National contested primary average during the 2014 U.S. congressional elections

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There are 435 U.S. House seats up for election in 2014. Ballotpedia staff will measure the competitiveness of the primary elections based on two factors: number of contested primaries and number of incumbents facing a primary challenge.
2012

After each state holds a primary election, members of the Ballotpedia staff will perform an analysis of each congressional district's race to judge the primary competitiveness of each district. We specifically look for the following two statistics:

  • Primary competitiveness
This figure is calculated from the percentage of major party races in each state that are contested (races in which all primary candidates cannot advance to the general election).
  • Incumbent primary competition
This figure is calculated from the percentage of incumbents who ran for re-election that face competition in the primary election.

Using these figures, the nationwide index will be calculated as the average of these numbers.

Summary of results

  • 39.5% of all possible major party primaries were contested. 314 out of 795.
  • Only four incumbents were defeated in primary elections in 2014. Three Republicans, Ralph Hall (TX-04), Eric Cantor (VA-07) and Kerry Bentivolio (MI-11), and one Democrat, John Tierney (MA-06), lost in the primary.

Full results

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Contested Primaries during the 2014 Congressional Elections
State Primary date # of seats Democratic contested primaries Republican contested primaries Contested Major Party primaries % contested primaries
Rhode Island 9/9/2014 2 1 1 2 50%
New Hampshire 9/9/2014 2 0 2 2 50%
Massachusetts 9/9/2014 9 2 1 3 16.67%
Delaware 9/9/2014 1 0 0 0 0%
Vermont 8/26/2014 1 0 1 1 50%
Florida 8/26/2014 27 5 10 15 27.78%
Arizona 8/26/2014 9 1 4 5 27.78%
Wyoming 8/19/2014 1 0 1 1 50%
Alaska 8/19/2014 1 1 1 2 100%
Wisconsin 8/12/2014 8 3 5 8 50%
Minnesota 8/12/2014 8 1 2 3 18.75%
Connecticut 8/12/2014 5 0 0 0 0%
Hawaii 8/9/2014 2 1 2 3 75%
Tennessee 8/7/2014 9 3 8 11 61.11%
Washington 8/5/2014 10 10 10 10 100%
Missouri 8/5/2014 8 4 6 10 62.5%
Michigan 8/5/2014 14 5 8 13 92.86%
Kansas 8/5/2014 4 2 3 5 62.5%
Utah 6/24/2014 4 0 0 0 0%
Oklahoma 6/24/2014 5 3 4 7 70%
New York 6/24/2014 27 5 5 10 18.52%
Maryland 6/24/2014 8 6 6 12 75%
Colorado 6/24/2014 7 0 3 3 21.43%
Virginia 6/10/2014 11 1 3 4 18.18%
South Carolina 6/10/2014 7 3 2 5 35.71%
North Dakota 6/10/2014 1 0 0 0 0%
Nevada 6/10/2014 4 4 2 6 75%
Maine 6/10/2014 2 1 1 2 50%
South Dakota 6/3/2014 1 0 0 0 0%
New Mexico 6/3/2014 3 1 1 2 33.33%
New Jersey 6/3/2014 12 7 5 12 50%
Montana 6/3/2014 1 1 1 2 100%
Mississippi 6/3/2014 4 4 2 6 75%
Iowa 6/3/2014 4 1 3 4 50%
California 6/3/2014 53 38 38 38 71.7%
Alabama 6/3/2014 7 1 3 4 28.57%
Pennsylvania 5/20/2014 18 6 3 9 25%
Oregon 5/20/2014 5 2 3 5 50%
Kentucky 5/20/2014 6 4 0 4 33.33%
Idaho 5/20/2014 2 1 2 3 75%
Georgia 5/20/2014 14 3 8 11 39.29%
Arkansas 5/20/2014 4 0 2 2 25%
West Virginia 5/13/2014 3 2 1 3 50%
Nebraska 5/13/2014 3 1 3 4 66.67%
Ohio 5/6/2014 16 7 6 13 40.63%
North Carolina 5/6/2014 13 8 9 10 65.38%
Indiana 5/6/2014 9 7 6 10 72.22%
Illinois 3/18/2014 18 4 6 10 27.78%
Texas 3/4/2014 36 6 13 19 26.39%

Contested Primaries involving incumbents during the 2014 Congressional Elections
State Primary date # of seats Incs running Democratic incs facing primary Republican incs facing primary % incs with primary
Rhode Island 9/9/2014 2 2 1 0 50%
New Hampshire 9/9/2014 2 2 0 0 0%
Massachusetts 9/9/2014 9 9 2 0 22.22%
Delaware 9/9/2014 1 1 0 0 0%
Vermont 8/26/2014 1 1 0 0 0%
Florida 8/26/2014 27 27 4 4 29.63%
Arizona 8/26/2014 9 8 0 1 12.5%
Wyoming 8/19/2014 1 1 0 1 100%
Alaska 8/19/2014 1 1 0 1 100%
Wisconsin 8/12/2014 8 7 1 2 42.86%
Minnesota 8/12/2014 8 7 0 0 0%
Connecticut 8/12/2014 5 5 0 0 0%
Hawaii 8/9/2014 2 1 0 0 0%
Tennessee 8/7/2014 9 9 1 7 88.89%
Washington 8/5/2014 10 9 6 3 100%
Missouri 8/5/2014 8 8 1 4 62.5%
Michigan 8/5/2014 14 10 1 5 60%
Kansas 8/5/2014 4 4 0 3 75%
Utah 6/24/2014 4 3 0 0 0%
Oklahoma 6/24/2014 5 4 0 3 75%
New York 6/24/2014 27 25 4 1 20%
Maryland 6/24/2014 8 8 5 1 75%
Colorado 6/24/2014 7 6 0 2 33.33%
Virginia 6/10/2014 11 9 0 2 22.22%
South Carolina 6/10/2014 7 7 1 1 28.57%
North Dakota 6/10/2014 1 1 0 0 0%
Nevada 6/10/2014 4 4 2 0 50%
Maine 6/10/2014 2 1 0 0 0%
South Dakota 6/3/2014 1 1 0 0 0%
New Mexico 6/3/2014 3 3 1 0 33.33%
New Jersey 6/3/2014 12 9 1 3 44.44%
Montana 6/3/2014 1 0 0 0 N/A
Mississippi 6/3/2014 4 4 1 2 75%
Iowa 6/3/2014 4 2 0 0 0%
California 6/3/2014 53 47 22 10 68.09%
Alabama 6/3/2014 7 6 1 2 50%
Pennsylvania 5/20/2014 18 16 1 1 12.5%
Oregon 5/20/2014 5 5 1 1 40%
Kentucky 5/20/2014 6 6 1 0 16.67%
Idaho 5/20/2014 2 2 0 2 100%
Georgia 5/20/2014 14 11 2 3 45.45%
Arkansas 5/20/2014 4 2 0 0 0%
West Virginia 5/13/2014 3 2 1 0 50%
Nebraska 5/13/2014 3 3 0 3 100%
Ohio 5/6/2014 16 16 1 4 31.25%
North Carolina 5/6/2014 13 10 1 5 60%
Indiana 5/6/2014 9 9 1 5 66.67%
Illinois 3/18/2014 18 18 1 2 16.67%
Texas 3/4/2014 36 35 2 10 34.29%

2012 results

The national contested primary average in 2012 was 54.31%. The nationwide average for incumbent primary competition was 51.81%.

See also