Montana Anti-Intimidation, I-123 (1996)

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The Montana Anti-Intimidation Initiative, also known as I-123, was on the November 5, 1996 ballot in Montana as an initiated state statute, where it was approved. The measure allowed any individual or organization to bring a lawsuit against persons who engage in unlawful threats or intimidation that cause injury or harm. The measure also prohibited the filing of non-consensual common-law liens.[1][2]

Election results

Montana I-123 (1996)
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Yes 200,682 52.68%
No180,29547.32%

Election results via: Montana Secretary of State

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:[3]

This initiative would allow any individual or organization to bring a lawsuit against persons who engage in unlawful threats or intimidation that cause injury or harm. It would also prohibit the filing of "nonconsensual common-law liens," defined as claims against real or personal property that are:
- not allowed by state or federal law,
- not consented to by the property owner,
- not imposed by a court, or
- not commonly used in commercial transactions.
It would allow individuals or organizations against whose property such liens are filed to recover court costs and damages against the person who filed the lien.
Fiscal Statement:
The proposed initiative would have no fiscal impact on state or local governments. Individuals filing the nonconsensual common-law lien would be liable for the costs of removing the lien.

[4]

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