Missouri House Bill 228 (2009)

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Missouri House Bill 228 was a bill sponsored by Missouri State House of Representative Michael Parson. It aimed to make stricter laws regarding the circulation of petitions, but it died in the legislature, with the last action taken on this bill on May 15, 2009.[1]


In the official text of the bill, HB 228 said its purpose was:

"To repeal sections 116.080 and 116.090, RSMo, and to enact in lieu thereof two new sections relating to petition circulators, with penalty provisions." [2]

Specific Requirements

In its main provisions, the bill would have:

  • Required a petition circulator to be a United States citizen and a Missouri resident;[2]
  • Specified that petition circulators cannot have been convicted of, found guilty of, or pled guilty to any offense involving forgery;[2]
  • Prohibited the payment of petition circulators on a per-signature basis;[2]
  • Prohibited petition circulators from soliciting or receiving signatures for two or more petitions simultaneously;[2]
  • Required petition circulators to supply information to the Office of the Secretary of State verifying their eligibility and to swear by affidavit that they will comply with the conditions of the bill;[2]
  • Specified that anyone violating the provisions of the bill will be guilty of a class A misdemeanor;[2]
  • Specified that signatures collected by unregistered circulators will not be counted; and[2]
  • Specified that anyone who knowingly signs any name other than his or her own to any petition will be guilty of a class one election offense.[2]

Bill text

The full text of the bill is available here.


The primary sponsor of the bill is Missouri State Representative Michael Parson, R-133.


  • Missouri State Representative Michael McGhee, R-122
  • Missouri State Representative Brian Nieves, R-98
  • Missouri State Representative Gayle Kingery, R-154
  • Missouri State Representative Larry Wilson, R-119
  • Missouri State Representative Dennis Wood, R-62


Unconstitutionality of bill

In the past case of Meyer v. Grant restricting payment of circulators was struck down as a violation of political speech. There had also been a recent backlash on the residency requirements proposed by Parson under the same reasoning, including the following cases: Yes on Term Limits v. Savage (Oklahoma), Bogaert v. Land (Michigan), and Nader v. Brewer (Arizona).

See also

External links

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