crime rate in country" 25 Nov. 2008
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Killings take big toll on Oakland" 25 Nov. 2002
- Los Angeles Times, "California is last in arts funding — as usual" 12 Feb. 2009
- YouTube, "Enough is Enough!" 5 April, 2010
- Fact Check, "Jerry Brown: ‘A Legacy of Failure?’" July 1, 2010
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- On The Issues, "Jerry Brown Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
- The Orange County Register, "Laguna Hills mayor drops out of governor's race," April 29, 2014
- Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research, "New University of Southern California Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences/Los Angeles Times Poll," May 21-28, 2014
- Cook Political Report, "2014 Governors Race Ratings," May 16, 2014
- Sacramento Bee, "Jerry Brown takes off gloves, dings Gavin Newsom" January 28, 2010
- Rasmussen Reports, "California Governor: Brown 43%, Whitman 43%" 16 Feb. 2010
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
Cite error: Invalid
- Rasmussen Reports, "California Governor: Brown 44%, Whitman 38%," April 21, 2010
- California Secretary of State - 2010 Statewide Primary Election Results
- Law and Legal Research - California Government Code Section 12503
- Los Angeles Times, "Suit Challenges Brown's Eligibility for Top Law Job" 20 Oct. 2006
- Metropolitan News-Enterprise, "Editorial: GOP Volunteers Disgrace Party by Opposition to Kennard, Suit Against Brown" 23 Oct. 2006
- Follow the Money, "Career fundraising for Jerry Brown," accessed July 8, 2013
- Follow the Money.org
|California Secretary of State
| Succeeded by|
March Fong Eu
|Governor of California
| Succeeded by|
|Mayor of Oakland, California
| Succeeded by|
Ronald V. Dellums
|California Attorney General
| Succeeded by|
Kamala Harris (D)
Arnold Schwarzenegger (R)
|Governor of California
| Succeeded by|