Michelle Lujan Grisham
|Michelle Lujan Grisham|
|U.S. House, New Mexico, District 1|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Martin Heinrich (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|Cost per vote||$10.71 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|Commissioner, Bernalillo County|
|High school||St. Michael's High School|
|Bachelor's||University of New Mexico|
|J.D.||University of New Mexico|
|Date of birth||October 24, 1959|
|Place of birth||Los Alamos, New Mexico|
|Net worth||(2012) $435,001|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Lujan Grisham was first elected to the House in 2012 and is currently serving her second consecutive term, having won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014 to represent the 1st Congressional District of New Mexico.
A 12th generation New Mexican and granddaughter of Eugene Lujan, who was the first Hispanic Chief Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court, Lujan Grisham's public service career began soon after her graduation from law school at the University of New Mexico in 1987. She fought elder abuse as an attorney and then in her capacity as the head of New Mexico's State Agency on Aging, to which she was appointed by former Gov. Bruce King. She went on to serve in another appointed position, as head of the State Health Department. She served as the elected Bernalillo County Commissioner from 2011 until she assumed her seat in Congress in 2013.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lujan Grisham is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.
Lujan Grisham was born in Los Alamos and raised in Santa Fe, where she graduated from St. Michael’s High School. She holds a bachelor's degree and a law degree from the University of New Mexico. She served as Bernalillo County Commissioner and president of a health insurance consulting business. Previously, she was the appointed head of New Mexico's Department of Health.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Lujan Grisham's academic, professional and political career:
- 1981: Earned B.A. from the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
- 1987: Earned J.D. from the University of New Mexico
- 1991-2002: Director of the New Mexico state agency on aging
- 2002-2004: New Mexico secretary of aging and long-term services
- 2004-2007: New Mexico secretary of health
- 2010-2012: Member of the Bernalillo County board of commissioners
- 2013-Present: U.S. Representative for New Mexico's 1st Congressional District
Prior to her political career, Lujan Grisham worked as an attorney for the Lawyer Referral for the Elderly Program of the State Bar of New Mexico. She also co-founded a small business called the Delta Consulting Group, which helped to provide health insurance for those who had been denied coverage.
Lujan Grisham served on the following committees:
- United States House Committee on Agriculture
- Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, and Nutrition
- Subcommittee on Livestock, Rural Development, and Credit
- United States House Committee on Budget
- United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care, and Entitlements
- Subcommittee on National Security, Homeland Defense and Foreign Operations
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Lujan Grisham's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Lujan Grisham voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Lujan Grisham voted in support of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Lujan Grisham voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
Lujan Grisham voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Lujan Grisham plans to donate her salary to charities that help military veterans avoid homelessness.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Lujan Grisham voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lujan Grisham voted for HR 2775.
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Lujan Grisham voted in opposition of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Lujan Grisham was 1 of 144 Democrats who opposed the bill, while 44 voted for it.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Lujan Grisham voted in opposition of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Health Care Reform Rules
Lujan Grisham voted in opposition of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act
Lujan Grisham voted in opposition of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including Lujan Grisham, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient. Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.
Lujan Grisham voted in support of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the PATRIOT Act. Both parties were split on the vote.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lujan Grisham is a Moderate Liberal. Lujan Grisham received a score of 63 percent on social issues and 27 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Unknown|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Opposes||Human needs over animal rights||Unknown|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Favors|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Favors||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Opposes||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Favors|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
According to her website, Lujan Grishman's campaign platform included the following issues:
- Creating jobs, specifically through improving infrastructure and green energy
- Supporting seniors, specifically through preserving Social Security and Medicare and tougher laws on scam artists
- Right to choose, specifically through defending Planned Parenthood and women's health legislation
Lujan Grisham ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New Mexico's 1st District. Lujan Grisham ran uncontested for the Democratic nomination in the primary on June 3, 2014. She defeated challenger Mike Frese (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
|U.S. House, New Mexico District 1 General Election, 2014|
|Democratic||Michelle Lujan Grisham Incumbent||58.6%||105,474|
|Source: New Mexico Secretary of State|
|U.S. House, New Mexico District 1 General Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Michelle Lujan Grisham||59.1%||162,924|
|Source: New Mexico Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|New Mexico's 1st Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2012|
|Michelle Lujan Grisham||40.1%||19,111|
Lujan Grisham was endorsed by the National Women’s Political Caucus, Women's Campaign Fund, the Albuquerque Journal, New Mexico's firefighters union and the state pharmacists union, among others. A complete list of Lujan Grisham's endorsements was available on her campaign website.
Super PAC involvement
|Michelle Lujan Grisham vs Janice Arnold-Jones|
|Poll||Lujan Grisham||Arnold-Jones||Margin of Error||Sample Size|
|ABQ Journal (October 30,2012)||51%||36%||+/--||-|
|Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org|
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Lujan Grisham attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Lujan Grisham is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Lujan Grisham raised a total of $1,754,730 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.
|Michelle Lujan Grisham's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (New Mexico, District 1)||$1,754,730|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,754,730|
|Michelle Lujan Grisham (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly (amended)||July 13, 2013||$9,693.01||$226,274.00||$(22,901.56)||$213,065.45|
|July Quarterly||July 12, 2013||$213,065.45||$237,843.91||$(46,001.70)||$404,907.66|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$404,907.66||$165,173.01||$(77,075.62)||$493,005.05|
|Year-End Quarterly||December 31, 2013||$493,005||$235,961||$(46,731)||$681,834|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$681,834.34||$234,985.00||$(74,328.04)||$842,491.30|
|Pre-Primary (amended)||October 10, 2014||$842,491.30||$53,941.93||$(96,393.72)||$800,039.51|
|July Quarterly (amended)||October 10, 2014||$800,039.51||$187,214.50||$(64,463.18)||$922,790.83|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2014||$922,790.83||$224,088.51||$(356,003.67)||$790,875.67|
Lujan Grisham won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lujan Grisham's campaign committee raised a total of $1,754,730 and spent $1,745,037. This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Lujan Grisham spent $10.71 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, New Mexico District 1, 2012 - Michelle Lujan Grisham Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$573,425|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$573,425|
|Top contributors to Michelle Lujan Grisham's campaign committee|
|University of New Mexico||$13,800|
|Presbyterian Healthcare Services||$11,500|
|American Assn for Justice||$10,000|
|American Assn/Oral & Maxillofacial Surg||$10,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lujan Grisham's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $200,004 and $669,998. That averages to $435,001, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Lujan Grisham ranked as the 286th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Lujan Grisham's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Michelle Lujan Grisham Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-4%|
|Average annual growth:||-4%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Lujan Grisham received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.
From 2007-2014, 28.96 percent of Lujan Grisham's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Michelle Lujan Grisham Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Public Sector Unions||$116,400|
|% total in top industry||10.04%|
|% total in top two industries||17.22%|
|% total in top five industries||28.96%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Lujan Grisham most often votes with:
Lujan Grisham least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Lujan Grisham missed 35 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 3.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Lujan Grisham ranked 117th in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
Lujan Grisham voted with the Democratic Party 89.8 percent of the time, which ranked 160th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.
Lujan Grisham voted with the Democratic Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 33rd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Lujan Grisham is a single mother of two daughters, Taylor and Erin. Her husband passed away in 2004.
Lujan Grisham lists her religious affiliation as Roman Catholic.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michelle + Lujan + Grisham + New Mexico + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- New Mexico's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014
- New Mexico's 1st Congressional District
- Social media:
- Congressional profile at CongressMerge.com
- Summary, biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Profile at Wikipedia
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Huffington Post, "Election 2014," accessed November 6, 2014
- The Associated Press, "New Mexico - Summary Vote Results," accessed May 29, 2014
- Michelle Lujan Grisham campaign website, "Meet Michelle," accessed May 26, 2012
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Michelle Lujan Grisham's Biography," accessed June 13, 2013
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "LUJAN GRISHAM, Michelle, (1959 - )," accessed October 21, 2014
- Michelle Lujan Grisham, US Congresswoman Serving New Mexico's 1st District, "Biography," accessed October 21, 2014
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Michelle Lujan Grisham's Political Summary," accessed September 11, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Congress.gov, "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees," accessed February 25, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013
- Chicago Sun-Times, "How they voted," accessed August 9, 2013
- U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013 (dead link)
- Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
- On The Issues, "Michelle Lujan Grisham Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Michelle Lujan Grisham campaign website, "Issues," accessed May 26, 2012
- Associated Press, "New Mexico Summary Vote Results," accessed June 3, 2014
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- New Mexico Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results," accessed July 27, 2012
- Michelle Lujan Grisham campaign website, "Endorsements," accessed May 26, 2012
- The (New Mexico) Republic, "Democrat Eric Griego tops in pre-primary fundraising in NM 1st Congressional District," accessed May 25, 2012
- Huffington Post, "HUFFPOST FUNDRACE -- Super PACs Concerned About Tone of Race," accessed May 25, 2012
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Michelle Lujan Grisham," accessed April 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Michelle Lujan Grisham Summary Report," accessed May 1, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle April Quarterly," accessed May 1, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Friends of Michelle October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Michelle Lujan Grisham 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Michelle Lujan Grisham (D-NM), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham," accessed September 25, 2014
- GovTrack, "Michelle Lujan Grisham," accessed August 4, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham," accessed August 4, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 4, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- The Pew Forum, "The religious affiliation of each member of Congress," accessed October 21, 2014
Martin Heinrich (D)
|U.S. House of Representatives - New Mexico, District 1
| Succeeded by|