Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
|Alabama Lieutenant Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$970,030|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112|
|Assumed office:||January 17, 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Alabama Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
Established soon after the Civil War, the office of the lieutenant governor was abolished with the 1875 Constitution and recreated in the 1901. The lieutenant governor's most important duties include acting as the successor to the governor and as the president of the state senate. Alabama is one of only five states in which the governor and lieutenant governor are elected separately and thus may be from different parties.
- See also: Current Lieutenant Governors
Before becoming lieutenant governor, Ivey served as Alabama Treasurer from 2003 to 2011. Before entering public service, she was Director of Government Affairs for the Alabama Commission on Higher Education from 1985 to 1998, Assistant Director of the Alabama Development Office from 1982 to 1985, and a Reading Clerk for the Alabama House of Representatives from 1980 to 1982. Ivey was also Assistant Vice President of Merchants National Bank/Regions Bank from 1970 to 1979. She is a graduate of Auburn University and is unmarried.
The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The lieutenant governor may not hold any federal or state office in Alabama concurrently with his gubernatorial term. Additionally, the lieutenant governor must be at least 30 years old, an American citizen for at least ten years on the date of the election, and a resident of Alabama for at least seven years.
The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.
The governor and lieutenant governor shall each be at least thirty years of age when elected, and shall have been citizens of the United States ten years and resident citizens of this state at least seven years next before the date of their election.
Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its lieutenant governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030). Section 116 sets the lieutenant governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.|
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
In addition to a term limit that prevents a lieutenant governor from succeeding himself for more than one additional term (i.e. two term maximum), Alabama has an unusual provision that forbids a sitting lieutenant governor from seeking another state office or serving in the U.S. Senate within one year of leaving office. (§ 116).
|Lieutenant Governor of Alabama, 2014|
|Republican||Kay Ivey Incumbent||63.2%||738,090|
|Democratic||James C. Fields||36.7%||428,007|
|Election Results via Alabama Secretary of State.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Lieutenant Governor of Alabama, Click [show] to expand the section.
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Sections 127 and 128.
The following line of succession exists to fill a vacancy in the lieutenant governor's chair:
- the President Pro Tem of the Senate
- the Speaker of the House
- the Attorney General
- the Auditor
- the Treasurer
Whereas the formal powers of the lieutenant governor are rather limited and ceremonial, he has substantial influence in his capacity as President of the state Senate. The president has the power to appoint members and chairs of Senate committees and to determine the committees to which legislation is referred for consideration. These powers allow the lieutenant governor to indirectly influence what legislation moves out of committee for debate and the form in which it is considered.
- See also: Alabama state budget and finances
The budget for the Lieutenant Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $970,030.
- See also: Comparison of lieutenant gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers
The salary of the lieutenant governor is established by the Alabama State Legislature, as required by constitutional provision. Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.|
The office of the lieutenant governor was first established in Alabama's 1868 Constitution during Reconstruction. It declared the lieutenant governor the presiding officer of the Senate, gave this individual a vote in the event of a tie vote in the Senate, and named the occupant of the office the first successor to the governor if that office was vacated. Seven years later, conservative Democrats abolished the office in the 1875 Constitution as part of a campaign to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of state government. In 1901, lawmakers restored the office of lieutenant governor in a new constitution with powers similar to those in the 1868 version. This occurred in part because Governor William Samford died while the constitutional convention was in session and the delegates recognized a need to establish a clear line of succession. The provisions applying to the lieutenant governor have not changed significantly since 1901.
Twenty-seven Alabamians have served as lieutenant governor. Only two individuals have served two or more terms; James Allen (1951-1955 and 1963-1967) and James E. Folsom Jr. (1987-1991, 1991 to April, 1993, and 2007-present). Senator and President Pro Tempore Ryan de Graffenried assumed the office of the president of the Senate in 1993, when Folsom was elevated to the governorship after Guy Hunt was removed from office. De Graffenried performed the duties of the lieutenant governor but did not become lieutenant governor because the state's constitution does not provide for anyone to succeed the lieutenant governor when that office is vacated. Albert Brewer became governor in 1968 after the death of Lurleen Wallace, and Jim Folsom Jr. assumed the office in 1993 when Guy Hunt was convicted for diverting funds from one of his inauguration accounts. Russell Cunningham served as acting governor during 1904 and 1905 while William Jelks was out of state in an effort to recover from tuberculosis and Jere Beasley served as acting governor for a short period in 1972 while George Wallace was hospitalized in Maryland after an assassination attempt. Only two lieutenant governors, Thomas Kilby in 1918 and Don Siegelman in 1998, were later elected governor.
Only one woman, Lucy Baxley (2003-2007), has served as the state's lieutenant governor, and no person of color has been elected to the office thus far. Nearly 75 percent (20 of 27) have been attorneys, five were business persons, and two were physicians. Siegelman has been the only Catholic. Alabama lieutenant governors have come from all regions of the state, with the most being from Birmingham (six) and three from Mobile. Eleven were born out of state, including four from Georgia and two from Tennessee. In addition to the six lieutenant governors who served as governor, several have held other state elective offices. Bill Baxley, Thomas Knight Jr., and Siegelman each served as Alabama Attorney General for one term, whereas Albert Carmichael served two terms in that office. After his second term as lieutenant governor, Jim Allen served in the U.S. Senate from 1969 to 1978. More than half of the state's lieutenant governor's served in either the Alabama House of Representatives or Senate before becoming lieutenant governor, and two, Hugh Merrill and Albert Brewer, served as speaker of Alabama's House of Representatives.
There have been 30 Lieutenant Governors of Alabama since 1869. Of the 30 officeholders, 3 were Republican and 27 were Democrat.The office was created by the Constitutional Convention of 1867. It was later abolished at the Constitutional Convention of 1875, and then re-established at the Constitutional Convention of 1901.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1869-Present|
|1||Andrew J. Applegate||1869-1870||Republican|
|2||Edward H. Moren||1870-1872||Democratic|
|4||Robert F. Ligon||1874-1876||Democratic|
|5||Russell M. Cunningham||1903-1907||Democratic|
|6||Henry B. Gray||1907-1911||Democratic|
|7||Walter D. Seed, Sr.||1911-1915||Democratic|
|8||Thomas E. Kilby||19151-1919||Democratic|
|9||Nathan L. Miller||1919-1923||Democratic|
|10||Charles S. McDowell, Jr.||1923-1927||Democratic|
|11||William C. Davis||1927-1931||Democratic|
|12||Hugh D. Merrill||1931-1935||Democratic|
|13||Thomas E. Knight, Jr.||1935-1937||Democratic|
|14||Albert A. Carmichael||1939-1943||Democratic|
|15||Leven H. Ellis||1943-1947||Democratic|
|16||James C. Inzer||1947-1951||Democratic|
|17||James B. Allen||1951-1955||Democratic|
|18||Willima G. Hardwick||1955-1959||Democratic|
|19||Albert B. Boutwell||1959-1963||Democratic|
|20||James B. Allen||1963-1967||Democratic|
|21||Albert P. Brewer||1967-1968||Democratic|
|23||George McMillian, Jr.||1979-1983||Democratic|
|25||Jim Folsom, Jr.||1987-1993||Democratic|
|29||Jim Folsom, Jr.||2007-2011||Democratic|
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11 South Union Street, Suite 725
Montgomery, Alabama 36130
- Office of the Lieutenant Governor website
- Follow the Money
- Project Vote Smart - Lieutenant Governor James 'Jim' Folsom, Jr.
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Kay Ivey," accessed July 6, 2011
- Alabama Government Website, "State of Alabama General Fund, 2013 FY Appropriations," accessed March 29, 2013
- FindLaw, "ALA CODE § 36-6-8 : Alabama Code - Section 36-6-8: SALARIES OF CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICERS, PERSONS NOT COVERED BY MERIT SYSTEM AND PERSONS WHOSE SALARY NOT SET BY GOVERNOR," accessed February 17, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Alabama Department of Archives and History, "Alabama Lieutenant Governors," accessed July 24, 2013