Montana House of Representatives

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Montana House of Representatives

Seal of Montana.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2015 session start:   January 5, 2015
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Austin Knudsen (R)
Majority Leader:   Keith Regier (R)
Minority Leader:   Chuck Hunter (D)
Structure
Members:  100
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Montana Constitution
Salary:   $82.64/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 8, 2016 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Montana Districting and Apportionment Commission
The Montana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Montana State Legislature. A total of 100 members serve in the lower chamber of the Montana Legislature. Each member represents an average of 9,894 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 9,022 residents.[2]

As of April 2015, Montana is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Montana State Legislature, Montana State Senate, Montana Governor

Sessions

Article V of the Montana Constitution establishes when the Montana State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article V states that the Legislature is to meet in every odd-numbered year in a regular session of at most ninety legislative days. However, Section 6 allows any Legislature to increase the limit on the length of any subsequent session. Section 6 also allows for the Legislature to meet in special session when convened by the Governor of Montana or when a special session is requested by a majority of the Legislature's members.

2015

See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions

In 2015, the Legislature is projected to be in session from January 5 through late April.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2015 legislative session include Medicaid expansion, funding for preschool programs, infrastructure, charter schools and the Flathead Water Rights Compact.[3]

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will not hold a regular session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 through April 27.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included economic development, increased natural resource development and reforms to how the state funds education.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was not in regular session.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 through April 28.[5]


The bill submission deadline in 2011 was January 14.

2010

In 2010, the House was not in session.[6]

2009

The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on January 5, 2009 and adjourned on April 25, 2009.

Role in state budget

See also: Montana state budget and finances
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The state operates on an annual budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[7][8]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in early August of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in early September.
  3. Agency hearings are held in September.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in November.
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in April. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1.

Montana is one of 44 states in which the governor has line item veto authority.[8]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[8]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Montana was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[10] According to the report, Montana received a grade of B and a numerical score of 86, indicating that Montana was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[10]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Montana was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[11]

Elections

2014

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 3, 2014, and a general election took place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 10, 2014; minor party and independent candidates had until June 2, 2014, to file.

2012

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 12, 2012. The primary election day was June 5, 2012.[12]

Montana state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 16 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

During the 2012 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,593,820. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2012 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Jackson, Jonathan R. (Jon) $10,000
Coffin, Douglas $9,931
Miller, Kim $9,630
Wilks, Dan $9,280
Ballance, Nancy L. $9,170
Wilks, Farris $9,120
Wilks, Joann $9,120
Wilks, Staci $8,960
Glacier PAC $8,950
Shaw, Ray L $8,815

2010

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 2, 2010. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2010. The primary Election Day was June 8, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,611,045. The top 10 donors were:[14]

2008

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 3, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,793,389. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2008 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Malcolm, Bruce $14,317
Donaldson, Neal $13,841
Anderson, Susan H $11,666
Glacier PAC $11,360
Ward, John M $10,886
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $10,100
Forbes, John Stuart $9,523
Montana State AFL-CIO $8,800
Mehlhoff, Robert (Bob) $8,400
Montana Association Of Realtors $8,070

2006

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,796,765. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2006 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
McGarvey, Dale L. $20,810
Stanley, Frank E. $12,152
Robinson, Owen $12,132
Koopman, Roger $10,748
Lilleberg, Philip $10,374
Thomas, Bill $10,127
Utter, Ken $10,000
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $9,250
Glacier PAC $9,230
Montana State AFL-CIO $8,680

2004

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,271,652. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2004 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Maclaren, Gary $10,303
Friends Of Mike McGrath $9,880
Arntzen, Elsie $9,596
Windham, Jeanne $8,247
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $8,150
Glaser, William E (Bill) $7,908
Harris, Christopher $6,927
Roberts, Donald L. $6,828
Montana Association Of Realtors $6,710
Montana Contractors Association $6,250

2002

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $994,198. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2002 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Glacier PAC $8,000
Montana Republican Party $7,500
Republican Legislative Campaign Committee Of Montana $7,317
Friends Of The Big Sky $7,040
Roberts, Donald $6,499
Polanchek, Arnold T. $6,175
Montana Education Association Montana Federation Of Teachers $5,500
Montana Trial Lawyers Association $5,300
Montana State AFL-CIO $5,200
Yellowstone County Republican Party $5,050

2000

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,119,382. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2000 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Montana Education Association Montana Federation Of Teachers $14,500
Gallik, David $13,332
Harris, Christopher K. $12,566
Montana Democratic Party $9,040
Havens, David $7,902
Montana State AFL-CIO $7,200
Brueggeman, John P. $7,035
Peterson, Art $6,071
Bailey, George E. $6,006
Lindeen, Monica J. $5,890

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Montana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[20]

  • A resident of the state for at least one year next preceding the general election
  • A resident of the county for six months preceding the general election if it contains one or more districts or of the district if it contains all or parts of more than one county.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Board of County Commissioners that represent the vacant seat must select a replacement. The Secretary of State must notify the Board of Commissioners and the county central committee of the political party that holds the vacant seat no later than seven days after the vacancy happened. The county central committee has 45 days after receiving notice from the Secretary of State to provide a list of candidates to the Board of County Commissioners. The board must select a replacement no later than 15 days after receiving the list of candidates. If the Senate is in session, the selection must be made no later than five days after receiving a candidate list.[21] Any person selected to fill a Senate seat serves until the next scheduled general election.[22]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Montana legislature are paid $82.64/day. Per diem is $105.31/day.[23]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Montana legislators assume office the first Monday of January following the election. If a senator is elected to fill a vacancy, the term of service begins the day after the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of April 2015
     Democratic Party 41
     Republican Party 59
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Montana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Montana State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[24]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Montana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Lee Randall Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Keith Regier Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Jerry Bennett Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Alan Doane Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Greg Hertz Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Sarah Laszloffy Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Carolyn Pease-Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Jenny Eck Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Montana House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Jerry Bennett Ends.png Republican 2009
2 Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Zac Perry Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
4 Ed Lieser Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Keith Regier Ends.png Republican 2009
6 Carl Glimm Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Frank Garner Ends.png Republican 2015
8 Steve Lavin Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Randy Brodehl Ends.png Republican 2011
10 Mark Noland Ends.png Republican 2015
11 Albert Olszewski Ends.png Republican 2015
12 Greg Hertz Ends.png Republican 2013
13 Bob Brown Ends.png Republican 2015
14 Nicholas Schwaderer Ends.png Republican 2013
15 George Kipp III Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
16 Susan Webber Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
17 Christy Clark Ends.png Republican 2011
18 Rob Cook Ends.png Republican 2011
19 Randy Pinocci Ends.png Republican 2015
20 Steve Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Tom Jacobson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
22 Robert Mehlhoff Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
23 Wendy McKamey Ends.png Republican 2015
24 Jean Price Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
25 Casey Schreiner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Mitch Tropila Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
27 Roy Hollandsworth Ends.png Republican 2009
28 Stephanie Hess Ends.png Republican 2015
29 Bill Harris Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Ryan Osmundson Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Bridget Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
32 Bruce Meyers Ends.png Republican 2015
33 Mike Lang Ends.png Republican 2013
34 Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican 2011
35 Scott Staffanson Ends.png Republican August 2013
36 Alan Doane Ends.png Republican 2013
37 Lee Randall Ends.png Republican 2009
38 Kenneth Holmlund Ends.png Republican 2015
39 Geraldine Custer Ends.png Republican 2015
40 Tom Berry Ends.png Republican 2009
41 Rae Peppers Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
42 Carolyn Pease-Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Clayton Fiscus Ends.png Republican 2013
44 Dale Mortensen Ends.png Republican 2015
45 Daniel Zolnikov Ends.png Republican 2013
46 Don Jones Ends.png Republican 2013
47 Kathy Kelker Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
48 Jessica Karjala Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
49 Kelly McCarthy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
50 Virginia Court Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
51 Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
52 Dave Hagstrom Ends.png Republican 2013
53 Sarah Laszloffy Ends.png Republican 2013
54 Jeff Essmann Ends.png Republican 2015
55 Vince Ricci Ends.png Republican 2015
56 Tom Richmond Ends.png Republican 2015
57 Forrest Mandeville Ends.png Republican 2015
58 Seth Berglee Ends.png Republican 2015
59 Alan Redfield Ends.png Republican 2013
60 Debra Lamm Ends.png Republican 2015
61 Kathleen Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
62 Tom Woods Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
63 Zach Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
64 Kerry White Ends.png Republican 2013
65 Christopher Pope Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
66 Denise Hayman Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
67 Tom Burnett Ends.png Republican 2015
68 Art Wittich Ends.png Republican 2015
69 Matthew Monforton Ends.png Republican 2015
70 Kelly Flynn Ends.png Republican 2011
71 Ray Shaw Ends.png Republican 2013
72 Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican 2009
73 Edith McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
74 Pat Noonan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
75 Kirk Wagoner Ends.png Republican 2013
76 Ryan Lynch Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
77 Kathy Swanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
78 Gordon Pierson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
79 Jenny Eck Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
80 Mike Miller Ends.png Republican 2009
81 Janet Ellis Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
82 Moffie Funk Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
83 Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
84 Mary Ann Dunwell Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
85 Theresa Manzella Ends.png Republican 2015
86 Ron Ehli Ends.png Republican 2011
87 Nancy Ballance Ends.png Republican 2013
88 Edward Greef Ends.png Republican 2011
89 Nate McConnell Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
90 Ellie Hill Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
91 Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
92 David Moore Ends.png Republican 2013
93 Daniel Salomon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
94 Kimberly Dudik Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
95 Nancy Wilson Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
96 Andrew Person Electiondot.png Democratic Jan. 2014
97 Brad Tschida Ends.png Republican 2015
98 Willis Curdy Electiondot.png Democratic 2015
99 Tom Steenberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
100 Andrea Olsen Electiondot.png Democratic 2015

Standing committees

See also: Joint legislative committees, Montana State Legislature

There are a total of 16 standing committees in the Montana House:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Montana
Partisan breakdown of the Montana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Montana, the Montana State Senate and the Montana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Montana state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

To read the full report on the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) in PDF form, click here.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Montana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Montana had Republican trifectas from 1995-2004. Montana's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing at 41st, occurred during those Republican trifectas, from 1999-2001. The state's two highest rankings came in the final five years while under divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of Montana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

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References

  1. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," April 2011
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001
  3. Associated Press, "Montana Legislature: Top issues for 2015 session," January 22, 2015
  4. Billings Gazette, " Legislature again prepare to debate divisive issues," January 6, 2013
  5. Montana Legislature, "2011 Regular Session," accessed June 2, 2014
  6. Montana Legislature, "Past Sessions," accessed June 2, 2014
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," accessed June 2, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  9. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  11. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  12. Montana Secretary of State, "Candidate Information," accessed June 2, 2014
  13. Follow the Money, "Montana 2012 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  14. Follow the Money, "Montana 2010 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  15. Follow the Money, "Montana 2008 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  16. Follow the Money, "Montana 2006 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  17. Follow the Money, "Montana 2004 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  18. Follow the Money, "Montana 2002 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  19. Follow the Money, "Montana 2000 - Candidates," accessed June 2, 2014
  20. Montana State Constitution, "Qualifications for running for legislature," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Article 5 Section 4)
  21. Montana Legislature, "Montana Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 5-2-402 (3) (a)-(c))
  22. Montana Legislature, "Montana Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 5-2-405 (1)-(2))
  23. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  24. Montana Legislature, "House of Representatives, 2013," accessed June 2, 2014