Jack Reed

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Jack Reed
Jack Reed.jpg
U.S. Senate, Rhode Island
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 17
PredecessorClaiborne Pell (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2008
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Next primarySeptember 9, 2014
Next general November 4, 2014
Campaign $$8,482,370
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Representative, U.S. House of Representatives
Senator, Rhode Island State Senate
Bachelor'sWest Point, 1971
Master'sHarvard University, 1973
J.D.Harvard Law School, 1982
Military service
Years of service1967-1979
BirthdayNovember 12, 1949
Place of birthProvidence, RI
Net worth$608,523
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Jack Reed (b. November 12, 1949, in Providence, Rhode Island) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Rhode Island. Reed was first elected to the Senate in 1996, and he won re-election in 2002 and 2008.

Reed is running for re-election in 2014. He is considered to be the safest Senate incumbent up for re-election.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Reed is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.


Below is an abbreviated outline of Reed's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1971: Received his B.S. from United States Military Academy, West Point
  • 1973: Received his M.P.P from Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
  • 1982: Received his J.D. from Harvard Law School
  • 1971-1979: Served in the U.S. Army
  • 1977-1979: Held a position as an associate professor, Department of Social Sciences, U.S. Military Academy
  • 1979-1991: Served int he U.S. Army Reserve
  • 1985-1990: Served as a member of the Rhode Island State senate
  • 1991-1997: Served as a Democrat in the U.S. Congress
  • 1997-Present: U.S Senator from Rhode Island

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Reed serves on the following Senate committees:[3]

  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  • Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
    • Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Members
    • Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
  • Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Strategic Forces
    • Subcommittee on SeaPower
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities


Reed served on the following Senate committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Reed's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Reed voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[7]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[8] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[9] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[9] Reed was one of nine Democratic senators who voted against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[10][11] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[11] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[12] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Reed voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[10][11]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Reed voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[14]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Reed voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[7]


Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Reed voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[7]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Reed voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[7]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Reed voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[15]


On The Issues Vote Match

Reed's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Reed is a Moderate Liberal Populist. Reed received a score of 54 percent on social issues and 34 percent on economic issues.[16]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[17]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[16]



See also: United States Senate elections in Rhode Island, 2014

Reed is running for re-election in the 2014 election for the U.S. Senate, to represent Rhode Island. Reed is seeking the Democratic nomination in the primary on September 9, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

A Public Policy Poll released February 1, 2013, showed Reed in excellent standing for re-election in 2014. In addition to high job performance approval ratings, poll respondents said they would vote for Reed over all five potential Republican challengers included in the survey, with Reed winning by a minimum of 29 points against Brendan Doherty and a maximum of 65 points against Curt Schilling.

The results prompted Dean Debna, the President of Public Policy Polling, to say that, “Jack Reed may very well be the least vulnerable Senator in the country up for re-election next year."[1]


  • Reed was endorsed by the Democratic Party of Rhode Island on June 22, 2014.[18]


On November 4, 2008, Jack Reed won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Robert G. Tingle (R) in the general election.[19]

U.S. Senate, Rhode Island General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democrat Green check mark transparent.pngJack Reed incumbent 73.4% 320,644
     Republican Robert G. Tingle 26.6% 116,174
Total Votes 436,818

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Reed is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Reed raised a total of $8,482,370 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.[25]

Jack Reed's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 US Senate (Rhode Island) Won $4,735,246
2002 US Senate (Rhode Island) Won $3,747,124
Grand Total Raised $8,482,370


Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Reed's reports.[26]

Jack Reed (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[27]April 15, 2013$1,859,833$248,715$(56,579)$2,051,969
July Quarterly[28]July 15, 2013$2,051,969$704,411$(189,677)$2,566,703
October Quarterly[29]October 13, 2013$2,566,703.35$426,637.64$(150,119.23)$2,843,221.76
Year-End[30]January 18, 2014$2,843,221$479,693$(164,330)$3,158,585
April Quarterly[31]April 11, 2014$3,158,585.57$411,023.97$(161,751.74)$3,407,857.80
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Reed's campaign funds before the 2008 election.

Reed won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Reed's campaign committee raised a total of $4,735,246 and spent $3,169,751.[32]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Reed's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $187,046 to $1,030,000. That averages to $608,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senate members in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Reed ranked as the 78th most wealthy senator in 2012.[33] Between 2004 and 2012, Reed‘s calculated net worth[34] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[35]

Jack Reed Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-13%
Average annual growth:-2%[36]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[37]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Reed is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2013.[38]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[39]

Reed most often votes with:

Reed least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Reed missed 32 of 5,172 roll call votes between January 1997 and April 2013. This amounts to 0.6 percent, which is better than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving as of April 2013.[40]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Reed paid his congressional staff a total of $2,570,396 in 2011. He ranked 18th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 52nd overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Rhode Island ranked 30th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[41]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Reed ranked 13th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[42][43]


Reed and fellow Democratic Rhode Island Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse both ranked 19th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[44]

Voting with party


Reed voted with the Democratic Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 28th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of July 2013.[45]


Jack Reed voted with the Democratic Party 97.0 percent of the time, which ranked 4th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of November 2011.[46]


Reed and his wife, Julia, have one child, Emily.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Jack + Reed + Rhode + Island + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Jack Reed News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Public Policy Polling, "Senator Reed with Large Lead Over Republicans," February 1, 2013
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Jack Reed," accessed November 4, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 18, 2013
  4. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Project Vote Smart, "Jack Reed Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
  8. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 On The Issues, "Reed Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  17. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  18. Providence Journal, "R.I. Democrats endorse Frank Caprio for treasurer, slate of incumbents," June 22, 2014.
  19. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  20. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  21. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  22. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Jack Reed," accessed April 22, 2013
  26. Federal Election Commission, "Jack Reed 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 29, 2013
  27. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  28. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  29. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  30. Federal Election Commission, "Reed Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  31. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  32. Open Secrets, "Jack Reed 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 4, 2011
  33. OpenSecrets, "Reed, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  34. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  35. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  36. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  37. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  38. GovTrack, "John Reed," accessed July 5, 2013
  39. OpenCongress, "Sen. John Reed," accessed August 22, 2013
  40. GovTrack, "Jack Reed," accessed April 17, 2013
  41. LegiStorm, "Jack Reed," accessed August 6, 2012
  42. National Journal, "TABLE: Senate Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  43. National Journal, "TABLE: Senate Conservative Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  44. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  45. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  46. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Claiborne Pell
U.S. Senate - Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Preceded by
U.S. House - Rhode Island
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Rhode Island State Senate
Succeeded by