Laws governing local ballot measures in South Carolina
|South Carolina Constitution|
|Preamble • I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • VIII-A • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII • XIV • XV • XVI • XVII|
|A guide to local ballot initiatives|
This article sets out the laws governing local ballot measures in South Carolina. It explains:
- Which local units of government make the initiative process available to residents.
- How and whether local units of government, including school districts, can refer local ballot measures (such as school bond propositions) to the ballot.
Types of local government
Local government in South Carolina consists of:
- Counties: There are 46 counties in South Carolina. The entire state is divided into counties. None have a charter.
- Municipalities: There are 270 cities and towns in South Carolina. There is not a significant legal difference between cities and towns. None have a charter.
- In addition, there are 283 special districts and 83 independent school districts.
In South Carolina, two types of elections are mandated involving school finance. South Carolina requires ballot questions to issue new bonding and to exceed the fifteen million dollar levy limit. South Carolina is one of a handful of states that expresses levy caps using the basic dollar amount formula over a lengthy mathematical formula. South Carolina runs all school bond elections as special elections regardless of the date on which the election is held.
Initiative process availability
The initiative process is mandated in all South Carolina local governments.
| Ballot Law Portal|
|Laws Governing Ballot Measures|
South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17-10 mandates the initiative process for all general law cities and 4-9-1210 provides the same for counties.
Initiative process features
The initiative and referendum process for general law cities is detailed in the South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17.
Initiative process in the top 10 most populated cities
|List of Most Populated Cities in South Carolina|
|City||Population||City Type||Next election|
|North Charleston||99,727||General law|
|Mount Pleasant||69,357||General law|
|Rock Hill||67,423||General law|
|Hilton Head Island||37,675||General law|
|Local I&R Laws in the 50 States|
|Source:Local Ballot Initiatives: How citizens change laws with |
clipboards, conversations, and campaigns
The top 10 most populated cities are all subject to the state set initiative process provided above.
- Laws governing ballot measures
- Laws governing local ballot measures
- Local ballot measures, South Carolina
- Ballotpedia Research Document, Local Initiative in South Carolina
- Municipal Association of South Carolina
- Municipal Association of South Carolina, "Forms and Powers of Municipal Government," August 2012
- Strom Thurmond Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "Local Governments and Home Rule in South Carolina," May 2011
- ↑ U.S. Census Bureau, "Governments--Individual State Descriptions," accessed October 6, 2012, pg. 352
- ↑ Municipal Association of South Carolina, "Quick facts about South Carolina hometowns," Accessed October 6, 2012
- ↑ Municipal Association of South Carolina, "Forms and Powers of Municipal Government," August 2012
- ↑ The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- ↑ Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state
- ↑ South Carolina Code of Laws 5-17
- ↑ US Census Bureau "City and Town Totals: Vintage 2011 (Population figures as of 2011 Census estimates)
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 US Census, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in South Carolina: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011