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John Cornyn

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John Cornyn
John Cornyn.jpg
U.S. Senate, Texas
In office
December 2, 2002-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2021
Years in position 12
PredecessorPhil Gramm (R)
Senate Minority Whip
January 3, 2013 - Present
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedDecember 2, 2002
Next generalNovember 3, 2020
Campaign $$29,108,909
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Texas state attorney general
Texas supreme court
Bexar County district court judge
Bachelor'sTrinity University
J.D.St. Mary’s School of Law
OtherLL.M., University of Virginia
Date of birthFebruary 2, 1952
Place of birthHouston, Texas
Net worth(2012) $698,511
Office website
Campaign website
John Cornyn (b. February 2, 1952, in Houston, TX) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate. Cornyn was first elected to the Senate in 2002. He is the current Senate Minority Whip.

Cornyn most recently won re-election in 2014. He easily won the Republican primary, defeating Rep. Steve Stockman, Dwayne Stovall, Linda Vega, Ken Cope, Chris Mapp, Reid Reasor and Curt Cleaver. He then defeated David Alameel (D), Rebecca Paddock (L) and Emily Marie Sanchez (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Cornyn served as a Bexar County district court judge from 1984 to 1990. He went on to serve on the Texas Supreme Court from 1990 to 1997. Cornyn then served as Texas Attorney General from 1999 until his election to the U.S. Senate in 2002.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cornyn is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


After earning his J.D. from St. Mary’s School of Law, Cornyn became an attorney. He went on to become district court judge for Bexar County, TX, and then Texas Supreme Court justice, before running for the U.S. Senate.[2]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Cornyn's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 2002-Present: U.S. Senator from Texas
  • 1999-2002: Texas state attorney general
  • 1990-1997: Texas supreme court
  • 1984-1990: Bexar County district court judge

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Cornyn serves on the following committees:[4]


Cornyn served on the following Senate committees:[5]

  • Committee on Finance
    • The Subcommittee on Taxation and IRS Oversight
    • The Subcommittee on Healthcare
  • Committee on the Judiciary
    • Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology and the Law
    • Subcommittee on The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights


Cornyn was a member of the following Senate committees:[6]

  • Armed Services Committee
  • Committee on Finance
    • Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure
    • Subcommittee on Health Care
    • Subcommittee on Taxation, IRS Oversight, and Long-Term Growth
  • Committee on the Budget
  • Committee on the Judiciary
    • Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights
    • Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security
    • Subcommittee on the Constitution

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Cornyn's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Cornyn voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[9]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[10][11][12]

Cornyn was one of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[13][14]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[15][16]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[17]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[18] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[19] Cornyn voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[20][21] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[21] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[22] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Cornyn voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[20][21]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Cornyn voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[24]

A spokesperson for Cornyn said that he would "not be paid during the federal shutdown. He donates to charity and does not believe a government shutdown should necessitate charitable contributions, compassion for fellow man should."[25]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Cornyn voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[26]


Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png Cornyn voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[27]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Nay3.png Cornyn voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[28]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Cornyn voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]


On The Issues Vote Match

John Cornyn's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cornyn is a Moderate Conservative. Cornyn received a score of 30 percent on social issues and 65 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Neutral
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Neutral Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Immigration crisis

On June 30, 2014, President Barack Obama announced plans to take executive action on immigration reform. Obama blamed House Republicans for failing to act on this issue and said that he would do it on his own without Congress. This came after thousands of unaccompanied children showed up at the U.S. border.[32]

Cornyn was one of many GOP leaders in Texas who responded negatively to Obama's decision. He issued the following statement, "It’s painfully clear that the President’s previous ‘administrative’ or executive actions on immigration resulted in the current humanitarian crisis in Texas. Given the current crisis on the Southern Border, how can the President consider more pen and phone policy changes that will lead to another surge of illegal immigration and put more lives in danger?"[33]

Cornyn and Rep. Henry Cuellar (D) discussed sponsoring bi-partisan legislation to amend a 2008 law which requires the federal government to provide greater legal protection to minors who attempt to enter the United States from countries other than Canada or Mexico. The amendment would have allowed Central American minors to be treated as those from Mexico and Canada, meaning they could be deported more quickly. Some immigrant rights' advocates opposed the changes, saying that they would have resulted in sending children back to dangerous situations in Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala.[34]

National security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Senator Tom Cotton wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement". The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by 47 Republican members of the Senate. Cornyn was one of the 47 who signed the letter. No Democrats signed it.[35]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[36] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[37]

Benghazi attack

Cornyn said, "I think the current administration has taken lying to a new level," when asked about Benghazi. He went on, "Since the terrible tragedy that took four American lives in Benghazi, we’ve had a difficulty — to put it mildly — trying to get to the bottom of this. Now the goal is to talk to the Benghazi survivors, the people who were actually there, who can tell the truth and expose what happened and hold the people responsible accountable. This has been a cover-up from the very beginning."[38]

Cornyn continued, "It’s harder when the administration decides to cover this up and mislead and to change the subject, which they seem very good at doing, but … I assure you we’re not going to let this one go. To me that’s the one thing that I find most aggravating about what’s happening in Washington these days and particularly about this administration, which is a lack of accountability and the willingness to mislead people or provide them just demonstrably false information and expect to be able to move on."[38]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Cornyn expressed skepticism at the idea of intervention in Syria, but would not rule it out entirely—provided he had a chance to vote on it.[39] He took to Twitter on August 31, 2013, to urge President Obama to bring the question of a strike on Syria to Congress before he authorizes any military action.[39]

Cornyn sent a letter to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry pushing him to be hard on biological weapons in his negotiations with Russia, not just chemical weapons. Cornyn wrote, "Any credible agreement must force the surrender of both Assad’s bioweapons and chemical weapons, and it must achieve their destruction in a way that is workable, effective, timely, and verifiable. I ask for your best efforts to ensure that these important criteria are satisfied." Cornyn was one of three senators to vote against Kerry's confirmation in January.[40]


Opposition to Summers nomination

Cornyn declared that he did not want Lawrence Summers to become Federal Reserve chairman after Ben Bernanke. Cornyn's spokeswoman Megan Mitchell said, "If you look at Larry Summers' record, he has a history of promoting stimulus funding and higher taxes, and that's not in line with Texas values." At the time, Summers was seen as one of the top two candidates to replace Bernanke, the other being Janet Yellen.[41]

Campaign themes


Cornyn's campaign website listed the following issues:[42]

  • Federal Budget and Debt
Excerpt: "For far too long government spending has run amok, resulting in trillion-dollar deficits, a ballooning national debt, and a government that now borrows forty cents out of every dollar it spends from places like China. As our nation continues to head down a fiscally-unsustainable path, Senator Cornyn will keep fighting to preserve the American Dream for the next generation of Texans."
  • National Defense
Excerpt: "Senator Cornyn is committed to ensuring a strong military that has the resources necessary to meet the challenges our nation faces and preserve our way of life for the next generation of Texans."
  • Economy and Jobs
Excerpt: "To jump start the economy, Senator Cornyn has introduced plans to live within our means by reforming our convoluted tax code, ease Washington regulations on Texas businesses, and tap into the abundant energy resources we have here at home."
  • Health Care
Excerpt: "Senator Cornyn believes that the President's health care law must be repealed and replaced with patient-centered reforms that lower costs and increase access. Under the President's health care law, Texans continue to face skyrocketing premiums, employers are abandoning plans to expand and laying off workers, and Washington bureaucrats – not patients and their Doctors – are making treatment decisions."
  • Tax Relief
Excerpt: "Most folks know you can't tax and spend your way out of a recession, and Senator Cornyn continues to fight the Obama Administration's permanent campaign to raise taxes on Texas families and small businesses. He has consistently voted to protect taxpayers, allowing Texans to keep more of their hard-earned money in their wallets instead of sending it to Washington."



See also: United States Senate elections in Texas, 2014

Cornyn won re-election in the 2014 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Texas. He defeated Curt Cleaver, Ken Cope, Chris Mapp, Reid Reasor, Steve Stockman, Dwayne Stovall and Linda Vega in the primary election on March 4, 2014. He then defeated David Alameel (D), Rebecca Paddock (L) and Emily Marie Sanchez (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Cornyn hired a campaign manager with ties to fellow senator Ted Cruz, in an attempt to appeal to a broader Republican base in 2014. The goal of this move was to avoid a potential primary challenge in 2014.[43]

U.S. Senate, Texas General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Cornyn Incumbent 61.6% 2,860,678
     Democratic David Alameel 34.4% 1,597,272
     Libertarian Rebecca Paddock 2.9% 133,738
     Green Emily Marie Sanchez 1.2% 54,695
     Write-in Mohammed Tahiro 0% 988
Total Votes 4,647,371
Source: Texas Secretary of State
U.S. Senate, Texas Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Cornyn Incumbent 59.4% 781,259
Steve Stockman 19.1% 251,577
Dwayne Stovall 10.7% 140,794
Linda Vega 3.8% 50,057
Ken Cope 2.6% 34,409
Chris Mapp 1.8% 23,535
Reid Reasor 1.6% 20,600
Curt Cleaver 0.9% 12,325
Total Votes 1,314,556
Source: Texas Secretary of State


Despite a pledge to steer clear of endorsing incumbents, Ted Cruz has financially backed a handful of Senate Republicans, including fellow Texan John Cornyn.[44]

Cruz’s leadership political action committee, Jobs Growth and Freedom Fund, made only five donations in the first six months of its existence, and all of those dollars went to incumbents. On May 10, 2013, according to Federal Election Commission records, Cruz wrote a $2,500 check to the campaign of Cornyn.[44]

Cruz also handed out out four other $2,500 donations to incumbents that same day: Jim Inhofe, Mike Lee (Utah), Jim Risch and Tim Scott, who was appointed to the Senate after Jim DeMint resigned and is running in 2014 for the remaining years of DeMint’s term.[44]

Cruz was also endorsed by the NRA Political Victory Fund. It stated, “The choice is clear for law-abiding gun owners and sportsmen in the U.S. Senate Republican primary election in Texas, and that choice is John Cornyn.”[45]

Tea-party opposition

Texas tea-party activists helped fuel an unsuccessful primary challenge to Cornyn in his 2014 Senate bid. This came after Cornyn withdrew his support from Senator Mike Lee (Utah)'s efforts to defund the Affordable Care Act.[46][47]


On November 4, 2008, John Cornyn won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Richard Noriega (D) and Yvonne Adams Schick (L) in the general election.[48]

U.S. Senate, Texas General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Cornyn incumbent 54.8% 4,337,469
     Democratic Richard Noriega 42.8% 3,389,365
     Libertarian Yvonne Adams Schick 2.3% 185,241
Total Votes 7,912,075

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cornyn attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cornyn is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Cornyn raised a total of $29,108,909 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[50]

John Cornyn's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 US Senate (Texas) Won $19,326,337
2002 US Senate (Texas) Won $9,782,572
Grand Total Raised $29,108,909

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cornyn's reports.[51]


Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from Open Secrets, Cornyn ranked 10th on the list with $51,700 in lobbyist contributions.[60]


Cornyn won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Cornyn's campaign committee raised a total of $19,326,337 and spent $18,994,698.[61]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Cornyn's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $310,023 and $1,086,999. That averages to $698,511, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Cornyn ranked as the 74th most wealthy senator in 2012.[62] Between 2004 and 2012, Cornyn's calculated net worth[63] increased by an average of 34 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[64]

John Cornyn Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:274%
Average annual growth:34%[65]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[66]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cornyn received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry.

From 2001-2014, 27.56 percent of Cornyn's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[67]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
John Cornyn Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $44,516,284
Total Spent $40,717,822
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$2,852,931
Lawyers/Law Firms$2,764,024
Health Professionals$2,166,522
Securities & Investment$2,141,823
% total in top industry6.41%
% total in top two industries12.62%
% total in top five industries27.56%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cornyn was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Cornyn received in June 2013.[68]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[69]

Cornyn most often votes with:

Cornyn least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cornyn missed 82 of 3,678 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[70]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cornyn paid his congressional staff a total of $3,342,783 in 2011. He ranked 2nd on the list of the highest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 6th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Texas ranked 3rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[71]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Cornyn ranked 14th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[72]


Cornyn ranked 2nd in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. Senate in 2012.[73]


Cornyn ranked 14th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2011.[74]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Cornyn voted with the Republican Party 88 percent of the time, which ranked 22nd among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[75]


Cornyn voted with the Republican Party 87.8 percent of the time, which ranked 27th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[76]


Cornyn and his wife, Sandy, have two children.[77]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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John Cornyn


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  15. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  16. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
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  18., "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
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  24., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
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  32. Breitbart, "Obama: I'll Act on My Own on Immigration," June 30, 2014
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  35. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
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  37. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
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  51. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn Pre-Primary," accessed April 29, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "John Cornyn October Quarterly," accessed October 27, 2014
  60. Open Secrets, "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013
  61. Open Secrets, "John Cornyn 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 23, 2011
  62. OpenSecrets, "John Cornyn (R-Texas), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  64. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  65. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  66. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  67., "Sen. John Cornyn," accessed September 18, 2014
  68. GovTrack, "John Cornyn," accessed July 17, 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "John Cornyn," accessed July 14, 2014
  70. GovTrack, "John Cornyn," accessed July 17, 2014
  71. LegiStorm, "John Cornyn," accessed August 6, 2012
  72. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  73. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 11, 2013
  74. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  76. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  77. Official House website, "Biography," accessed November 23, 2011