|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII|
- 1 Features
- 2 Preamble
- 3 Article I: Bill of Rights
- 4 Article II: Distribution of Powers
- 5 Article III: Legislative Department
- 6 Article IV: Executive Department
- 7 Article V: Judicial Department
- 8 Article VI:Local Government
- 9 Article VII: Public Officers
- 10 Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections
- 11 Article IX: Education
- 12 Article X: Taxation
- 13 Article XI: Corporations
- 14 Article XII: Amending the Constitution
- 15 Article XIII: Public Employees
- 16 History
- 17 See also
- 18 External links
- 19 Additional reading
- 20 References
Altogether, the Missouri Constitution has 13 constitutional articles. The state's current constitution was adopted in 1945 and is the state's fourth constitution.
Since 1962, Missourians have been asked every twenty years if they would like to convene a constitutional convention to revise the constitution; each time, a healthy majority of the state's voters have rejected this proposal.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The preamble of the Missouri Constitution states:
Article I of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Bill of Rights" and consists of 35 sections.
Article II of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Distribution of Powers" and consists of a single section.
Article III of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Legislative Department" and consists of 75 sections.
Article IV of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Executive Department" and consists of 70 sections.
Article V of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Judicial Department" and consists of 34 sections.
Article VI of the Missouri Constitution is entitled Local Government and consists are various sections.
Article VII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Officers" and consists of 14 sections.
Article VIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Suffrage and Elections" and consists of 22 sections.
Article IX of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Education" and consists of 10 sections.
Article X of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Taxation" and consists of 24 sections.
The Missouri Constitution can be amended via three different paths:
- Legislatively-referred constitutional amendments. Either chamber of the Missouri State Legislature is allowed to propose an amendment. A majority of members of both chambers must approve it; if they do, the proposed amendment goes on a statewide ballot for a popular vote of the people where if a simple majority approves it, it becomes part of the constitution.
- Initiated constitutional amendments. These are discussed in Sections 49, 50, 51 and 53 of Article III. The number of signatures required for an initiated constitutional amendment to go on the Missouri ballot is based on how many electors voted for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election, with a very complicated distribution requirement superimposed on the basic requirement. (See Missouri signature requirements.)
- Through a constitutional convention as established in Section 3a of Article XII. A question about whether to hold a constitutional convention is to automatically appear on the state's ballot every twenty years. The first of these automatic referrals under the Constitution of 1945 (Missouri's current constitution) was in 1962, 1982 and 2002. The next will be in 2022. In 1942, under an older version of the Missouri Constitution, voters were asked about having a constitutional convention and said "Yes." It was that convention that led to the Missouri Constitution of 1945, the state's current constitution.
Votes on proposed amendments can take place at a general election or a special election.
A unique feature of Missouri's law governing constitutional amendments is a provision in Section 2(b) of Article XII saying that proposed amendments should be published if possible "in two newspapers of different political faith in each county."
Article XIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Employees" and consists of 13 sections.
Born out of the Louisiana Purchase and the Missouri Compromise, Missouri was accepted into the Union as a "slave state" in 1820. Missouri's first and conservatively short constitution was written also written in 1820 and was written in only 38 days. In 1865, a constitutional convention produced the state's second constitution. Another convention ten years later resulted in the third constitution. A convention in 1942 brought about Missouri's fourth constitution, ratified in 1945, which provided for three branches of government: legislative (the Missouri General Assembly), executive (the Governor of Missouri) and judicial (the Missouri Supreme Court). The Constitution of 1945, including dozens of amendments since its inception, remains Missouri's rule of law.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- Missouri General Assembly, "Missouri Constitution"
- History Engine, "Missouri's Third State Constitution Adopted"
- The Civil War in Missouri, "The Constitution of 1865 - Drake Constitution"
- Missouri State.edu, "Missouri Constitution of 1820"
- Missouri.gov, "Home"
- Green Papers, "Historical overview of the Missouri Constitution"
- YouTube, "Missouri Constitution"
- Schmidt, Alex J. (2008). Our Federal Constitution, Our Missouri Constitution, New York, New York: RJS Publications
- Missouri General Assembly, "Missouri Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014
- I and R Institute.org, "Missouri Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014
- Calling constitutional conventions: Missouri's best-kept secret
- Metro Voice, "The History of Missouri’s Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014
- University of Missouri - Kansas City Libraries, "LaBudde Special Collections, Missouri Constitution Collection"