Kentucky House of Representatives

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Kentucky House of Representatives

Seal of Kentucky.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 7, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Greg Stumbo (D)
Majority Leader:   Rocky Adkins (D)
Minority leader:   Jeffrey Hoover (R)
Structure
Members:  100
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   The Legislative Department, Kentucky Constitution, Sec 29
Salary:   $186.73/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Kentucky legislature has control
Meeting place:
Kentucky House Chamber.JPG
The Kentucky House of Representatives is the lower house of the Kentucky General Assembly. One hundred members make up the lower chamber of the Kentucky General Assembly. Each member represents an average of 43,394 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 40,418 residents.[2] The House of Representatives convenes in regular session on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January for 60 days in even-numbered years and for 30 days in odd-numbered years. It convenes in special sessions at the call of the governor. The Kentucky Constitution mandates that a regular session be completed no later than April 15 in even-numbered years and March 30 in odd-numbered years.[3]

As of September 2014, Kentucky is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Kentucky State Legislature, Kentucky State Senate, Kentucky Governor

Sessions

Section 36 of The Legislative Department of the Kentucky Constitution establishes when the Kentucky General Assembly, which the House is a part of, is required to meet. Regular sessions convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January. Sessions in odd numbered years can last no more than 30 legislative days and must be concluded by March 30. Sessions in even numbered years can last no more than 60 legislative days and must be concluded by April 15. The governor may call additional special sessions.[4][5]

Bills may be filed at any time during the House and Senate Senate Clerks' office hours.[6]

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 7 to April 15.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included the biennial state budget, casino gambling, tax reform based on the recommendations of 2012 commission and raising the minimum wage.[7]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 to March 26.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included reforms to the states tax code, pension plans for governmental retirees, legalization of casino style gambling, and redistricting.[8]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Legislature was in session from January 3 through April 9.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 4 through March 9, and reconvened for a special session on March 14. The session was called to an early end by Senate President David Williams on March 9, 12 days sooner than the originally scheduled end date of March 22.[9] On March 9, Governor Steve Beshear called to re-convene on March 14 for a special legislative session, focused on balancing the state's Medicaid budget.[10] The House adjourned the special session on March 25, however, the Senate returned on April 6.[11][12]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Legislature was in session from January 5 to April 15.

Role in state budget

See also: Kentucky state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[13][14]

  1. Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests in October.
  3. Agency hearings are held in November and December.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the legislature on the 15th legislative day (this deadline is moved up to the 10th legislative day for governors serving a second term).
  5. The state legislature adopts a budget in April. The biennium begins July 1.

Kentucky is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[14]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is required to adopt a balanced budget.[14]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Kentucky was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.[15]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[16] According to the report, Kentucky received a grade of B and a numerical score of 83, indicating that Kentucky was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[16]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Kentucky was given a grade of F in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[17]

Elections

2014

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place May 20, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was January 28, 2014.

2012

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives were held in Kentucky on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 31, 2012. The primary election day was May 22, 2012.[18]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives were held in Kentucky on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 26, 2010 and the primary Election Day was on May 18, 2010.

Incumbents ran in 95 out of the 100 districts. Districts without an incumbent running were 10, 32, 37, 52, and 81.

In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $7,620,093 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[19]

2008

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $6,941,208. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

2006

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 16, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $6,509,295. The top 10 contributors were:[21]

2004

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $5,708,225. The top 10 contributors were:[22]

2002

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 28, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,104,423. The top 10 contributors were:[23]

2000

See also: Kentucky House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Kentucky House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 2, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,514,349. The top 10 contributors were:[24]

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Kentucky House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[25]

  • At least 24 years of age at the time of the election
  • A citizen of Kentucky
  • Resided in the state 2 years preceding the election
  • Resided in the district for the last year

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. The Governor must call for an election if the General Assembly is not in session. The Speaker of the House must call for an election if lawmakers are in session.[26] All nominating deadlines for special elections are 28 days before the election.[27]

Redistricting

Redistricting is handled by the General Assembly. By tradition rather than law, each chamber devises its own map, which is submitted as a bill and subject to a vote like other legislation. The Governor wields veto power.

2010 census

Kentucky received local census data on March 17, 2011. The state's population grew 7.4 percent to 4,339,367, with the central region's population gaining at the expense of the remainder.[28]

At the time of redistricting, the Assembly was split, with Democrats controlling the House and Republicans controlling the Senate. Without a costly special session called, the Assembly began the redistricting process for legislative boundaries in January 2011. On January 20, Governor Steve Beshear (D) signed the state's legislative redistricting maps into law. Each chamber drew its own maps; the Governor criticized Senate Republicans for drawing partisan maps, but did not chasten the House's plan. House Republicans filed suit on the 26th on the grounds that the Democrats' map divided counties needlessly. The circuit court overturned the new legislative districts on February 7, citing excessive population disparities and division of counties. Expediting the Republicans' appeal, the Kentucky Supreme Court heard oral arguments on February 24, upholding the lower court's decision the same day.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 54
     Republican Party 46
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Kentucky State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Kentucky State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding points of order, and signing all writs, warrants, subpoenas and other processes. The House elects a Speaker Pro Tempore to preside over the body when the Speaker is absent.[29][30]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Kentucky House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Greg Stumbo Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Lawrence Clark Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Rocky Adkins Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Caucus Leader Sannie Overly Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Tommy Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Jeffrey Hoover Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Caucus Leader Bob DeWeese Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip John Carney Ends.png Republican

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Kentucky legislature are paid $188.22/day. Additionally, legislators receive $135.30/day per diem tied to 110% of the federal rate.[31]

Pensions

Legislative pensions in Kentucky are equal to 2.75% to 5% of the salary multiplied by the number of years served, while regular state pensions equal 1.1% to 2.5% of salary multiplied by years served. Starting in 2005, retiring legislators holding full-time jobs with the state could base their legislative pension on this higher salary, rather than their actual legislative salary.[32]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Kentucky legislators assume office the first day of January after their election.

Current members

Current members, Kentucky House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Steven Rudy Ends.png Republican 2005
2 Richard Heath Ends.png Republican 2013
3 Gerald Watkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
4 Lynn Bechler Ends.png Republican 2013
5 Kenny Imes Ends.png Republican 2013
6 Will Coursey Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Suzanne Miles Ends.png Republican 2014
8 John Tilley Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
9 Myron Dossett Ends.png Republican 2007
10 Ben Waide Ends.png Republican 2011
11 David Watkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
12 Jim Gooch, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
13 James Glenn, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
14 Tommy Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
15 Brent Yonts Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
16 Martha King Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
17 C. Embry, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2003
18 Dwight Butler Ends.png Republican 1995
19 Michael Meredith Ends.png Republican 2011
20 Jody Richards Electiondot.png Democratic 1977
21 Jim DeCesare Ends.png Republican 2005
22 Wilson Stone Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
23 Johnny Bell Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
24 Terry Mills Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
25 Jimmie Lee Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
26 Tim Moore Ends.png Republican 2007
27 Jeff Greer Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
28 Charles Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
29 Kevin Bratcher Ends.png Republican 1997
30 Thomas Burch Electiondot.png Democratic 1979
31 Steven Riggs Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
32 Julie Adams Ends.png Republican 2011
33 Ronald Crimm Ends.png Republican 1997
34 Mary Marzian Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
35 Jim Wayne Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
36 Jonathan Shell Ends.png Republican 2013
37 Jeffery M. Donohue Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
38 Denver "Denny" Butler Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
39 Robert Damron Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
40 Dennis Horlander Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
41 Thomas Riner Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
42 Reginald Meeks Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
43 Darryl Owens Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
44 Joni Jenkins Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
45 Stan Lee Ends.png Republican 2001
46 Lawrence Clark Electiondot.png Democratic 1985
47 Rick Rand Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
48 Bob DeWeese Ends.png Republican 1993
49 Russell Webber Ends.png Republican 2013
50 David Floyd Ends.png Republican 2005
51 John Carney Ends.png Republican 2009
52 Ken Upchurch Ends.png Republican 2013
53 Bart Rowland Ends.png Republican 2012
54 Mike Harmon Ends.png Republican 2003
55 Kim King Ends.png Republican 2011
56 James L. Kay II Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
57 Derrick Graham Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
58 Brad Montell Ends.png Republican 2003
59 David Osborne Ends.png Republican 2005
60 Sal Santoro Ends.png Republican 2007
61 Brian E. Linder Ends.png Republican 2013
62 Ryan Quarles Ends.png Republican 2011
63 Diane St. Onge Ends.png Republican 2013
64 Thomas Kerr Ends.png Republican 1985
65 Arnold Simpson Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
66 Addia Wuchner Ends.png Republican 2005
67 Dennis Keene Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
68 Joseph Fischer Ends.png Republican 1999
69 Adam Koenig Ends.png Republican 2007
70 Mitchel "Mike" Denham Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
71 John Stacy Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
72 Sannie Overly Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
73 Donna Mayfield Ends.png Republican 2011
74 Richard Henderson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
75 Kelly Flood Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
76 Ruth Palumbo Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
77 Jesse Crenshaw Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
78 Thomas McKee Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
79 Susan Westrom Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
80 David Meade Ends.png Republican 2013
81 Rita Smart Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
82 Regina Bunch Ends.png Republican 2011
83 Jeffrey Hoover Ends.png Republican 1997
84 Fitz Steele Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
85 Thomas Turner Ends.png Republican 1997
86 Jim Stewart, III Ends.png Republican 1997
87 Rick Nelson Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
88 Robert J. Benvenuti III Ends.png Republican 2013
89 Marie Rader Ends.png Republican 1997
90 Tim Couch Ends.png Republican 2003
91 Toby Herald Ends.png Republican 2013
92 John Short Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
93 Keith Hall Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
94 Leslie Combs Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
95 Gregory Stumbo Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
96 Jill York Ends.png Republican 2009
97 Hubert Collins Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
98 Tanya Pullin Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
99 Rocky Adkins Electiondot.png Democratic 1987
100 Kevin Sinnette Electiondot.png Democratic 2009

Standing committees

The Kentucky House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Kentucky
Partisan breakdown of the Kentucky legislature from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Kentucky House of Representatives.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state Houses from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Kentucky, the Kentucky State Senate and the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Kentucky state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Kentucky state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Kentucky has been in the bottom 10 of the SQLI rankings regardless of its Democratic trifecta or years under divided government. The state’s highest ranking came in 1998 and 1999 (43rd) under a Democratic trifecta, while the state’s lowest ranking came in between the years 2003 and 2011 (48th) under divided government. The state has never had a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 45.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 47.31
Chart displaying the partisanship of Kentucky government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," April 2011
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  3. Kentucky General Assembly, homepage, accessed June 13, 2014
  4. Kentucky Legislature, "Kentucky Constitution - Section 36," November 7, 2000
  5. Kentucky Legislature, homepage, accessed June 13, 2014
  6. Kentucky Legislature, "Rules of Procedure for the 2014 Regular Session of the Senate," January 7, 2014 and Kentucky Legislature, "Rules of Procedure for the 2014 Regular Session of the House or (sic) Representatives," January 7, 2014
  7. wfpl.org, "What to Expect from the 2014 Kentucky General Assembly," January 7, 2014
  8. Kentucky.com, "Lawmakers start Ky. session aiming for cooperation," January 8, 2013
  9. WHAS11.com, "Legislative session set to end on Wednesday," March 8, 2011
  10. Lexington Herald-Leader, "Ky. legislature adjourns, but Beshear orders them back on Monday," March 10, 2011
  11. WHAS11.com, "House lawmakers end special legislative session," March 24, 2011
  12. CNHI, "Special session finally over," April 6, 2011 (dead link)
  13. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  15. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  17. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  18. Kentucky Board of Elections, "2012 Kentucky Election Calendar," accessed June 13, 2014
  19. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2010 - Candidates," accessed June 13, 2014
  20. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2008 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  21. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2006 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  22. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2004 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  23. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2002 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  24. Follow the Money, "Kentucky 2000 - Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  25. Kentucky Secretary of State, "Candidate Qualification Information," accessed December 16, 2013
  26. Kentucky Legislative Research Commission, "Kentucky Election Code," accessed December 16, 2013 (Referenced Statute 118.730)
  27. Kentucky Legislative Research Commission, "Kentucky Election Code," accessed December 16, 2013 (Referenced Statute 118.730)
  28. Kentucky State Data Center, accessed July 11, 2012
  29. Kentucky Legislature, "Rules of Procedure for the 2014 Regular Session of the House or (sic) Representatives," January 7, 2014 (Referenced Rules 26-28)
  30. Kentucky Legislature, "House of Representatives Leadership - 2014," accessed June 13, 2014
  31. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  32. USA Today, "How state lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," April 16, 2012