Lieutenant Governor of Alabama

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Alabama Lieutenant Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $970,030
Term limits:  2 terms
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Kay Ivey.jpg
Name:  Kay Ivey
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 17, 2011
Compensation:  $68,556
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other Alabama Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Commission
The Lieutenant Governor of Alabama is an elected constitutional officer, the second ranking officer of the executive branch and the first officer in line to succeed the Governor of Alabama. The lieutenant governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two terms.[1]

Established soon after the Civil War, the office of the lieutenant governor was abolished with the 1875 Constitution and recreated in the 1901. The lieutenant governor's most important duties include acting as the successor to the governor and as the president of the state senate. Alabama is one of only five states in which the governor and lieutenant governor are elected separately and thus may be from different parties.[1]

Current officeholder

See also: Current Lieutenant Governors

The 30th and current lieutenant governor is Kay Ivey, a Republican first elected in 2010. Ivey won re-election in 2014.

Before becoming lieutenant governor, Ivey served as Alabama Treasurer from 2003–2011.[2]


The Alabama Constitution establishes the office of the lieutenant governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112

The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant governor...


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The lieutenant governor may not hold any federal or state office in Alabama concurrently with his gubernatorial term. Additionally, the lieutenant governor must be at least 30 years old, an American citizen for at least ten years on the date of the election and a resident of Alabama for at least seven years.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 117

The governor and lieutenant governor shall each be at least thirty years of age when elected, and shall have been citizens of the United States ten years and resident citizens of this state at least seven years next before the date of their election.


Click here to view a large-scale image of the Alabama state government organizational chart, as of 9/11/12.
See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of lieutenant governors

Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its lieutenant governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030). Section 116 sets the lieutenant governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

In addition to a term limit that prevents a lieutenant governor from succeeding himself for more than one additional term (i.e. maximum of two terms), Alabama has an unusual provision that forbids a sitting lieutenant governor from seeking another state office or serving in the U.S. Senate within one year of leaving office. (§ 116).


See also: Alabama Lieutenant Gubernatorial election, 2014

Republican incumbent Kay Ivey won re-election on November 4, 2014.

Lieutenant Governor of Alabama, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngKay Ivey Incumbent 63.2% 738,090
     Democratic James C. Fields 36.7% 428,007
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0.1% 1,146
Total Votes 1,167,243
Election Results via Alabama Secretary of State.

Full history


Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Sections 127 and 128.

The following line of succession exists to fill a vacancy in the lieutenant governor's chair:


Whereas the formal powers of the lieutenant governor are rather limited and ceremonial, he has substantial influence in his capacity as president of the state senate. The president has the power to appoint members and chairs of state senate committees and to determine the committees to which legislation is referred for consideration. These powers allow the lieutenant governor to indirectly influence what legislation moves out of committee for debate and the form in which it is considered.

State budget

See also: Alabama state budget and finances

The budget for the lieutenant governor's ffice in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $970,030.[3]


See also: Comparison of lieutenant gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

The salary of the lieutenant governor is established by the Alabama State Legislature, as required by constitutional provision.[4] Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.

Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.


In 2014, the lieutenant governor's salary decreased to $68,556, according to the Council of State Governments.[5]


In 2013, the lieutenant governor was paid an estimated $134,592. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.



The office of the lieutenant governor was first established in Alabama's 1868 Constitution during Reconstruction. It declared the lieutenant governor the presiding officer of the Alabama Senate, gave this individual a vote in the event of a tie vote in the state senate, and named the occupant of the office the first successor to the governor if that office was vacated. Seven years later, conservative Democrats abolished the office in the 1875 Constitution as part of a campaign to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of state government. In 1901, lawmakers restored the office of lieutenant governor in a new constitution with powers similar to those in the 1868 version. This occurred in part because Governor William Samford died while the constitutional convention was in session and the delegates recognized a need to establish a clear line of succession. The provisions applying to the lieutenant governor have not changed significantly since 1901.

Twenty-seven Alabamians have served as lieutenant governor. Only two individuals have served two or more terms; James Allen (1951–1955 and 1963–1967) and James E. Folsom Jr. (1987–1991, 1991–April 1993 and 2007-2011). Alabama Senator and President Pro Tempore Ryan de Graffenried assumed the office of the senate president in 1993, when Folsom was elevated to the governorship after Guy Hunt was removed from office. De Graffenried performed the duties of the lieutenant governor but did not become lieutenant governor because the state's constitution does not provide for anyone to succeed the lieutenant governor when that office is vacated. Albert Brewer became governor in 1968 after the death of Lurleen Wallace, and Jim Folsom Jr. assumed the office in 1993 when Guy Hunt was convicted for diverting funds from one of his inauguration accounts. Russell Cunningham served as acting governor during 1904 and 1905 while William Jelks was out of state in an effort to recover from tuberculosis and Jere Beasley served as acting governor for a short period in 1972 while George Wallace was hospitalized in Maryland after an assassination attempt. Only two lieutenant governors, Thomas Kilby in 1918 and Don Siegelman in 1998, were later elected governor.

Only two women, Democrat Lucy Baxley (2003–2007) and Republican Kay Ivey (2011–present) have served as the state's lieutenant governor, and no person of color has been elected to the office thus far. Most lieutenant governors (at least 20) have been attorneys while the rest were business persons or physicians. Siegelman has been the only Catholic. Alabama lieutenant governors have come from all regions of the state, with the most being from Birmingham (six) and three from Mobile. Eleven were born out of state, including four from Georgia and two from Tennessee. In addition to the six lieutenant governors who served as governor, several have held other state elective offices. Bill Baxley, Thomas Knight Jr. and Siegelman each served as Alabama Attorney General for one term, whereas Albert Carmichael served two terms in that office. Kay Ivey served two terms as Alabama Treasurer. After his second term as lieutenant governor, Jim Allen served in the U.S. Senate from 1969–1978. More than half of the state's lieutenant governor's served in either the Alabama House of Representatives or Senate before becoming lieutenant governor; two, Hugh Merrill and Albert Brewer, served as state house speaker.

Historical officeholders

There have been 30 Lieutenant Governors of Alabama since 1869. Of the 30 officeholders, three were Republican and 27 were Democrat. The office was created by the Constitutional Convention of 1867. It was later abolished at the Constitutional Convention of 1875, and then re-established at the Constitutional Convention of 1901.[6]

List of Former Officeholders from 1869-Present
# Name Tenure Party
1 Andrew J. Applegate 1869-1870 Ends.png Republican
2 Edward H. Moren 1870-1872 Electiondot.png Democratic
3 Alexander McKinstry 1872-1874 Ends.png Republican
4 Robert F. Ligon 1874-1876 Electiondot.png Democratic
5 Russell M. Cunningham 1903-1907 Electiondot.png Democratic
6 Henry B. Gray 1907-1911 Electiondot.png Democratic
7 Walter D. Seed, Sr. 1911-1915 Electiondot.png Democratic
8 Thomas E. Kilby 19151-1919 Electiondot.png Democratic
9 Nathan L. Miller 1919-1923 Electiondot.png Democratic
10 Charles S. McDowell, Jr. 1923-1927 Electiondot.png Democratic
11 William C. Davis 1927-1931 Electiondot.png Democratic
12 Hugh D. Merrill 1931-1935 Electiondot.png Democratic
13 Thomas E. Knight, Jr. 1935-1937 Electiondot.png Democratic
14 Albert A. Carmichael 1939-1943 Electiondot.png Democratic
15 Leven H. Ellis 1943-1947 Electiondot.png Democratic
16 James C. Inzer 1947-1951 Electiondot.png Democratic
17 James B. Allen 1951-1955 Electiondot.png Democratic
18 Willima G. Hardwick 1955-1959 Electiondot.png Democratic
19 Albert B. Boutwell 1959-1963 Electiondot.png Democratic
20 James B. Allen 1963-1967 Electiondot.png Democratic
21 Albert P. Brewer 1967-1968 Electiondot.png Democratic
22 Jere Beasley 1971-1979 Electiondot.png Democratic
23 George McMillian, Jr. 1979-1983 Electiondot.png Democratic
24 Bill Baxley 1983-1987 Electiondot.png Democratic
25 Jim Folsom, Jr. 1987-1993 Electiondot.png Democratic
26 Don Siegelman 1995-1999 Electiondot.png Democratic
27 Steve Windom 1999-2003 Ends.png Republican
28 Lucy Baxley 2003-2007 Electiondot.png Democratic
29 Jim Folsom, Jr. 2007-2011 Electiondot.png Democratic
30 Kay Ivey 2011- Ends.png Republican

Recent news

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Lieutenant Governor of Alabama - Google News Feed

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Contact information


Physical address:
11 South Union Street, Suite 725
Montgomery, Alabama 36130
Phone: 334-242-7900
Fax: 334-242-4661

See also

External links