Missouri Collective Bargaining, Amendment 2 (2002)

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The Missouri Collective Bargaining Amendment, also known as Amendment 2, was on the November 5, 2002 ballot in Missouri as an initiated constitutional amendment, where it was defeated. The measure would have permitted firefighters, ambulance personnel and dispatchers for fire and ambulance departments to organize and bargain collectively and to enter into enforceable collective bargaining contracts with their employers regarding wages, hours and other work conditions.[1][2]

Election results

Missouri Amendment 2 (2002)
Defeatedd No881,39551.19%
Yes 840,493 48.81%

Election results via: University of Missouri Institute for Public Policy

Text of measure

The question on the ballot appeared as:[2]

Shall Article XIII of the Missouri Constitution be amended to permit specified firefighters and ambulance personnel, and dispatchers of fire departments, fire districts, ambulance districts and ambulance departments and fire and emergency medical services dispatchers of dispatch agencies, to organize and bargain collectively in good faith with their employers through representatives of their own choosing and to enter into enforceable collective bargaining contracts with their employers concerning wages, hours, binding arbitration and all other terms and conditions of employment, except that nothing in this amendment shall grant to the aforementioned employees the right to strike?

The annual costs to paid fire departments and districts, ambulance departments and districts, and dispatch agencies to enter into collective bargaining contracts are approximately $251,000 to $3,145,000, depending upon the number of entities entering into such contracts. [3]


The initiative's major opposition came from the Missouri Municipal League, an association of cities in Missouri. This group argued that if the initiative passed, it would lead to higher pay for firefighters and "put local governments in a bind."[4]

See also

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