Maine State Senate
|Maine State Senate|
|Term limits:||4 terms (8 years)|
|2013 session start:||December 5, 2012|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Justin Alfond, (D)|
|Majority Leader:||Seth Goodall, (D)|
|Minority leader:||Michael Thibodeau, (R)|
| Democratic Party (19) |
Republican Party (15)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Article IV--Part Third, Maine Constitution|
|Salary:||$13,526/year Sess. 1, $9,661/year Sess. 2 + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2014 (35 seats)|
|Next election:||November 6, 2012 (35 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Maine Legislature has control|
The Senate meets at the Maine State House in Augusta. Maine's senators are elected to two-year terms.
In 2010, the Senate was in session from January 6th to April 12th.
Article IV, Part Third of the Maine Constitution establishes when the Maine State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 1 of the Part states that, following a legislative election, the Legislature is to convene its first regular session on the first Wednesday of December. The second regular session of the legislature is to convene in the next even-numbered year. This second session is to convene on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Section 1 also instructs the Legislature to enact statutory limits on the length of its regular sessions.
Section 1 also establishes the procedures for convening special sessions of the Legislature. A special session can be convened by the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, with the consent of a majority of legislators from each political party.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from December 5, 2012 through June.
Gov. Paul LePage (R) is pushing for legislators to address education, energy and domestic violence this year. Democrats, meanwhile, say they want to focus on jobs and strengthening the state's economy. One issue no one can avoid - a new two-year budget that 's facing a $128 million deficit.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 4 through April 14, in recess from April 14 through May 13, and adjourned May 31.
Lawmakers faced a $221 million budget deficit. They also looked to restructure the state Medicaid system, reduce energy costs and improve charter schools.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the Senate was in session from December 1, 2010-June 28, 2011. Maine statutes required the legislature to adjourn by June 15, however, pursuant to Joint Order S.P. 520, the regular session was extended for five legislative days, slated to end on June 22, 2011. However, on June 16, Governor Paul LePage ordered lawmakers home for 12 days, only to return to the statehouse for a special veto session to begin June 28. 
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the Legislature was in session from January 6th to April 12th. 
- See also: Maine State Senate elections, 2012
Maine state senators are subject to term limits and may serve no more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 10 state senators were termed-out.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Maine State Senate|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 17||Garrett Mason||0.1%||19,608||Colleen Quint|
|District 20,||Chris Johnson||0.8%||217,156,271||Leslie Fossel|
|District 21||Patrick Flood||1.4%||20,340||David Bustin|
|District 28||Brian Langley||2.1%||21,453||David White|
|District 32||Geoffrey Gratwick||2.9%||17,088||Nichi Farnham|
|District 35||Troy Dale Jackson||3.1%||16,537||Peter Edgecomb|
|District 29||David Burns||5.4%||16,602||Anne Perry|
|District 25||Colleen Lachowicz||5.7%||16,485||Thomas Martin, Jr.|
|District 11||Richard Woodbury||5.8%||24,804||Christopher Tyll|
|District 4||David Dutremble||7%||18,811||James Booth|
- See also: Maine State Senate elections, 2010
Elections for the office of Maine State Senate were held in Maine on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15 at 5 PM-ET for Party Candidates and June 1 by 5 PM-ET for others. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.
Maine's state senators are elected to four-year terms. They are subject to term limits of no more than two consecutive four-year terms.
In 2010, the candidates running for state senate raised a total of $1,988,888 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Maine State Senate|
|Nadeau, James A||$8,386|
|Schweitzer, Daniel J||$3,810|
|James A Nadeau/Loan Forgiven, $000 balance||$3,500|
|Whalen, Francis J||$3,194|
|Maine Association of Realtors||$2,150|
|Maine Dental Association||$1,800|
|Bangor Historic Track||$1,750|
|Maine Credit Union League||$1,650|
Section 6 of Part 2 of Article 4 of the Maine Constitution states, "The Senators shall be 25 years of age at the commencement of the term, for which they are elected, and in all other respects their qualifications shall be the same as those of the Representatives."
Section 4 of Part 1 of Article 4 of the Maine Constitution states, "Qualifications; residency requirement. No person shall be a member of the House of Representatives, unless the person shall, at the commencement of the period for which the person is elected, have been 5 years a citizen of the United States, have arrived at the age of 21 years, have been a resident in this State one year; and for the 3 months next preceding the time of this person's election shall have been, and, during the period for which elected, shall continue to be a resident in the district which that person represents."
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat . The Governor must call for an election and allow all political committees representing the vacant seat to set all deadlines  . The person elected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Maine legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Maine Term Limits Act in 1993. That initiative said that Maine senators are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Maine legislature are paid $13,852/year (first regular session) and $9,661/year (second regular session). Legislators receive $38/day per diem for one of two options: housing or mileage and tolls. Additionally, legislators receive $32/day for meals.
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
The President of the Senate is elected by the full body. The President is the presiding officer, whose duties include appointing all committees and a President Pro Tempore, enforce order, and vote in all cases. The President Pro Tempore serves as presiding officer when the President is absent.
|Current Leadership, Maine State Senate|
|President of the Senate||Justin Alfond||Democratic|
|State Senate Majority Leader||Seth Goodall||Democratic|
|State Senate Assistant Majority Leader||Troy Jackson||Democratic|
|State Senate Minority Leader||Michael Thibodeau||Republican|
|State Senate Assistant Minority Leader||Roger Katz||Republican|
When sworn in
Maine legislators assume office after the first Wednesday in December after their election.
Senate Standing Committees
There are five (5) Senate Standing Committees:
- Bills in Second Reading Committee, Maine State Senate
- Engrossed Bills Committee, Maine State Senate
- Conduct and Ethics Committee, Maine State Senate
- Senatorial Vote Committee, Maine State Senate
- Senate Rules Committee, Maine State Senate
Joint Standing Committees of the 125th Legislature
There are sixteen (16) Joint Standing Committees in the Legislature:
- Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry
- Appropriations and Financial Affairs Committee
- Criminal Justice and Public Safety
- Education and Cultural Affairs
- Energy, Utilities and Technology
- Environment and Natural Resources
- Health and Human Services
- Inland Fisheries and Wildlife
- Insurance and Financial Services
- Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development
- Marine Resources
- State and Local Government
- Veterans and Legal Affairs
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maine State Senate for 16 years while the Republicans were the majority for four years.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ WCSH 6, "Maine legislature to reconvene Tuesday," January 5, 2013
- ↑ Bangor Daily News, "Maine lawmakers return Wednesday for 2012 session," January 3, 2012
- ↑ Maine.gov, 125th Legislature Session Schedule, June 16, 2011
- ↑ Bangor Daily News, State lawmakers headed home but only for 12 days, June 16, 2011
- ↑ 2010 session dates for Maine Legislature
- ↑ Follow the Money: "Maine Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Maine Legislature "Maine Election Law"(Referenced Statute 21A-381)
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Maine Legislature "Maine Election Law"(Referenced Statute 21A-382)
- ↑ Maine Legislature "Constitution of Maine"(Referenced Section Article IV, Section 5)
- ↑ Maine Legislature "Maine Election Law"(Referenced Statute 21A-361)
- ↑ State legislative term limits
- ↑ NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- ↑ Rules of the 122nd Maine State Senate
- ↑ Maine State Senate Democratic Leadership
- ↑ Maine State Senate Republican Leadership
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