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Governor of Maine

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Maine Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013-2014 FY Budget:  $8,653,498
Term limits:  2 consecutive terms
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Maine Constitution, Article IV, Part I
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

PaulLePage.jpg
Name:  Paul LePage
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 5, 2011
Compensation:  $70,000
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other Maine Executive Offices
GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorCommissioner of EducationAgriculture, Conservation and Forestry CommissionerSuperintendent of InsuranceLabor CommissionerPublic Utilities Commission
The Governor of the State of Maine is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Maine. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two successive terms. There is not, however, a limit on the number of total terms a governor may serve.

Before Maine earned statehood in 1820, the Governor of Massachusetts served as the state's top executive.

As of July 2014, Maine is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Maine State Legislature, Maine House of Representatives, Maine State Senate

Current officer

The 74th and current officeholder is Republican Paul LePage, elected in 2010.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article IV, Part I, the Executive Department.

Under Article IV, Part I, Section I:

The supreme executive power of this State shall be vested in a Governor.

Qualifications

Governors
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Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
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Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
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Breaking news
See also: 1955 Ballot measure specifying citizenship requirement

A candidate for governor is required to be:

  • at least 30 years of age
  • a United States Citizen for at least 15 years
  • a Maine resident for at least five years, resident of Maine at the time of election and during the term for which elected

During his/her tenure in office, a statewide elected official shall hold no other public office.

Elections

See also: Maine Determining Election of Governor, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 7 (1964)
Maine state government organizational chart

Maine elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Maine, 2014 and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 6, 2015 and January 1, 2019 are inaugural days.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
See also: Ballot measure to set term length at 4 years

Maine governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.

Maine Constitution, Article V. -- Part First, Section 2

The person who has served 2 consecutive popular elective 4-year terms of office as Governor shall be ineligible to succeed himself or herself.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Maine State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Maine Partisanship.PNG

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
See also: Maine Gubernatorial Vacancy Filling, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 8 (1964)

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Sections 14 and 15.

Maine is one of five states that lack a formal office of the lieutenant governor. Instead, the first person in the line of succession is the President of the Senate. If the vacancy occurs more than 90 days ahead of the next scheduled primary election for a biennial general election, then a special election for the governorship shall be part of the ballot. Whoever wins that election will take office on the second Wednesday in January after the election.

If fewer than 90 days are left until a scheduled primary, the Senate President simply fill the remainder of the term. After the Senate President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and then the Secretary of State are next in line.

If mental health keeps the elected governor from discharging his office for more than six months, a super majority of both chambers of the legislature shall present a joint resolution to the Supreme Court, which will hold a hearing and issue a decision. When a physical or mental disability only causes a temporary inability to fulfill the requirements of the office, the same line of succession applies. The governor may declare herself temporarily unable to serve to the Chief Justice of the Maine Supreme Court.

Whenever any other officer is serving as the Acting Governor, he shall be paid only the salary of the governorship and shall vacate his other officer, leaving it to the legislature to appoint his successor.

Duties

Maine

The governor acts as commander-in-chief of "the army and navy of the State, and of the militia" (the Maine National Guard), "except when the same are called into the actual service of the United States."

The governor has the power to appoint officers, to appoint all judicial officers subject to confirmation except probate judges and justices of the peace if their manner of selection is otherwise provided for by the state constitution or by law, and to appoint and all other civil and military officers whose appointment is not by this constitution, or otherwise provided for by law.

The governor will have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, unless impeached. The power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons also includes juvenile offenses.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature, adjourning the legislature when necessary to so intervene, and moving the meeting place of the legislature under specific circumstances
  • Requiring reports and information from any officer of the state or of the state's militia on any circumstances of their job
  • Delivering information and recommending measures to the state's General Assembly from time to time

Divisions

Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Maine has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

State budget

Role in state budget

See also: Maine state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[1][2]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held from October through December.
  4. Public hearings are held from January through May.
  5. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January (this deadline is extended to February for a newly elected governor).
  6. The legislate typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins on July 1.

In Maine, the governor may exercise line item veto and item veto of appropriations authority.[2]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.[2]

Governor's office budget

The Executive Department's budget for fiscal year 2013-2014 was $8,653,498.[3]

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

The governor's salary is legally fixed and may not be raised or decreased effective during the current term.

2013

In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $70,000, the lowest in the nation.[4]

2012

As of 2012, the Governor of Maine was paid an estimated $70,000. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maine
Partisan breakdown of the Maine governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in Maine there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for six years, including the last three.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Maine, the Maine State Senate and the Maine House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Maine state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maine state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between 1992 and 2002, the state experienced divided government until electing a Democratic trifecta, which occurred between 2003 and 2011. For two years (2011 and 2012), the state had a Republican trifecta before reverting back to divided government. Maine hit the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking in 2006 and 2007 (42nd and 45th, respectively). Its highest ranking in the SQLI ranking occurred in 2012 (27th) under a Republican trifecta. The state rose seven points in the SQLI ranking between the years 2010 and 2011.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 38.38
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 33.73
Chart displaying the partisanship of Maine government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Historical officeholders

There have been 72 Governors of Maine since 1820. Of the 72 officeholders, 35 were Republican, 21 were Democrat, 8 were Democratic-Republican, 2 were National Republican, 3 were Whig and 3 were Independent.[5]

Recent news

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All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Governor of Maine News Feed

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Contact information

Maine

Office of the Governor
1 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0001
Phone:207-287-3531
TTY:207-287-6548
Fax:207-287-1034

See also

External links

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References