Governor of Mississippi
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013-2014 FY Budget:||$2,352,662|
|Term limits:||Two terms|
|Length of term:||Four years|
|Authority:||Mississippi Constitution, Article V, Section I the Executive Department|
|Assumed office:||January 10, 2012|
|Next election:||November 2015|
|Last election:||November 8, 2011|
|Other Mississippi Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Executive Director of Environmental Quality • Executive Director of Employment Security • Public Service Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of March 2015, Mississippi is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article V, Section I:
The chief executive power of this state shall be vested in a Governor...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The term of office of the governor of Mississippi is four years. The fee for party candidates is $300 made payable to the appropriate state party executive committee. There is no fee for independent candidates but a total of 1,000 signatures must be submitted.
Additionally, a gubernatorial candidate must be:
- at least 30 years old
- a citizen of the United States 20 years
- a resident of the state five years
Mississippi belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in off-numbered years that are neither presidential nor midterm years. In Mississippi's case, elections are held in the year after a midterm and before a presidential; thus, 2015, 2019, 2023 and 2027 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the second Tuesday in January after an election.
In the event of a tie, the House of Representatives casts ballots between the two highest vote-getters.
If no candidate secures majorities of both the popular and electoral votes, under Article V, Section 141, the Mississippi House of Representatives shall consider the two highest vote getters and vote, vive voce, to choose the governor. Such a vote shall be recorded in the journal.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Mississippi governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.
|Any person elected to the office of Governor shall be eligible to succeed himself in office. However, no person shall be elected to the office of Governor more than twice, and no person who has held the office of Governor or has acted as Governor for more than two (2) years of a term to which another person was elected shall be elected to the office of Governor more than once.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2003 for the office of Mississippi Governor, Click [show] to expand the section.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 131.
In the event of a temporary vacancy in the governorship, due to illness, absence, or disability, the office shall first devolve to the Lieutenant Governor, followed by the President Pro Tem of the Senate and then the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Should all three of those officers be unable to discharge the office of the governor, the Mississippi Secretary of State shall convene a special session of the Senate wherein its members shall elect a new President Pro Tem who will be able to serve as Acting Governor.
Any individual acting as the governor receives her base compensation for her elected office plus the difference between that wage and the gubernatorial salary. Acting Governors of Mississippi have the full powers and emoluments of the office.
If there is a question of the governor's permanent disability or of whether a temporarily absent governor is fit to resume the office, then the Secretary of State shall request that the Mississippi Supreme Court investigate and decide the matter. Once delivered in writing to the Secretary of State, that opinion is "final and conclusive."
The governor serves as commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the state, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States, (§ 119), and sees that all laws are upheld and executed (§ 123).
The governor may convene the legislature whenever, in his judgment, the public interest requires it, according to the state constitution. However, during such meetings the governor has cannot consider or act upon subjects or matters other than those designated in the proclamation of the meeting, except impeachments and examination into the accounts of state officers. (§ 120)
The governor has the power to grant reprieves and pardons and to remit fines. His power does not extend to cases of treason or impeachment and must be exercised with the advice and consent of the Senate. (§ 124)
As a privilege of the office, the governor may keep and use the Great Seal of the State of Mississippi. (§ 126)
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Requiring written information from any officer of an executive department of any aspect of his office (§ 121)
- Periodically addressing the legislature on the state of the state and making recommendations (§ 122)
- Suspending county level Treasurers and Tax Collectors who are suspected of defaulting for the length of the investigation (§ 125)
- Making and sealing all commissions granted by the state of Mississippi (§ 127)
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Role in state budget
- See also: Mississippi state budget and finances
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in June of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in August.
- Agency and public hearings are held in September and October.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in November (this deadline is extended to January for a newly-elected governor).
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in March or April. The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The Office of the Governor's budget for fiscal year 2013 was $2,352,662.
See statutes: MS Code §25-3-31 (2013)
Under Article 5, Section 118 of the Mississippi Constitution, the governor’s salary is determined by law, and may not be increased or decreased during the current term. The Mississippi Code states that no public official can be compensated, directly or indirectly, greater than 150 percent of the salary of the governor.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $122,160.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Mississippi there were Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last 10. Mississippi is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Mississippi was under Republican trifectas for the last two years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Mississippi state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Mississippi has consistently ranked in the bottom-2 of the SQLI ranking regardless of a trifecta or a divided government. The state has been ranked in the last place for fifteen separate years and ranked 49th six separate years. Mississippi had two trifecta, both Democratic and Republican, between 2000 and 2004 and in 2012, respectively.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 49.75
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 50
- SQLI average with divided government: 49.69
There have been 63 governors since 1817. Of the 63 officeholders, five were Republican, 52 were Democrat, one was Whig, one was Union-Democratic, one was Provisional, one was Military and three are unknown.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1817-Present|
|1||David Holmes||1817 - 1820||Democratic|
|2||George Poindexter||1820 - 1822||Democratic|
|3||Walter Leake||1822 - 1825||Democratic|
|4||Gerard Chittocque Brandon||1825 - 1826||Unknown|
|5||David Holmes||1826 - 1826||Democratic|
|6||Gerard Chittocque Brandon||1826 - 1832||Unknown|
|7||Abram Marshall Scott||1832 - 1833||Democratic|
|8||Charles Lynch||1833 - 1833||Democratic|
|9||Hiram George Runnels||1833 - 1835||Democratic|
|10||John Anthony Quitman||1835 - 1836||Democratic|
|11||Charles Lynch||1836 - 1838||Whig|
|12||Alexander Gallatin Mcnutt||1838 - 1842||Democratic|
|13||Tilghman Mayfield Tucker||1842 - 1844||Democratic|
|14||Albert Gallatin Brown||1844 - 1848||Democratic|
|15||Joseph W. Matthews||1848 - 1850||Democratic|
|16||John Anthony Quitman||1850 - 1851||Democratic|
|17||John Isaac Guion||1851 - 1851||Democratic|
|18||James Whitfield||1851 - 1852||Democratic|
|19||Henry Stuart Foote||1852 - 1854||Union-Democratic|
|20||John Jones Pettus||1854 - 1854||Democratic|
|21||John Jones McRae||1854 - 1857||Democratic|
|22||William McWillie||1857 - 1859||Democratic|
|23||John Jones Pettus||1859 - 1863||Democratic|
|24||Charles Clark||1863 - 1865||Democratic|
|25||William Lewis Sharkey||1865 - 1865||Provisional|
|26||Benjamin Grubb Humphreys||1865 - 1868||Democratic|
|27||Adelbert Ames||1868 - 1870||Military|
|28||James Lusk Alcorn||1870 - 1871||Republican|
|29||Ridgely Ceylon Powers||1871 - 1874||Unknown|
|30||Adelbert Ames||1874 - 1876||Republican|
|31||John Marshall Stone||1876 - 1882||Democratic|
|32||Robert Lowry||1882 - 1890||Democratic|
|33||John Marshall Stone||1890 - 1896||Democratic|
|34||Anselm McLaurin||1896 - 1900||Democratic|
|35||Andrew Houston Longino||1900 - 1904||Democratic|
|36||James Vardaman||1904 - 1908||Democratic|
|37||Edmond Favor Noel||1908 - 1912||Democratic|
|38||Earl Leroy Brewer||1912 - 1916||Democratic|
|39||Theodore Gilmore Bilbo||1916 - 1920||Democratic|
|40||Lee Maurice Russell||1920 - 1924||Democratic|
|41||Henry Lewis Whitfield||1924 - 1927||Democratic|
|42||Dennis Herron Murphree||1927 - 1928||Democratic|
|43||Theodore Gilmore Bilbo||1928 - 1932||Democratic|
|44||Martin Sennet Conner||1932 - 1936||Democratic|
|45||Hugh Lawson White||1936 - 1940||Democratic|
|46||Paul B. Johnson Sr.||1940 - 1943||Democratic|
|47||Dennis Herron Murphree||1943 - 1944||Democratic|
|48||Thomas Lowry Bailey||1944 - 1946||Democratic|
|49||Fielding Lewis Wright||1946 - 1952||Democratic|
|50||Hugh Lawson White||1952 - 1956||Democratic|
|51||James Plemon Coleman||1956 - 1960||Democratic|
|52||Ross Robert Barnett||1960 - 1964||Democratic|
|53||Paul B. Johnson Jr.||1964 - 1968||Democratic|
|54||John Bell Williams||1968 - 1972||Democratic|
|55||William Lowe Waller||1972 - 1976||Democratic|
|56||Charles Clifton Finch||1976 - 1980||Democratic|
|57||William Forrest Winter||1980 - 1984||Democratic|
|58||William A. Allain||1984 - 1988||Democratic|
|59||Raymond Edwin Mabus||1988 - 1992||Democratic|
|60||Daniel Kirkwood Fordice||1992 - 2000||Republican|
|61||David Ronald "Ronnie" Musgrove||2000 - 2004||Democratic|
|62||Haley Barbour||2004 - 2012||Republican|
|63||Phil Bryant||2012 -||Republican|
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P.O. Box 139
Jackson, Mississippi 39205
- Governor of Mississippi
- Official State of Mississippi Website
- Secretary of State, "Qualifications and Fees for Mississippi Candidates"
- Official State of Mississippi Website, "Home," accessed December 31, 2014
- Governor Bryant, " About Governor Bryant," accessed September 17, 2013
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- State of Mississippi Joint Legislative Budget Committee, "Legislative Appropriations Bulletin FY 2013," 6," accessed June28, 2013
- 2013 Mississippi Code, “Salaries and Compensation, General Provisions,” accessed February 25, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed December 2, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Mississippi: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of Mississippi
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce | Executive Director of Environmental Quality | Executive Director of Employment Security | Chairman of Public Service Commission |