Joe Courtney

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Joe Courtney
Joe Courtney.jpg
U.S. House, Connecticut, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2007-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 7
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorRob Simmons (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$7.08 in 2012
First electedNovember 7, 2006
Campaign $$9,298,085
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Connecticut House of Representatives, District 56
1987-1994
Education
Bachelor'sTufts University
J.D.University of Connecticut
Personal
BirthdayApril 6, 1953
Place of birthHartford, Connecticut
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$468,515
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Joe Courtney campaign logo
Joseph "Joe" Courtney (b. April 6, 1953, in Hartford, Connecticut) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Connecticut's 2nd Congressional District.

In 1998, Courtney made an unsuccessful bid for Lieutenant Governor.[1]

Courtney won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary election on August 12, 2014. He defeated Lori Hopkins-Cavanagh (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2][3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Courtney is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Courtney grew up in suburban Hartford, Connecticut.

Education:[4]

  • 1975: Tufts University in Boston
  • 1978: J.D., University of Connecticut School of Law

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Courtney serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Courtney served on the following committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Courtney's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Courntey voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[8]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Courtney voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Courtney voted in opposition to HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Yea3.png Courtney voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Courtney voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Courtney joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Courtney voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Courtney voted for HR 2775.[23]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Nay3.png Courtney voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[24]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Courtney voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Courtney voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Courtney voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[27]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Courtney voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[28]

Previous congressional sessions

Courtney was recognized in a legislative poll in 1994 by Connecticut Magazine for his bipartisan efforts, and named the "Most Conscientious" and the "Democrat Most Admired by Republicans."[4]

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Courtney voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Joe Courtney's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Courtney is a Liberal Populist. Courtney received a score of 46 percent on social issues and 12 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Neutral
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30]

National security

American response in Syria

See also United States involvement in Syria

Courtney said at a public forum on Syria on September 3, 2013, that he would not vote for an Obama-administration proposed resolution authorizing the use of force.[32] He said the wording of the resolution did not provide a time limit for U.S. involvement or limit the use of U.S. ground forces.[32]

Elections

2014

See also: Connecticut's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Courtney won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary election on August 12, 2014. He defeated Lori Hopkins-Cavanagh (R), William Clyde (G) and Daniel Reale (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2][3]

U.S. House, Connecticut District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Courtney Incumbent 62.3% 140,731
     Republican Lori Hopkins-Cavanagh 35.6% 80,381
     Green William Clyde 1.1% 2,457
     Libertarian Daniel Reale 1% 2,347
Total Votes 225,916
Source: Connecticut Secretary of State (100% reporting) Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: Connecticut's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Courtney won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Connecticut's 2nd District. Courtney ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 14, 2012. He defeated Paul Formica (R), Dan Reale (L) and Colin D. Bennet (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[33]

U.S. House, Connecticut District 2, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoe Courtney Incumbent 68.2% 204,708
     Republican Paul M Formica 29.4% 88,103
     Green Colin D. Bennet 1.2% 3,638
     Libertarian Dan Reale 1.2% 3,511
Total Votes 299,960
Source: Connecticut Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Courtney attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Courtney is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Courtney raised a total of $9,298,085 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[37]

Joe Courtney's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Connecticut, District 2) Won $1,520,758
2010 US House (Connecticut, District 2) Won $1,781,959
2008 US House (Connecticut, District 2) Won $2,370,575
2006 US House (Connecticut, District 2) Won $2,457,906
2002 US House (Connecticut, District 2) Defeated $1,166,887
Grand Total Raised $9,298,085


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Courtney's reports.[38]

Joe Courtney (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 15, 2013$306,383.17$113,829.66$(49,785.91)$370,426.92
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$370,426.92$166,219.75$(51,287.99)$485,358.68
October Quarterly[41]October 13, 2013$485,358.68$236,273.86$(84,576.52)$637,056.02
Year-End[42]January 31, 2014$637,056$181,285$(50,954)$767,386
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2014$767,386$195,715$(50,394)$912,707
Pre-Convention[44]May 2, 2014$912,707$16,870$(21,022)$908,555
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2014$908,555$137,980$(125,485)$921,051
October Quarterly[46]October 15, 2014$921,051$237,180$(453,512)$704,719
Running totals
$1,285,353.27$(887,017.42)

2012

Courtney won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Courtney's campaign committee raised a total of $1,520,758 and spent $1,449,934.[47] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[48]

Cost per vote

Courtney spent $7.08 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Courtney won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Courtney's campaign committee raised a total of $1,781,959 and spent $2,171,904.[49]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Courtney's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $157,031 and $780,000. That averages to $468,515, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Courtney ranked as the 272nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[50] Between 2006 and 2012, Courtney's calculated net worth[51] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[52]

Joe Courtney Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2006$548,941
2012$468,515
Growth from 2006 to 2012:-15%
Average annual growth:-2%[53]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[54]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Courtney received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2001-2014, 23.36 percent of Courtney's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[55]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joe Courtney Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $10,371,014
Total Spent $9,450,212
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$1,022,814
Retired$430,997
Building Trade Unions$327,000
Health Professionals$323,335
Public Sector Unions$318,500
% total in top industry9.86%
% total in top two industries14.02%
% total in top five industries23.36%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Courtney is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Courtney received in June 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Courtney most often votes with:

Courtney least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Courtney missed 78 of 6,209 roll call votes from January 2007 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Courtney paid his congressional staff a total of $1,015,601 in 2011. He ranked 80th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 147th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Connecticut ranked 4th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[59]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Courtney ranked 112th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[60]

2012

Courtney ranked 97th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[61]

2011

Courtney ranked 139th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[62]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Courtney voted with the Democratic Party 94.7 percent of the time, which ranked 45th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[63]

2013

Courtney voted with the Democratic Party 94 percent of the time, which ranked 126th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[64]

Personal

Courtney lives in Vernon with his wife, Audrey Courtney, and their two children, Robert and Elizabeth.[4]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joe + Courtney + Connecticut + Congress

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joe Courtney News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Joe Courtney


References

  1. Project Vote Smart, "Joe Courtney," accessed September 13, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 Connecticut Secretary of State, "General election candidates," accessed August 12, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Congressman Joe Courtney, "Biography," accessed October 15, 2011
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "Amendment - Amendment Rejected (House) (176-239) - May 22, 2013(Key vote)," accessed September 13, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - Authorizes Military Sexual Assault Victims to Decide who Determines Their Case - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013 - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act - Key Vote," accessed September 13, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Joe Courtney Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Norwich Bulletin, "Courtney says he's skeptical of U.S. intervention in Syria," accessed September 9, 2013
  33. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named abc
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joe Courtney," accessed March 22, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 18, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 18, 2013
  41. [http://query.nictusa.com/pdf/865/13941797865/13941797865.pdf#navpanes=0 Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013]
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney Pre-Convention," accessed July 23, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Joe Courtney October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  47. Open Secrets, "Joe Courtney 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Joe Courtney 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 8, 2011
  50. OpenSecrets, "Joe Courtney (D-Conn), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  52. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  53. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  54. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Joe Courtney," accessed September 22, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Courtney," accessed July 21, 2014
  57. OpenCongress, "Rep. Joe Courtney," accessed July 18, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Joe Courtney," accessed July 21, 2014
  59. LegiStorm, "Joe Courtney," accessed August 21, 2012
  60. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  61. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  62. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Rob Simmons
U.S. House of Representatives - Connecticut, District 2
2007–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Connecticut House of Representatives, District 56
1987-1994
Succeeded by
'