New Hampshire school districts

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K-12 Education in New Hampshire
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Education facts
State Superintendent: Virginia Barry
Number of students: 191,900[1]
Number of teachers: 15,049
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:12.8
Number of school districts: 281
Number of schools: 477
Graduation rate: 86%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $13,224[3]
See also
New Hampshire Department of Education
New Hampshire school districts
List of school districts in New Hampshire
New Hampshire
School boards portal
Policypedia
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Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in New Hampshire
Glossary of education terms

New Hampshire is home to 281 school districts, 477 schools and 191,900 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education[5]
    • Tom Raffio, Chairman, District 4
    • Gregory Odell, District 1
    • Emma Rous, District 2
    • Bill Duncan, District 3
    • Helen G. Honorow, District 5
    • Cindy C. Chagnon, At-Large
    • Gary Groleau, At-Large

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment, Academic Performance Index (API) scores and per-pupil spending per Average Daily Membership in Attendance (ADM-A).[6][7]

Student enrollment Per-pupil spending per ADM-A
1.) Manchester 1.) Errol
2.) Nashua 2.) Newington
3.) Concord 3.) Nelson
4.) Londonderry 4.) Harrisville
5.) Rochester 5.) New Castle
6.) Bedford 6.) Pittsburg
7.) Salem 7.) Monroe
8.) Timberlane Regional 8.) Jackson
9.) Merrimack 9.) Freedom
10.) Hudson 10.) Moultonborough

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in New Hampshire as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[8]

Demographic information for New Hampshire's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 612 0.32% 1.10%
Asian 5,443 2.84% 4.68%
African American 3,696 1.93% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students 115 0.06% 0.42%
Hispanic 7,429 3.87% 24.37%
White 171,011 89.11% 51.21%
Two or More 3,594 1.87% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

In the news

Manchester School District audit

The state's largest school district, Manchester, underwent a significant operations audit in 2013. Curriculum Management Systems published the audit on June 26, 2013. The district spent $40,000 to commission the report, which criticized the size of the 15-member school board and its two-year terms as causes of instability in the district.[9] The audit stated that, "Declining student enrollment, funding reductions, board disharmony, aging school facilities, and disparities in student performance have been long-standing issues facing the district."[10] The auditors added that, "the educational program a student experiences at one school may differ widely from the education a student receives at another school," and recommended that the school board create "written policies, plans, and procedures to provide a foundation for a consistent educational program" across the district.[10] Board member Arthur J. Beaudry disagreed with several of the findings and recommendations in the audit, arguing that, "The board is reluctant to pursue big changes too much because that's seen as micromanaging. So they back up, or at least some board members do."[9]

New Hampshire Union Leader reporter Ted Siefer praised the school district in June 2014 for improving its academic performance and financial health following the report. In particular, he highlighted that the district had slashed its student dropout rate by approximately half over the 2013-2014 school year.[11]

State law

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The New Hampshire State Board of Education adopted these standards on July 13, 2010.[12] According to the New Hampshire Department of Education, the state will begin rolling out new assessments aligned with the Common Core State Standards during the 2014-2015 school year.[13]

School board composition

New Hampshire school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members are appointed. New Hampshire school board elections typically follow one of these three methods, or a mixture thereof:

  • At-large: All voters residing in the school district may vote for any candidates running, regardless of geographic location.
  • Trustee area: Only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.
  • Trustee area at-large: All voters residing in the school district may vote for any candidates running, but candidates must reside in specific geographic areas within the school district.

School boards can consist of three or more members, although there must be an odd-numbered total of members. School board members serve three-year terms.[14]

District types

New Hampshire contains five types of school districts:

  • Regular districts serve a single community and are governed by elected boards.
  • Cooperative districts serve multiple communities with board composition and selection methods that vary according to the bylaws of each district.
  • Interstate districts have territory and students in multiple states and are formed as part of the Maine-New Hampshire Interstate School Compact and the New Hampshire-Vermont Interstate School Compact.
  • Dependent county districts serve unincorporated areas of a county and are governed by the board of county commissioners. The only dependent county district in existence is Coos County School District.
  • Dependent city districts serve specific cities and operate under the fiscal control of those cities. The governing bodies in these districts are either elected or appointed by the city council. The mayor of each city serves as the chair of the board. The dependent city districts include Berlin, Dover, Franklin, Laconia, Manchester, Nashua, Portsmouth, Rochester and Somersworth.

Term limits

New Hampshire does not impose statewide term limits on school board members. The New Hampshire Supreme Court ruled in 2010 that municipalities could not impose term limits on elected officials such as school board members because, "in doing so, municipalities impermissibly intrude into the legislative authority of the general court."[15]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: New Hampshire school board elections, 2014

No top enrollment districts in New Hampshire are scheduled to hold elections in 2014.

Path to the ballot

To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in New Hampshire, a person must be a registered voter in the district. A person must not be a district moderator, treasurer, auditor or a salaried employee of the district.[14]

Campaign finance

New Hampshire school board candidates must form political committees to oversee their campaign finances. Campaign finance reports are filed with the local election authority.[16]

See also

External links

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References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. New Hampshire Department of Education, "Elementary and Secondary School Statistics, 2011-2013," accessed August 8, 2013
  5. New Hampshire Department of Education, "Membership & Duties," accessed June 13, 2014
  6. New Hampshire Department of Education, "Enrollments in New Hampshire Public Schools," accessed August 8, 2013
  7. New Hampshire Department of Education, "Cost Per Pupil by District, 2011-2012," accessed August 8, 2013
  8. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 New Hampshire Union Leader, "School district audit report lands with a thud," June 29, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 Manchester School District, "Curriculum Audit of the Manchester School District," June 27, 2013
  11. New Hampshire Union Leader, "Ted Siefer's City Hall: Manchester school board should be proud of its accomplishments," June 28, 2014
  12. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed July 12, 2014
  13. New Hampshire Department of Education, "About the Common Core State Standards," accessed June 17, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 New Hampshire School Boards Association, "School Board Service," accessed July 11, 2014
  15. "Charles P. Forsberg v. Kearsarge Regional School District," May 7, 2010
  16. New Hampshire Secretary of State, "Campaign Finance," accessed July 11, 2014