Kevin Cramer

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Kevin Cramer
Kevin Cramer.jpg
U.S. House, North Dakota, At-Large District
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013 - Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyRepublican
PredecessorRick Berg (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$7.44 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Campaign $$1,325,479
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
North Dakota Public Service Commission
2003-2013
Education
Bachelor'sConcordia College
Master'sUniversity of Mary
Personal
BirthdayJanuary 21, 1961
Place of birthKindred, ND
Net worth$419,511
ReligionEvangelical Christian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Kevin Cramer (b. January 21, 1961, in Kindred, North Dakota) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Cramer represents the At-Large Congressional District of North Dakota. He is currently serving his first term, having won election in 2012. He edged out his then-fellow Public Service Commissioner Brian Kalk in a contentious Republican primary on June 12, 2012, and went on to defeat Democrat Pam Gulleson in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1][2] Cramer assumed office on January 3, 2013.

In 2014, Cramer won re-election to the U.S. House to represent the At-Large Congressional District of North Dakota.[3] Cramer ran unopposed for the Republican nomination in the primary on June 10, 2014.[4] He went on to defeat George B. Sinner (D) and Jack Seaman (Libertarian) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[5]

Prior to becoming a public official, Cramer was an active member of the GOP in North Dakota. He held a number of leadership roles, including both Chairman and Executive Director of the North Dakota Republican Party.

Cramer served as a member of the North Dakota Public Service Commission from 2003-2013. Following his election to the U.S. House in 2012, Governor Jack Dalrymple appointed Julie Fedorchak to replace him on the commission, effective January 2, 2013.[6]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cramer is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Cramer was born and raised in Kindred, North Dakota. During his high school years, he worked at an electrical co-op with his father. When he graduated, he attended Concordia College, a Lutheran school. He worked on political campaigns after college and by 30 was the youngest state party chair in North Dakota's history. He held numerous state offices and lost elections to the At-Large District three times before winning in 2012.[7]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cramer's academic, professional and political career:[7]

  • 1979-1983: Earned B.A. from Concordia College
  • 1990-1993: North Dakota Republican Party
  • 1993-1997: Director, North Dakota tourism
  • 2001-2003: Director, Harold Schafer Leadership Foundation
  • 2003: Earned M.S. from University of Mary
  • 2003-2013: North Dakota Public Service Commission
  • 2013-Present: U.S. House, North Dakota

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cramer serves on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Cramer's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245-182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Cramer voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

In January 2014, Cramer expressed skepticism about whether the Keystone pipeline would be approved under President Barack Obama and offered thoughts on how the pipeline could be approved. “I used to be very optimistic about it,” Rep. Kevin Cramer, R-ND, said in an interview. “I guess I would put it at less than 50-50 because it’s just that at every turn them seem to try to find a reason to try and delay it longer.” He said further: “At this point there’s no more possible studying you could do,” he said. “It’s by far the most studied and analyzed and environmental impact studied pipeline in the history of the world,” Cramer said. “I don’t know what more you could possibly learn.” Cramer also believed that the pipeline would be approved easily if its authorization could get a vote in the U.S. Senate. “I think it’s almost a veto-proof bill,” he said. “If in fact the Senate was to switch parties over things like the Keystone and energy issues, as well as Obamacare issues, I think the president would take pause and ask if (he wants) to spend (his) last two years (in office) fighting and doing nothing or moving our economy forward," he said.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288-127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315-108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Cramer voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cramer voted for HR 2775.[18]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261-154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[19][11]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224-201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[20][11]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[21][11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines. Cramer co-sponsored the bill.[21][11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Cramer voted in support of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[22] Cramer joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[23][24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Kevin Cramer's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cramer is a Libertarian Conservative. Cramer received a score of 44 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Neutral
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Neutral Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Elections

2014

See also: North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District elections, 2014

In 2014, Cramer won re-election to the U.S. House to represent North Dakota's At-Large District. Cramer ran unopposed for the Republican nomination in the primary on June 10, 2014. He defeated George B. Sinner (D) and Jack Seaman (Libertarian) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[5]

U.S. House, North Dakota's At-Large District General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Cramer Incumbent 55.5% 138,100
     Democratic George B. Sinner 38.5% 95,678
     Libertarian Jack Seaman 5.8% 14,531
     Write-in Write-in candidates 0.1% 361
Total Votes 248,670
Source: North Dakota Secretary of State

Media

Cramer released the following ad in September 2014, and it was taken off the air in early October. The ad featured Cramer's position on veterans issues, and was filmed in the North Dakota Veterans Cemetery, which is run by the North Dakota National Guard. The ad was pulled in response to a regulation from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs prohibiting any kind of political activity from taking place in a veterans cemetery.[27]


Cramer ad pulled for use of veterans cemetery

2012

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in North Dakota, 2012

Cramer won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing North Dakota's At-Large District.[28] He defeated Brian Kalk in the Republican primary on June 12, 2012. Cramer defeated Democrat Pam Gulleson in the general election on November 6, 2012.[29][1]

According to the Washington Post, North Dakota was a battleground district in 2012, with incumbent Rick Berg running for Senate and Republicans battling it out in the primary. Democrat Pam Gulleson vastly outraised the Republican candidates and was considered to have had a "fighting chance" in a conservative state.[30][1]

U.S. House, North Dakota At-Large District General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Pam Gulleson 41.7% 131,870
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Cramer 54.9% 173,585
     Libertarian Eric Olson 3.2% 10,261
     Write In N/A 0.2% 508
Total Votes 316,224
Source: North Dakota Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
North Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Cramer 54.5% 54,405
Brian Kalk 45.5% 45,415
Total Votes 99,820

Polls

North Dakota at-large Congressional district general election candidates, 2012
Poll Pam Gulleson Kevin CramerEric OlsenUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
NBC North Dakota News/ Mason-Dixon
(October 26-28, 2012)
40%50%0%0%+/-4625
Pharos Research Group
(October 26-28, 2012)
40.5%54.8%0%4.7%+/-3.6752
Valley News (October 3-5, 2012)
37%49%2%12%+/-4625
AVERAGES 39.17% 51.27% 0.67% 5.57% +/-3.87 667.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

2010

On November 2, 2010, Kevin Cramer won election to the office of North Dakota Public Service Commission. He defeated Brad Crabtree (D) and Joshua Voytek (L) in the general election.

North Dakota Public Service Commission, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Cramer Incumbent 61.5% 142,644
     Democratic Brad Crabtree 34.9% 81,011
     Libertarian Joshua Voytek 3.6% 8,315
     Write-In Various 0.1% 144
Total Votes 232,114
Election Results Via: North Dakota Secretary of State

2004

On November 2, 2004, Kevin Cramer won re-election to the office of North Dakota Public Service Commission. He defeated Ron Gumeringer (D-NPL) in the general election.

North Dakota Public Service Commission, 2004
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Cramer Incumbent 65.5% 191,825
     Democratic Ron Gumeringer 34.5% 101,081
Total Votes 292,906
Election Results Via: North Dakota Secretary of State

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cramer attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cramer is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cramer raised a total of $1,325,479 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[31]

Kevin Cramer's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (North Dakota, At-Large Congressional District) Won $1,325,479
Grand Total Raised $1,325,479


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Kevin Cramer's reports.[32]

Kevin Cramer (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[33]April 15, 2013$33,745.73$44,180.73$(29,101.41)$48,825.05
July Quarterly[34]July 15, 2013$48,825.05$80,394.00$(43,372.23)$85,846.82
October Quarterly[35]October 15, 2013$85,846.82$222,445.00$(68,818.81)$239,473.01
Year-End[36]January 31, 2014$239,473.01$116,178.57$(62,887.45)$292,764.13
April Quarterly[37]April 14, 2014$292,764.13$269,814.07$(58,001.23)$504,576.97
Pre-Primary[38]May 29, 2014$504,576.97$110,027.70$(64,662.89)$549,941.78
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2014$549,941.78$125,648.00$(22,190.17)$653,399.61
October Quarterly[40]October 23, 2014$653,399.61$364,197.13$(550,195.84)$467,400.90
Pre-General[41]October 23, 2014$467,400.90$31,219.00$(334,614.29)$164,005.61
Running totals
$1,364,104.2$(1,233,844.32)


2012

Cramer won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cramer's campaign committee raised a total of $1,325,479 and spent $1,291,733.[42] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[43]

Cost per vote

Cramer spent $7.44 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Kevin Cramer's donors each year.[44] Click [show] for more information.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cramer's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $182,022 and $657,000. That averages to $419,511, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cramer ranked the 289th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45] Between 2011 and 2012, Cramer's calculated net worth increased from $0 to $419,511. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[46]

Kevin Cramer Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$0
2012$419,511
Growth from 2011 to 2012:N/A
Average annual growth:N/A
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[47]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cramer received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry.

From 1995-2014, 30.31 percent of Cramer's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[48]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Kevin Cramer Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,139,777
Total Spent $2,466,673
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$349,300
Crop Production & Basic Processing$188,040
Retired$180,160
Leadership PACs$166,463
Commercial Banks$67,700
% total in top industry11.12%
% total in top two industries17.11%
% total in top five industries30.31%

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

Cramer most often votes with:

Cramer least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cramer missed 61 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 5.4 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[50]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Cramer ranked 197th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[51]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Cramer voted with the Republican Party 92.0 percent of the time, which ranked 184th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[52]

2013

Cramer voted with the Republican Party 95.9 percent of the time, which ranked 128th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[53]

Personal

Kramer and his wife, Kris, have five children and one grandchild.[54]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Kevin + Cramer + North + Dakota + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Kevin Cramer News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Kevin Cramer

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 North Dakota Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results," accessed July 20, 2012
  2. Washington Post blog, "The 10 House districts that might surprise you," May 11, 2012
  3. North Dakota Secretary of State, "2014 Primary Election Contest/Candidate List," accessed April 8, 2014
  4. Associated Press, "North Dakota - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Huffington Post, "Election 2014," accessed November 6, 2014
  6. KFYR-TV, "Dalrymple Appoints Julie Fedorchak to PSC," November 30, 2012 (dead link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 National Journal, "North Dakota, At-Large House District," November 1, 2012
  8. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 Project Vote Smart, "Kevin Cramer's Political Summary," accessed September 12, 2013
  12. Watchdog.org, "Congressman: Chance of Keystone pipeline approval under Obama ‘less than 50-50′," January 26, 2014
  13. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Congress.gov, "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees.," February 25, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 Chicago Sun-Times, "How they voted," August 9, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Kevin Cramer Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. Watchdog, "Political ad filmed in ND veterans cemetery violates rules, officials say," accessed October 7, 2014
  28. The Republic, "ND's Cramer uses Web video to open US House campaign; running for Congress for fourth time," November 3, 2011
  29. Politico, "2012 Election Map, North Dakota," accessed November 7, 2012
  30. Washington Post blog, "The 10 House districts that might surprise you," May 11, 2012
  31. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Kevin Cramer," accessed March 2013
  32. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Cramer's Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress April Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress July Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress Year-End," accessed May 19, 2014
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress April Quarterly," accessed May 19, 2014
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress Pre-Primary," accessed July 7, 2014
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Cramer for Congress Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  42. Open Secrets, "Kevin Cramer 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  44. Follow the Money.org
  45. OpenSecrets, "Kevin Cramer (R-ND), 2012," accessed January 15, 2013
  46. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  47. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  48. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Kevin Cramer," accessed September 29, 2014
  49. OpenCongress, "Rep. Kevin Cramer," accessed August 18, 2014
  50. GovTrack, "Kevin Cramer," accessed August 18, 2014
  51. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 18, 2014
  52. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  53. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  54. Congressman Kevin Cramer, "About," accessed September 3, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Rick Berg
U.S. House of Representatives - North Dakota District at-large
2013–present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
'
North Dakota Public Service Commissioner
August 2003–2013
Succeeded by
Julie Fedorchak