Missouri 2014 ballot measures
Nine statewide ballot measures were certified for 2014 ballots in Missouri, five of which appeared on the August 5 primary election ballot, while the remaining four were on the November 4 general election ballot. Eight of the total nine measures were legislatively-referred constitutional amendments, and one was an initiated constitutional amendment.
Five of the nine measures were approved, while four - including the initiated measure, which sought to implement performance evaluations tied to compensation for teachers - were defeated.
Legislators referred more measures to the ballot in 2014 than they had in any of the past 16 years. The 2014 legislative session began on January 8 and concluded on May 19, 2014. Proposed amendments had to be agreed to by a majority of the members of each chamber of the Missouri General Assembly in order to be placed on the ballot. Governor Jay Nixon (D), who explicitly expressed his opposition toward at least two of the five amendments set to appear on the primary ballot - Amendments 1 and 7 - decided in May to place five of the total eight legislatively-referred constitutional amendments on the August 5 primary ballot, leaving three others to be decided in November.
Though a total of 65 initiatives were filed, only one initiated constitutional amendment made the November general election ballot. In order to land initiated constitutional amendments on the ballot, signatures had to be obtained from registered voters equal to 8 percent of the total votes cast in the 2012 governor's election from six of the state's eight congressional districts. This means supporters had to submit at least 157,788 valid signatures to the Missouri Secretary of State's office by May 4, 2014. Two potential initiatives' campaigns submitted many more signatures than the required minimum by the May deadline. The secretary of state's office had until the August 5, 2014, primary election to decide whether the initiatives should be certified. Only one was certified.
The nine measures that were featured on the ballot address the following topics:
- Between 1996 and 2013, an average of six measures appeared annually on the ballot in Missouri. Therefore, 2014 was an above-average year, based on the number of certified measures.
- From 1996 to 2014, the number of measures on statewide ballots ranged from two to 10.
- Between 1996 and 2014, 44 of 68, or 65 percent, of Missouri ballot measures were approved by voters; 2014 was therefore a below-average year with its 56 percent approval rate.
- Conversely, 22 of 68, or 35 percent, of measures were defeated since 1996.
On the ballot
- See also: 2014 ballot measures
|Amendment 1||Agri||Guarantees farmers and ranchers the right to engage in their livelihoods; produce food for others|
|Amendment 5||Firearms||Establishes the right to keep and bear arms, ammunition and accessories|
|Amendment 7||Taxes||Increases state sales and use taxes for 10 years to fund transportation projects|
|Amendment 8||Lottery||Creates new lottery ticket with profits going toward veterans' programs|
|Amendment 9||Civil Rights||Protects electronic data from unreasonable searches and seizures|
|Amendment 2||Criminal Trials||Renders prior criminal acts admissible in court during child sexual abuse trials|
|Amendment 3||Labor||Implements performance evaluation for teachers tied to pay, raises, etc.|
|Amendment 6||Elections||Establishes a six-day-long early voting period|
|Amendment 10||Gov't Finances||Prohibits the governor from estimating available state revenues when making budget recommendations under certain legislative circumstances|
Not on the ballot
|Early Voting Initiative||Elections||Implements six-week voting period|
|Eminent Domain Restriction Measure||Eminent Domain||Limits use of eminent domain|
|Supreme Court Justices Elections Amendment||Judiciary||Requires justices to declare partisanship and run for position|
|State Income Tax Credit Amendment||Taxes||Creates tax credit based on amount donated to non-profit schools|
|Campaign Contributions Cap Amendment||Elections||Caps contributions to those running for office in state|
|Religious Funding Amendment||Religion||Repeals ban on using funds for religious causes|
|Local Taxes on Tobacco Products Amendment||Tobacco||Allows residents to amend local taxes on tobacco products|
|Transportation Sales and Use Tax||Taxes||Implements sales and use tax with revenue going to Missouri Department of Transportation|
|CISS||Commission on Human Rights Initiative||LGBT||Outlaws discrimination based on sexual orientation|
|CISS||Minimum Wage Initiative||Min Wage||Increases state's minimum wage; provides for adjustments|
|CISS||Lending Charges Limits Initiative||Business||Sets limits on certain lending charges|
|CISS||Marijuana Legalization Initiative||Marijuana||Legalizes the production, sale, possession and consumption of marijuana|
|CISS||Loan Interest Rate Limit Initiative||Business Reg||Limits interest rate on certain types of loans|
|Transportation Tax Amendment||Taxes||Raises the sales tax in the state for transportation needs|
|Voter I.D. Amendment||Elections||Requires voters show photographic identification at the polls|
|Budget Cuts School Exemption Amendment||Gov't Finances||Exempts education funding from budget cuts made by the governor|
- Lake News Online, "Missouri lawmakers send 8 issues to voters," May 24, 2014
- The Washington Times, "Nixon sets election dates for ballot measures," May 23, 2014
- The New York Times, "Missouri Weighs Unusual Addition to Its Constitution: Right to Farm," August 2, 2014
- PoliticMO, "Nixon opposes transportation tax ballot measure," June 2, 2014
- Some measures address more than one topic; hence the nine measures address a total of 14 different topics.
State of Missouri
Jefferson City (capital)
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor & Industrial Relations | Chairman of Public Service Commission |