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Leonard Lance

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Leonard Lance
Leonard Lance.jpg
U.S. House, New Jersey, District 7
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PartyRepublican
PredecessorMike Ferguson (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$7.59 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,003,579
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
New Jersey State Senate
2003-2009
New Jersey General Assembly
1991-2003
Education
Bachelor'sLehigh University
Master'sPrinceton University
J.D.Vanderbilt University
Personal
BirthdayJune 25, 1952
Place of birthEaston, Pennsylvania
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$2,946,508.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Leonard Lance (b. June 25, 1952, in Easton, [[Pennsylvania|PA) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey. Lance was elected by voters from New Jersey's 7th Congressional District. He ran for re-election in 2012 and won.[1]

Lance is a 2014 Republican candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 7th Congressional District of New Jersey.[2] He won the Republican nomination in the primary on June 3, 2014.

Lance previously served in the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey State Senate.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lance is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Lance was born in Easton, Pennsylvania. He earned a B.A. from Lehigh University in 1970, a J.D. from Vanderbilt University in 1974 and an M.P.A. from Princeton University in 1982.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Lance's academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lance serves on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Lance served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Lance's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Lance opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013#Government Shutdown and Default Prevention Act

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[12] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[13] Lance voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lance voted for HR 2775.[15]

Lance formally requested on October 1, 2013, that his pay be suspended until a new spending bill had been passed.[16]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Lance supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[17] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[18]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Lance supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[19] The vote largely followed party lines.[20]

Reform

In August 2013, Lance toured the border with other congress members to hear some of the challenges faced by U.S. Border Patrol and get a first-hand look at the situation. They toured areas south of San Diego, Tucson and along the Rio Grande. Lance said, "We saw a dead body floating in the river. And let me tell you, this was not done for effect." The body was likely a victim of drug cartel-related violence, a problem related to border security challenges. Proponents of increased border security maintain that, if the borders were made more secure, it would be harder for the cartels to smuggle in drugs, which would weaken the cartels. Lance's trip also stressed the importance of using other security measures in addition to fences. Lance supports Texas Republican Representative Michael McCaul's measure that lays out a plan for securing the border and requires the Department of Homeland Security to report metrics to Congress. The bill has already passed the House Homeland Security Committee unanimously.[21]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Lance supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Lance supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Lance voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Leonard Lance's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lance is a Moderate Conservative. Lance received a score of 32 percent on social issues and 63 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Leonard Lance endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [27]

Elections

2014

See also: New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Lance is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New Jersey's 7th District. Lance won the Republican nomination in the primary on June 3, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New Jersey District 7 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLeonard Lance Incumbent 55.8% 13,215
David Larsen 44.2% 10,455
Total Votes 23,670
Source: 80% reporting, Results via Associated Press Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: New Jersey's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Lance ran for re-election in 2012.[28] He defeated David Larsen in the June 5 Republican primary and faced Democrat Upendra Chivukula in the November general election.[29]

In a rematch of the 2010 primary, David Larsen challenged incumbent Lance. In 2010, Larsen received 31 percent of the vote, and Lance received 55 percent.[30][31][32]

Larsen considered his chances better this time, with the redrawn 7th District including a large number of conservative voters.[33][30] There was also less primary competition in 2012, with just Lance and Larsen running for the Republican nomination.[33][34]

U.S. House, New Jersey District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Upendra Chivukula 40% 123,057
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLeonard Lance Incumbent 57.2% 175,662
     Libertarian Patrick McKnight 1.3% 4,078
     Independent Dennis Breen 1.5% 4,518
Total Votes 307,315
Source: New Jersey Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
New Jersey's 7th Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngLeonard Lance Incumbent 60.6% 23,432
David Larsen 39.4% 15,253
Total Votes 38,685

Issues

Larsen ran as a more conservative candidate than Lance, saying Lance was one of the politicians who "call themselves conservatives, but support the Obama agenda." In response, Lance highlighted his conservative votes, including those against Obamacare.[30]

Endorsements

Lance was endorsed by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie.[30]

Campaign funding

Lance vastly outraised Larsen, with over $651,228 raised compared to Larsen's $15,387.[30]

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Lance is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Lance raised a total of $4,003,579 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 23, 2013.[37]

Leonard Lance's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,321,361
2010 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,341,109
2008 US House (New Jersey, District 7) Won $1,341,109
Grand Total Raised $4,003,579

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lance's reports.[38]

Leonard Lance (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 14, 2013$161,504.95$67,605.00$(75,380.01)$153,729.94
July Quarterly[40]July 13, 2013$153,729.94$132,732.05$(90,483.08)$195,978.91
October Quarterly[41]October 14, 2013$195,978.91$111,496.00$(51,301.18)$256,173.73
Year-End Quarterly[42]December 31, 2013$256,173$179,984$(48,786)$366,871
April Quarterly[43]April 14, 2014$366,871.94$156,146.00$(57,264.48)$465,753.46
Running totals
$647,963.05$(323,214.75)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Lance's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Lance won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lance's campaign committee raised a total of $1,321,362 and spent $1,334,015.[44]

Cost per vote

Lance spent $7.59 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Lance's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Lance was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a second term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,341,109 and spent $1,197,141.[45]
U.S. House, New Jersey, 2010 - Leonard Lance Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,341,109
Total Spent $1,197,141
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $349,518
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $345,163
Top contributors to Leonard Lance's campaign committee
IDT Corp$17,100
Bank of New York Mellon$16,650
Tuesday Group PAC$15,000
Princeton Public Affairs$13,700
Celgene Corp$13,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Insurance$108,923
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$92,500
Real Estate$71,800
Securities & Investment$70,250
Lawyers/Law Firms$65,000

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lance's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,862,017 and $4,031,000. That averages to $2,946,508.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Lance ranked as the 110th most wealthy representative in 2012.[46] Between 2007 and 2012, Lance's calculated net worth[47] decreased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[48]

Frank LoBiondo Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$3,098,916
2012$2,946,508
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-5%
Average annual growth:-1%[49]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[50]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[51]

Lance most often votes with:

Lance least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lance is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 19, 2013.[52]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lance missed 2 of 3,353 roll call votes from January 2009 to April 2013. This amounts to .1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.2 percent among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[52]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lance paid his congressional staff a total of $853,324 in 2011. Overall, New Jersey ranks 42nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lance tied with two other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 175th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[54]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lance ranked 191st in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[55]

Voting with party

2013

Lance voted with the Republican Party 91.4 percent of the time, which ranked 208th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[56]

Personal

Lance is married to Heidi A. Rohrbach and they have a son, Peter Frank. The Lances reside in Clinton Township, Hunterdon County.[3]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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References

  1. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. New Jersey Department of State, "Candidates for House of Representatives," accessed March 31, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Congressman Leonard Lance, Proudly Serving New Jersey's 7th District, "Biography"
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "LANCE, Leonard, (1952 - )"
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Leonard Lance, U.S. Congress, New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District, "About"
  7. House Energy & Commerce Committee, "Subcommittees"
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Leonard Lance's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 30, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "Lance on agriculture," accessed September 30, 2013
  18. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  19. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Lance's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 30, 2013
  21. NJ.com, "Immigration reform: Lance sees dead body, says border fence not nearly enough," accessed August 20, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Leonard Lance's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 30, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Lance on abortion," accessed September 30, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Leonard Lance Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. The Hill, "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President," accessed December 22, 2011
  28. New Jersey Star-Ledger, "Ed Potosnak no longer challenging Leonard Lance as congressional candidate," accessed January 16, 2012
  29. WYNC, "Live! NJ Election Results," accessed June 5, 2012
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 New Jersey Spotlight, "U.S.Congressional District: 7," accessed May 22, 2012
  31. New Jersey Star-Ledger, "David Larsen of Tewksbury challenging Rep. Leonard Lance for seat in Congress," accessed January 5, 2012
  32. NJPR, "Experts on NJ Redistricting," accessed October 8
  33. 33.0 33.1 Examiner, "David Larsen announces new NJ-7 Congress run," accessed February 24, 2012
  34. New Jersey Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Leonard Lance," accessed April 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Lance 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  40. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  41. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  42. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  43. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed April 30, 2014
  44. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance 2010 Election Data," accessed November 29, 2011
  46. Open Secrets, "Leonard Lance (R-NJ), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  47. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  48. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  50. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  51. OpenCongress, "Leonard Lance," accessed August 6, 2013
  52. 52.0 52.1 GovTrack, "Leonard Lance," accessed June 19, 2013
  53. LegiStorm, "Leonard Lance," accessed October 2, 2012
  54. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Mike Ferguson
U.S. House of Representatives - New Jersey, District 7
2009-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Jack Ascherl
New Jersey State Senate - New Jersey, District 23
2003-2009
Succeeded by
Marcia Karrow
Preceded by
C. Richard Kamin
New Jersey General Assembly - New Jersey, District 23
1991-2003
Succeeded by
Michael Doherty

'