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John Kline

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John Kline
John Kline.jpg
U.S. House, Minnesota, District 2
In office
January 3, 2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 12
PredecessorMark Kennedy (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$10.12 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$10,004,246
Term limitsN/A
Bachelor'sRice University
Master'sShippensburg University of Pennsylvania
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1969-1994
Date of birthSeptember 6, 1947
Place of birthAllentown, Pennsylvania
ProfessionU.S. Marine, Politician
Net worth(2012) $390,002.50
Office website
Campaign website
John Paul Kline (b. September 6, 1947, in Allentown, PA) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District. He ran for re-election in 2014. Kline was first elected to the House in 2002.

He won re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 2nd Congressional District of Minnesota in 2014.[1] He defeated challengers Mike Obermueller (D) and Paula Overby (IND) in the general election.[2] Kline ran uncontested for the Republican nomination in the primary on August 12, 2014.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Kline is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Kline was born in 1947 in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He earned his B.A. from Rice University and his M.P.A. from Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania in 1969 and 1988, respectively. Prior to his political career, Kline served as a helicopter pilot in the United States Marine Corps from 1969-1994.[4]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Kline's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 2003-Present: U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District
  • 1969-1994: United States Marine Corps
    • During the presidencies of Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan, Kline carried the "nuclear football," a leather briefcase stocked with the country's classified nuclear plan.[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Kline serves on the following committees:[6]


Kline served on the following committees:[7]


Kline served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[9] For more information pertaining to Kline's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security


Yea3.png Kline voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Kline voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Kline voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Kline voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]


Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Kline voted to support the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[13] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Kline voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[15]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Kline voted for HR 2775.[18]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Kline has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[19]

Social issues


Yea3.png Kline supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[20]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[21] Kline joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[22][23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Kline voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Foreign policy

Removal of troops from Afghanistan

Nay3.png Kline opposed a resolution to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan.[25]

American involvement in Libya

Yea3.png Kline supported a ban on using armed forces in Libya without Congressional approval in 2011.[25]


Nay3.png Kline voted against raising the minimum wage to $7.25 an hour in 2007.[26]

Yea3.png Kline voted to extend unemployment benefits from 39 weeks to 59 weeks in 2008.[26]


Yea3.png Kline supported a bill to build a fence on the U.S./Mexico border in 2006.[27]

Yea3.png Kline voted to end birthright citizenship or "anchor babies" in 2009.[27]

Government reform

Nay3.png Kline opposed granting Washington D.C. an Electoral vote and a vote in Congress in 2007.[28]


On The Issues Vote Match

John Kline's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Kline is a Hard-Core Conservative. Kline received a score of 14 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Immigration reform

Several Republican members of the U.S. House may have faced a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[31]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they were less likely to vote for their representative if he failed to support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they were less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members blocked immigration reform proposals.[31] Kline was one of the seven representatives who served in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[31]



See also: Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Kline ran in the 2014 election for re-election to the U.S. House, representing Minnesota's 2nd District. Kline ran uncontested for the Republican nomination in the primary on August 12, 2014.[3] He defeated Mike Obermueller (D) and Paula Overby (Independence Party of America) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Minnesota District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kline Incumbent 56% 137,778
     Democratic Mike Obermueller 38.9% 95,565
     Independence Paula Overby 5% 12,319
     N/A Write-in 0.1% 186
Total Votes 245,848
Source: Minnesota Secretary of State

He was listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.[32][33][34]

Bill Maher's "Flip a District" campaign

On September 12, 2014, comedian Bill Maher announced that Kline would be the new target of his "Flip a District" campaign. Throughout the remainder of the 2014 election season, Maher traveled periodically to Minnesota's 2nd District and performed stand-up comedy routines denouncing the current incumbent, in the hopes of tipping the scales in favor of Democratic challenger Mike Obermueller in the November general election.[35] Viewers of Maher's HBO program, “Real Time with Bill Maher,” voted between Kline and three other Republican incumbents: Renee Ellmers (R-NC), Blake Farenthold (R-TX) and Mike Coffman (Colorado) (R-CO). Maher indicated that student debt was the top reason cited in votes to nominate Kline as the target. He added that Kline, "has done more to keep twentysomethings in their parents’ basements than anyone else alive."[36]


See also: Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Kline won re-election in 2012.[37] He defeated David Gerson in the Republican primary.[38] He defeated Democrat Mike Obermueller in the November 6, 2012, general election.

U.S. House, Minnesota District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kline Incumbent 54% 193,587
     Democratic Mike Obermueller 45.8% 164,338
     NA Write-in 0.1% 521
Total Votes 358,446
Source: Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election" (dead link)
U.S. House, Minnesota District 2 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kline Incumbent 85.1% 15,859
David Gerson 14.9% 2,772
Total Votes 18,631

Effect of redistricting

Given the redistricted maps, Democrats in the state said they had better odds of defeating incumbent Kline, who won his last election by a 30 percent margin. Democrats hoped that Kline's south suburban and rural district, which includes a southeastern swath of Minnesota from Dakota County to Wabasha County and over to Scott and Rice counties, could turn in their favor. However, they were unsuccessful in taking the seat.[39]

According to the Washington Post, redistricting transformed the 2nd District from a safe seat into a swing district. While the 2nd formerly went safely for Kline, the newly drawn district became a battleground for Republicans and Democrats fighting for control of the House.[40]


Kline's awards and endorsements from the 2012 election are listed below.[41]

  • U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • Council for Citizens Against Government Waste “Taxpayer Hero Award”
  • National Tax Limitation Committee “Tax Fighter Award”
  • Taxpayers League Liberty Fund
  • National Federation of Independent Business
  • Spirit of Enterprise Award
  • Champion of Small Business Award
  • Minnesota Farm Bureau
  • National Guard Bureau’s Heritage Award
  • Club for Growth
  • Minnesota Police & Peace Officers Association
  • International Association of Firefighters
  • Veterans of Foreign Wars PAC
  • Combat Veterans for Congress
  • American Conservative Union
  • National Rifle Association
  • International Foodservice Distributors Association
  • National Association of Wholesaler-Distributors
  • National Right To Life Committee
  • Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Kline attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Kline is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Kline raised a total of $10,004,246 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[47]

John Kline's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $2,352,676
2010 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $1,552,172
2008 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $1,464,906
2006 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $1,495,470
2004 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $1,585,892
2002 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 2) Won $1,553,130
Grand Total Raised $10,004,246

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Kline's reports.[48]

Kline raised more than $740,000 in the first half of 2013. As of June 30, 2013, Kline had $1.1 million in the bank. His Democratic-Farm-Laboror opponent, Mike Obermueller, raised only $131,000 and had a little more than $93,000 in cash-on-hand.[54]

For-profit education

According to an Open Secrets report, Kline, who serves as chairman of the House Education and Workforce Committee, had almost 25 percent of his second quarter 2013 campaign donations come from for-profit university PACs or executives at those institutions. He did not receive any donations from the public or non-profit education sector. These donations included:

  1. ITT Education Services executives gave $13,400
  2. Apollo Group, the owners of University of Phoenix, gave $11,600
  3. Full Sail University gave $10,400
  4. Globe University gave $10,000
  5. Grand Canyon University gave $9,500

These donations meant that the for-profit education groups were Kline's top industry donor from April to June 2013.[55]


Kline won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Kline's campaign committee raised a total of $2,352,676 and spent $1,957,356.[56]

Cost per vote

Kline spent $10.12 per vote received in 2012.


Kline won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Kline's campaign committee raised a total of $1,552,172 and spent $1,404,779.[57]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Kline's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $230,005 and $550,000. That averages to $390,002.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Kline ranked as the 296th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2004 and 2012, Kline's calculated net worth[59] decreased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

John Kline Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-26%
Average annual growth:-3%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Kline is the chair of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce. Kline received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry.

From 1997-2014, 20.28 percent of Kline's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
John Kline Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $13,986,001
Total Spent $12,276,567
Chair of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$644,381
Securities & Investment$448,144
% total in top industry4.61%
% total in top two industries9.08%
% total in top five industries20.28%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Kline was a "far-right Republican" as of July 2014.[64] This was the same rating Kline received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Kline most often votes with:

Kline least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Kline missed 53 of 8,666 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.6 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[64]

Congressional Staff Salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Kline paid his congressional staff a total of $930,733 in 2011. He ranked 103rd on the list of the highest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 180th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Minnesota ranked 26th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Kline ranked 149th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[67]


Kline ranked 26th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[68]


Kline ranked 60th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[69]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Kline voted with the Republican Party 94.8 percent of the time, which ranked 96th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[70]


Kline voted with the Republican Party 96.8 percent of the time, which ranked 76th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[71]


Kline lives in Lakeville, Minnesota, with his wife, Vicky. They have two children.[72]

Kline is a member of Grace United Methodist Church.[73]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term John + Kline + Minnesota + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

John Kline News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
John Kline


  1. Minnesota Secretary of State, "2014 State General Election Candidate Filings," accessed June 11, 2014
  2. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Minnesota - 2014 Primary Results," accessed August 12, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "John Kline," accessed December 3, 2011
  5. USA Today, "Military aides still carry the president's nuclear 'football,'" accessed May 5, 2005
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  7., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  8. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 3, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative John Kline's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 26, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Vote Smart, "Kline on Farm Bill 2013," accessed September 26, 2013
  14. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Representative John Kline's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 26, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Kline on abortion," accessed September 26, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On the Issue, "John Kline on War and Peace," accessed September 11, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On the Issues, "Kline on Jobs," accessed September 11, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 On the Issues, "Kline on Immigration," accessed September 11, 2013
  28. On the Issues, "Kline on Government Reform," accessed September 11, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Vote Match Result for John Kline," accessed June 17, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  32. Roll Call, "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets," accessed July 16, 2013
  33. The Hill, "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013
  34. KWTV, "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013
  35. Roll Call, "Bill Maher Names Flip a District Pick," accessed September 16, 2014
  36. CBS Minnesota, "Bill Maher’s ‘Flip A District’ Targets Rep. John Kline," accessed September 16, 2014
  37. Star Tribune, "U.S. Rep. Kline says he will run for re-election, support Pawlenty for president," accessed February 10, 2012
  38. CBS, "Primary Results 2012," accessed May 30, 2013
  39. Star Tribune, "DFL has set its sights on Rep. John Kline's seat," accessed April 6, 2012
  40. Washington Post blog, "The 10 House districts that might surprise you," accessed May 11, 2012
  41. John Kline, "Awards/Endorsements," accessed October 9, 2012
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. OpenSecrets, "John Kline," accessed May 16, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Kline 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  49. FEC, "April Quarterly, Kline," accessed July 18, 2013
  50. FEC, "July Quarterly, Kline," accessed July 18, 2013
  51. FEC, "October Quarterly, Kline," accessed October 15, 2013
  52. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly, Kline," accessed February 11, 2014
  53. FEC, "April Quarterly, Kline," accessed May 16, 2014
  54. Post Bulletin, "Kline boasts $1.1 million campaign war chest," accessed July 17, 2013
  55. OpenSecrets, "Rep. Kline Turns Chairmanship into Profitable For-Profit Haul," accessed July 15, 2013
  56. OpenSecrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  57. OpenSecrets, "John Kline 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 3, 2011
  58. OpenSecrets, "John Kline (R-MN), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63., "Rep. John Kline," accessed September 23, 2014
  64. 64.0 64.1 GovTrack, "John Kline," accessed July 28, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "John Kline," accessed July 28, 2014
  66. LegiStorm, "John Kline"
  67. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 28, 2014
  68. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  69. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  72. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 3, 2011 (dead link)
  73. Minnesota Public Radio, "2nd District: John Kline," accessed October 14, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Kennedy
U.S. House of Representatives - Minnesota, District 2
Succeeded by