Michele Bachmann

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Michele Bachmann
Michele Bachmann.jpg
U.S. House, Minnesota, District 6
Former representative
In office
January 3, 2007-2015
PredecessorMark Kennedy (R)
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 7, 2006
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Minnesota State Senate
High schoolAnoka High School, Anoka, MN
Bachelor'sWinona State University
J.D.Coburn School of Law, Oral Roberts University
Date of birthApril 6, 1956
Place of birthWaterloo, IA
Net worth$1,186,007
ReligionEvangelical Christian
Office website
Campaign website
Michele Marie Bachmann (b. April 6, 1956, in Waterloo, IA) was previously a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Minnesota's 6th Congressional District. Bachmann was first elected to the House in 2006.[1]

On May 29, 2013, Bachmann announced that she would not be seeking re-election to Minnesota's 6th Congressional District for a fifth term. She was also under a Federal Election Commission (FEC) investigation of her 2012 presidential campaign's finances.[2]


Bachmann was born in 1956 in Waterloo, IA. She graduated from Anoka High School in 1974 and went on to earn her B.A. from Winona State University in 1978 and her J.D. from Oral Roberts University's Coburn School of Law in 1986. She also earned an L.L.M. from the College of William and Mary in 1988. Prior to her political career, Bachmann worked as a tax attorney in the U.S. Department of the Treasury.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Bachmann's professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Bachmann served on the following committees:[4]


Bachmann served on the following House committees[5]:

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[6] For more information pertaining to Bachmann's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NSA surveillance programs amendment

The U.S. House of Representatives voted on July 24, 2013 and narrowly defeated an amendment brought by Justin Amash meant to halt the National Security Agency's bulk collection of surveillance data.[8] The amendment would have stripped funding for an NSA program that collects the telephone records of people in the United States, but not the content of calls.[9]

The vote scrambled the usual ideological fault lines in the House, with conservative Republicans siding with liberal Democrats.[10] The House voted 205-217 to defeat the amendment with more Democrats than Republicans voting in favor of the amendment.[11][9][12] From Amash's own party, 134 Republicans voted against the amendment, with only 94 agreeing with it, while 111 Democrats voted for the amendment, with 83 voting against.[11]

Among the Republicans opposing the measure was Michele Bachmann. Bachmann defended the NSA's data collection programs, arguing that "here’s no Fourth Amendment expectation of privacy or right to the business-record exception" concerning the collection of phone metadata.[11] She continued by saying, “If we take this program and remove from the United States the distinct advantage that we have versus any other country, it will be those who are seeking to achieve the goals of Islamic jihad who will benefit by putting the United States at risk, and it will be the United States which will be at risk. I believe that we need to win the War on Terror. We need to defeat the goals and aims of Islamic jihad, and for that reason I will be voting no on the Amash amendment.”[11] Bachman was joined by, among others, Speaker John Boehner and Majority Leader Eric Cantor in opposing the amendment.[11]

The House on July 24, 2013, overwhelmingly passed a separate NSA amendment, put forward by Rep. Mike Pompeo, that was intended as a middle ground but was blasted by civil liberties advocates as achieving nothing.[9] The measure would ensure that the NSA is barred from acquiring or storing the content of emails and phone calls of people in the United States, but it would allow the NSA to continue storing phone metadata.[9]


Neutral/Abstain Bachmann did not vote on HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Bachmann voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[13]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Bachmann opposed House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[13]


Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Bachmann voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Bachmann voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Bachmann voted against HR 2775.[19]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Bachmann voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[20] The vote largely followed party lines.[21]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Bachmann has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[22]

Bachmann criticized President Obama in December 2013 on Fox News. She said, "He has rewritten the Constitution for himself as a part of his effort to fundamentally transform the United States of America." She added, "What are these delays about, what do they have in common? They all put off the very negative effects of Obamacare until the next election. That’s what this is all about. This is all political management. But we believe the constitution has to be respected." In a final jab, Bachamann said, "He doesn’t want to be bound by any law, and that’s the rub. The Constitution says no man is above the law, including the president of the United States. I think the president would be very, sorely unimpressed with what he hears today."[23]

Social issues


Yea3.png Bachmann voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Violence Against Women Act

Nay3.png Bachmann voted against the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act which provides aid to prosecute cases of violent acts against women and men.[25]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[26] Bachmann joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[27][28]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Bachmann voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]

National security

Yea3.png Bachmann voted in favor of extending the PATRIOT Act's roving wiretaps in 2011.[30]

Removal of troops from Afghanistan

Nay3.png Bachmann opposed a resolution to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan.[31]

American involvement in Libya

Yea3.png Bachmann supported a ban on using armed forces in Libya without Congressional approval in 2011.[31]


On The Issues Vote Match

Michele Bachmann's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Bachmann is a Hard-Core Conservative. Bachmann received a score of 23 percent on social issues and 75 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[33]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[32] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

FEC fines

Bachmann's House campaign committee had to pay $8,000 in fines for failing to report $208,502 in contributions and $206,499 in spending during the 2010 election cycle. Her committee also sent a representative to a Federal Election Commission (FEC) conference and had an external review of her 2013 and 2014 filings.[34]

Bachmann was also under FBI scrutiny over campaign funding misuse related to her 2012 presidential campaign. Andy Parrish, her former chief of staff, reportedly said in a sworn affidavit that Bachmann "knew and approved of" payments to Iowa state Senator Kent Sorenson. Legislators are not allowed to be employed by political campaigns. Peter Waldron, national field coordinator in Iowa for Bachmann's campaign, filed a FEC complaint alleging that Bachmann paid Sorenson and misused leadership PAC funds to pay campaign staff, including consultant Guy Short.[35]

In addition, Bachmann also faced an investigation by the Office of Congressional Ethics over the campaign funding misuse allegations. Both Sorneson and Bachmann denied that any payments were made.[36]

In November 2013, Sorenson's residence in Des Moines was raided by the FBI. According to attorney Theodore Sporer, "They took computers and things that would be used to verify or validate communications with presidential entities."[37]

Israel trip

Bachmann was gifted a free trip to Israel in November 2013 by the U.S. Israel Education Association. Bachmann took her son along with her on the trip. According to Roll Call, "The purpose of the trip was to receive briefings on the U.S. Israel relationship and Israel’s relationship to other countries in the region." The trip agenda included sightseeing and tours of the Defense Ministry and Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. The trip cost a total of $25,274.[38]

WWII Memorial

A group of World War II veterans, associated with the Mississippi Gulf Coast Honor Flight, wanting to pay their respects at the WWII Memorial were met with signs and barriers upon their arrival. They refused to let their trip be affected by the government shutdown and made their way through the barriers. Many congressional members from both parties spoke their approval of the move, including Sen. Sherrod Brown and Rep. Michele Bachmann, who was in attendance. Rep. Steve King and Rep. Steve Palazzo aided the veterans by distracting park police and helping move the gates.[39]



See also: Minnesota's 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

On May 29, 2013, Bachmann announced she would not seek re-election in 2014, explaining, "The law limits anyone from serving as president of the United States for more than eight years. And in my opinion, well, eight years is also long enough for any individual to serve as a representative for a specific congressional district."[40]

A May 15, 2013, poll by Public Policy Polling showed Jim Graves, Bachmann's likely Democratic challenger in 2014, leading Bachmann 47 percent to 45 percent, respectively, with a 4.4 point margin of error. This race would have been a rematch of the 2012 election, one that Graves lost by only 1.2 percent. Bachmann had already started to run campaign ads.[41]


Congressional run

See also: Minnesota's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012

Bachmann ran successfully for re-election for the 6th Congressional District. She defeated Aubrey Immelman and Stephen Thompson in the Republican primary.[42] She defeated Jim Graves in the November general election.[43]

U.S. House, Minnesota District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichele Bachmann Incumbent 50.5% 179,240
     Democratic Jim Graves 49.3% 174,944
     NA Write-in 0.3% 969
Total Votes 355,153
Source: Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election" (dead link)
Minnesota's 6th Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichele Bachmann Incumbent 80.3% 14,569
Stephen Thompson 12.8% 2,322
Aubrey Immelman 6.8% 1,242
Total Votes 18,133

Presidential run

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Bachmann launched her campaign to run in the 2012 presidential election on June 13, 2011.[44] After finishing in sixth place in the Iowa caucuses, she suspended her campaign, making the announcement on January 4, 2012. She received only 5 percent of the vote in her home state of Iowa.[45]

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Bachmann attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Bachmann is available dating back to 2006. Based on available campaign finance records, Bachmann raised a total of $34,679,659 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[49]

Michele Bachmann's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 6) Won $14,995,937
2010 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 6) Won $13,562,811
2008 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 6) Won $3,494,045
2006 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 6) Won $2,626,866
Grand Total Raised $34,679,659

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Despite Bachmann's announcement that she will not seek re-election in 2014, her campaign committee is still reporting contributions and expenditures to the Federal Election Commission. Below are Bachmann's reports.[50]


Bachmann won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Bachmann's campaign committee raised a total of $14,995,937 and spent $11,946,232.[56]

Cost per vote

Bachmann spent $66.65 per vote received in 2012.


Bachmann won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Bachmann's campaign committee raised a total of $13,562,811 and spent $11,661,973.[57]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Bachmann's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $67,016 and $2,304,998. That averages to $1,186,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Bachmann ranked as the 188th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2006 and 2012, Bachmann's calculated net worth[59] decreased by an average of 0 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

Michele Bachmann Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2006 to 2012:-2%
Average annual growth:-0%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Bachmann received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.

From 2005-2014, 15.96 percent of Bachmann's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Michele Bachmann Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $35,358,331
Total Spent $30,619,535
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$453,130
Leadership PACs$438,021
Health Professionals$412,117
% total in top industry7.97%
% total in top two industries12.27%
% total in top five industries15.96%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Bachmann was a "far-right Republican leader" as of July 2014.[64] This was the same rating Bachmann received in September 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Bachmann most often voted with:

Bachmann least often voted with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Bachmann missed 640 of 6,234 roll call votes from January 2007 to July 2014. This amounts to 10.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[64]

Congressional Staff Salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Bachmann paid her congressional staff a total of $891,620 in 2011. Overall, Minnesota ranked 26th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[66]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Bachmann ranked 62nd in the conservative rankings in 2013.[67]


Bachmann ranked 80th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[68]


Bachmann ranked 101st in the conservative rankings in 2011.[69]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Bachmann voted with the Republican Party 94.5 percent of the time, which ranked 106th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[70]


Bachmann voted with the Republican Party 95.9 percent of the time, which ranked 125th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[71]


Bachmann (nee Amble) has been married to her husband, Marcus, for over thirty years. They have five biological children and have raised 23 foster children. They live in Stillwater, MN.[72]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michele + Bachmann + Minnesota + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michele Bachmann News Feed

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See also

External links



  1. WBUR, "5 Things You May Not Know About Michele Bachmann," accessed December 15, 2011
  2. Politico, "Michele Bachmann not running again," accessed May 29, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Michele Bachmann," accessed December 10, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 3, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Huffington Post, "Justin Amash Amendment To Stop NSA Data Collection Voted Down In House (UPDATE)," accessed July 26, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Politico, "Justin Amash prevails as amendment fails," accessed July 26, 2013
  10. Politico, "How the Justin Amash NSA amendment got a vote," accessed July 26, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 The Atlantic Wire, "The Amash Amendment Fails, Barely," accessed July 26, 2013
  12. United States House, "Final Vote Results," accessed July 26, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Michele Bachmann's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 26, 2013
  14. Vote Smart, "Bachmann on agriculture," accessed September 26, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Michele Bachmann's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 26, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Michele Bachmann's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 26, 2013
  23. Politico, "Michele Bachmann: Obama rewrote Constitution," accessed December 3, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Bachmann on abortion," accessed September 26, 2013
  25. On the Issues, "Bachmann on Civil Rights," accessed September 11, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  30. On the Issues, "Bachmann on Homeland Security," accessed September 11, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 On the Issues, "Michele Bachmann on War and Peace," accessed September 11, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 On The Issues, "Michele Bachmann Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  33. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  34. Politico, "FEC fines Michele Bachmann's campaign," accessed May 31, 2013
  35. Washington Post, "FBI interested in Bachmann campaign finance case," accessed May 21, 2013
  36. Washington Post, "Michele Bachmann faces congressional ethics probe," accessed May 21, 2013
  37. Star Tribune, "FBI raids home of top Bachmann aide in Iowa," accessed December 4, 2013
  38. Roll Call, "Rep. Michele Bachmann Takes Son on Free Trip to Israel," accessed November 26, 2013
  39. Huffington Post, "Badass WWII Veterans Storm Memorial On National Mall, Defy Government Shutdown Closure," accessed October 1, 2013
  40. Politico, "Michele Bachmann not running again," accessed May 29, 2013
  41. Politco, "Poll: Michele Bachmann in for tight fight," accessed May 21, 2013
  42. CBS, "Primary Results 2012," accessed May 30, 2013
  43. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named abcnews
  44. CNN, "Rep. Michele Bachmann makes presidential run official," accessed June 13, 2011
  45. ABC News, "Michele Bachmann Drops Out of Presidential Race," accessed January 4, 2012
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. OpenSecrets, "Michele Bachmann," accessed May 16, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Bachmann 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  51. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  52. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  53. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  54. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  55. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  56. OpenSecrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  57. OpenSecrets, "Michele Bachmann 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 11, 2011
  58. OpenSecrets, "Michele Bachmann (R-MN), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Michele Bachmann," accessed September 23, 2014
  64. 64.0 64.1 GovTrack, "Michele Bachmann," accessed July 29, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Michele Bachmann," accessed July 29, 2014
  66. LegiStorm, "Michele Bachmann," accessed October 8, 2012
  67. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  68. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  69. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  72. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 11, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Kennedy
U.S. House of Representatives - Minneosta District 6
Succeeded by
Tom Emmer (R)
Preceded by
Minnesota State Senate
Succeeded by