Lisa Murkowski

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lisa Murkowski
Lisa Murkowski.jpg
U.S. Senate, Alaska
Incumbent
In office
December 20, 2002 - Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 12
PartyRepublican
PredecessorFrank Murkowski (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 2, 2010
First elected2004
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$10,392,392
AppointedDecember 20, 2002
Appointed byFrank Murkowski
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Alaska State House of Representatives
January 19, 1999 - December 20, 2002
Education
Bachelor'sGeorgetown University, 1980
J.D.Willamette College of Law, 1985
Personal
Date of birthMay 22, 1957
Place of birthKetchikan, AK
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth(2012) $762,520
ReligionCatholic
Websites
Office website
Lisa Murkowski (b. May 22, 1957, in Ketchikan, AK) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Alaska. Murkowski was first appointed to the Senate in 2002.

Murkowski most recently won re-election in 2010. She defeated Joe Miller (R), Scott T. McAdams (D), Frederick Haase (L), Tim Carter (Nonaffiliated) and Ted Gianoutsos (Nonaffiliated) in the general election.

Prior to her appointment to the Senate, Murkowski served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1999 to 2002.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Murkowski is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, she may break with the Republican Party line more than her fellow members.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Murkowski's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1980: Graduated from Georgetown University
  • 1985: Graduated from Willamette College of Law
  • 1987-1989: Anchorage District Court attorney
  • 1989-1996: Private practice
  • 1999-2002: Alaska House of Representatives
  • 2002: Appointed to U.S. Senate
  • 2002-Present: U.S. Senator from Alaska

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Murkowski served on the following Senate committees:[2]

  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Department of Homeland
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
    • Subcommittee on Department of Defense
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  • Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
    • Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
  • Indian Affairs
  • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Subcommittee on Water and Power
    • Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, and Mining
    • Subcommittee on National Parks
    • Subcommittee on Energy

2011-2012

  • Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Defense
    • Subcommittee on Energy And Water Development
    • Subcommittee on Homeland Security
    • Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
  • Energy and Natural Resources, Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Water and Power
  • Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
    • Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
  • Indian Affairs

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[3] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Murkowski's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Murkowski voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[5]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[6][7][8]

According to the website Breitbart, Murkowski was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[9][10]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[11]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[12] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Murkowski voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Murkowski voted with the 17 Republican and the 55 Democratic members in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Murkowski voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[18]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Murkowski voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[19]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Murkowski voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[20]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Murkowski voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[21]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Murkowski voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Lisa Murkowski's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Murkowski is a Populist-Leaning Conservative. Murkowski received a score of 18 percent on social issues and 64 percent on economic issues.[23]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[24]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Neutral Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Neutral Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Neutral Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[23]

ISIS

Following President Barack Obama's speech on September 10, 2014, about military action against ISIS, Murkowski expressed a desire for a more well-defined strategy. She said, "We need to know what constitutes ‘victory’ and what benchmarks we will use to measure accomplishments as the activities are conducted. Before we can attract support from our allies in the international community, we must define terms and goals more concretely. We owe such careful consideration to our brave men and women in uniform before putting them into harm’s way."[25]

Gay marriage

Murkowski became the third Republican Senator to speak out in favor of gay marriage in June 2013.[26] She follows in the footsteps of Mark Kirk (R) of Illinois and Rob Portman (R) of Ohio, who announced his support of same-sex marriage in March 2013, citing his gay son, Will, as part of the motivation.[27]

On June 19, 2013, Murkowski wrote on her website, “I am a life-long Republican because I believe in promoting freedom and limiting the reach of government. When government does act, I believe it should encourage family values. I support the right of all Americans to marry the person they love and choose because I believe doing so promotes both values: it keeps politicians out of the most private and personal aspects of peoples’ lives – while also encouraging more families to form and more adults to make a lifetime commitment to one another.”[26]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Lisa Murkowski endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [28]

Earmarks

A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[29] According to the report, Murkowski co-sponsored $6.9 million worth of earmarks for a road project that began near property she purchased from a friend and real estate developer at a reduced price. After media reports about the land deal, Murkowski sold the parcel back to the developer.[30]

Elections

2010

On November 2, 2010, Lisa Murkowski won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated Joe Miller (R), Scott T. McAdams (D), Frederick Haase (L), Tim Carter (Nonaffiliated) and Ted Gianoutsos (Nonaffiliated) in the general election.[31]

U.S. Senate, Alaska General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Write-in Green check mark transparent.pngLisa Murkowski incumbent 39.7% 101,091
     Republican Joe Miller 35.6% 90,839
     Democratic Scott T. McAdams 23.6% 60,045
     Libertarian Frederick Haase 0.6% 1,459
     Nonaffiliated Tim Carter 0.4% 927
     Nonaffiliated Ted Gianoutsos 0.2% 458
Total Votes 254,819

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Murkowski attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Murkowski is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Murkowski raised a total of $10,392,392 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[33]

Lisa Murkowski's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 US Senate (Alaska) Won $4,689,683
2004 US Senate (Alaska) Won $5,702,709
Grand Total Raised $10,392,392

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2010

Murkowski won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Murkowski's campaign committee raised a total of $4,689,683 and spent $4,605,972.[34]

His top five contributors between 2005-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Murkowski's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $300,041 and $1,225,000. That averages to $762,520, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Murkowski ranked as the 71st most wealthy senator in 2012.[35] Between 2004 and 2012, Murkowski's calculated net worth[36] increased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[37]

Lisa Murkowski Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$627,786
2012$762,520
Growth from 2004 to 2012:21%
Average annual growth:3%[38]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[39]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Murkowski is the ranking Republican member of the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Murkowski received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Electric Utilities industry.

From 2003-2014, 26.06 percent of Murkowski's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[40]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Lisa Murkowski Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $11,853,182
Total Spent $11,027,783
Ranking member of the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Electric Utilities$768,113
Oil & Gas$722,144
Leadership PACs$602,393
Lobbyists$570,519
Lawyers/Law Firms$425,794
% total in top industry6.48%
% total in top two industries12.57%
% total in top five industries26.06%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Murkowski was a "centrist Republican leader" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Murkowski received in June 2013.[41]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[42]

Murkowski most often votes with:

Murkowski least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Murkowski missed 174 of 3,678 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.7 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[43]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Murkowski paid her congressional staff a total of $2,397,010 in 2011. She ranked 21st on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Alaska ranked 47th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[44]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Murkowski ranked 44th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[45]

2012

Murkowski ranked 44th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2012.[46]

2011

Murkowski ranked 44th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2011.[47]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Murkowski voted with the Republican Party 65.1 percent of the time, which ranked 44th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[48]

2013

Murkowski voted with the Republican Party 67.9 percent of the time, which ranked 44th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[49]

Personal

Murkowski and her husband, Verne Martell, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Lisa + Murkowski + Alaska + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Lisa Murkowski News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


References

  1. Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "Lisa Murkowski," accessed October 20, 2011
  2. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  3. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  5. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  6. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  7. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  8. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  9. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  10. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  11. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  12. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  22. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 On The Issues, "Lisa Murkowski Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  24. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  25. Newsminer.com, "Alaska's members of Congress react to Obama's ISIS speech," September 11, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 Washington Post, "Murkowski becomes third GOP senator to back gay marriage" accessed June 19, 2013
  27. Politico, "Mark Kirk endorses gay marriage," accessed April 2, 2013
  28. Seattle Post-Intelligencer, "Sen. Murkowski for Romney," December 2, 2011
  29. Washington Post, "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
  30. Washington Post, "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Lisa Murkowski," accessed March 25, 2013
  34. Open Secrets, "Lisa Murkowski 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 22, 2011
  35. OpenSecrets, "Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  36. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  37. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  38. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  39. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  40. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Lisa Murkowski," accessed September 18, 2014
  41. GovTrack, "Lisa Murkowski," accessed July 17, 2014
  42. OpenCongress, "Lisa Murkowski," accessed July 14, 2014
  43. GovTrack, "Lisa Murkowski," accessed July 17, 2014
  44. LegiStorm, "Lisa Murkowski," accessed August 6, 2012
  45. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  46. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  47. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  48. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  49. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Murkowski
U.S. Senate - Alaska
2003-Present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
Terry Martin
Representative from Alaska's 14th House District
January 19, 1999 - December 20, 2002
Succeeded by
Vic Kohring