|U.S. House, New York, District 11|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||3|
|Predecessor||Yvette D. Clarke (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$21.38 in 2012|
|First elected||November 2, 2010|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Bachelor's||Baruch College, City University of New York|
|J.D.||New York Law School|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1989-1990|
|Service branch||United States Marine Corps Reserves|
|Years of service||1990-1997|
|Birthday||February 7, 1970|
|Place of birth||New York, New York|
|Profession||FBI Agent, Entrepreneur|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Environment
- 4.5 Immigration
- 4.6 Healthcare
- 4.7 Social issues
- 4.8 Previous congressional sessions
- 5 Issues
- 5.1 On The Issues Vote Match
- 5.2 Campaign themes
- 5.3 Presidential preference
- 5.4 Political positions
- 5.5 Controversy
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Recent news
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Grimm is a 2014 Republican, Conservative and Independence Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 11th Congressional District of New York. Grimm ran unopposed for all three nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. He will be challenged by Domenic Recchia in the general election.
Before his congressional career, Grimm's work history included service as a United States Marine, a FBI clerk and special agent, a deputized U.S. Marshal, a research analyst on Wall Street, a health food restaurant founder and an executive in a bio-fuel company.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grimm is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.
- 1989-1990: United States Marine Corps
- Served in Persian Gulf War and awarded Combat Meritorious Promotion
- 1990-1997: United States Corps reserve
- 1997-2006: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
- Completed Federal Police Officer Training Program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
- Uniformed Police Officer
- Special Agent investigating the Gambino Crime Family
- Research analyst on Wall Street
- Member of the New York and Connecticut Bar Associations
- Founded health food restaurant, "Healthalicious," in Manhattan
- Principal in a bio-fuel company
- 2011-present: Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives
Grimm serves on the following committees:
- Financial Services Committee
- Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
- Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
- Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade
Grimm served on the following committees:
- Financial Services Committee
- Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
- Subcommittee on Capital Markets
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Grimm's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Grimm voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Grimm voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Grimm voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grimm voted for HR 2775.
Flood insurance reform
In early 2014, Grimm and Louisiana Representative Bill Cassidy co-sponsored the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act. In March 2014, the bill was passed by the U.S. Senate and subsequently signed into law by President Obama. The law repealed steep increases in flood insurance rates for homeowners in flood prone areas, preventing exponential increases in flood insurance premiums for 5.5 million Americans.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Grimm voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Several Republican members of the U.S. House might face a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.
According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they would be less likely to vote for their current representative if he fails support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they would be less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members block immigration reform proposals. Grimm is one of the seven representatives who serves in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.
In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.
The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.Grimm was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.
The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children. It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children. The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.
Grimm has voted for all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Grimm voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
Previous congressional sessions
Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grimm is a Hard-Core Conservative. Grimm received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 77 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Opposes|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Opposes||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Opposes|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Favors||Keep God in the public sphere||Favors|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Favors||Human needs over animal rights||Strongly Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Opposes||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Opposes|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Unknown||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Favors|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Opposes||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Opposes||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Opposes|
|Privatize Social Security||Unknown||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:
- Strengthening the economy
- National Security and Defense
- U.S. Foreign Policy
- U.S.-Israel Relationship
- Energy and Environment
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
In a statement on September 5, 2013, Grimm said that the window for action had passed and that the feedback from his constituents had made him re-think his previous position.
“Thus, after much thought, deliberation and prayer, I am no longer convinced that a U.S. strike on Syria will yield a benefit to the United States that will not be greatly outweighed by the extreme cost of war,” Grimm said.
Grimm added, “Now that the Assad regime has seen our playbook and has been given enough time to prepare and safeguard potential targets, I do not feel that we have enough to gain as a nation by moving forward with this attack on our own.”
These statements were in stark contrast with his comments from August 31, 2013. Previously, Grimm had said he supported President Obama’s decision to launch military action in Syria, saying he was “supporting the president on this."
Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims
On June 22, 2013, Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees to be waived for Sandy survivors who had used little to no water in their damaged homes.
After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012. Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents received water bills for $300 or more. Grimm sought to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.
At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his backing of having the fees waived, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."
In April 2014, Grimm became the first sitting House Republican to go on the record stating his view that humans cause global warming. Speaking about his views on climate change, Grimm said: "The majority of respected scientists say that it’s conclusive, the evidence is clear. So I don’t think the jury is out.”
In December 2013, the Justice Department requested that the House Ethics Committee investigation into Grimm's possible campaign finance violations be deferred again. Grimm faces allegations of "soliciting and accepting federal campaign contributions, caus[ing] false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly [seeking] assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card." The statement from the Justice Department suggested they were still conducting their own investigation. The House Ethics Committee will release a statement once a year if they continue to defer the investigation, according to a joint statement released by Committee members Michael Conaway and Linda Sanchez.
Incident with reporter
Grimm's January 28, 2014, interview with NY1 reporter.
Following the State of the Union speech on January 28, 2014, Grimm threatened to throw a reporter off a balcony after being asked about his House Ethics Committee investigation. Grimm replied, "That’s off-topic. This is only about president’s speech,” and walked off camera, only to return after the reporter concluded the report.
Grimm issued a statement on January 28, 2014: “I was extremely annoyed because I was doing NY1 a favor by rushing to do their interview first in lieu of several other requests. The reporter knew that I was in a hurry and was only there to comment on the State of the Union, but insisted on taking a disrespectful and cheap shot at the end of the interview, because I did not have time to speak off-topic. I verbally took the reporter to task and told him off, because I expect a certain level of professionalism and respect, especially when I go out of my way to do that reporter a favor. I doubt that I am the first member of Congress to tell off a reporter, and I am sure I won’t be the last.”
Grimm apologized to the reporter on January 29, 2014. Afterwards, he issued the following statement: “I’m a human being, and sometimes your emotions get the better of you. The bottom line, though, is it shouldn’t happen, you shouldn’t lose your cool. That’s why I apologized. When you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and you have to admit it. It shouldn’t happen.”
On April 28, 2014, Grimm surrendered to the FBI, facing federal charges of tax fraud related to his restaurant, Healthalicious. Attorney Loretta Lynch was named to oversee the indictment. Grimm had been under federal investigation for campaign finance violations, but Lynch's indictment focused instead on Grimm's restaurant business. Grimm was charged with twenty crimes, including under-reporting income in order to avoid paying taxes, "conspiracy, obstruction, mail fraud, perjury and the unlawful employment of illegal immigrants." This was not the first time that Grimm had gotten into trouble for his restaurant, as Healthalicious was also charged $88,000 in January 2012 for not providing workers with compensation insurance. The business was connected with his campaign as well. The Grimm company running Healthalicious was closely tied to Israeli fundraiser Ofer Biton, who communicated with Grimm on behalf of Israeli rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto. Pinto, worth close to $21 million, had many followers who contributed heavily to Grimm's successful 2010 campaign. Some of Pinto's followers admitted to illegally contributing tens of thousands of dollars to Grimm's campaign. Although campaign finance violations were not part of the indictment, Lynch said that the investigation was ongoing, so prosecutors could bring yet more charges on Grimm later.
Throughout the case, Grimm's attorney, William McGinley, maintained that Grimm was innocent. McGinley stated, "the government has pursued a politically driven vendetta against Congressman Grimm" and "when the dust settles, he will be vindicated." Grimm ran unopposed in the Republican primary for New York's 11th Congressional District elections, and since the filing deadline had already passed, Republicans could not nominate anyone else to run for his seat. Despite calls for his resignation, Grimm said that he would not resign, and that he would continue campaigning for re-election.
Diana Durand, a former girlfriend of Grimm, was arraigned on May 5, 2014, for violating campaign law in order to reimburse straw donors to Grimm's campaign. Her lawyer maintained that she did not know her actions were illegal. Regardless, this case could factor into future investigations into Grimm's campaign fundraising.
Grimm is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 11th District. Grimm ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.
Grimm is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election. He has also been listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.
Loss of campaign manager
Bill Cortese, Grimm's campaign manager and the only employee working full-time on his campaign, quit after Grimm's indictment. Grimm's advisor, Guy Molinari, said that they were not concerned about the campaign, stating simply that "Bill opted to follow a different course. In every campaign, you have changes that take place." According to an unnamed person familiar with the campaign, organizations such as the National Republican Congressional Committee denied aid to Grimm's campaign after the indictment, and with decreases to his budget, Grimm could no longer afford to pay Cortese's salary.
Grimm has received the following endorsements:
- The New York Independence Party
Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 11th District. He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated Mark Murphy (D) and Henry Bardel (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Michael Grimm Incumbent||48%||103,118|
|Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"|
Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger Mark Murphy successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm remained on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line was blank on the ballot.
Comprehensive donor information for Grimm is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Grimm raised a total of $3,542,325 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.
|Michael Grimm's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 11)||$2,263,993|
|2010||U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 13)||$1,278,332|
|Grand Total Raised||$3,542,325|
|Michael Grimm (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 17, 2013||$88,588.38||$320,859.67||$(107,495.43)||$301,952.62|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$301,952.62||$439,298.44||$(164,517.83)||$576,733.23|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$576,733.23||$350,719.06||$(99,740.58)||$827,711.71|
|Year-End Quarterly||December 31, 2013||$827,711||$327,726||$(122,412)||$1,032,532|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$1,032,532.38||$346,347.17||$(201,284.54)||$1,177,595.01|
**After Grimm's Indictment in April 2014, Grimm worked to create a "legal defense fund" separate from his campaign fund, in order to help cover his legal costs. In June 2014, he received permission from the House Ethics Committee to open the fund. In the first month, he raised $67,400 for the legal defense fund, while his campaign fund raised only about one third of that amount.
Cost per vote
Grimm spent $21.38 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, New York District 11, 2012 - Michael Grimm Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$928,666|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$917,398|
|Top contributors to Michael Grimm's campaign committee|
|American Resort Development Assn||$20,000|
|Carpenters & Joiners Union||$20,000|
|Tuesday Group PAC||$17,500|
|Ernst & Young||$16,450|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$209,732|
2010U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.
|U.S. House, New York District 13, 2010 - Michael Grimm Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$2,716,161|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$2,897,473|
|Top contributors to Michael Grimm's campaign committee|
|539 Gates LLC||$21,600|
|Kasowitz, Benson et al||$19,700|
|Metropolitan Real Estate Investors||$19,200|
|Sun Coast Resources||$16,650|
|GOP Generation Y Fund||$10,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$78,085|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The K-Street Metric
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grimm's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-99,999 and $719,997. That averages to $309,999, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Grimm ranked as the 314th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2009 and 2012, Grimm's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 13 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Michael Grimm Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2009 to 2012:||-40%|
|Average annual growth:||-13%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
Ideologies and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Grimm most often votes with:
Grimm least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Grimm missed 112 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
According to an analysis by CNN, Grimm was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Grimm's staff was given an apparent $24,400.00 in bonus money.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Grimm ranked 199th in the liberal rankings in 2013. Although he is a Republican, Grimm's liberal ranking was higher than his conservative ranking.
Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings in 2012.
Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings in 2011.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Grimm voted with the Republican Party 85.3 percent of the time, which ranked 226th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.
Grimm voted with the Republican Party 86 percent of the time, which ranked 230th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Grimm + New York + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- New York
- United States congressional delegations from New York
- United States House of Representatives
- New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014
- New York's 11th Congressional District
- 113th Congress members behaving badly
- Congressman Michael Grimm official U.S. House site
- Michael Grimm for Congress official campaign site
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
- Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
- U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 11th District of New York, "Full Biography"
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "GRIMM, Michael G., (1970 - )"
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York, "Committees and Caucuses"
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Grimm on agriculture," accessed October 8, 2013
- New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Staten Island Live, "Senate passes flood insurance bill from Staten Island Rep. Michael Grimm by vote of 72-22," March 13, 2014
- WDSU, "Obama signs bill into law preventing flood insurance rate hikes," March 21, 2014
- Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
- LA Times, "GOP rejects Dream Act-like deportation deferrals," accessed June 10, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Steve King Amendment Passes House To Deport More Dreamers," accessed June 10, 2013
- Fox News, "House votes to resume deporting young DREAM Act immigrants," accessed June 10, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Steve King's Amendment To The Immigration Bill Worsens The GOP's Latino Problem," accessed June 10, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 8, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Grimm on abortion," accessed October 8, 2013
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- On The Issues, "Michael Grimm Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Michael Grimm for Congress, "Issues"
- Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of New York Republican Elected Officials and Leaders," accessed December 20, 2011
- Washington Post, "Republican congressman withdraws support for Syria strike," accessed September 6, 2013
- Staten Island Live, "Staten Island's Grimm: President should order air strike on Syria now," accessed September 6, 2013
- Staten Island Advance, "Rep. Grimm calls for water bills to be waived for those who haven't turned on the tap," accessed June 25, 2013
- Politico, "Grimm’s woes cast cloud on climate turnabout," April 25, 2014
- Roll Call, "Ethics Committee Again Defers Investigation Into Grimm," accessed December 5, 2013
- Real Clear Politics, "N.Y. Rep. Grimm Threatens Reporter on Camera," accessed January 29, 2014
- Buzz Feed, "New York GOP Congressman Caught On Tape Threatening Reporter," accessed January 29, 2014
- NPR, "VIDEO: Congressman Threatens To Throw Reporter Off Balcony," accessed January 29, 2014
- NY Times, "Rep. Michael Grimm Threatens an NY1 Reporter," accessed January 29, 2014
- Politics, "Michael Grimm apologizes to reporter," accessed January 29, 2014
- USA Today, "N.Y. Rep. Grimm indicted on tax fraud charges," accessed April 28, 2014
- Politico, "Michael Grimm expected to be indicted," accessed April 28, 2014
- New York Times, "Indictment Expected for Grimm, Staten Island Congressman," accessed April 28, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Rep. Michael Grimm, facing federal charges, surrenders to FBI," accessed April 28, 2014
- USA Today, "Rep. Grimm charged with tax fraud, says he won't quit," accessed April 29, 2014
- BuzzFeed Politics, "Michael Grimm Says He’s Not Resigning After Indictment, Vows To Win Reelection," accessed April 29, 2014
- NY Daily News, "Rep. Michael Grimm’s ex-girlfriend charged for alleged campaign finance violations," accessed May 6, 2014
- Roll Call, "House GOP Adds 9 Vulnerable Incumbents to Patriot Program," accessed July 21, 2013
- Roll Call, "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets," accessed July 16, 2013
- The Hill, "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013
- KWTV, "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013
- SI Live, "GOP Rep. Michael Grimm loses campaign manager," accessed May 28, 2014
- NY Daily News, "Rep. Michael Grimm’s campaign manager quit after indictment stopped donations," accessed May 28, 2014
- SI Live, "Staten Island GOP Rep. Michael Grimm gets backing of state Independence Party in re-election bid," accessed May 24, 2014
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York"
- Politicker, "Michael Grimm officially knocked off independence line," accessed May 1, 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Michael Grimm," accessed March 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
- State of Politics, "Grimm’s Legal Defense Fund Raises $67K," accessed July 31, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm 2010 Election Data," accessed December 17, 2011
- Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- GovTrack, "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014
- LegiStorm, "Michael Grimm," accessed October 2, 2012
- CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
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- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Yvette D. Clarke
|U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 11
| Succeeded by|
|U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 13
| Succeeded by|
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