Maine U.S. Congress Term Limits, Question 1 (1994)

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The Maine U.S. Congress Term Limits Initiative, also known as Question 1, was on the November 8, 1994 ballot in Maine as an indirect initiated state statute, where it was approved. It was later overturned by the Maine Federal District Court on May 26, 1995.[1] The measure directed the secretary of state to not place on the ballot any candidates for the United States House of Representatives who had been elected to represent the state in that office for any six of the previous eleven years or any candidates for United States Senate who had been elected to represent the state in that office for any 12 of the previous 17 years. The legislation did not prohibit persons from voting for or running as write-in candidates. It applied to times served beginning January 1, 1995.[2][3][4]


The measure was declared unconstitutional by the Maine Federal District Court on May 26, 1995. The court found that the measure violated the Qualification Clauses of the United States Constitution and permanently enjoined the secretary of state and attorney general from implementing, carrying out or enforcing the law.[4]

In 1996, Maine voter approved another indirect initiated state statute which sought a constitutional convention on the United States Constitution to create term limits on members of the U.S. Congress.

See also: Maine Congressional Term Limits, Question 1 (1996)

Election results

Maine Question 1 (1994)
OverturnedotOverturned Case:League of Women Voters v. Diamond No. 94-377-P-H (D. Me. May 26, 1995)
Yes 312,007 63.13%

Election results via: Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library, Votes on Initiated Bills 1980-

Text of measure

The language appeared on the ballot as:[2]

Question 1: Initiative Question

"Do you favor the changes in Maine law limiting the number of terms which may be served by Maine's Representative to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate proposed by citizen petition?" [5]

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